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the law or sect which he professeth, so that he be diligent to frame his life according to that

Scribes, with many holy and godly traditions and ordinances, (as it seemed by the outward appearance and goodly glistering of the works,) but in very deed all tending to idolatry, superstition and hypocrisy; their hearts within being full of malice, pride, covetousness, and all wickedness. Against which sects, , and their pretended holiness, Christ cried out more vehemently than he did against any other persons, saying, and often rehearsing these words, Woe be to you, Scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites ! for you go about by sea and by land to make more novices, and new brethren; and when they be let in, or received

ct, you make them the children of hell, worse than yourselves be. (Matt. xxiii.) For although they seemed to the world to be most perfect men, both in living and teaching, yet was their life but hypocrisy, and their doctrine but sour leaven, mingled with superstition, idolatry, and overthwart judgment, setting up the traditions and ordinances of man, instead of God's commandments. Hom. v. 2.

The law, as the highest reason, was by God grafted in the nature of man, while man's nature was yet sound and uncorrupted, being created after the image of God; so this law is

of your

speed. 2 John 7, 9, 10. We are sin, that the promise by faith of not as many who corrupt the word Jesus Christ might be given to them of God: but as of sincerity, but that believe. Gal. iii. 21, 22. We as of God, in the sight of God have before proved both Jews and speak we in Christ. 2 Cor. ii. 17. Gentiles, that they 'are all under We are the circumcision, which sin. For all have sinned, and come worship God in the spirit, and re- short of the glory of God. Rom. vii. joice in Christ Jesus, and have no

If righteousness come by confidence in the Aesh: though I the law, then Christ is dead in vain. might also have confidence in the Gal. ii. 21. Israel hath not attained flesh. If any other man thinketh to the law of righteousness. Wherethat he hath whereof he might trust fore? Because they sought it not in the flesh, I more: circumcised by faith, but as it were by the the eighth day, of the stock of works of the law. Rom. ix. 31, 32. Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, an By the works of the law shall no Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touch- flesh be justified. Gal. ii. 16. If ing the law, a Pharisee; concerning by grace, then it is no more of zeal, persecuting the church; touch- works; otherwise grace is no more ing the righteousness which is in grace. But if it be of works, then the law, blameless. But what it is no more of grace; otherwise things were gain to me, those I work is no more work. Rom. xi. 6. counted loss for Christ. Phil. iii. As many as desire to make a fair 3-7. After the most straitest sect shew in the flesh, they constrain: of our religion I lived a Pharisee. you to be circumcised; only lest Acts xxvi. 5. If there had been a they should suffer persecution for law given, which could have given the cross of Christ. Gal. vi, 12, If life, verily righteousness should ye be circumcised, Christ shall have been by the law.. But the profit you nothing. Christ is beScripture hath concluded all under come of no effect unto you; who.

9, 23.

law, and the light of nature. For holy Scrip

ndeed, and is called the law of nature. But since the nature of njan became stained with sin, although the minds of wise men have been in some sort lightened with the brightness of this natural light, yet in the most part of inen this light is so put out, that scarce any sparkles thereof are to be seen; and in many men's minds is deeply grafted a sharp hatred of God and men, against the ordinances of God and his commandments. Nowell, p. 28.

• Our justification doth come freely by the mere mercy of God, and of so great and free mercy, that whereas all the world was not able of themselves to pay any part towards their ransom, it pleased our heavenly Father of his infinite mercy, without any our desert or deserving, to prepare for us the most precious jewels of Christ's body and blood, whereby our ransom might be fully paid, the law fulfilled, and his justice fully satisfied. So that Christ is now the righteousness of all them that truly do believe in him. He for them paid their ransom by his death. He for them fulfilled the law in his life. So that now in him, and by him, every true Christian man may be called a fulfiller of the law: forasmuch as that which their infirmity lacked, Christ's justice (or righteousness] hath supplied. Hom. iii. 1.

He came his Father's ambassador and messenger to men, that by his declaration they might be brought into the right knowledge of God, and into all truth. Nowell, p. 44.

Jesus Christ is the Deliverer and Saviour of us which were holden bond, and fast tied with impiety and wickedness, and wrapped in the snares of eternal death, and holden thrall in the foul bondage of the serpent the devil. -He alone hath delivered and saved them that be his from eternal damnation, whereunto otherwise they were appointed. Nowell, p. 42. See also Article VII.

