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III. THE DUTIES WHICH GREAT BRITAIN, AS A NEUTRAL, SHOULD HAVE
shown to the insurgents; a branch of their government established
in Liverpool; their government vessels officially aided in evading
the blockade, and in furnishing them with arms, munitions, and
means for carrying on the struggle....
The firm of Fraser, Trenholm & Co...
Character of the blockaded coast
Geographical situation of Nassau and Bermuda ..
What was done at Nassau
The United States denied permission to deposit coal at Nassau......
Complaints to Earl Russell and his reply ....
Instructions as to hospitalities to the belligerents....
These proceedings were an abandonment, in advance, of "due dili-
Their detention not an abandonment of the lax construction of the
Mr. Monntague Bernard's list of vessels detained by Great Britain... 296 120
The charges in Mr. Fish's instructions of September 25, 1869, are sus-
tained by this evidence....
British territory the base of the naval operations of the insurgents... 310 125
The systematic operations of the insurgents a violation of the duties
of a neutral...
Continuing partiality for the insurgents...
Recapitulation of hostile acts tolerated in British Possessions.
These facts throw suspicion upon the acts of British officials toward
the insurgent cruisers..
They show an abnegation of all diligence to preveut the acts com-
They throw upon Great Britain the burden of proof to show that the
acts complained of could not have been prevented...
List of the insurgent cruisers.
The Florida and her tenders, the Clarence, the Tacony, and the Archer. 332 133
The Alabama and her tender, the Tuscaloosa..
The Retribution ....
The Tallahassee, or the Olustee..
The conduct of other nations contrasted with that of Great Britain.. 462 183
VI. THE TRIBUNAL SHOULD AWARD A SUM IN GROSS TO THE UNITED STATES.
Offer of the American Commissioners in the Joint High Commission. 467 185
Rejection of the offer by the British Commissioners.
Terms of the submission by the Treaty..
General statement of the claims.....,
Claims growing out of the destruction of vessels and cargoes.
Injuries to persons.
Expenditures in pursuit of cruisers....
Transfer of vessels to the British flag-
Enhanced rates of insurance.
Prolongation of the war..
Interest claimed to the date of payment...
Reasons why a gross sum should be awarded..
OF THE UNITED STATES.
Protocol of the conferences as to the
In the spring of the present year (1871) five Commissioners on the part of Great Britain and five Commissioners on the part of the United States of America met at Washington in a Jomerte ang body, which, when organized, was known as the Joint High ton. Commission, in order to discuss, and, if possible, to arrange for, the adjustment of several causes of difference between the two Powers.
Among the subjects which were brought before that body by the United States were “ the differences which arose during the rebellion in the United States, and which have existed since then, growing out of the acts committed by the several vessels, which have given rise to the claims generically known as the Alabama Claims."
The sessions of the Joint High Commission were many in number, and were largely devoted to the consideration of the differences re
ferred to in Mr. F'ish's letter to Sir Edward Thornton, from  *which the above-cited quotation is made. The High Commis
sioners, in the protocol of their thirty-sixth conference, caused to be recorded a statement of their negotiations on this subject, in the following language:
6 At the conference held on the Sth of March the American Commissioners stated that the people and Government Alabama Claims. of the United States felt that they had sustained a great wrong, and that great injuries and losses were inflicted upon their commerce and their material interests by the course and conduct of Great Britain during the recent rebellion in the United States; that what had occurred in Great Britain. and her colonies during that period had given rise to feelings in the United States which the people of the United States did not desire to cherish toward Great Britain; that the history of the Alabama and other cruisers, which had been fitted out, or armed, or equipped, or which had received augmentation of force in Great Britain or in her colonies, and of the operations of those vessels, showed extensive direct losses in the capture and destruction of a large number of ves. sels, with their cargoes, and in the heavy national expenditures in the pursuit of the cruisers, and in direct injury in the transter of a large part of the American commercial marine to the British flag, in the enhanced
payments of insurance, in the prolongation of the war, and in  *the addition of a large sum to the cost of the war and the sup
pression of the rebellion; and also showed that Great Britain, by reason of failure in the proper observance of her duties as a neutral, had become justly liable for the acts of those cruisers and of their tend. ers; that the claims for the loss and destruction of private property which had thus far been presented amounted to about fourteen millions
1 Mr. Fishi to Sir Edward Thornton, January 30, 1871, Vol. VI, page 16.