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SAMUEL AYSCOUGH, F.A.S.

fierad Born in 1915;Died Oct:1306804.

Publish'd by J.Nichols & Son, Dec.31.'1801.

MEMOIRS OF REV. S. AYSCOUGH. gether with some advantages he derived TIR. Sanuel Aytcongh, of the big bus indie hity dun regulating de Libras of fingular mental worth i and enjoyed ailifiance from his friend, enabled him the war vest affection of all who knew to lend for his father to town, whom him, for his motlending manners, he maintained comforiably for some goodness of difpofition, and fineerity of years till he died Nov. 18, 1783. (See heari. He was the grandfon of Wilo tol, LIII., pp. 982, 1014.) Hiam Ayscough, of Nottingham, whó About the year 1785, he was appointo first brought printing into that town ed an Alisant Librarian to lhe British about 1710. His father, George Aye Muleum on the establishment *. His congh, fucceeded to the business of ambition wils to obtain orders and, printing, and was an eminent stationer after some difficulty, he succeeded in in that place upwards of 40 years. He his wih, was ordained' to the curacy was much esteemed, and allied to fome of Normanton upon Suar in Nottings of the molt relpečtable families in Ilie hamlire and afterwarils appointed ai. county. His mind was of a fpeculative tillapt-curate of the parish of St. Giles turn; and, amongst other purtais, he in the Fields. Ilere hvis regular attendfancied he could extract gold from the ance on his duty) and his excellent dross of coils. On this experiment character, gained liim the good opinion he waited much of his properly; after and friend'hip of Dr. Buckner, nový which, about 1762, he ended in a bishop of Chichester, the late truly exa large farm at Great Wiglion in Leicel cellent Mr. Southgate, the Rev. Dri tershire, where he was unfortunate Willis, and other great and good men. enough to lose, not only what remain- In 1790, he was appointed to preach ed of his own subliance, but the private the Fairchild Lecturet on Whit Tuesday fortunes of his fon and laughter. at Shoreditch church before the Roya!

His fon, Samuel Ayscough, the fab- Society; which he continued io do till! ject of this biographical skeich, was the present year 1804, when he come. educated in a feminary at Nottingbalu, pleted the series of the Discourses, in under Mr. Johnson, the author of a

XV Sermons Thefe, we are happy to book called “Noctes Nottinghamice," hear, will probably he published by töband affified his father in his bulicefs, in fcription when Mr. Ayfeongh's nus his experiments, and his farms, wil : merous friends will bave an opportunity the property was gone. He ihen häid of defiifying, though posthumously, the care of a mill on the eflate, and their grateful esteemi to meritorious in worked as a labouring miller for the dustry and integrity. - The object of the maintenance of his father and filter, publication will be, to enable his nearbut with ill fuccess; when, by accident; eti 'relative to discharge a few of his a gentleman in London, who was an pecuniary incumbrances, which a higli old schoolfellow, and an intimale friend sense of honour, more imperious thun in early life, hearing of his fuation the Itrict letter of the law, aud diftrets; about the vear 1770,

His labours in Literature were of the senyt for him to London, neuv. cioathed most useful cast, and mauifested a pas him, and obtained for him at firt tience and allicuity feldom to be met the office of an overlookei of come wird when united 10 exienlive knowpaviours in the fireet; and very ledge; and his laborious exertions in shortly after an employment in the the valt anil invaluable Library of the British Mufeon, as an Adillant in the British Mulenm is a firiking intance of

Library under the Principal Librarian, his zeal and indefatigable atjeration. at a very finall weekly lipend. At illis He soon a quired that dilit degree of period, it may be faid, his forume first knowledge in leveral languages; and began to finile, and pronuie an end to that technical knowledye of old books his difficulties. His abilities now bad and of their authors, and particularly opportunity to unfold themselves to ob- that skill in decyphering difficult wii. fervation; his diligence and frugality gave effect to his talents; and the laboured in ne Library fifteen years before