O Almighty God, whom truly to know is everlasting life; grant us perfectly to know thy Son Jesus Christ to be the way, the truth, and the life; that following the steps of thy holy

soever of you are justified by the there is none other name under law, ye are fallen from grace. heaven given among men, whereby Gal. v. 2, 4. And I, brethren, if we must be saved. Acts iv. 12. I yet preach circumcision, why do Other foundation can po man lay 1 yet suffer persecution ? then is than that is laid, which is Jesus the offence of the cross ceased. I Christ. 1 Cor. iij. 11. To him give would they were even cut off which all the prophets witness, that trouble you. Gal. v. 11, 12. The through his name whosoever bejust shall live by faith; but if any lieveth in him shall receive remisman draw back, my soul shall have sion of sins. Acts x. 43. There is no pleasure in him. Heb. x. 38. one God, and one mediator between b Thou shalt call his name Jesus: God and men,

the man Christ for he shall save his people from Jesus. 1 Tim. ii. 5. No their sins. Matt. i. 21. Neither cometh unto the Father but by me. is there salvation in any other; for John xiv. 6. This is the record


ture doth set out unto us only the Name of Jesus Christ, whereby men must be saved.

apostles Saint Philip and Saint James, we may stedfastly walk in the way that leadeth to eternal life, through the same thy Son Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. Coll. for Saint Philip and Saint James' Day.

The Almighty Lord, who is a most strong tower to all them that put their trust in him; to whom all things in heaven, in earth, and under the earth, do bow and obey; be now and evermore thy defence, and make thee know and feel that there is none other name under heaven given to man, in whom and through whom thou mayest receive health and salvation, but only the name of our Lord Jesus Christ. Amen. Visitation of the Sick.

The marks of the visible Church are, the sincere preaching of the Gospel, that is to say, of the benefits of Christ, invocation, and administration of the sacraments. Q. Is there then no hope of salvation out of the church ? A. Out of it can be nothing but damnation, death, and destruction. Nowell, p. 68, 69.

Paynims, clean void from God, and the hope of everlasting life. Hom. xxix. 1.

Let us confess him with our mouths, praise him with our tongues, believe on him with our hearts, and glorify him with our good works. Christ is the lig t; let us receive the light. Christ is the truth ; let us believe the truth. Christ is the way; let us follow the way. And because he is our only Master, our only Teacher, our only Shepherd and Chief Captain; therefore let us become his servants, his scholars, his sheep.—Let us receive Christ, not for a time, but for ever: let us believe his word, not for a time, but for ever : let us become his servants, not for a time, but for ever; in consideration that he hath redeemed and saved us, not for a time, but for ever; and will receive us into his heavenly kingdom, " there to reign with him," not for a time, but for ever. To him therefore, with the Father and the Holy Ghost, be all honour, praise, and glory, for ever and ever. Amen. Hom. xxiv.

that God hath given to us eternal He said, Go ye into all the world, life, and this life is in his Son. He and preach the Gospel to every that hath the Son hath life; he that creature: He that believeth and is hath not the Son of God, hath not baptized shall be saved; but he life. These things have I written that believeth not, shall be damnunto you that believe on the name ed. Mark xvi. 15, 16. He that of the Son of God; that ye may believeth not the Son shall not see know that ye have eternal life, and life; but the wrath of God abideth that ye may believe on the name of on him. John iii. 36. the Son of God. 1 John v. 11-13.

Kingdom of had comert not with observation

XIX. Of the Church,

Catus. THE visible church of Christ is a congregation of faithful men, "in the which the pure word of

* We believe that there is one Church of God, and that the same is not shut up (as in times past among the Jews) into some one corner or kingdom, but that it is catholic and universal, and dispersed throughout the whole world. So that there is now no nation which may truly complain that they be shut forth, and may not be one of the Church and people of God: and that this Church is the kingdom, the body, the spouse of Christ: that Christ alone is the Prince of this kingdom: that Christ alone is the Head of this body: that Christ alone is the Bridegroom of this spouse. Jewell.

