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TOPOGRAPHICAL DESCRIPTION OF de Afhway, who had a free chapel an-
CudiaM, KENT. (See PLATE 1.) nexed to it.
(Concluded fruir p. 839.)

10 Edward III. Ang... Patent-roll 10th, 15th, 13 Eliz. Hundred of in the Tower granted to John at Well Rokeslev. Codeham, lxii s. and Robert William licence to give Lambarde's Kent, 1570, fol. 2444. four marks, issuing out of tenements

Cudnamn the churcli, or late called La Rye, in Olteford (ivhich were was, a memorial of the internet of held, as it is faid, of the archbishop), Walleys about 150 years since.-Kil- to Adam Fleming, the chaplain in the lourne's Kent, 1051, fol. 163.

chapel of Apuldrefeld.
Church dedicated to St. Peter and This manor continued in the name
Paul. In it are, or were, memorials of of Alliway for many generations, till it
the interment of Walleys above 200 came; by purchase, ihe estate of Denny,
jears ago. - }Jarris's Kent, 1919, fol. 90. who were poffessed of it in the reign of

Henry VIII.
Ilafted's Kent, vol. 1. fol. 113. 35 Henry VIII. it was sold to George

Dacre, who exchanged it with the
Given by William li to Odo, bishop. Crowni

, which granted it to John Lenof Baieux, of whom it was held by nard, and paid 31. 11s. per annnm to the Gilbert Maninot. Taxed at 4 (ulings. guard of Dover casile, in which family Arable land, 10 carucateş. In demerne it continued till 1707, when the Earl there are four, and 13 villains, with 6 of Sussex conveyeel it to Thomas Know, bordurers having 6 caricates. A church who, in '1737, devised it to his cousins, and 11 servants, and two milis* of lets. the Bartholoniews; and it was, in 2d. value. Wood for the pannage of 1757, bequeathed to the Gearys : in 40 nogs. In the time of Edward the which family it Nill remains, 1804. Confeilor, 201.; after, 161. ; now, 241. It now pays a fee-farın rent to the

20 Williain I Gilbert Maminot held Crown of 31. 11s. it as two knights' fecs, parcel of the

BERTREY, barony of Maminot, and held of the formerly called a manor, given by Wilking in capite by barony.

liani I. to Gilbert Maminot, from whom 1191, 3 Richard I. came to Geoffry it went, by marriage, to the Says. de Say by marriage.

A yearly fair on the 10th of August. 19 Edward III. Geoffry de Say had In the beginning of Richard II. it charter of free warren.

was joined to the manor of Apperfield. Richard II.- came to Sir W. Heron

Hugh de Maminot, son of Gilbert by marriage, with a lenement called de Maminot, gave the tithes of BerNorth Barden.

trèy, in Cowdham, to the church of 1404, 6 Henry IV. allotted to Roger St. Andrew, in Rochester. The prior de Fienes by marriage.

of Rochester, 5 Edward III. demised - came to Sir Thomas Dacre by all their tithes of sheaves, for the term marriage.

of five years, at the rent of 8 marks, to 13 Elizabeth, came to Sampson Len- Sir Henry Ridlington.-[This portion nard by marriage.

of the tithes is not at this time


of 1707, came to Thomas Streatfield ; the possessions of the church of Roin which family it remains 1804. chester.] APPULDREFIEI Dt Manor in CUDKAM. 10 Richard JI. the prior of the caHasied's Kent.

thedral demised the tithes for seven 38 Henry Ul. a grant of a fair and years at the rent of 6s. market to Henry de Apuldrefeld. The Names of the Fields of the Tithe of 1 Edward Il. John de Infula had

Bertrede, in Codnam. grant of a free warren.

Nickolin's croft, two acres, of which 48 Edward III. renewed to Stephen one moiety belongs to the recor.

* Thesa must have been windmills, as there is no water whatever in the whole parish.

† Now called Apreneld, and consists only of a good farm-house and a few cottages. From this account it appears to have been a place of more conseqnence, from the grant of a fair, market, a free warren, and a free chapel. But all these I rather suppose to be mistakes, as I. find such privileges granted to Apuldrefield, which I think to be in a different part of the county. However, an old ruinated house still retains the name of the gaol ; but this may be meant for the goal or boundary of the manor, Gent. Mag. October, 1804.


