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shown to the insurgents; a branch of their government established

in Liverpool; their government vessels officially aided in evading

the blockade, and in furnishing them with arms, munitions, and

means for carrying on the struggle....

The firm of Fraser, Trenholm & Co...

Character of the blockaded coast

Geographical situation of Nassau and Bermuda ..

What was done at Nassau

The United States denied permission to deposit coal at Nassau......

Complaints to Earl Russell and his reply ....

Instructions as to hospitalities to the belligerents....

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219

222

223

225

229

232

233

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91

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94

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293 118

Geneva Present
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IV. WHEREIN GREAT BRITAIN FAILED TO PERFORM ITS DUTIES AS

NEUTRAL-Continued.

Lord Palmerston's threats

234 96

Contraband of war fraudulently cleared at Nassau for British ports.. 236 97

Résumé for the year 1862

237 97

Base changed to Bermuda

239 98

What was done at Liverpool by Bullock..

240

The Florida...

241 99

The Alabama

243 99

The Sumter at Gibraltar.

245 100

The Florida at Nassau..

245 100

Contracts for constructing six iron-clads

246 101

The Sumter at Trinidad

247 101

The Florida at Nassau...

217 101

Mr. Adams represents the foregoing facts to Earl Russell..

248 101

Earl Russell declines to act...

249 102

Inefficiency of the foreign enlistment act..

250 102

Propositions to amend the foreign enlistment act

251 103

Propositions declined by Great Britain

251 103

Proposition renewed and declined....

233 103

These proceedings were an abandonment, in advance, of "due dili-
gence".

256 14

The Georgia.

256 105

The Alexandra ....

257 105

The rulings in the Alexandra case emasculated the foreign enlistment

act....

259 106

Laird's iron-clad rams..

260 106

Their detention not an abandonment of the lax construction of the
duties of a neutral....

264 103

The contracts with Arman for the construction of vessels in France.. 266 108

Conduct of the French Government......

267 109

Contrast between the conduct of France and of Great Britain.

269 109

The Tuscaloosa at the Cape of Good Hope......

270 110

She is released against the advice of Sir Baldwin Walker...

272 110

The course of the governor is disapproved .....

272 111

The Tuscaloosa comes again into the waters of the Colony.

273 111

The governor reverses his policy and seizes the vessel..

273 111

His course is again disapproved ....

274 111

Blockade-running

274 111

Cotton shipments

275 112

The insurgent government interested in blockade-running.

278 113

These facts brought to Earl Russell's notice.....

282 114

He sees no offense in them......

282 114

Earl Russell's attention again called to these facts...

284 115

He again sees no offense in them.......

285 115

Blockade-running in partnership with the insurgent government. 226 116

Continued partiality....

238 117

The Rappahannock.

291

118

The Shenandoah....

Mr. Monntague Bernard's list of vessels detained by Great Britain... 296 120

The charges in Mr. Fish's instructions of September 25, 1869, are sus-

tained by this evidence....

300 121
309 123

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British territory the base of the naval operations of the insurgents... 310 125

Their arsenal....

310 125

The systematic operations of the insurgents a violation of the duties

of a neutral...

311 126

Continuing partiality for the insurgents...

313 126

Recapitulation of hostile acts tolerated in British Possessions.

314 127

These facts throw suspicion upon the acts of British officials toward

the insurgent cruisers..

316 128

They show an abnegation of all diligence to preveut the acts com-

plained of....

317 128

They throw upon Great Britain the burden of proof to show that the

acts complained of could not have been prevented...

318 128

List of the insurgent cruisers.

320 129

The Sumter....

320 129

The Nashville...

328 132

The Florida and her tenders, the Clarence, the Tacony, and the Archer. 332 133

The Alabama and her tender, the Tuscaloosa..

364 146

The Retribution ....

390 156

The Georgia....

392 156

The Tallahassee, or the Olustee..

409 163

The Chickamauga..

413 164

The Shenandoah..

416 165

Summary ..

454 180

The conduct of other nations contrasted with that of Great Britain.. 462 183

VI. THE TRIBUNAL SHOULD AWARD A SUM IN GROSS TO THE UNITED STATES.

Offer of the American Commissioners in the Joint High Commission. 467 185

Rejection of the offer by the British Commissioners.

468 185

Terms of the submission by the Treaty..

468 185

General statement of the claims.....,

469 185

Claims growing out of the destruction of vessels and cargoes.

469 186

Government vessels...

470 186

Merchant vessels

470 186

Injuries to persons.

471 186

Expenditures in pursuit of cruisers....

472 186

Transfer of vessels to the British flag-

472 187

Enhanced rates of insurance.

476 188

Prolongation of the war..

476 188

Interest claimed to the date of payment...

479 189

Reasons why a gross sum should be awarded..

480 189

INDEX ...

483 191

19]

*CASE OF

OF THE UNITED STATES.

PART I.

INTRODUCTION.

Meeting

the

Protocol of the conferences as to the

In the spring of the present year (1871) five Commissioners on the part of Great Britain and five Commissioners on the part of the United States of America met at Washington in a Jomerte ang body, which, when organized, was known as the Joint High ton. Commission, in order to discuss, and, if possible, to arrange for, the adjustment of several causes of difference between the two Powers.

Among the subjects which were brought before that body by the United States were “ the differences which arose during the rebellion in the United States, and which have existed since then, growing out of the acts committed by the several vessels, which have given rise to the claims generically known as the Alabama Claims."

The sessions of the Joint High Commission were many in number, and were largely devoted to the consideration of the differences re

ferred to in Mr. F'ish's letter to Sir Edward Thornton, from [10] *which the above-cited quotation is made. The High Commis

sioners, in the protocol of their thirty-sixth conference, caused to be recorded a statement of their negotiations on this subject, in the following language:

6 At the conference held on the Sth of March the American Commissioners stated that the people and Government Alabama Claims. of the United States felt that they had sustained a great wrong, and that great injuries and losses were inflicted upon their commerce and their material interests by the course and conduct of Great Britain during the recent rebellion in the United States; that what had occurred in Great Britain. and her colonies during that period had given rise to feelings in the United States which the people of the United States did not desire to cherish toward Great Britain; that the history of the Alabama and other cruisers, which had been fitted out, or armed, or equipped, or which had received augmentation of force in Great Britain or in her colonies, and of the operations of those vessels, showed extensive direct losses in the capture and destruction of a large number of ves. sels, with their cargoes, and in the heavy national expenditures in the pursuit of the cruisers, and in direct injury in the transter of a large part of the American commercial marine to the British flag, in the enhanced

payments of insurance, in the prolongation of the war, and in [11] *the addition of a large sum to the cost of the war and the sup

pression of the rebellion; and also showed that Great Britain, by reason of failure in the proper observance of her duties as a neutral, had become justly liable for the acts of those cruisers and of their tend. ers; that the claims for the loss and destruction of private property which had thus far been presented amounted to about fourteen millions

1 Mr. Fishi to Sir Edward Thornton, January 30, 1871, Vol. VI, page 16.

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