The Betrothed of Death: The Spanish Foreign Legion During the Rif Rebellion, 1920-1927: The Spanish Foreign Legion During the Rif Rebellion, 1920-1927

ABC-CLIO, 30 ene. 2001 - 320 páginas

Following her defeat in the Spanish-American War of 1898, Spain shifted her colonial focus to her Protectorate in northern Morocco. When Spanish conscripts began to fight and to die by the thousands, political fallout forced the government to create a new unit of professional soldiers. This unit would serve the dual function of providing fighting men for Moroccan service, while sparing the lives of conscripted men. Under its founder, José Millán Astray, and his deputy, Francisco Franco, the Spanish Foreign Legion would quickly become the spearhead for Spain's army in Africa. This is the story of the creation, organization, and combat role of the Legion in its formative years from 1919 to 1927.

Based upon archival sources in Madrid, Segovia, and Ceuta, this is the first and most complete history in English or Spanish of the early years of the Spanish Foreign Legion. The unit was instrumental in crushing Abd-el-Krim's rebellion against Spanish colonial authority. When the Riffians annihilated the army of General Silvestre at Annual in 1921 and were poised to attack the Spanish enclave of Melilla, it was the arrival of the Legion that pacified its panic-stricken citizens. The force would be in the vanguard of all major offensives undertaken in recapturing the territory lost in 1921, and its amphibious landing at Alhucemas Bay in 1925 marked the beginning of the end for the Rif Rebellion.


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1 Introduction
2 Creation of the Legion 19191920
3 First Operations of the Legion 1921
A photo essay follows Chapter 3
4 Legion Operations 19221923
5 Xauen 1924
6 The Alhucemas Bay Landings and AbdelKrims Defeat
Ajdir Targuist and Peace 19261927
Table of Battle Casualties
The Legions Creed
Songs of the Legion
A Brief Biography of José Millán Astray y Terreros
A Brief Biography of Francisco Franco Bahamonde
Chart of Enlistment Bonuses
List of All Forces at Alhucemas Bay September 1925

8 Conclusion and Epilogue
Organization of the Legion

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Sobre el autor (2001)

JOSÉ E. ÁLVAREZ is Assistant Professor of History at the University of Houston-Downtown. Born in Marianao, Cuba, he came to the United States in 1961. He is a member of the Society for Military History and the Society for Spanish and Portuguese Historical Studies.

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