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DISTRICT OF MASSACHUSETTS, to wit:
District Clerk's Office. BE IT REMEMBERED, that on the ninth day of November, A. D. 1814, and in the thirty. ninth
year of the Independence of the United States of America, Joseph T. Buckingham, of the said District, has deposited in this office the Title of a Book, the right whereof he claims as Proprietor, in the words following, to wit:
“ Remarks on a Dangerous Mistake made as to the Eastern Boundary of Louisiana." In conformity to the Act of the Congress of the United States, entitled, "An Act for the En. couragement of Learning, by securing the Copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies, during the times therein mentioned;” and also to an Act, entitled, “ An Act supplementary to an Act, entitled, An Act for the Encouragement of Learning; by se curing the Copies of Maps, Charts, and Books, to the Authors and Proprietors of such Copies dura ing the times therein mentioned ; and extending the Benefits thereof to the Arts of Designing, Engraving, and Etching Historical and other Prints."
WILLIAM S. SHAW,
A DISPUTE has taken place between Spain and the United States arising out of the purchase made by the latter of LOUISIANA and the little island of New-Orleans, which is connected with it. Be. fore we treat of this dispute, we must notice some general facts.
These two colonies once belonged to France, and formed the basis of the speculations of the famous French Mississippi company under Mr. Law. For reasons hereafter to be mentioned, France voluntarily gave both of them to Spain, on November 3, 1762 ; the very day when both parties signed the preliminaries of the peace of 1762-3 with England. While Spain still remained in possession of these two colonies, difficulties prior to that just alluded to had occurred between herself and the United States ; namely, as to our southern bo'ındary, as to our navigation of the Mississippi, and as to a place for depositing the goods of our citizens navigating that great river. These more early concerns together with others were the occasion of the treaty of Oct. 27, 1795, between Spain and the United States. But five years afterwards (namely, on Sept. 30, 1800) Spain was directed by Bonaparte to make over to hin Louisiana and New Orleans, in exchange for some pretended grants in Italy. On the 30th of April, 1803, Bonaparte, in order to raise $11,750,000 in cash, and to prevent the seizure of these colonies by England sold both of them to the United States for $15,000,000; the difference, (or one quarter part) of the original purchase money being reserved to pay the demands of American claimants on the French government. The United States, being thus possessed of Louisiana and New-Orleans, endeavoured to make the boundaries of Louisiana extend into West Florida (which,