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XXX. Of both kinds. THE a cup of the Lord is not to be denied to the lay people: for both the parts of the Lord's Sacrament, 6 by Christ's ordinance and commandınent, ought to be ministered to all Christian men alike.
Q. And dost thou say that all ought alike to receive both parts of the sacrament? A. Yea, verily. For sith the Lord hath expressly commanded, it were a most high offence in any part to abridge his commandment. Nowell, p. 108.
• When the people come to the holy communion, the sacrament ought to be given them in both kinds : for so both Christ hath commanded, and the Apostles in every place have ordained, and all the ancient Fathers and catholic Bishops have followed the same.
And whoso doeth contrary to this, he, as Gelasius saith, committeth sacrilege. Jewell.
a Ye cannot drink the cup of the saying, Drink ye all of it. Matt, Lord and the cup of devils. 1 Cor. xxvi. 27. And he took the cup, x. 21. Let a man examine himself, and when he had given thanks, he and so let him eat of that bread gave it to them, and they all drank and drink of that cup. 1 Cor. xi. of it. Mark xiv. 23. As often as 28.
ye eat this bread, and drink this b And he took the cup, and gave cup, ye do shew the Lord's death thanks, and gave it to them all, till he come. 1 Cor. xi. 26.
XXXI. Of the one Oblation of Christ finished
upon the cross. THE * offering of Christ once made, is that
perfect redemption, propitiation, and satisfaction for all the sins of the whole world, both
b With the one only sacrifice of his death he satisfied for our sins before God, and, appeasing the wrath of God, made us at one with him. With his blood, as with most pure washing, he hath washed and cleansed away all the filth and spots of our souls; and defacing with everlasting forgetfulness the memory of our sins, that they shall no more come in the sight of God, he hath cancelled, made void, and done away the hand-writing whereby we were bound and convicted, and also the decree, by the sentence whereof we were condemned. All these things hath he done by his death, both for the living and for the dead that trusted in him while they lived. Nowell, p. 51.
Almighty God, our heavenly Father, who, of thy tender mercy, didst give thine only Son Jesus Christ to suffer death upon the cross for our redemption; who made there (by his one oblation of himself once offered) a full, perfect, and sufficient sacrifice, oblation, and satisfaction for the sins of the whole world; and did institute, and in his holy Gospel command us to continue a perpetual memory of that his precious death, until his coming again. Communion Serv.
• Christ hath loved us, and given He is the propitiation for our sins : himself for us an offering and à and not for ours only, but also for sacrifice to God for a sweet smell- the sins of the whole world. 1 John ing savour. Eph. v. 2. Christ hath ii. 2. God was in Christ recononce suffered for sins the just for ciling the world to himself, not the unjust, that he might bring us imputing their trespasses unto them. to God. 1 Pet. iii. 18. Once in the 2 Cor. v. 19. One mediator beend of the world hath he appeared tween God and men, the man Christ to put away sin by the sacrifice of Jesus; who gave himself a ransom himself. Heb. ix. 26.
for all. 1 Tim. ii. 5, 6. Being jusb God sending his Son in the like- tified freely by his grace through 'ness of sinful Aesh, and for sin, the redemption that is in Christ condemned sin in the flesh. Rom. Jesus, whom God hath set forth to viii. 3. Now once in the end of the be a propitiation through faith in world hath he appeared to put away his blood, to declare his righteoussin by the sacrifice of himself. ness for the remission of sins that Once offered to bear the sins of are past. Rom. iii. 24, 25. How many. Heb. ix. 26, 28.- -To finish much more shall the blood of Christ, transgression, and to make an end who through the eternal Spirit of sins, and to make reconciliation offered himself without spot to for iniquity, and to bring in ever- God, purge your conscience from lasting righteousness. Dan. ix. 24. dead works to serve the living God!
original and actual: and there is no other satisfaction for sin but that alone. Wherefore the d sacrifices of masses, in the which it was com
We must apprehend the merits of Christ's death and passion by faith, and that with a strong and stedfast faith ; nothing doubting but that Christ, by his own oblation and once offering of himself upon the cross, hath taken away our sins, and hath restored us again into God's favour, so fully and perfectly, that no other sacrifice for sin shall hereafter be requisite or needful in all the world. Hom. xxv. 2.
We must trust only in God's mercy, and that sacrifice which our High Priest and Saviour Christ Jesus, the Son of God, once offered for us upon the cross, to obtain thereby God's grace and remission, as well of our original sin in baptism, as of all actual sin committed by us after our baptism; if we truly repent, and turn unfeignedly to him again. Hom. iii. 2. See also Article II. and XVI.
