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below Dar-} 3,934 4,193 34 71 1,931 1,254 1,235 10,029 1-1,060 21,089 went . Cuniberland 1
3,037 3,280 14 121 1,530 1,156
600 7,171 7,924 15,095 Eskdale Ward 3,366 3,859 15 65 2,386 1,013 45:
39,305 10,074 19,579 Leath Ward 3,000 4,40.5) 7 682,1771 1,132 996. 10,129 10,470 20,599 City of Carlisle 1,658 2,829 7 51 134 2,301 39 5,628 6,903 12,531 Pown of Whitehaven 1,940 2,373 16 34 12 1,577 781 4,285 5,821 10,106 Local Mi
litia - I . 111: -1 1,745 - : 1,745 Totals . . 124,000 28.390 1501 550 10868| 11,448|6,074163,43 70,511 133,744
35,658 37,9401221196141983 15,825 7,530191,19499.993185,187
To the Editor of the Monthly Magazine. controversy; my desire is, to give and
get information, and I reverence the V OUR correspondent “ L." page 543 means whatever it be. I have not before
1 of No. 221, speaking on the pre- seen this noticed, or I would not bave valent mode of naming the first letter of tronbled you.
Simeon Suaw. our alphabet, says, “ The general sound. Hanley. ing of the Latin i appears to have no other ground than that of our excessive To the Editor of the Ilonthly Magazine. and notorious coniplacence for ourselves SIR, and our habits." I humbly submit to the A MONG the various circumstances reader's judgmeni, wliether the pronun. A tending to throw light, though cerciation alluded to was not brought over tainly not lustre, on the character of by William, when he introduced his Nor. Swift, must be accounted the vengeance man French.
he cherished against those in whom he Mr. “L,” further says, “There seeni perceived, or thoughthe perceived, a dis. strong reasons to convince us that the position to offer hin the slightest injury, ancient Romnans sounded the a broad, however unavailing their efforts. What and the i like our e; a habit which it his conduct was towards the “ Protestant would have been far preferable for us to Post-boy," has already been stated. This retain," &c. Now that it was not was far from being the only instance of sounded broad is evident, from the name his relentless temper in relation to this of the language, Latin ; but that i was contemptible class of adversaries. A sounded as he says, the same word few weeks before Christmas, (1711) proves.
when in the height of reputation and To illustrate what he has suggested, I favour, he was capable of expressing beg leave to say, all languages have seven himself in the following terms to his fea Towels, and no more, nor less, I verily male correspondents. “One Boyer, a believe; and my faith in this is founded French dog, has abused me in a pamon the nature of the vocal organs. But phlet, and I have got hin up in a messenthese seven vowels (except the last) hare ger's bands. The secretary promises me a long, and also a short quantity, as in to swinge him. Lord Treasurer told me the following schenie:
last night, that he had the honour to be 1 a beard in Sol, Saul,
abused with me in a pamphlet. I must or hot, ball. - hat, hart, - can, calm. in
make that rogue an example for a warna
ing to others." The circumstance mella pen, pane, - pet, pate. - will, wheel, - sin, seen. 10
tioned by Lord Oxford, was no doubt il- no, known, so, sown.
tended to soften bis resentment, though - pull, pool, full, fool. in vain. This disagrecable subject can- cut, come, &c.
not be dismissed without adding, what for And, sir, you will see ihe coincidence of a similar offence, after an inierval of the Hebrew vowel points with the above several months, Swifi displayed the same by the following scheme :
adamantine hardness of leart, as the Long.
