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of the Father: and he shall come again with glory to judge both the quick and the dead; 'whose kingdom shall have no end. And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the

Lord and Giver of life, who proceedeth from the Father and the Son, who with the Father and the Son 'together is worshipped and glorified, who "spake by the Prophets. And I believe one Catholie and Apostolic church ;' I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead, and the life of the world to come.



9. The Son of man shall come in u For the prophecy came not in his glory, and all the holy angels old time by the will of man, but with him; then shall he sit upon holy men of God spake as they the throne of his glory. Matt. xxv. were moved by the Holy Ghost.

2 Pet. i. 21. r His dominion is an everlasting * Ye are built upon the foundadominion, which shall not pass tion of the apostles and prophets, away, and his kingdom that which Jesus Christ himself, being the shall not be destroyed. Dan. vii. chief corner-stone; in whom all 14.

the building, fitly framed together, • The law of the Spirit of life in groweth unto an holy temple in Christ Jesus hath made me free' the Lord. Ephes. ii. 20, 21. from the law of sin and death. y Repent and be baptized every Rom. viii. 2. See Article V.

one of you in the name of Jesus • Teach all nations, baptizing Christ for the remission of sins, and them in the name of the Father, ye shall receive the gift of the and of the Son, and of the Holy Holy Ghost. Acts ii, 38. See Arti. Ghost, Matt. xxviii, 19,

cle XXVII, e.

IX. Of Original or Birth-Sin. *ORIGINAL sin standeth not in the following

• Among all the creatures that God made in the beginning of the world most excellent and wonderful in their kind, there was none, as the Scripture beareth witness, to be compared almost in any point unto man; who as well in body as in soul exceeded all other, no less than the sun, in brightness and light, exceedeth every small and little star in the firmament. He was made according to the image and similitude of God; he was endued with all kind of heavenly gifts; he had no spot of uncleanness in him ; he was sound and perfect in all parts, both outwardly and inwardly; his reason was uncorrupt, his understanding was pure and good, his will was obedient and godly; he was made altogether like unto God in righteousness, in holiness, in wisdom, in truth; to be short, in all kind of perfection.

But as the common nature of all men is in time of prosperity and wealth to forget not only themselves, but also God; even so did this first man Adam: who having but one commandment at God's hand, namely, that he should not eat of the fruit of knowledge of good and ill, did notwithstanding most unmindfully, or rather most wilfully, break it; in forgetting the strait charge of his Maker, and giving ear to the crafty suggestion of that wicked serpent the devil..

Whereby it came to pass, that as before he was blessed, so now he was accursed; as before he was loved, so now he was abhorred; as before he was most beautiful and precious, so now he was most vile and wretched in the sight of his Lord and Maker: instead of the image of God, he was now become the image of the devil; instead of the citizen of heaven, he was become the bond-slave of hell; having in himself no one part of his former purity and cleanness, but being altogether spotted and defiled; insomuch that now he seemed to be nothing else but a lump of sin, and therefore by the just judgment of God was condemned to everlasting death.

This so great and miserable a plague, if it had only rested on Adam, who first offended, it had been so much the easier, and might the better have been borne. But it fell not only on him, but also on his posterity and children for ever; so that the whole brood of Adam's flesh should sustain the self-same fall and punishment, which their forefather by his offence most justly had deserved. St. Paul, in the fifth chapter to the Romans, saith, “ By the offence of only Adam, the fault came

a By one man sin entered into have sinned.-Death reigned even the world, and death by sin; and over them that had not sinned after so death passed upon all men, the similitude of Adam's transgresfor that (margin, in whom) all sion.-By one man's offence death

of Adam, (as the Pelagians do vainly talk,) but “it is the fault and corruption of the nature of

upon all men to condemnation, and by one man's disobedience many were made sinners.” By which words we are taught, that as in Adam all men universally sinned, so in Adam all men universally received the reward of sin; that is to say, became mortal and subject unto death, having in themselves nothing but everlasting damnation both of body and soul. “They became," as David saith, “ corrupt and abominable; they went all out of the

way ; there was none that did good ; no, not one.” O what a miserable and woeful state was this, that the sin of one man should destroy and condemn all men—that nothing in all the world might be looked for but only pangs of death and pains of hell! Hom. xxiv. 1.