!* 111799, he told a friend, that he had meekness of his difpofition and un

he was a pointed an Officer, and applied assumin; manners very foon attrafied

al five vacancies. potice, aut procured esteem. Ilis † For 201 account of this Lecture, ree weekly falary was increaled; this, to- Mr. Ellis's History of Shoreditch, p. 297. Genr. Mag. December, 1904,

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ting, as amply answered his purposes with grateful recollection, did the limits in cataloguising

He allilied in the of this detail warrant it, or were the adjullment and regulation of the

abilities of the writer equal to do them cords in the Tower; and, from his justice. Never were his means to scanty remitting industry, was patronised and as to preclude the exercise of doing beloved by inen of the first talents and good, which was the ruling principle learning. His fituation and salary were of his foul; and it would be diflicult. considerably improved in the Britis to deiermine whether the humility or Museum ; and the present Lord Chan- generofity of his nature had the precellor, about twelve months* since, gave eminence; wheiber his afliduitv iv behim the living of Cudhan, in the nefiring his fellow.creatures ontfripped county of Kent. By this improvement' his debre of concealing it. He, indece, of income, and some legacies from his

Did good by ftealth, and blush'd to find relations, he became more easy; and,

it fame." had he lived a few years longer, would have furmounted the pecuniary ditfi The unfórinnate ever found in him a culties into which his unbounded ge- feady friend to the extent of his abinerosity had unavoidably led him.

liry: inliances without number the In the conclusion of his Fairchild writer of this could record, which came

under his inimediate observation. The Lectures, after affectionately taking leave of the audience, he thus intro children of distressed parents he eduduced himfelf: “ The Lord Chancellor cated and supported at his own charge, has honoured me with a presentation even to the placing one of them at the fufficient to make the evening of life University. His time was never denjest, comfortable ; and increasing years de

nor his purse (pared, when he could allift mand more relaxation from the labo- indigent Merit wherever he found it. rious scenes of life that I have too long And the words of our inmortal Bard, accustomed myself to. To him, as the though applied emphatically to a more agent made ule of by Providence to

eminent liation in public life, will be confer this blefling upon me, I muft, found to have been equally appropriate as becomes me, inake the most grateful to his humbler sphere of charity acknowledgments. To Providence, the “ May he long continue to do justice, Mover, most humbly on my knees I For truthi's fake and his conscience ! that expreis my most unfeigned acknow

his bones, ledgments of gratitude and love; a

When he has run his course, and fleeps in Providence in which I ever confided,

hlesings, throngh all the checquered scenes of May have ha tomb of orphans' tears wept

him! life. Under the most ditirefling, he haih always attended to lend me a willing

In 1783, he published a fmall poliaid. Me nurse in infancy, nıy-protectical pamphlet, under the title of "Retor in childhood, my guide

in marks on the Letters of an American hood, my friend in the evening of lifi', larmer ; or a Detection of the Errors and in whom I pulfull confidence, ihat of Mr. J. Hector St. Jolyn; pointing be will not forlikse me in the hour of out the pernicious Tendenev of those death, or in the day of judgment.”. The Letters to Great Britain ;" of which lee firict attention which lie" paid to his vol. LIII.D: 1036; and the Mónibly pastoral duties at Cudbam may be feen Review, vol. LXVIII. 336.

p. 518; and bis attachment to the He was elected F.S.A. in 1789. parish, by, his topographical account of His very nfeful Catalogue of the it in pp. 830, 901. A fimilar account MSS. in the Britilh Museum has been of Brent Bron:ghton, where he had duly anticed in our vols. Ll. pp. 6), Jately been on a visit to the rector, is gi- 117; LIIT. 578.. ven in our present solune, pp. 105,209. His Catalogne of Antient Charters

His death happened on the 30th of in that matchless collection (amounting Oétober, 180+, at his apartments in the to about 10,000), it is to be hoped, British Museum, by a fropfy in bis will ere long be published by the Rechell, at the age of 59. To trace back cord Committee of the House of Coma the virtues of his heart, through a life It is very complete, in 3 kirge of uniform and active benevolence, is a volumes; and has a double Index. fuxury in which the

pen
would indulge His other labours it would be end-

less to detail. Among the principal * See vul. LXXIII. p. 1249: of them are, no finall portion of the