extract here annexed wilt vouch. Kamets a in all
" These devils of Grub-strect rogues Patha a in palm. that write the Flying Post and Medley in Segole in they
one paper, will not be quiet. They are Tseri · in heel
always mauling Lord Treasurer, Lord Holem 0 in known
Bolingbroke, and me. We have the dog Skurek 00 in
(that is, the Editor) under prosecution, Short or Common. Hamets katuplo in rock
but Boling broke is not active enough; Hateph patha a in man
but I hope to swinge him. He is a Haleph segol e in men
Scoich rogue, one Ridpath." It was Hirik į in bid
fortunate for the press, that the rancour () in no
of Swife was restrained by the superioc Kibbuts oo in run, and this often generosity or moderation of St. John,
very short, equal who probably did not think it quite fair to ours in come, that ihis political priest should be in
cover, &c. dulged in a monopoly of abuse, If I am in an error, I shall be happy If Swift was thus cruel in his revenge to be corrected by any of your corre- upon his enemies, he yratified his vanity, spondents; but I must at the same time and perhaps soothed the misgivings of say, I do not wish this to be made a mere self-reproach, by incessant and teazing
solicitations in favour of those interested and then got to bed again. Pize take dependants, who called themselves his their frolics." friends; and were at least his servile and from an expression in this letter it obsequious flatterers, January 13, (1713) appears, that his female correspondents he writes, “I presented my printer and possessed more fortitude than bimself, bookseller to Lord Rivers, to be static and had rallied bien for his fears. “ No," oners to the ordnance. I believe it will he says, “ I was not splenetic; you see be worth three hundred pounds per an. what plunges the court has been at to set num between them. This is the third all right again. And that duchess is not employment I have got for them." out yet, and may one day cause more
Januury 16. “My printer and book. mischier. Somerset shows, all about, 3 seller want me to hook in another em. letter from the queen, desiring him to let ployment for them, because it was ene his wife continue with her. Is not that joyed before by a stationer, although it rare?" He concludes his letter in no be to serve the ordnance with oil, tallow, very good buinour. “I will set out in &c. and is worth four hundred pounds March if there be a fit of fue weather, per annum more. I will try what I can unless the ministry desire ine to stay till do for them; they are resolved to ask the end of the session, which may be a several other employments of the same month longer; but I believe they will nature to other offices, and I will then not : for I suppose the peace will be greuse fut sows, and see whether it be made, and they will have no further ser. possible to satisfy them. Why am vice for me. I must make my canal fine not I a stationer?" We must admit this surniner, as fine as I can. I am therefore, that with all Swift's pretensions afraid I shall see great neglects among to patriotism, he was not more scrupu. my quicksets. I hope the cherry trees lous than other courtiers, in making hiin- on ihe river walk are fine things self a party to a series of despicable jobs, now." This was still his way of talk. originating, if not in corruption, at least ing; but ambition of the most corroding in low personal partiality.
kind had by this time gained full possess January 19. “ The Duke of Somerset sion of his heart, and happiness was no is out. We hope that the Duchess will more. follow, or ibat he will take her away in February 4. Swift says, “ The House spite. Lord Treasurer has now, I hope, of Commons have this day made many saved his head. 20:h. There was a severe votes about our being abused by world of people to day at court in see our allies: those who spolie drew all their Prince Eugeve, but all bit, for he did arguments from my book. The court had not come. I saw the Duchess of So. a majority of 150: all agree it was my merset talking with the Duke of Buck- book that spirited thein to these resolue ingham. She looked a little down, but tions." He even ventures subsequently was extremely courteous. They say the to add, “Those resolutions would never duke is advised by his frierds to let his have passed, if that book had not been wise stay with the queen; I am sorry for written." This is very arrogant assumpit." It seems that the ministers, or St. tion : considering the teinper displayed Juhu at least, sometimes indulged in on all occasions by this llouse of Complaying upon the great self-importance mons, whom it was much inore ditlicult of Swift. Mr. Masham, who had mar- for ministers to restrain than to intlame, ried the favourite, was recently ennobied, it is not probable that Swift's book had and occupied apartments at St. James's. any sensible influence on this majority; About eleven o'clock one night, (Jany. and as to the arguments of the ministerial ary 21) Swift having retired to rest, one party being taken from it, wbat other of the secretary's servants came to let me arguments could be urged than those de. know, says he, “that Lord Treasurer ducer from the materials placed by miwould immediately speak to me at Lord nisters themselves in the hands of the Masham's, upon carvest business; and author? The real service done was this that if I was abed, I should rise and that the resolutions now passed were come. I did so. Lord Treasurer was much better received by the public, in above withibe queen, and when he came consequence of the previous impression down he laughed and said, it was not be made by Swift's pamphlet, than they that sent for me. The business was of would otherwise have been. 210 great in portance, only to give me a On the 6th of February, being the poper which might have been done toqueen's birth day, Prince Eugene apmorrow, I slaid with them till past one, peared at court, and received from her