That heavenly image according to which he was first created, being defaced, in place of wisdom, strength, holiness, truth, and righteousness, the jewels wherewith God had adorned him, there succeeded the most horrible plagues, blindness, weakness, vain-lying, and unrighteousness, in which evils and miseries he also wrapped and overwhelmed his issue and all his posterity. Nowell, p. 39.

Adam was the first parent of mankind : therefore God endued him with those ornaments, to have them or lose them, for him and his, that is for all mankind. So soon as he therefore was spoiled of them, his whole nature was left naked, in


and destitute of all good things. So soon as he was defiled with that spot of sin, out of the root and stock corrupted there sprung forth corrupted branches, that conveyed also their corruption into the other twigs springing out of them.-Thence came the horrible blindness of our minds and perverseness of our hearts. Thence came that crookedness and corruptness of all our affections and desires. Thence came that seed-plot, as it were, a sink of all sins, with the faults whereof mankind is affected and tormented. Of which evil, learned Christians that have sought the proper and true name have called it original sin. Nowell,

p. 40.

b Thus we have heard how evil we be of ourselves, how of ourselves, and by ourselves, we have no goodness, help, or salvation, but contrariwise sin, damnation, and death everlasting. Hom. ii. 2.

reigned by one.-By the offence of all under sin; as it is written, one man judgment came upon all There is none righteous, no, not men to condemnation. - By one one: there is none that underman's disobedience many were made standeth, there is none that seeketh sinners. Rom. v. 12, 14, 17-19. In after God. They are all gone out of Adam all die. 1 Cor. xv. 22.

the way, they are together become b We have before proved, both unprofitable; there is none that Jews and Gentiles, that they are doeth good, no, not one, &c. &c.

every man, that naturally is engendered of the offspring of Adam, whereby man is very far


St. Paul in many places painteth us out in our colours, calling

“ the children of the wrath of God," when we be born: saying also, that we “ cannot think a good thought of ourselves.Hom. ii. 1.

All men of their evilness, and natural proneness, be so universally given to sin, that, as the Scripture saith, God repented that ever he made man. Hom. ii. 1.

Dearly beloved, forasmuch as all men are conceived and born in sin; and that which is born of the flesh is Aesh, and they that are in the flesh cannot please God, but live in sin, committing many actual transgressions, &c. Liturgy.

" That which is born of the Aesh,” saith Christ, " is flesh; and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit.” (John iii. 6.) As who should say, Man of bis own nature is fleshly and carnal, corrupt and naught, sinful and disobedient to God, without any spark of goodness in him, without any virtuous or godly motion, only given to evil thoughts and wicked deeds. Hom. xxviii. 1.

In ourselves therefore may we not glory, which of ourselves, are nothing but sinful. Hom. ji. 2.

Our pride shall be thereby, abated; perceiving nought to come of ourselves but sin and vice.. Hom, xxix. ii.

Now we know that what things dwelleth no good thing. Rom. vii. soever, the law saith, it saith, to 18. The wicked is estranged from them who a

