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distinguishes itself from all the be gloried in. 2 Cor. iv. 17—“For false joys of fanaticism and hypo- our light affliction, which is but for crisy.
a moment, worketh for us a far
more exceeding and eternal weight
titute of the requisites of meritoriTRANSIATION OF MARCK'S MEDULLA.
ous works. 3d. From those pas
sages which declare the grace of (Continued from p. 491.) God to be, not subjective, but objec
tive. Rom. iii. 24–“ Being justiXII. This article of our faith is fied freely by his grace through the proved, 1st, from the passages which redemption that is in Christ Jesus.” exbibit the righteousness of Christ, Eph. ii. 8, 9–“For by grace are ye active and passive, as our own. saved."
Compare Rom. xi. 6Jer. xxiii. 62" And this is his “And if by grace, then is it no name whereby he shall be called, more of works; otherwise grace is
OUR RIGHTEOUSNESS. no more grace.” 4th. From those Rom. v. 19—"By the obedience of texts, moreover, which teach that we one shall many be made righteous.” are justified by faith, and that alone. 1 Cor. i. 30—Who-is made unto Rom. iii. 25, 26, 28" That he us-righteousness.” 2 Cor. v. 21- might be just, and the justifier of “For he hath made him to be sin for him that believeth in Jesus.-We us, who knew no sin, that we might conclude, therefore, that a man is be made the righteousness of God justified by faith without the deeds in hin.” 2d. From those passages, of the law.” Gal. ij. 16—" Knowlikewise, which evidently exclude ing that a man is not justified by a price to be given by us, or our own the works of the law, but by the works. Isa. Iv.i.-" Ho, every one faith of Jesus Christ, even we have that thirsteth, come ye to the wa believed in Jesus Christ, that we ters, and he that hath no money, might be justified by the faith of come ye, buy and eat, yea, come Christ, and not by the works of the buy wine and milk without money law.” 5th. Finally, neither the jusand without price.” Rom. iii. 20 tice of God, nor the exigence and 28- Therefore by the deeds of the necessary humility of man, nor the law shall no flesh be justified in his suretyship and satisfaction of Christ, sight. Therefore we conclude that admits of any other cause. a man is justified by faith without the deeds of the law." Gal. ii. 16–
OBJECTIONS OF ADVERSARIES. “Knowing that a man is not justi XIII. Our adversaries object, 1st, fied by the works of the law-for that the word justify, signifies an inby the works of the law shall no ternal change of the subject. Anflesh be justified;" since all these, swer-It is never or rarely so used, without distinction, are imperfect. although this internal change is, by Isa. Ixiv. 6—“But we are all as an sanctification, intimately connected unclean thing, and all our righteous- with justification. 2d. That we nesses are as filthy rags;" and al never read of the imputation of the ready due. Luke xvii. 10—“ We righteousness of Christ; indeed that are unprofitable servants; we have it is excluded by grace. Answerdone that which was our duty to do;" The word imputing is used, Rom. and they flow from divine grace
iv. 3,5—" To bim that worketh not, rather than from ourselves. 2 Cor.
but believeth in him that justifieth iii. 5—“ We are not sufficient of the ungodly, his faith is imputed for ourselves to think any thing as of righteousness;"' and in other simiourselves, but our sufficiency is of lar passages; Rom. v. 19—"By the God," and are not at all suitable to obedience of one shall many be
made righteous;" Phil. iii. 9- phrase is not to be found; while “That I may be found in him, not the conjunctions because, for, &c. having mine own righteousness, are to be understood in these and which is of the law, but that which other passages in a reasoning and is by the faith of Christ, the right- demonstrative, not in a causal eousness which is of God by faith.”
2d. That mention is often Nor does grace exclude the merit made of recompense, reward, the of Christ, since the Father himself work of salvation, and even of meprovided, offered, and gave him to rit. Mat. vi. 4, 5—12- Phil. ii.
