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charged with manonvring in such a man- tiary to negotiate the arinistice, which was ner as to thoroughly reconnoitre the ene settled in Silesia on the 4th of June. my's position, and oblige hum to unmask his
Dresden, May 18. forces, and he perfectiy succeeded in ex. “I have the honour to announce that I ecuting his instructions. He en saged in a arrived at Dresden the day before yester. busk cannonade without cam101-shot, and day, wbere I found the Emperor of the which did liitie injwy; but an Austrian French. It is very agreeable to me to be battery of 44 pieces having leit its position able to state, that notwithstanding the sacto approach Duvernet's division, General cess which has just accompanied his arms Ornario ordered it to be charged by the red (at Lutzen), the emperor appears to be dislancers of the giard ; they took these 24 posed for peace, and wishes that the plenipieces and sahred all the arulierymen, but potentiaries should assemble as soon as poswere only able to bring off the horses, two sible at Pragile, or any other place. liis pieces of cannon, and an allvanced train. majesty appears to me to partake the ops
On the 18th, Count de Loirau remained nion of the Allies, and to consider a gene. in the same position, occupying the village ral peace as the means of really tranquilliof Arbesan, and all the debouches from ile zing the world. He would therefore with plain. At four o'clock in the afternoon, the pleasure see there a plenipotentiary from enemy sent a rivision to surprise the height England and one from America. He conabove the village of Karwitz. This division sents to admit one from the Spanish insurwas repulsed, lepée dans les reins, aud tired gents, should it be thought possible to incline at with grape-shot during an hour.
England to Peace. His majesty also seenis On the 18th, at nine in ihe evening, his equally disposed for a continental peare, Majesty arrived at Pirna; and on the 19th, and consequently to send plenipotentiaries, Conut de Lobau again resumed his positions as well as his Allies, as soon as the disposibefore Hollensdorf, and the camp of Gies. tions of Russia and Prussia shall be known," hubel. The rain fell in torrents.---The In the powers of the same date gisen Prince of Neutchatel is a little iudisposed by Napoleon to the Duke of Vicenza, he by an access of fever.--His Majesty is very says, "we hope this congress will prompte well.
Ty lead to the re-establishment of peace, The French government have pub- of which so many nacjonis experience the lished the whole of the papers con- want:" then. anticipating the baille ot biected with the late*arinistice and the
Bauizen, which took place on the 22nd, negociations at Prague. They would
be goes on to say, “ wishing to prevent fill an octaro volume. We have sub- the battle
the battle, which, by the position the joined the first note of the Austrian mis
eneiny bastaken, appears inminent, and nister. Fieill Marshal Count Budna, to avoid, for huinanity's sake, an useless whose remarkable observations in italics
effusion of blood, our intention is that merit the notice of the people of Enge
you proceed to the Emperor Alexander Jand; and also the last note of Count
to conclude and sign any military convenMeriernich, with the comments upon
Supon tion, having for its object the suspension
in havi it by the French government. It ap- of hostilities. pears that the negociations did not proceed because the Austrian government
Final Declaration of Count Metternich. insisted ibat no meeting should be held
“ The undersigued, minister of state and
for foreign atlairs, is charged, by an ex. between the plenipotentiaries, and that
press order from his august master, the discussions should take place in notes
es to make the following declaration to his and replies which were to be addressed
excellency the Comt de Narbonne, anto the Austrian minister, as mediator. bassador from his majesty the Emperor of To this form the French plenipotentiaries France, King of Italy. refused to accede, alledging that it was “ Since the last peace sigued with France contrary to the original agreement, and in October, 1809, his Imperial Majesty and to the usage of all times. It may be Apostolic King has directed all his solicicollected from these papers that Austria tude, not only to the establishing with that has not ceased to bave a secret under power relations of friendship and contistanding with Russia, and that the Aus
dence, which she made the basis of her trian auxiliary corps made way at Miosk,
le political system, but made use of those relain November last, for that Russian army
tions to support the peace and order of Eu
rope. She flattered herself that this intimate which intercepted the march of the
connexion, cemented by family alliance conFrench out of Russia. Such is the fi- tracted with the Emperor of the French. nesse aud morality of modern politics! would contribute to give it in its politicalpro
