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THE BIBLE IN PENNSYLVANIA.
On the whole, when the committee con
sider that it was only on the 22d of SepThe Bible Society of Philadelphia tember last, that the address of the Society having directed their executive commit was published, and that they already see tee to communicate to the publick such in thirty-seven counties of the State, that information as the committee might think the best measures are in train to supply a useful, relative to the enterprise for Bible to every family that will receive it, placing a Bible in every family in the within their respective bounds; and also State, the committee have great pleasure know, as they do, that liberal collections in giving publicity to the following state. have already been made in Philadelphia, ment
for the purchase of Bibles, and that they No opposition whatever has been mani- have the prospect, (of which they at one fested to the undertaking of the society, time despaired,) of being able to furnish to grant a complete supply of the word copies as speedily as they may be wanted of life to the inhabitants of Pennsylvania. --surprise and gratitude fill their minds: It has, on the contrary, met with a more
a success is witnessed in the hallowed general and cordial approbation than even undertaking of the Society, unexpected the sanguine hopes of the committee had and perhaps unexampled.-A success ventured to anticipate. Not only has the which we hope will encourage similar popular sentiment appeared to be in its attempts in other States of the American favour, but men of the first respectability Union; for this success has been obtained and influence in various parts of the State, without claim to other merit on the part have given it their ready countenance, of the committee, than a diligent attenand shown a real solicitude to carry it into tion to the object of their appointment; complete effect. His Excellency the and of which the whole praise is due Governor of the State in particular, has to Him who has the hearts of all men in taken an interest in this concern, and used his hands, and who bas manifestly smiled a personal agency to render it successful,
on an effort to put the blessed revelation which the committee have witnessed with of his holy will, into the hands of those the most lively pleasure. The ecclesias. who have hitherto been living in ignorance tical judicatures of several religious de- of its reforming and soul-saving truths. nominations have determined to aid and
Signed in behalf of the committee, by promote the design of the Society, with a
ASABEL GREEN, Chairman. unanimity and zeal of the most gratifying Jackson KEMPER, Secretary. and encouraging kind. The Bible Socie. ties in the town of Pittsburg bave united,
Philadelphia, Nov. 29th, 1827. and formed an association which has made itself responsible for the complete supply of sixteen counties, in the most westerly
LETTER FROM REV. ELI SMITH. section of the state. Associations in other Egypt is at present a land of darkness places have become responsible, some for and of the shadow of death, a land where single counties, and others for two, three ignorance, indifference, and wickedness, or four in connexion; so that the commit- produce a moral darkness which may be tee are able to state, that out of fifty-one felt. These are the obstacles, which counties of which the state consists, they meet the missionary and try his faith in his have received from thirty-five the most first attempts. Of opposition nothing yet gratifying intimation of provision being is seen, as the object of the missionary is made, to supply all the families which they not generally known. Whether the long comprehend with the volume of inspira oppressed and suffering church of Egypt tion. There are also three other counties, will greet with joy the light which is in which it is known to the committee, about to dawn upon her, or cling to the that such measures are in train, as will darkness in which she is enveloped as a ensure their responsibility for supplying covering to her errors, God only knows. the families within their bounds respec Every one who loves Zion will pray and tively-Of course, there are but fourteen hope for the former ; but past events, and counties in the whole State, in which mea. the opposition of the natural heart to the sures have not already been taken for sup- truth, gives too much reason to fear the plying the destitute; and in none of these, latter. it is believed, is any thing wanting but a Respecting the Moslems, a single inlittle time, and the presence of some intel- cident, which occurred just before my ar. ligent and active agents, to render them rival, will show how strictly the sanguinaas cordially co-operative as the rest, ry laws against those who renounce their
faith, are executed. A woman, who was ingly important station. Cairo is itself a born of Moslem parents, was found living large city, containing nearly 200,000 inwith a Greek as his wife, and had a cross habitants, among whom are many that marked on her arm, as a sign of her hav. bear the Christian name. It is a central ing embraced the faith of Christ. As soon point of intercourse with Arabia, Nubia, as it became known, she was brought be. and the heart of Africa; the capital of a fore the magistrate, and condemned to be kingdom as great in extent, though not in drowned in the Nile. The order was im- population, as that of any of the Pharoahs mediately executed. Crowds followed of old, embracing the Oases of the desert, her from the city, and lined the banks of the valley of the Nile beyond Senaar, all the river to see her plunge in the stream. the important ports in the Red Sea, the She continued to cry, “I die a Christian;" sacred cities of Mecca and Medina, in but this only enraged her executioners, Arabia, and extending almost to the gates and hastened her death. In the mean of Gaza, in Syria.—How large a field for time a fire was built on shore to burn her missionary labour; and how loudly does husband, but when he saw the fate that the misery of the people call for it! awaited him, he saved his life by embrac
