Health Care: A Community Concern? : Developments in the Organization of Canadian Health Services
Developed within the context of the expansion of the Canadian welfare state in the years following the Great Depression, the present organization of Canadian health care delivery is now in serious need of reform. This book documents the causes and effects of changes made in this century to Canada's health care policy. Particular emphasis is placed on the decades following 1940, the years in which Canada moved away from an individualistic entrepreneurial medical care system, first toward a collectivist biomedical model and then to a social model for health care. The changing roles of federal, provincial, and municipal government are explored, as are recent trends away from crisis-oriented health care toward an approach that stresses promotion of health. The authors argue that the original collectivist model restricted community members from participation in the decision-making process. Leaving health policy decisions in the hands of politicians and bureaucrats has led to a system that is poorly coordinated and often poorly managed. They propose a shift away from the "welfare state" model toward what has been called the "welfare society," in which there is greater participation of individuals and communities. They advocate partnership with business and research communities and reform and restructuring through regionalization.
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The Context of Health Policy Development
Canadas Publicly Financed Health Care System Evolves
Service Delivery Systems and Their Response to the Need for Change to a Collective Care Organization
Developing Control by Formal Authorities
Research on Organizational Issues
Reform and Restructuring
administrators Alberta approach areas boards British Columbia bureaucrats Canada Health Canada Health Act Capital Regional District Chapter CHCs cial clinics CLSCs collectivist Committee community health centres community health services community-based concerned consumer coordination costs Council decentralization delivery disabilities discussed doctors drug economic established Established Programs Financing evaluation federal government financed funding govemment Government Printer grants groups health and social Health and Welfare health care system health departments Health Policy health promotion home care implementation improve issues Manitoba Medical Association medical care insurance medical profession ment mental health Minister Ministry of Health munity National Network Nova Scotia nursing Ontario organizational Ottawa partnerships patients physicians practice problems projects provinces provincial governments public health Quebec reform regional Report responsibility restructuring rural Saskatchewan Saskatchewan Health sector service organization social programs social services strategies structures studies tion Toronto Vancouver World Health Organization