The following was the first letter to the ceedings, the only influence it was jealous to Ausliian government from Field Marshal acquire--that wbich tended to communiCount Budna, the Austrian plenipoten, cate to the cabinets of Europe that spirit
of moderation, that respect for the rights mined upon the effort most painful to his and the possessions of independent states, heart-an appeal to the courage and pawhich she herself possessed. His Imperial triotism of his people. The congress proMajesty was not long able to indulge in posed by him, and accepted by both parsuch flattering hopes : a year had scarcelyties, assembled in the midst of nilitary preelapsed from the epoch which seemed to parations, which the snccess of negociations have roused the mlitary glory of the so. would render usciess, were the Emperor's vereign of France to the highest pitch, and wishes realized, hnt wonld, in a contrary nothing appeared to be wanting to his case, lead by new efforts to that pacific prosperity, as far as depended upon bis resnlt which his majesty preferred obtaiaattitude and his influence abroad, when, ing without effusion of blood. (G.) new additioas to the French territories “ By obiaining, from the confidence of states till then independent, new pars placed in his Imperial Majesty, the concelling ont and dismemberments of the sent of the allies for that prolongation Empire of Germany (A.), awoke the ap- of the armistice which France judged prehensions of powers, and prepared, by necessary for the nesociations, the Emtheir fatal reaction upon the North of Eu- peror acquired, with the proof of their rope, the war which was kindled in 1812, Pacific views, that of the moderation of between France and Russia. (B.) The their principles and of their intentions. French cabinet knows better than any (H.) other how much the Emperor of Austria - In them he acknowledged his own. had at heart to prevent its breaking ont, and fiom that moment persuaded himself by all the ways which his regard for the that it would be from their side he would two powers, and for those who would meet with sincere dispositions to concur find themselves drawn into the great con- in the re-establishment of a solid and test which was preparing, dictated to him. duable peace. It is not him which Europe will ever ac- “ France, far from manifesting analogous cuse for the incalculable evils which have intentions, gave but general a surances, 100 been the consequence of it. (C.)
freonently contradicted by public declaia" In this state of things, his majesty the tions, which gave po hope that sie would Emperor not being able to preserve to his make those sacrifices for peace that would people the benefits of peace, and maintain he suficient to bring it back to Lwope. a happy neutrality in the midst of tha: vast field of battle, which on all sites surrounded “The proceedings of the congress could his states, only consulted, in the part he leave no doubt in this re-pect; the delay adopted, bis fidelity to relations so re- in the arriving of the French plenipotencently established, and the hope he loved tiaries was the pretext winch the great end to still cherish, that his alliance with France, of its assembling ought to render nugaby attorrting him the most certain means tory. (J.) of having prudent councils hearkened to, " Tie insufficicory of Their instructions wouid place bonnds to inevitable evils, and upon objects of form, which caused an irserve the cause of the return of peace to reparable loss of time, when a few days Europe. (D.) Unfortunately it has not only remailed fir the most important of thus happened; neither the brilliant sic- nezociations: (K.) All those circumsta cesses of 1812, nor the unexampled niis- ces united, but too clearly demonstrated fortunes which marked the conclusion of that a peace, such as Austria and the alit, were able to bring back into the coun- lierl sovereign, desired, was foreign to the cils of the French government that spirit wilies of Fiance (L.); and that baving ot' moderation which wouliliave turned the accepteri, tor forin's sake, and in order first to advantage and diminished the effect not to be exposad to the reproach of the of the latter. His majesty did not the less prolongation of the war, her proposition on that account take allvantage of the for a negociation, sie wished to elude tbe moment when both parties, reciprocally effect of it, (M.) or perhaps take advanexhansted, had slackened the active ope- tage of it to separate Anstria tiom the rations of war, to convey to the bellige powers which were already united with rent powers pacific sertiments, which he her by principle, even before treaties had still hoped to see received, on either part, consecrater their union for the cause of with that sincerity which had dictated peace and the happiness of the worlI. (N.) them.
