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Τ Η Ε Ν Ε W

SCHOOL READER:

FOURTH BOOK.

EMBRACING

A COMPREHENSIVE SYSTEM OF INSTRUCTION

IN THE PRINCIPLES OF ELOCUTION;

WITH

A CHOICE COLLECTION OF READING LESSONS IN PROSE AND

POETRY, FROM THE MOST APPROVED AUTHORS ;

FOR THE USE OF ACADEMIES, AND THE HIGHER

CLASSES IN SCHOOLS, ETC.

BY CHARLES W. SANDERS, A.M.
AUTHOR OF “ SPELLING BOOK, AND SERIES OF SCHOOL READERS,"
“ ELEMENTARY AND ELOCUTIONARY CHART,” “ YOUNG

CHOIR,” “YOUNG VOCALIST,” ETC.

NEW YORK:
IVISON & PHINNEY, 48 & 50 WALKER ST.

CHICAGO: S. C. GRIGGS & CO., 39 & 41 LAKE ST.
OINCINNATI : MOORE, WILSTACH, KEYS & Co. ST. LOUIS: KEITH & WOOD
PHILADELPHIA ; SOWER, BARNES & Co. BUFFALO: PHINNEY & 00.

NEWBURG: T. 8. QUACKENBUSH,

18 5 9.

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Entered, according to Act of Congress, in the year 1854, by

CHARLES W. SANDERS, in the Clerk's Ofice of the Southern District of New York.

ITEREOTYPED BY:

THOMAS B. SMITH, 82 & 84 Beekman Street

PRINTED BY J. D. BEDFORD & 00., 115 Franklin Street

PREFACE.

The present volume, though carefully fitted, like each of its pro
decessors, to the place which it holds in the Series, forms, also,.in
itself, like each of them, a complete progressive Reader. It is not,
therefore, merely a set of promiscuous extracts : claiming no other
than the merit of exhibiting diversity of style and elegance of senti-
ment.

All the matter, on the contrary, whether original or selected, has
been adapted and arranged with the closest regard to the experi.
enced wants of learners. To meet the disposition of youth, ever
“studious of change,” it offers, both in style and subject, the most
ample variety; to plant the precious seeds of virtue, to cherish and
protect them in their growth, it carefully supplies the means of
moral culture; while, further to enrich the mind with useful knowl.
edge, make it familiar with noble sentiments and elegant diction,
it brings the pupil in communion with many of those master spirits
that have, by their works, most adorned and elevated English
Literature.

THE FIRST Part of the work, embracing some thirty-five pages, is
devoted to the statement and illustration of principles and pre-
cepts for Rhetorical Reading. The instructions in this part will
be found, it is hoped, comprehensive without being prolis, and,
withal so simple and so direct as to admit of the most ready and
accurate application. In this part, the diligent student will find
every necessary aid in his endeavors to attain a graceful and effect-
ive delivery; while the teacher, anxious to secure to his pupils the
benefit of ample and judicious practice, will have no reason to com-
plain of the paucity of examples.

THE SECOND PART, occupying the remainder of the volume, com-
prises more than two hundred Exercises in reading. Here each
Lesson is preceded by a list of words taken from it, and duly de-
fined;

the Proper Names are explained in brief, but often compre-
hensive Notes; frequent References are made to the instructions in
the First Part; and the whole is concluded with a series of questions
designed to awaken interest, prolong attention, and so make the
deeper impression. These notes, references, definitions, and ques-
tions, all have a common aim,—that of secâring a better reading
of each piece, by securing to the learner a better understanding of
its meaning. They direct attention to the precise import of given
words in given places, fix firmly in the mind noted events, persone,
and localities, and foster the habit of tracing minutely the several
shades and relations of thought in a connected discourse.

Such, in general terms, is the New FOURTH READER. It is com
mended to all who regard good Reading, as a valuable accomplish-
ment:—to all who, in teaching this subject, have respect to the
laws of mental growth;—to all who, in school, would duly combine
the entertaining with the instructive ;--and, especially, to those
who sympathize with the sentiment of the poet:-

How empty learning, and how vain is art,
But as it mends the life, and guides the heart.

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