A view of the earth: a short system of modern geography

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Página 36 - To find at any Hour of the Day what o'clock it is at any Place in the world. Bring the place where you are to the brass meridian, set the index to the hour given...
Página 37 - PROBLEM X. — To find the Length of the Day and Night at any time of the Year.
Página 38 - Jind all those inhabitants to ivhom the sun is this moment riling or setting, in their meridian or midnight. Find the sun's place in the ecliptic, and raise the pole as much above the horizon as the sun (that day) declines from the equator ; then bring the place where the sun is vertical at that hour, to the brass meridian ; so will it then be in the zenith or centre of the horizon. Now see what countries lie on the western edge of the horizon, for in them the sun is rising; to those on...
Página 40 - ... circumference of a circle intercepted by two lines drawn from its centre, may be regarded as the measure of the angle or inclination of those lines, and therefore the arc of the circumference may be regarded as the measure of angular magnitude. For this purpose the circumference of the circle is supposed to be divided into 360 equal parts, called degrees, and each of those degrees is divided into 60 equal parts called minutes, and each minute into CO equal parts called seconds ; and so on, to...
Página 37 - T<ar, and also upon what Point of the Compass. Rectify the globe for the latitude of the place you are in; bring the sun's place...
Página 38 - That when it is summer with the northern ' • inhabitants, it is winter with the southern, and the contrary; and every part of the world partakes of an equal share of light...
Página 39 - ... meridian ; then fix the quadrant of altitude over that place, and extend it from thence to the other, and the end will point out the direction upon the horizon. Thus, if it were required to know the direction of Rome from London, the globe being rectified, London brought to the brass meridian, and the edge of the quadrant of altitude laid to Rome, you will find the end fall against that part of the wooden horizon marked SE or South East.
Página 15 - ... and campandreys, which are animals as big as a man, and greatly resemble the human shape. The Turks, Moguls, and Chinese are well made ; the men wear turbans, vests, and slippers : and the women dress much like the men ; the Mogul ladies are fond of bracelets on their arms and legs, rings on their fingers and toes, jewels in their noses, and pendants in their ears. The Chinese ladies are remarkable for their little feet, and the gentlemen for their long nails. In Siam and Pegu, the inhabitants...
Página 37 - March, the sun rose a little past six, and set a little before six. Note. In the summer the sun rises and sets a little to the northward of the east and west points, but in winter a little to the southward of them. If, therefore, when the sun's place is brought to the eastern and western edges of the horizon, you look on the inner circle, right...

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