In the Creed is properly entreated of the congregation of those whom God by his secret election hath adopted to himself through Christ : which Church can neither be seen with eyes, nor can continually be known by signs. (See Art. XVII. a, g.) Yet there is a Church of God visible, or that may be seen, the tokens or marks whereof he doth shew and open unto us.-The visible Church is nothing else but a certain multitude of men, which in what place soever they be, do profess the doctrine of Christ pure and sincere, even the same which the Evangelists and Apostles have, in the everlasting monuments of holy Scriptures, faithfully disclosed to memory, and which do truly call upon God the Father in the name of Christ; and moreover do use his mysteries, commonly called sacraments, with the same pureness and simplicity (as touching their substance) which the Apostles of Christ used, and have put in writing. Nowell,

p. 67.


Q. Are not then all that be in this visible Church, of the number of the elect to everlasting life? A. Many by hypocrisy and counterfeiting of godliness, do join themselves to this fellow

a Unto the church of God which church the manifold wisdom of God! is at Corinth, to them that are Eph. iii. 10. Unto God be glory sanctified in Christ Jesus, called in the church by Christ Jesus to be saints, with all that in every throughout all ages, world without. place call upon the name of Jesus end. Amen. Eph. iii. 21. Christ our Lord, both theirs and » How shall they call on him in ours. 1 Cor. i. 2. The house of whom they have not believed ? and God, which is the church of the bow shall they believe in him of Jiving God, the pillar and ground whom they have not heard? and of the truth, 1 Tim. jij. 15. To how shall they hear without a the saints and faithful brethren preacher? and bow shall they in Christ, which are at Colosse. preach except they be sent? as it Col. i. 2. The Lord added to the is written, How beautiful are the church daily such as should be feet of them that preach the gossaved. Acts ii. 47. To the intent pel of peace, and bring glad tidings that now might be known by the of good things? So then faith com

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God is preached, and the sacraments be duly ministered according to Christ's ordinance, in all those things that of necessity are requisite to

ship, which are nothing less than true members of the Church. But forasmuch as wheresoever the word of God is sincerely: taught, and his sacraments rightly administered, there are ever some appointed to salvation by Christ, we count all that whole company to be the Church of God, seeing that Christ also promiseth that himself will be present with two or three that bé gathered together in his name. Nowell, p. 68.

The sincere preaching of the Gospel, that is to say, of the benefits of Christ, invocation, and administration of the sacraments, are the chief and the necessary marks of the visible Church, such as without which it cannot be indeed, nor rightly called the Church of Christ.- -In whatever assembly these are purely and sincerely retained, it is no doubt that there is also the Church of Christ. Nowell, p. 67, 68.

They (the Scriptures) be the foundation of the Prophets and Apostles, whereupon is built the Church of God: that they be the very sure and infallible rule, whereby may be tried whether the Church do swerve or err, and whereunto all ecclesiastical doctrine ought to be called to account : and that against these Scriptures neither law, nor ordinance, nor any custom ought to be heard: not though Paul hi or an angel from heaven, should come and teach the contrary. Jewell.

O Almighty God, who by thy Son Jesus Christ didst give to thy Apostle Saint Peter many excellent gifts, and commandedst him earnestly to feed thy flock; make, we beseech thee, all bishops and pastors diligently to preach thy holy word, and the people obediently to follow the same; that they may receive the erown of everlasting glory, through Jesus Christ our Lord. Amen. Coll. for Saint Peter's Day.

eth by hearing and hearing by the Moreover it is required in stewword of God. Rom. x. 14, 15, 17, ards, that a man be found faithful. He gave some, apostles; and some, 1 Cor. iv. 1, 2. It pleased God by prophets; and some, evangelists; the foolishness of preaching to save and some, pastors and teachers; for them that believe. 1 Cor. i. 21. A the perfecting of the saints, for the bishop must be blameless, as the work of the ministry, for the edify- steward of God; holding fast ing of the body of Christ. Eph. iv. the faithful word as he hath been 11, 12. If any man speak, let him taught, that he may be able by speak as the oracles of God. 1 Pet. sound doctrine both to exhort and iv. 11. He that prophesieth speak- to convince gainsayers. Tit. i. 7, 9. eth unto men to edification, and I have sent unto you Timotheus, exhortation, and comfort- -he who is my beloved son, and faithedifieth the church. I Cor. xiv. 3, ful in the Lord, who shall bring 4. Let a man so account of us, as you into remembrance of my ways of the ministers of Christ, and which be in Christ, as I teach every stewards of the mysteries of God. where in every church. I Cor. iv.

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