majesty majesty a sword get with diamonds, va. following terms :-" I believe I have lost lued at 40001. and soon after this, to the credit with you in relation to my coming great joy of the ministers, he returned to over, but I protest it is impossible for the continent. Swifi's predilection for one, who has any thing to do with this Laracor seemed daily tó diminish. A ministry, to be certain when he fixes any young inan of fashion from Ireland, Mr. time. There is a business which, till it Bligh, asking him one day at court, "when take some turn or other, I cannot leave I had," says Swift, " just been talking this place in prudence or honour; and I with some lords who stnod near me,” never wished so much as now, that I had the common-place question, “ Doctor, staid in Ireland; but the die is cast, and when shall we see you again in the is now a spinning, and will it setties I can county of Meath ?” Swift whispered him not tell whether it be an ace or a size. to take care what he said, for the people The moment I am used ill I will leave · would think he was some barbarian, them, but know not how to do it while
The young man, whom Swift chuses to things are in suspense. The session will call a coxcomb, justly disgusted at this soon be over, I believe in a fortnight, impertinence, “would never," says Swilt, and the peace, we hope, will be made in " speak to me since, till we met to-day, a short time, and there will be no farther February 11, at Lord Anglesey's," then occasion for me; nor have I any thing to secretary of state for Ireland.
trust to but court gratitude, so that I Though Swift's chief expectations were expect to see my willows a month after from Oxford, St. John was the person he the parliament is up." He had now in. preferred, both as a man and a minister, deed a right to expect some liberal equis
The secretary," says he, (February 23) valent for the services he had performed, ," is much the greatest coinmoner in Enge though not quite equal, it may be preland, and turns the whole parliament, sumed, in the eyes of others, to his own who can do nothing without him ; and if partial estimate. But the queen was he lives and has bis health, will, I believe, adverse, and Oxford, who no doubt be one day at the head of affairs. I have meant sooner or later to evince his friend. • told him sometimes, that if I were a ship, delighted to keep his partisans in dozen years younger, I would cultivate suspense. bis favour and trust my fortune with June 7. Swift speaks of the queen's bis." At the beginning of March he health, which had been often disordered, complains, " that the majority in the as now confirmed: “ you must know, House of Lords was a very weak one, and says he, “she has done with braces, and that the minister had much ado to keep nothing ill has happened to her since, so it up, and he is not able to make those she has a new lease of her life." By
removes he would, and oblige his friends." braces, he doubtless means cordials, of • The truth is, that Oxford carefully cone which the queen had long been supposed cealed his want of credit with the queen, to make too free a use, and there is rea. upon occasions of this nature; chusing son to suspect the permanency of her Tather to incur groundless censure, than present resolution. In July, Mr. See • to hazard so humiliating a disclosure. cretary Sr. Jolin was created Viscount Nor would he admit the interference of Bolingbroke. He aspired to the earldom any other individual upon those points, which had formerly belonged to the elder which he failed to carry by his own pere branch of his family, but the Lord Treas - sonal influence, though far from possese surer was impolitic enough to interpose sing, in his intercourse with the queen, his influence against it; and the breach the happy art of elucidation and persua- between the two lords became wides sion. All was formal respect, obscure every day. innuendoes, and mysterious reserve. He About this time the intelligence arrired Aimed, by lofty and general assurances, that the Earl of Albemarle, at the head to exact that submissive and implicit of a large detacbment of the army, con* confidence, from which the queen jea. sisting chiefly of Dutch, was beaten, had
lously and indignantly recoiled. - lost the greater part of his men, and was . During the next two or three months, himself made prisoner. "This," says malters remained much in statu quo, Swift, “may perbaps cool their courage, Swift still pretends at times to wish him, and inake them think of a peace.” Such self in bis garden at Laracor, and to be was the intricacy and perversiiy of Lord ready to set out if the ministry will let Oxford's politics, that the disaster of De. hion yo. In his letter of May 31, his pain, so fatal in its consequences, was
impatience, however, breaks out in the regarded by the courtiers as a happy .. MONTHLY Mse, No. 247.