" Austria came out of this negociation, " Persuaded, nevertheless, that he would the results of which deceived her dearest only be able to mahe them be listened to wishes, with a consciousness of the good by supporting them with forces, which faith which she carrier to it. More zeawould promise to the party with wliom lous than ever for the noble end which slie he accorded in views and principles, the proposed, she only takes armis for the pure support of his active co-operation to ter- pose of attaining it, in concert with powers minate the great contest, (F.) in offering animated by similar sentiments. Always bis mediation to the powers, we deter- equally disposed to lend her hand to the
se establishment of an order of things, strongest side. When afterwards Russia winch, by a wise distribution of forces, will occupied her territory, she received the place the guarantee of peace under the law, and became the ally of Russia. None shield of an association of independent of those circumstances which regulated the states, she will neglect no opportunity of determinations of Prussia existed in 1812, arriving at this result, and the knowledge mor do they exist in 1813, with respect to she bas acquired of the dispositions of the Austria. She engaged with full consent courts become hencetorth allies, gives her in 1812 in the cause which she believed the certainty that they will sincerely co- the most just, and that of which the tri. operate in so salutary a design. (O.)
umph was most important to her yiews, “ In declaning by the Emperor's orders and the interest of Europe, of which he to the Count de Narbonne, that his func. has shewn herself so restless a proiector, tions as ambassador cease from this mo- and so wariike a defender. She has shed ment, the undersigned places at his ex- her bloed to support the cause of France, cellency's disposition the requisite pass- and in 1815 she lavishes il to support the ports for himself and suite. Similar pass. contrary side. What must the people ports shall be sent to A. de la Blanche, think?-wha! judgment must they form of charge d'affairs from Vienna, as well as to a government, which. attacking to-day the other individuals of the embassade. what it defended yesterday, shows that it He has the honour of offering, &c.
is neither justice nor pliry which regu(Signed) “ METTERNICH" lates the most important determinations of « Prague, Aug. 12, 1813."
its cabinet. Notes.
Note (C.)- The French cabinet knows Note (A.)--Austria has, with full con- better ihan any other that Austria, when. sent, renowced the Empire of Germany. ever the hope of obtaining it was not conShe has acknowleriged the Princes of the ceived; it knows that if any thing could Confederation. She lias acknouleviged the bave inclined it to war, it was the certainty protectorate of Emperor. It thai cabinet that Austria would not only take no part. has conceived the design of re-establishing against it, but that it would take part for the Empire of Gerinany, of reversing every it; it knows, tivat far from disadvising the thing that victory las founded, and treaties war, Austria excited it; that far from fear. consecrated, it has conceived a designing it she desired it: she knows, that far which but ill proves the spirit of modera- from wishing to oppose new divisions of tion, and the respect for the rights of in- states, she conceived new dismemberments, dependent states, with which it professes by which she lioped to profit. to be animated.
Note (D.LTle cabinet of Vienna could Note (B.)-The cabinet of Vienna for- not, it is said, maintain a neutrality in the goes the treaty of alliance which it con- midst of a vast field of battle which sure cluded on the 14th of March, 1812; it rounded it on all sides. Were not circunforgets that by this treaty France aud stances, then, the same in 1806? were not Austria reciprocally guaranteed the inie- sangmmary battles fought in 1806 and 7, grity of the existing territories; it forgets near the limits of her territory? and did that hy this treaty Austria engaged to de- she not still preserve to her people the be. fend the territory of France as it then ex- nefits of peace, and maintain a happy petisted, and which has not siuce received trality? Biit the government of Austria, any enlargement; it forgets that by this in taking part in the war, and combating treaty it did not limit itseif to demand for in the cause of France, consulted, it is said, Austria the integrity of her territory, but its fidelity to relations newly established; the aggrandisements which circumstances a fidelity which no longer deserves to be might procure to her; it forgets that, on consulted, whien those relations become the 14th of March, 1812, all the questions older by a year, and more strict by a forfrom which the war originated were known mer alliance. If we may now believe, and fixell, and that it was voluntarily, and it was not to insure to itself its agwith full knowledge of the causes, that it grandisements, that in 1819 it allied itself took part against Russia. Why, if it had to France, which guaranteed all its possesthen the sentiments which it at present sions, and took part in the war; it was to avows, did it not then make common cause promote the return of peace, and to cause with Russia ? Why, at least, instead of the councils of wisdom and prudence to be upiting itself with what it now represents listened to. What logic! what modesty! as an anjust cause, did it not remain neue Note (E.)-How did the cabinet of Vi. tral? Prussia, at the same time, made enna learn that the brilliant successes of an alliance with France, which she vio- the campaign of 1812 did not bring back lated afterwards, but ber fortresses and to moderation the councils of the French her territory were occupied : placed be- government? If it had been well intween two great powers in arms, and in formed, it would have known that the the theatre of war, neutrality was im- councils of France, after the battle of the possible, and she took part with the Moskwa, were moderate and pacific, and
that every thing which could restore peace ciations, and she preferred a prolonga. was then tried.