are under the law, that the womb: they go astray as soon every mouth may be stopped, and as they be born, speaking lies. Ps. all the world may become guilty lviii. 3. Every man is tempted, before God. Rom. iii. 9-12, 19. when he is drawn away of his own -As in water face answereth to face, lust and enticed. Then when lust $0 the heart of man to man. Prov. hath conceived, it bringeth forth xxvii, 19. There is no man that sin: and sin when it is finished, sinneth not. 1 Kings viii. 46. The bringeth forth death. James i. 14, whole world lieth in wickedness. 15. We ourselves also were some1 John v. 19. The natural man re- time foolish, disobedient, deceived, ceiveth not the things of the Spirit serving divers lusts and pleasures, of God, for they are foolishness living in malice and envy, hateful, unto him: neither can he know and hating one another. Tit. iii. 3. them, because they are spiritually Put off concerning the former condiscerned. 1 Cor. ii. 14. Pro versation the old man, which is fessing themselves to be wise, they corrupt according to the deceitful became fools. Rom. i. 22. From lusts. Eph. iv. 22. Except a man within out of the heart of men pro- be born again, he cannot see the ceed evil thoughts, adulteries, for- kingdom of God. John iii. 3. Mor.. pications, murders, &c. Mark vii. 21. tify your members which are upón Who can bring a clean thing out of the earth. Col iii. 5. How can he an unclean?, not oné. Job. xiv. 4. be clean that is born of a woman? Behold, I was shapen in wicked- Job xxv. 4. iness, and in sin did my mother con- c God hath made man upright; ceive mę. Ps. li. 5. In my Aesh but they have sought out many in

gone from original righteousness, and is of his own nature inclined to evil, so that the flesh lusteth always contrary to the Spirit; 'and there


For carnal reason, being alway an enemy to God, and not perceiving the things of God's Spirit, doth abhor such precepts, &c. Hom, xxii. 1.

Being by nature born in sin and the children of wrath. Bap. Service.

By nature we are all subject to damnation, in which state if God do leave us, we have no cause to complain of him. Nowell,

p. 14.

ventions. Eccl. vi. 29, All we, like dren of wrath even as others. Eph. sheep, have gone astray, we have

V. 3. The works of the flesh are turned every one to his own way. manifest, which are these : adulIsa. liii. 6. All have sinned, and tery, fornication, &c. &c. Gal. v. 19come short of the glory of God. 21. When we were in the flesh, Rom. iii. 23. God saw that the the motions of sins, which were by wickedness of man was great in the law, did work in our members the earth, and that every imagina- to bring forth fruit unto death. tion of the thoughts of his heart Sin taking occasion by the comwas only evil continually. And it mandment, wrought in me all manrepented the Lord that he had ner of concupiscence. Rom. vii. 5, made man on the earth, and it 8. When ye were the servants of grieved him at his heart, Gen, vi. sin, ye were free from righteous5, 6. The Lord looked down from ness. Rom. vi. 20. heaven upon the children of men,

d The 'flesh lusteth against the to see if there were any that did Spirit, and the Spirit against the understand, and seek God. They flesh: and these are contrary the are all gone aside, they are alto- one to the other : so that ye cannot gether become filthy; there is none do the things that ye would, Gal. that doeth good, no, not one. Ps. v. 17. Sin taking occasion by the xiv. 2, 3. Rom. iii. 10, &c. The commandment, wrought in me all imagination of man's heart is evil

of concupiscence. For from his youth. Gen. viii. 21. The without the law sin was dead. Sin, heart is deceitful above all things, that it might appear sin, working and desperately wicked: who can death in me by that which is good, know it? Jer. xvii. 9. Having the that sin by the commandment might understanding darkened, being alie- become exceeding sinful. Rom. vii. nated from the life of God through 8, 13. Do ye think that the scripthe ignorance that is in them, be- ture saith in vain, The spirit that cause of the blindness of their dwelleth in us lusteth to envy? heart. Ephes. iv. 18. If any man But he giveth more grace. James among you seemeth to be wise in iv. 5, 6. Abstain from fleshly lusts this world, let him become a fool, which war against the soul. 1 Pet. that he may be wise. For the wis- ii. 2. Make not provision for the dom of this world is foolishness flesh to fulfil the lusts thereof. with God. 1 Cor. iii. 18, 19. They Rom. xiii. 14. Every

is are wise to do evil, but to do good tempted, when he is drawn away they have no understanding. Jer. of his own lust, and enticed. James iv. 22. Among whom we all had i. 15. The old man is corrupt acour conversation in times past in cording to the deceitful lusts. the lusts of our flesh, fulfilling the Eph. iv. 22. desires of the Aesh and of the If ye live after the flesh ye mind; and were by nature the child shall die : but if ye through the




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