(Miss. Herald, ing the Mahommedan faith. This he could do, having never been a Moslem; but for his wife no such resort was left [The Memoir of the Rer. Dr. Henry,
Yet notwithstanding the darkness that promised in our last number, could not now broods over Egypt I could not but be completed in time for the present.--It feel, while in Cairo, that it was an exceed may be confidently expected in our next.}
The Treasurer of the Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church ac
knowledges the receipt of the following sums for their l'heological Seminary at Prince
ton, N.J. during the month of November last, viz. Of Rev. Dr. John M'Dowell, the balance in full of the note generously given
by Mr. Josiah Bissell, of Rochester, in the State of New York, for the Contingent Fund
$50 00 Of Samuel Bayard, Esq. the Collection in the Church in Princeton, for the same fund
53 98 Amount received for the Contingent Fund 103 98 Of Rev. Joshua T. Russell, collected by him in the City of New York, for the New York and New Jersey Synodical Professorship
Total $903 98 The Treasurer has received of the Rev. Dr. E. S. Ely, from the Female Mis. sionary Society of Bellefonte, for the Missionary Fund
S10 00 The Collection in the Second Presbyterian Church, Philadelphia, on l'ith
November, for the French Protestant Church in New Orleans, after a Sermon in French, by the Rev. Mr. De Fernex, subject to the order of the Board of Missions, was
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. The latest dates which we have seen from Britain are of the 23d of October, and from France of the 22d of the same month. From no quarter have we events or information of much importance, to chronicle at this time.
Britain.-The British Parliament has been; further prorogued till the end of De. cember, which will put off the actual sessions till February--it is the usage of Parliament always to adjourn for the holidays. There has been some fluctuation in the publick stocks, in consequence of rumours of war with Turkey, and the contradiction of these rumours. The revenue for the last quarter of the year, ending Oct. 10th, exceeded that of the correspondent quarter last year, to the amount of £600,000 : yet the whole revenue of the present year was less than that of the last by £300,000.
The subject which seemed most to occupy the publick attention was, the surplus po. pulation of the three kingdoms, particularly of Ireland. It seemed to be agreed on all hands, that pauperism must continue and increase, unless the population should be materially reduced by emigration; and plans were preparing to apply this remedy. Commerce and business had nearly reached their usual level.
FRANCE.-We observe nothing of more national importance in the secular concerns of France, than her vigorous and successful efforts to increase her navy. It is estimated that in January next, she will have afloat 39 ships of the line, 35 frigates, and 194 smaller vessels. It is said that 170 vessels are now in service.Algiers is closely blockaded, and the squadron there has been reinforced. The ecclesiastical state of France is one which for us has much interest. Both Catholicks and Protestants are using all the means in their power, and with great zeal, to propagate their opinions, each in opposition to the other. We know not how this conflict will terminate; but it seems to us that unless the Protestants are restrained by the strong hand of power, they are likely, although a small minority at present, to produce ere long a great change in the religious state of France. indeed we see not how liberalism and Pro. testantism can be permitted to remain as they are, and especially to increase as they are likely to do, and yet Popery and absolute power hold the places and the tone which they now hold in this kingdom.
Spain.--It is stated with apparent authenticity, that the presence of king Ferdinand among his rebellious subjects, in the north-eastern part of his dominions, has been, to a considerable extent, effectual in recalling and compelling them to return to their allegiance. Some have voluntarily laid down their arms, and some have been subdued by force, and the rest have betaken themselves to the mountains in their vicinitySuch are the accounts. It would seem that a principal cause of this rebellion was, the belief that Ferdinand was a captive, and not permitted to act agreeably to his own will. His presence among the deluded would of course correct this mistake. The circumstance is distinctly adverted to in a poem, which the queen has written on the departure of her husband. We have seen a prose translation of this poem, and it is really pretty well done for a queen.
PORTUGAL.-It seems yet doubtful whether the emperor of Brazil is, or is not, favourable to the accession of his brother Don Miguel, to the throne of Portugal. The last accounts represent him as actually appointed; but there has been so much of pro and con in relation to this matter, that the truth must be left to time. Very arbitrary measures have lately been adopted without his presence-What they will be if he should hold the sceptre, may easily be anticipated. This kingdom is in a very unsettled and unhappy state.
AUSTRIA.-This great power seems to have pursued a mysterious kind of policy in relation to the Turks and Greeks. She has favoured the Turks and injured the Greeks as much as she conveniently could, through the whole of the late struggle. From late appearances we should suppose she is strongly inclined still to pursue the same course; but is overawed by the combination of Russia, France and Britain, for the pacification of Greece.