tion of the arniistice., which would give Note (F.)--The cabinet of Vienna conti. her time to finish her armaments; and of nues its errors. It made common cause which the limited duration offered a fa. with France in 1819, and it now says, that tal terin for breaking off the negociations, it was to prevent her from making war and declaring herself. against Russia: it arms in 1813, in favour Note (I.) Liow was the cabinet of Vi. of Russia and Prnssia, and this, it says, is enna assured that France would not bring to inspire them with the desire of peace. to the peace those sacrifices which miglit These powers, at first elevated by some restore it to Europe? Before ibe moment success, which they owed to the chance of which it fixed for war, did it propose any circumstances, were restored to more calm ultimatum, and distinctly make known sentiments, by the striking reverses of the what it wished? It declared war, because first month of the campaign. Enfeebled, it wished for war. It declared it withont vanquished, they were about to recover examining whether it could be avoided, from their illusions: the Anstrian govern.. and with a precipitation in which it is dif. ment declared that it would arm in their ficult to recognise the influence of the behalf, and shewed them its arms ready to comicils of wisdom, be taken up in their defence. By thus of. Note (J.W-It was by the act of Austria fering them new chances in the continua and the Allies, that the arrival of plenipoe tion of the war, it pretends to inspire tentiaries was retarded. Yet the difii. them with the desire of peace. What else culties raised by design were not removed, conld it have done if it had wished to en when the Count de Narbonne was already courage them to war?
at Prague. His powers, common to the It has offered to Russia to take upon two plenipotentiaries, authorized him in itself the burden, and it has offered to act jointly or separately. The Duke de Prussia to change ibe theatre, of the war. Vicenza arrived later, because new diffi. It has called npon its own territory the culties, by which the dignity of France troops of its allies, and all the calamities was comproniised, were raised by thic which weighed upon that of Prussia. It enemy. But what signify these observa. has, in fine, offered to the cabinet of St. tious ? What would a delay of a few days Petersburgb the spectacle most agreeable have been to a mediator, who did not wish to an Emperor of Russia--that of Aus- for war?- and what a motive for war is tria, her vatural enemy, fighting against a delay of a few days! France, her actual eneniy. If the cabinet Note (K.)--The plenipotentiaries had of Vienna had asked advice of true wis. for their instructions, to adhere to all the dom, it would have known, that a contla forms of negociation consecrated by cris. gration is not to be extinguished by afford tom. The mediator proposed unusual ing it new aliment; that it is not wise to forms, and such as tended to prevent all endanger ourselves for a nation whose in ap;»oach of the plenipotentiaries on either terests are contrary or foreign ; in fine, side, all accommodation, and all negocia. that it is folly to expose to all the chances tion. He introduced a discussion which of war, a nation, which, after sich long. no negociator, with a sincere desire of continued misfortune, might continue to peace, would ever have started. There rea enjoy the sweets of peace. But ambition mainan, said be, but a few days for the is not a counsellor which wisdum acknow. most important of neociations. Why did ledges.
there remain only a few days? What had Note (G.)--The author of this declara the armistice in comuion with the negociation cannot get out of the vitious circle in tion? Was it not possible to negociate which he is bewildered. Roesia and Prus. fighting? What signifies a few days more sia knew very well that the Austrian go. or less, wlien a treaty of peace is in ques. verement was arming against France, tion. If he cabinet of Viena did not From that moment they could not wish wish to negociate, but to dictate, as con. for peace. This result of the dispositions ditions are dictated to a besteired place, of the cabinet ot Vienna, was too evident a few days might indeed suffice; but then, not to be reckoned upon.
why itd it not propose a capitulation? Note (H.)-The cabinet of Vienna had There ouly remained a few days for the caused the whole mouth of June to be most important of negociations. What nee lost in the formalities which should have gociation then is that which can be conclupreceded the opening of the Congress, ded in a few days. Time may be necesFrance did not solicit that the arinistice sars, when sausfactory explanation is should be prolonged, but she consented to wished, but it is useless to a mediator who it. What she wished, and what she ashed has taken his determination before-liand. was that the negociations sonid be conti. However, when it is against France, some med during hostilities. But the cabinet days more or less may be allowed to think of Vienna refused thus. Austria would have of it. been bound as meiliairix during the nego Note (L.). We must here do justice to MONTULY MAG. No. 347.