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Brodefielde, 50 acres, the whole prioress of Kilbourn to the bishop of tithe of which belongs to the cham- Rochelier. berlain.

27th of Henry VIII. came to the Helde, 8 acres, the whole of which Crown at the suppression of Kilburn ; belongs to the fame.

and toon after ihe advowson was grantHardeme croft, 2 acres.

ed to George Brooke Lord Cobhain, to Adlene s croft, 4 acres.

hold of the king in capite by the 40th Stitecroft, 3 acres.

part of one knight's fee. Glench, or Bleuch, 16 acres.

4 Edward VI. July 20, advowfon of Sparwehel, at the upper end of the the vicarage granted io Sir Anthony St. fame, 2 acres.

Leger. Roger Revel held it 11 ElizaCokke's croft, Sacres.

beih ; Gregory Fynes 13 Elizabeth. Colewyne's croft, 2 acres.

James I. Again vefied in the Crown, In Weltfield, one acre in one part of and still continues in it. it, and a little at the end of the faid 15 Edward I. the church was valued field; the rell belonged to the rector. at 35 marks, and the vicarage at 6] Herbonn, 12 acres.

marks. Nere-Strenely, 8 acres.

Valued in the King's Books at 131: Overestrenly, 8 acres.

2s. 6d.; now a discharged living; cerPlechesley, 24 acres, of which one tified value 381. 5s.. 100.; tenths, il. coppe to the recror.

6s. 3d. The chief rent payable to the Crown, By commillion, March 29, 1650, called lath, or tithe silver, was 8s. as it was returned as a vicarage, with a was returned by the Survey in 1650. house and one acre of land, all worth Present State of Cowdham.- Hasied's 401. Kent, vol. 1. fol. 125.

Vicars presented by the Crown. Nothing worthy of notice.

David Lloyd, 1604 ; buried April,
The Ecclefaftical Jurisdiction -1627.
in the diocele of Rochester and deanry Hugh Morris, 1627; buried Septem-
of Dartford. The church dedicated to ber 22, 1646.
St. Peter and St. Paul. It anciently Robert Callinghurst, 1646; buried
paid gd. chrism-rent to the mother October 27, 1665.
church of the diocese. "

Gregory Wheelock, buried
The countess Juliana, widow of September 19, 1700.
Hugh Bigot, and wife of Wake!in de Thomas Walwyn, 1709; died

1747. Maminot, gave the church to the abbey Charles Whitehead, Jan. 20, 1747. of Beghain. See Reg. Cart. 150. William Ward Allen, instituted

46 °Edward III. 1871, Thomas de March 13, 1800; died January, 1802. Wolton died potresled of the advowfon. John Pratt, 5th February, 1802 ;

50 Edward Ill. Licence to grant to vacant by cession, Nov. 30, 1803. the prioress of Kilbourn one acre of Samuel Ayscough, one of the Allikland with the advowlon, faid to be held ant Librarians of the British Museum, of the king in capite. -Tanner, 307 ; presented Dec, 7, 1803. Dugdale, vol. I. p. 361.

In the time of Henry VIII. William 1371, June 20. The Bishop of Harding, of held three mer. Rochester appropriated this church to fiages and 306 acres of land and pasa - the priory of Kilbourn, saving a com- lure in Codeham, with the appurte, petent portion to the vicar, and allo nances, of the Lady Mary Dacre and to the bishop, and to the church and other melne lords, by fealiy, and funarchdeacon of Rochester due and ac- dry rents of the value of 131. 4s. 100.customed rights, &c.; and also to the Manning's Surrey, 1804, vol. I. p. 539. prior and church of Rochester their Additions by the present Vicar. portion of tithes of certain lands within This parish is situate in the Weft part the boands of the faid church ; and on of the county; and to the Welt is this account referved a rent of 10s. bounded by Tattesfield, in the county yearly at St. Michael.

of Surrey, and Wefterham; to the Confirmed the 27th of the fame South by Brafted and Nockhold; to month, faving the monastery's right to the East by Chelsfield; to the North five fields and other small portions, in by Farnborough, Down, Kestern, and the whole 221 acres, in Apulderfield; West Wickham. The extent of the which 10s, continued to be paid by the parish is about fix miles by two miles.