TURKEY AND GREECE.—The latest accounts received in Paris from St. Petersburg, state, that the Grand Senior had absolutely and finally refused the mediation proffered by the allied powers, for settling his controversy with the Greeks. Still we con. sider this article of news as wanting confirmation. What seems to be authentick is, that the fleets of Britain and France (that of Russia is at Napoli), have actually blockaded the sea ports of Greece occupied by the Turks, and given the Ottoman commanders, both of the land and naval forces, to understand that all military operations must cease. A Turkish frigate that attempted to escape, received a broadside from a British ship of war, and was compelled to put back. "The combined fleet appears to have come in good time for the poor Greeks, as a reinforcement from Egypt, of from four to six thoasand troops, had arrived and landed at Navarino. The Greeks have joyfully accepted the proposed mediation; yet it appears that Admiral Cochrane was prosecuting the war and with considerable success, in the vicinity of Missolonghi. He will however be compelled to desist.-Since we began to write this article we have seen a paragraph from a New York paper, in which it is said on information received “from a responsible source through a respectable medium," that “there is an express agreement (not an understanding) entered into by England, Russia and France, to conquer and portion the Turkish dominions in Europe and Af: rica. Constantinople and its dependencies are allotted to Russia---Egypt to England, and the isles of the Mediterranean and some portion of the land adjoining that Sea, to France. The Turk is to be driven into Asia, and the Greeks are to have a government of their own, under the guarantee and protection of the three powers." We con
sider this information too apocryphal to make any other remark upon it than that if it should prove true, it will well explain the conduct of Austria-She would rather have the Turk for a near neighbour than Russia.
Russia:-It appears that a new levy of troops, very large in amount, has recently been made in the Russian empire. The war is still carried on successfully against the Persians, and is probably near a close. The Persians we think will be willing to obtain peace by relinquishing the disputed territory; and much more than this Russia, at least for the present, is not likely to demand. Britain will not readily consent to the subjugation of Persia, which now forms a safe barrier to her East India possessions.
ASIA. In every part of British India, we rejoice to observe that the missionary cause (in our estimation the best and most important of all causes) is prosperous: and the prospect for the future, seems to be even more cheering than the prosperity of the present. There are not less than four or five different denominations of Protestants that have missionary establishments in India ; and they are all harmonious and successful in their operations. It is indeed, as yet, but a small part of the vast population of this multitudinous region, that is brought under the influence of sacred truth. But plans and means are in train to Christianize the whole-The Lord hasten it in his own best time and way!
In China it appears that the imperial troops have lately obtained some considerable advantages against the rebels. But the rebellion is not yet subdued.
AFRICA. It appears from the last number of the African Repository, that the American Colony at Cape Montserado, is in a most prosperous and promising state. We think the point is now decided, that the establishment of an American colony there is practicable, and in the highest degree desirable and useful-whether it be, or be not, viewed as a depository for our slave and coloured population. We hope the state legislatures and the general government, will not much longer withhold their patronage to this noble enterprise of benevolence. In the mean time, private liberality has every encouragement to sustain the work which it has commenced, and under many discouragements continued. It is with great pleasure that we perceive that two missions are soon to be sent to Liberia--one from the American Board, and the other from the Missionary Society of the Episcopal Church.
AMERICA. BRAZIL AND Brexos Arres.---In our last number we stated that there was a prospect that peace would soon be concluded between these belligerents. That prospect seems to have vanished. The last accounts represent both parties as preparing to renew the war with increased vigour.
Mexico.-An editorial article in the National Gazette says, “We have before us Mexican gazettes of a late date. The contents indicate great uneasiness and discord, almost throughout the Republic. Barbarous excesses had been committed with im. punity against the Spanish inhabitants in and near Acapulco, and seemed to be threatened in other places. The cry for blood bas been raised in some of the gazettes, and in the Congress, in a way that shocks the North American reader. Much embarrassment was experienced by the government in the treasury department."
COLOMBIA.-The state of Colombia is not far different from that of Mexico. The liberator Bolivar, however, appears to possess much of the public confidence, and to be labouring to restore barmony, order and prosperity.
Canada.-A serious difference has taken place between the governor of this British colony and the legislature. The Commons House of Parliament bave chosen a speaker, whom the governor absolutely refuses to recognise in that character,--and the Com mons seem equally determined to persist in their choice. How the controversy will terminate, remains to be seen.
UNITED STATES.--The Congress of these States convened on the 3d instant. We write on the 5th, when none of its proceedings, nor the message of the President, have yet met our view. If they demand the notice of the Christian Advocate, such notice may be expected in our next number. In the mean time, we do hope that our reauers, and the Christian publick at large, will be impressed with the importance of the duty of offering up prayer-not cursory and formal--but sincere, and earnest, and particular prayer for the Divine blessing, both on the legislature and governmental officers of the union, and on those of the particular States. The Christian who neglects this duty has no right to complain of Congress and the government.