evens event, though it restored to the French to pardon even the inost distant intentioa armies, now commanded by the famous of injury was a species of virtue to whicle Marshal Villars, all their former ascen- be never aspired. dancy. Lord Bolingbroke immediately In his next communication, (Novem. set out for Paris, in order to terminate ber 15,) Swift details the particulars of the negotiation before, as Swift expresses the fatal duel, in which the Duke of Ham it, “the Dutch were too much maulo milton and Lord Mohun both fell; the ed;" but new obstacles arose in propor. former, as there is reason to believe, by tion to the elation which recent success very unfair means. Swift had been on kad inspired.
intimate terms with the duke, and on During the whole of this summer Swift this occasion he discovered a degree of appears much out of humour, and out of sensibility, of which he might be supposed spirits. In a letter from Windsor, Sept. constitutionally incapable. “I have 15, he says, “I have expected from one been," says he, “ with the duchess two week to another that something would be hours, and am just come away: I never done in my own affairs, but nothing at all saw so melancholy a scene. She har is, nor I don't know.when any thing will, moved my very soul." Afterwards he or whether any thing at all; so slow are adds, “ Lady Masham has promised me people at doing favours. One is kept to get the queen to write to the duchess constantly out of humour by a thousand kindly, and tu-morrow I will beg Lord unaccountable things, in public proceed. Treasurer to visit and comfort her." His ings. I am again endeavouring, as I was grief however did not last very long. last year, to keep people from breaking The next letter is in a style of more than to pieces upon an hundred misundere usual vanity and levity. In it be says standings. I wait here but to see what coolly enough, “ Colonel Hamilton, who they will do for me, and whenever pre. was second to Duke Il. , is tried to ferments are given from me, I will come day; I suppose he is como off, but hare over." This language accords but ill not heard." In this savage quarrel che with his former ostentatious professions seconds bad fought as well as the prins of disinterestedness. “ Party," agreeably cipals, “I make," continues he, * no to the well known and excellent definition visits, nor go to levees: I have almost of Swift, “is the mariness of many, fur dropped the Duchesses of Shrewsbury the gain of a few." And among this and Hamilton, and several others. Lord happy few he was now every day more Treasurer, the Duke of Ormond, and anxious to be numbered. He concludes Lady Orkney, are all that I see very his letter by saying, “ If I had not a spirit often. () yes, and Lady Masham and naturally cheerful, I should be very much Lord Bolingbroke, and one or two private discontented at a thousand things." friends. I make no figure hut at court,
Oct. 9. Swift says, “lord treasures where I affect to turn from a lord to the showed me the kindest letter in the meanest of my acquaintance. I love to world from the queen.” Nevertheless it go there on Sundays to see the world, j; certain he was at this time declming but to say the truth, I am growing weary in favour. But the queen could write of it. I dislike a million of things in the "the kindest letter in the world" to Lord course of public affairs. It is in possible Godolpbid when she had actually deter. to save people against their own will, and nied upon his dismission. An anecdote I have been too much engaged in patch. related by Swift, about this tine, serves work already." It is unpleasant to redartlier to evince the malevolence of his mark, that in the task of investigating disposition. Being present in the Court this singular series of letters, for the par: of Queen's Bench to hear a cause between pose of ascertaining the genuine chathe Lords Carteret and Lansdowne, the racter of this extraordinary man, there Chief Justice Parker happening to drop occurs comparatively little to excite our his pen, Swift reached it to hiin, and he esteein, much to provoke our indignation. received it with a low bow; on which And as to one feature of that character Swift tells us, “ he felt inclined to whige at least, respecting which this criticisin per to him, that he had done good for has been bithierto silent, he appears in a evil, for he would have taken his from dark point of view indeed. To this sub. him." This is a sportive sally, but he ject no words can do more justice, chian adds, " I owe the dog a spite, and will those of a late celebra!ed female genius, pay bim in two months at farthest if I Miss Seward, (vide Correspondence, vol. v. caii." What was the nature of the re, page 410.) * These letters inspire also veasc he meditated does not appear, but the worst possible opinion of Swift's mo.