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Although this very extensive parish over nearly in Glence by the various has been in the polieflion of many of historians of Kent. It is placed between the first families in the county, it has the two chancels. It seldom, if ever, heen their place of re- black stone. I do not find any infcripfidence. The bleaknels of the situation tion or arms on it, but it is ornamented hath ever deprived the poor of protec on each side with ihs. On the font tors in the persons of the proprietors. are similar efcooheons without any inThe Kentishi yeomen have erer been" fcriptions. To the age of the font we the principal inhabitants, and their may safely ascribe that of the monuchief pride to cultivate the fame landsment; perhaps both before the Con" their forefathers tilled.".

quelt, as from Domesday it appears The parish contains about 6000 ibi eccl'ia." Over this tomb the taacres, 1000 of which are wood-lands, blet monument of Farrant, mentioned the remainder tillage and feeds. The before, p. 831, is placed; to make room foil of the greatest part a strong yet po- for which foine ornament had been rerous red clay, and much of it nearly movedl, as a small part is remaining of covered with Hints, (tones, and chalk. a Gothic

canopy. The distance of 17 miles deprives the There appears to have been another; farmers in a

great treasure of the ad- perhaps images of St. Peter and St. Paul vantages to be derived from the metro- lood under i hem. polis, and obliges them to improve There are several niches in the Their land as far as they can by nume- church, both within and without, on rous flocks of sheep, which are chiefly which iinages may have formerly stood, of the fmall South-down breed. The besides three piscinæ for holy-water. horses are of the frong black breed, In the Northern chancel is a very abfolutely necessary for the culture of róngh coffin-fashioned (toue, which does the lands, and for which five or fix are not appear to have ever had

inrequired for every plough. The cattle scription. In the North aile are two are few and fmall. The chief produce similar ones, and a more modern one is wheat, barley, and oats, with fome with a tonit; the brass goue. turnips, and a few hops ; fome Luteola, or Weld, or Dyers' weed, a plant are, the Earl Stanhope, Sir William

The principal land-owners at present little known in other counties except

Geary, Kent: it is much used in the dying of

Streatheld, efq. John

Ward, esq. of Westerham, impropriayellow. It is lown chiefly with the clover, and drawn up when in flower. tit, esq. Mr. Ounfted, Mr. Edge, Mr.

James Moxbam,el: William LoutĮt is in appearance like a weak dock,

Butcher, &c. but with yellow flowers, and sells from 151. to 201. a load of 15 cwt.

There is only one good house in the

ihe fitua- parish near Leaves Green ; the present tion postpones every appearance of

pollesfor Wright, efq. fpring until May, then the progress of

Only four land-owners are returned for the jurors lift.

S. A. yegetation becomes rapid, but which consequently shortens the duration of fummer.


Chapter Coffee-house, What may properly be called the

Aug. 10.

HE decline of the Fine Arts, parvillage consists of about 20 houses, and those chiefly of labourers. The farmı

ticularly Painting, in this counhouses, except two or three, are difper try, is apparent to every perfon conver

tant in that sublime study. The flow fed at the distance of one, two, three, or four miles from the church. The nim

progress of the art at its early introducber of inhabitants is upwards of 500. ed for from tivo caules; the existence

tion into this country may be accountThere are few Dilsenters of any deno

of the feudal fyliem for so many ages, mination; but, from the distance of the

and the infularity of our situation. The greater part of the inhabitants from the church, there are consequently too

learning and aris of thote umes were many abfenters.

confined to the narrow precincts of the 11 There is no manufacture

monastery, or linited to the Gothic

hall of the baron. We were excluded of population, which appears to afford a constant eniploy, for the fair-fex of by our local situation from that free inCudham.

tercourse with the Coptinent, which, It appears rather extraordinary, that by facilitating the introduction of arts the oldest monumental tomb-ftone in and literature, tends to polish, enthe church should have been palled




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