The Lord's Supper was not ordained to this end, that Christ's body should be offered in sacrifice to God the Father
Heb. ix. 14. Christ loved the e I will make a new covenant, church, and gave himself for it; &c. Jer. xxxi. 31. This is the cothat he might sanctify and cleanse venant that I will make with them, it with the washing of water by saith the Lord : I will put my laws the word, that he might present it into their hearts, and in their minds to himself a glorious church, not will I write them; and their sins having spot or wrinkle or any such and iniquities will I remember no thing; but that it should be holy more. Now where remission of and without blemish. Eph. V. these is, there is no more offering 25–27. We are sanctified through for sin. Heb. x. 16-18. There the offering of the body of Jesus remaineth no more sacrifice for Christ once for all. Heb. X. 10. sins. Heb. x. 10. Messiah shall By one offering he hath perfected be cut off, but not for himselffor ever them who are sanctified. and he shall cause the sacrifice and Heb. x. 14. In whom we have the oblation to cease. Dan. ix. 26, redemption through his blood, even 27. Almost all things are by the the forgiveness of sins. You hath law purged with blood; and withhe reconciled in the body of his out shedding of blood is noremission. flesh tbrough death, to present you Heb. ix. 22. The blood of Jesus holy and unblameable and unre- Christ his Son cleanseth us from all proveable in his sight. Col. i. 14, sin. If we confess our sins, he is 21, 22. God hath blessed us with faithful and just to forgive us our all spiritual blessings in Christ. sins, and to cleanse us from all unEph. i. 3. In him dwelleth all the righteousness. 1 John i. 7, 9. I am fulness of the Godhead bodily, and he that blotteth out thy transgresye are complete in him. Col. ii. 9, sions for mine own sake. Is. xliji. 10. The riches of the glory of this 25. As for our transgressions, thou mystery- -is Christ in you the shalt purge them away. Ps. Ixv. 3. hope of glory: whom we preach, There is forgiveness with thee, warning every man, and teaching that thou mayest be feared. Ps. every man in all wisdom; that we cxxx. 4. may present every man perfect in d Nor yet that he should offer Christ Jesus. Col. i. 27, 28.
himself often, as the high priest
monly said, that the priest did offer Christ for the quick and the dead, to have remission of pain or guilt, were e blasphemous fables and .dangerous deceits.
for sins. For he, when he did institute his Supper, commanded us to eat his body, not to offer it. As for the prerogative of offering for sins, it pertaineth to Christ alone, as to him which is the eternal Priest, which also when he died upon the cross, once made that only and everlasting sacrifice for our salvation, and fully performed the same for ever. For us there is nothing left to do, but to take the use and benefit of that eternal sacrifice bequeathed us by the Lord himself, which we chiefly do in the Lord's Supper. Nowell, p. 111.
e When they say, and sometimes do persuade fools, that they are able by their masses to distribute and to apply unto men's commodity all the merits of Christ's death : yea, although many times the parties think nothing of the matter, and understand full little what is done, this is a mockery, a heathenish fancy, and a very toy. For it is our faith that applieth the death and cross of Christ to our benefit, and not the act of the massing priest. “Faith had in the sacraments," saith Augustine,“ doth justify, and not the sacraments.” And Origen saith, “ Christ is the Priest, the propitiation and sacrifice: which propitiation cometh to every one by mean of faith.” And so, by this reckoning, we say that the sacraments of Christ, without faith, do not once profit these that be alive; a great deal less do they profit those that be dead. Jewell. See Art. XXVIII.
entereth into the holy place every 25, 26. After he had offered one year with blood of others : for then sacrifice for sins, for ever sat down must he often have suffered since on the right hand of God. Heb. x. the foundation of the world: but 12. Ye are built up a spiritual now once in the end of the world house, an holy priesthood, to offer hath he appeared to put away sin up spiritual sacrifices, acceptable by the sacrifice of himself. Heb. ix. to God by Jesus Christ. 1 Pet. ii, 5.
XXXII. Of the Marriage of Priests. * BISHOPS, priests, and deacons, are not commanded by God's law either to vow the estate of single life, or to abstain from marriage : therefore it is lawful for them, as for all other Christian men, to marry at their own discretion, as they shall judge the same to serve better to godliness.
* We say that matrimony is holy and honourable in all sorts and dates of persons, as in the patriarchs, in the prophets, in the apostles, in the holy martyrs, in the ministers of the church, and in bishops : and that it is an honest and lawful thing (as Chrysostom saith) for a man, living in matrimony, to take upon him therewith the dignity of a bishop. And as Sozomenus saith of Spiridion, and Nazianzen of his own father, we say, that a good and diligent bishop doth serve in the ministry never the worse for that he is married, but rather the better, and with more ableness to do good. Further we say, that the same law which by constraint taketh away this liberty from men, and compelleth them against their wills to live single, is the “ doctrine of devils," as Paul saith. Jewell.
Holy matrimony is an honourable estate, instituted of God in the time of man's innocency; signifying unto us the mystical union that is betwixt Christ and his Church : which holy estate Christ adorned and beautified with his presence, and first miracle that he wrought in Cana of Galilee; and is commended of Saint Paul to be honourable among all men. Marriage Service.
a A bishop must be blameless, wife, as well as other apostles, and the husband of one wife; one that as the brethren of the Lord, and ruleth well own house, having Cephas ? 1 Cor. ix. 5. Marriage his children in subjection with ali is honourable in all, and the bed gravity. 1 Tim. iii. 2, 4. Let dea- undefiled. Heb. xiii. 4. To avoid cons be the husbands of one wife, fornication, let every man have his ruling their children and their own own wife, and let every woman houses well. 1 Tim. iji. 12. If any have her own husband. 1 Cor. vii. elder be blameless, the husband of 2. I say therefore to the unone wife, having faithful children. married and widows, it is good for Tit. i. 6. And the Lord said unto them if they abide even as I. But Moses, Speak unto the priests the if they cannot contain, let them sons of Aaron, and say unto them, marry: for it is better to marry They shall not take a wife that is than to burn. 1 Cor. vii. 9. In the a whore, or profane; neither shall latter times some shall depart from they take a woman put away from the faith, giving heed to seducing her husband: for he is holy unto spirits, and doctrines of devils ; his God. Lev. xxi. 7. Have we -forbidding to marry. 1 Tim. iv. not power to lead about a sister, a 3.