the penetration of the cabinet of Vienna. Note (0.)--Austria wishes to establish No doubt a peace, such as the allied sove. an order or things, which, hy a wise distro reins desired, was foreign to tlic wishes bution of forces, places the guarantee of of France: in like manner as such a peace peace under the pris of an association of as France could approve, must have been independent states. She will not make contrary to the wisties of ihe allies. Every peace till an equal distribution of forcos pover that enters in'o neg.ciation, wishes shall guarantee the independence of each for all that it c n obtain ; but wliea there state. To obtain this, she ought ibme. is a mediator, he interposes between these diately to aggrandize, at her own expense, contrary wishes. Bi1 such was not the Bavaria and Saxony; for the great part which the Austriun cabinet had as powers must descend, in order that the signed itself. It never was a mediator; weaker powers may become their equals. it was an enemy from the time when, When it shall have given tiat example, it accoriling to its own confession, it wished will have a right to deinand that it shall be no otiler peace than that which was wished imitated. Thus the cabinet of Vienna by one only of the parties. But what was wibes to fight to render all powers a the peace which the cabinet of Vieuna republic of sovereigns, the elements of wishes? If it really wished peace, a peace which shall be perfectly egnal; and is it of any kind, why did it not explain itell? to much reveries that the repose of the Why? because it had adopted all the pre- world is to be sacrificed? Can publie tensions of Russia, cf Prussia, and of Eng regson and the opinion of Europe he more land, and because it hail, besides, preten- openly sported with? In drawing up masions at its ow!), on which it did not mich ni'estues, as well as in the regulation of 10 give way, because it had resolved on its conduct, the cabinet of Vienna has noc war.
listened to the councils of wisdom. Note (V.) - France proposed the meet On the 71h of Oct. at ove o'clock, her ing of a cougiens, because she sincerely Alajesty the Einpress Queen and Regent wishe peace--because she fittered lier- set out from the palace of the Thuilleries self that her plenipotentiales, when in to repair to the Senate. On the arrival the presence of those of Russia and Pruse of her
of her majesty all wie Senators were sia, would come to an uuderstanding-be
standing, and uncovered. Her majesty cause a cigrace, even under the media. tion of Anstria, would be a ineaus to escape
2- cended be throne placed to the left of the dangers of the insinuations which the
ibut of the emperor; and ide ministers calinet of Vienna cirenlatad. France ec- and great oticers were seated in chairs to copted the mediation of Instria, because the right and leli. suposing in the cabinet ot Vienna the ani ler Majesty then delivered the followbitions views of which we had no doubt, ing address: jt was to be believed that it world find it. “SENATORS, srlfcramped by its part of inediator, and The principal powers of Enrope, indir vooki noi dare in i public negociatioit, - Pant at the pretensions of England, ballant res taken for its sole interest, to reject our year suited their armies to ours, to obtain moderate viens, and tie sacrifices which the peace of the world, and the re-establish. we were disposed to make for peace; be ment of the rights of all nations. cause, in fine, if it has been otherwise, aud By the tirst chances of the war the slumillie mediator and our chenis liad been bering passions were awakened; England
reed on their reciprocal pretensious, the and Russia drew in Prussia and Austria to cabinet of Vienna would propose an ulli- join in their cause. 3,171'11n which would exciie the indignation Our chemies wished to destroy our allies, oi Trance and her allies.
to punish them for their tidelity. They wish, Wir (N.) - Austria then was already in tine,to carry the war into the bosom of our unied in principles with the enemies of beantifui connuv, to revenge the triumpla France. Who required irom her this con- which led our victorious ea les into the te sjon? The cabinet of Vienna feared midst of their States, lest Frasee shanle prevail in a negociation I know better than any one what our peoto separite Ausisia from her powerful eye- ple will have to dread, if they ever sufler Dis. N doubi, if Ausila bad united themselves to be conquered. with them to prevent their making peace, Before I ascended the throne to which
!! with le tirm resolution of making war I have been called by the choice of my au. quainst is, sive must have frared a nerij- & sponse, and the wili ot my father, Iliad ciation, in which our mosleration might the highest opinion ofike coriage and ener. have ottered them more advantageous gy of this creat people. This opinion lias charco in peace than in war. But wliy been every day increased by all tuat I have then did the cabinet of Vienna ofter its seen pass under my eyes, mediation, and cause Evrope 10 resound Acquainted for four years past with the with its wishes for peace
Biost intimate thoughts of my spouse, I