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tion, revue et corrigée par J. Planche, Professeur de Rhé-
VIII. 1. Substance of the Debate in the House of Commons on 15th May, 1823, on a Motion for the ' Mitigation and Gradual Abolition of Slavery throughout the British Dominions;' with a Preface and Appendixes containing Facts and ReasoHings illustrative of Colonial Bondage.
2. An Appeal to the Religion, Justice, and Humanity of the Inhabitants of the British Empire, in behalf of the Negro Slaves in the West Indies. By W. Wilberforce, Esq. M.P.
3. Negro Slavery; or a View of some of the more prominent Features of that State of Society, as it exists in the United States of America and in the Colonies of the West Indies, especially in Jamaica.
4. Declaration of the Objects of the Liverpool Society for promoting the Abolition of Slavery.
5. A Review of some of the Arguments which are commonly advanced against Parliamentary Interference in behalf of the Negro Slaves; with a Statement of Opinions which have been expressed on that Subject by many of our most distinguished Statesmen.
6. Thoughts on the Necessity of improving the Condition of the Slaves in the British Colonies, with a View to their ultimate Emancipation; and on the Practicability, the Safety, and the Advantages of the latter Measure. By T.
IX. Sketches taken during Ten Voyages to Africa, between the Years 1786 and 1800; including Observations on the Country between Cape Palmas and the River Congo, &c. By Captain John Adams - - - - - 508 Note.—In Continuation of Intelligence respecting the Interior
of Africa 597
X. 1. A Defence of the Clergy of the Church of England; stating their Services, their Rights, and their Revenues. By the Rev. Francis Thackeray, A.M. 2. An Appeal to the Gentlemen of England, on Behalf of the Church of England. By Augustus Campbell, A.M. 524 XI. 1. Extrait des Memoires de M. le Due de Rovigo, concernant la Catastrophe de M. le Due d'Enghien.
2. Refutation de l'Ecrit publie par le Due de Rovigo sur la Catastrophe de M. le Due d'Enghien. Par M. Maquart.
3. Extrait des Memoires inedits sur la Revolution Francaise. Par M. Mehee de la Touche.
4. Explications offertes aux Hommes impartiaux. Par M. le Comte Hulin.
5. Pieces judiciaires et historiques relatives au Proces du Due
d'Enghien. [By M. Dupin.] Index ....
Art. I.—1. Account of an Expedition from Pittsburgh to the Rocky Mountains, performed in the Years 1819, 1820; by Order of the Hon. J. C. Calhoun, Secretary of War, under the Command of Major S. H. Long, of the U. S. Top. Engineers. Compiled from the Notes of Major Long, Mr. T. Say, and other Gentlemen of the Party, by Edwin James, Botariist and Geologist to the Expedition. In 3 Volumes. Reprinted London. 1823.
8. Narrative Journal of Travels from Detroit Northwest, through the Great Chain of American Lakes to the Sources of the Mississippi River, in the Year 1820: by Henry R. Schoolcraft. Performed as a Member of the Expedition under General Cass. Albany.
3. A Journal of Travels into the Arkansa Territory, during the Year 1819, with occasional Observations on the Manners of the Aborigines. By Thomas Nuttall, F.L.S. Philadelphia.
'"T'HE three works before us afford a tolerable description of that important portion of North America, which lies to the westward of the Alleghany mountains and is included between them and that part of the continued chain of the Andes, usually known by the name of the Rocky Mountains:—an immense territory, which of late years has drawn off no inconsiderable portion of the population of those provinces of the United States, situated on the eastern side of the Alleghanies. To give a general idea of its extent, we need only say that its width (about the parallel of 38° N. lat.) may be taken at 20 degrees of longitude; and its length, (from the Gulf of Mexico to that swell in the surface which divides the northern from the southern waters,) at about the same number of degrees of latitude;-—embracing an area of 1,140,000 square geographical miles, the whole of which is drained by the Mississippi; which, in the long course of a thousand leagues, nearly on the same meridian line, receives a vast multitude of streams, some of them as large as itself, and most of them navigable for many hundred miles from their respective points of confluence,—the united waters of which it pours in one vast body into the Gulf of Mexico.
Vol. xxix. No. Lvii. A History
History has supplied us with no memorials on which to form even a conjecture of the state of this extensive valley in ages past; and the only testimony that remains of its once being inhabited by a more numerous, 'powerful, and intelligent race of Indians thau the present, is that which is afforded by large mounds of earth frequently met with near the banks of the rivers; and within which are found the remains of human skeletons, pottery, and" other articles of a superior and different kind from those now in use among the natives, who have made but few advances towards civilization, and are thinly scattered over this immense surface; probably not exceeding, in the whole, .10,000 souls, or little more than three individuals to one hundred and twenty miles : even these scanty numbers are dwindling away so rapidly as to make it probable that, in the course of half a century, an unmixed native Indian, or Red-skin, will be regarded as a curiosity, and the Cherookees, the Chickasaws, the Choctaws, and the Quapaws be known only by name.
Of these works, which are all respectable, the first two are by members of expeditions set forth under the orders of the government; and the third by a private individual, an Englishman. From the instructions to Major Long, it appears that the object of his expedition was directed to ' military and scientific pursuits;' and accordingly, in addition to a party of soldiers, a journal-writer, botanist, zoologist, geologist, assistant naturalist, and painter, were attached to it. They embarked at Pittsburgh on board the steamboat ' The Western Engineer;' dropped down the Ohio; ascended the Mississippi and the Missouri to the mouth of the Platte, where they wintered and discharged the steam-boat; they then followed the Platte to its source in the Rocky Mountains; skirted their base to the southward; when they divided into two parties, one of which descended the Arkansas, and the other the Canadian, which they mistook for the Red River; and, on regaining the Mississippi, broke up and returned to their several homes. Mr. Schoolcraft navigated the chain of the great lakes from Buffalo; crossed from Lake Superior into Sandy Lake; thence into the Mississippi, which he ascended to its source; then descended as far as the junction of the Ousconsing River, by which, and the Fox River, he crossed into Lake Michigan. Mr. Nuttall descended the Ohio, and proceeded up the Arkansas as far as the Verdigris River, examining the botany and geology of the neighbouring country on both sides. Thus their combined observations embrace a very large portion of the valley in question, and ours will be drawn indiscriminately from all of them.
Pittsburgh, from whence Major Long's party and also Mr. Nuttall started, is situated at the confluence of the Alleghany and the