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1804.) Mr.Knight on the Subječi of Forsyth’s Experiments.1095 * Librorum Impressorum qui in Mu- Mr. Forsyth positively afferts, that feo Britanvico adservantur Catalogus, his composiuon cures the wonos of 1787," 2 vols. folio ; -of which about Oak-trees, and that such trees are there two-thirds were compiled by Dr. Maty by rendered as fit for the Navy as though and Mr. Harper; the remainder by they had verer been injured ; that he Mr. Ayfcough. In the new Caialogue, has restored Elms to the most luxuriant la!elv made, his personal affiliance con- flate of growil, of which “nothing refilled principally in altering the posi- nained but the bark ;” that in woundtions of the books in ihe Library, ed elmis, of which he had cut away the which, under Mr. Harper's direction, decayed part, " the new wood is as were reduced to clases; and the prin- completely united to the old as if it had cipal entries in his hand-writing are been originally formed with the tree;" those which relate to the rich collec- and that he lilled a large iree, which tion of Pamphlets presented by his pre- hollow from top to bottom, with fent Majelty in 1762. In Index-ina- new found wood, which has comking lie was remarkably expert, and pletely incorporated with what little of indeed had much experience.

He the old wood remained.”. Having relarely told a friend, that he had in- peatedly examined with the utmost atdexed as much, at different times, as tention the trees which had been the bad produced him 13001. Among subjects of Mr. Forlyth's experiments, thele was a verbal Indexio Shaktpeare, I pledged my character to the publick, for which he had 200 guineas; an In- that the preceding statements were com. dex to Bridges's Norihampionshire ; pletely unfounded and Dr. Leltrom to Mannivg's Surrey ; to LVI volumes has fubfequently figned and published of the Gentleman's Magazine; to Maty's an attestation, ihai, according to his Review; to the Monthly Review 1749 actual observation and knowledge, the

1791; to XX volumes of the Brié whole of those statements contains rish Critic; to XI volumes of Dodf. s nothing more than the truth.” ley's Annual Register ; and to Two of As the discovery of the means of the lately-published volumes of National rendering decayed and hollow trees as Records.

“ fit for the Navy as though they had

never been injured" would be of rast Mr. URPAN, Elton, Nov. 22. importance to the publick, and as Dr. IN your Magazine for September, Leitsom's characier and veracity and

which did not happen to come into my own appeared to be placed in op. my

hands till yesterday, I fee (p. 823) polite (cales; I proposed to him that lie a correspondence published, which should call on his friend Mr. Forsythi paired between Dr. Lettfom and myself, to produce some of those sections of relative to the Doctor's attestation of trees, aflerted and attested to be in his the efficacy of Mr. Forsyth's coinpo- potreslion, which were once hollow, sition for restoring decayed trees. Two but since converted by him into found of the three letters Learing my Ggna- ' !imber; and that the Doctor should ture were considered by me as private join me in a perition to the President of letters, and as such I did not expect to the Royal Society, to appoint proper fee them in print; but if the publica- persons to examine fuch fections of tion of them become the means of at- trees, and to report the refult of such tracting the public attention to the examination. Every perfon at all conpoints in digute, and to the discovery. verfànt in timber knows, that the of truth, I shall feel greatly indebted to question in dispute might thus have the Doctor for having printed them ;, been brought to an end without the but I could with the Doctor had been poflibility of e fomewhat more communicative to the Dr. Léttlom, however, declined this poblick respecting - his reasons for hav- method of bringing ihe question to dem ing delayed publishing those letters, or cision, on the ground that he never agitating the question to which they meant to enter into a controversy. But belong, till Death had placed Mr. For- did he pot enter into the'controversy, fyth beyond ihe reach of censure or of and with a great degree of violence, praise. If he could have vindicated when.be gave an atteftation to one of The character of Mr. Forsyth, whom he the parties, positively deciding, or atcalls his friend, why did he not looner templing to decide, the whole matter attempt

to do so, or allign some reasons in controversy, by declaring, from his for his filence ?

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