It is our own worthiness that 12—Heb, xiii. 16. Answer— That grace excludes. 3d. That the im- recompense and reward are to be unputation of the righteousness of ano. derstood not of merit, but of grace, ther is repugnant to the justice of may be gathered from Rom. iv. 4. God, whose judgment is according "To him that worketh is the reward to truth. Answer-By no means, not reckoned of grace, but of debt." for Christ was constituted Sponsor That the working out of salvation, by the Father, nor did God ever [Phil. ii. 12.] has respect to its acdeclare that he found righteousness tual acquisition by faith, and true in us considered in ourselves. 4th. piety; finally, that a word signifiThat this theory is calculated to cative of meriting is erroneously divert us from all endeavours after used by the vulgate, for the Greek holiness. Answer-Not from any eurgeserfal. 3d Objection. That endeavour except that of meriting the saints appeal to their own righteternal life, which is repugnant to eousness; Ps. vii. 8; and that God true piety; since we are always rewards them according to their bound to keep the law according to righteousness; 2 Tim. iv. 8. Anour ability, that we may manifest swer-The righteousness of the gratitude to God, and render sure saints here mentioned refers not to our interest in the righteousness their persons, but to their cause beof Christ.
fore men. Nor is the righteousness of God to be otherwise regarded,
than as it manifests itself according XIV. The Papists maintain that to the word of the gospel, that is, we are absolved from our sins, part on account of the merits of Christ. ly on account of our own, partly on 4th Objection. Justification is ataccount of the satisfaction of Christ; tributed to works, and denied to and that life is adjudged to us for faith. James, ii. 14, 21, 22. Answer the merits of our own works, either – Works are here considered as through condignity or by covenant; indications, declarative of faith and so that an imperfect faith only dis. justification; moreover, the apostle poses us for justification, but faith is here treating of a pretended faith, produced by love perfects our justi- which is without works. 5th Ob. fication. The controversy with jection. This scheme abolishes the them, therefore, is not a mere logo- law, and extinguishes piety as unmachy.
necessary. A. Paul proves the conXV. They object, 1st. That God trary. Rom. iii. 21, 23.—"But now is said to render to every man ac the righteousness of God without cording to his works. Rom. ii. 6. the law is manifested, being wit2 Cor.
10, &c.—Nay, and on ac nessed by the law and the procount of their works. Mat. xxv. phets.” “ Do we then make void 40-Luke, vii. 47. Answer—The the law through faith? God forbid. former phrase only affirms that there Yea, we establish the law.” Rom. must be a fitness of quality, and vi. 1, 2. “What then shall we say? perhaps of quantity; but the latter Shall we continue in sin, that grave
may abound? God forbid. How belongs to the nature of God. He shall we, that are dead to sin; live objects, Ist, That we have need of any longer therein
an infinite righteousness. Answer
-It is so in respect to its value. 2d, SOCINIANS.
“ That our righteousness is called XVI. The Socinians, putting out the righteousness of God, and an of the question the satisfaction of everlasting righteousness," Rom. iii. Christ, hold that we are justified 21-Dan. ix. 24. Answer— The forthrough our own obedience to the mer appellation is given it, on acnew commandment, by the most in- count of God's acquiescence in it; dulgent acquittal of God, and that and the latter because of the eterthis is completed at death. Which nity of its duration and value. 3d, notion, as it destroys the nature of “ That Jehovah and Christ himself faith, and the righteousness of are called our righteousness,” Jer, Christ, so also it is repugnant to xxxiii. 6.—1 Cor. i. 30. Answerthe holiness and truth of God, and Through his own most perfect obecontradicts all those passages, which dience he is so. exhibit us as justified in this life: Rom. v. 1, 9.-" Therefore being EFFECTS OF JUSTIFICATION. justified by faith--Much more then, being now justified by his blood,
XIX. God announces Justifica&c.” Ps. xxxii. 1, 5.-"Blessed is tion externally by the word and sahe whose transgression is forgiven, craments. 2 Sam. xii. 13-" The whose sin is covered ; and thou for: Lord also bath put away thy sin, gavest the iniquity of my sin.”
thou shalt not die." Rom. viii. 1-
demnation to them, who are in XVII. Arminians, taking for Christ Jesus.” Mark, i.4—Preachgranted the general satisfaction of ing the baptism of repentance for Christ for the sins of the world, sup- the remission of sins. Mat. xxvi. pose that works of faith and new 26. 28—“For this is my blood of obedience are the foundation of the the New Testament, which is shed life adjudged to us. But works of for many for the remission of sins," every sort are removed entirely out &c; and by his Spirit, he also pow. of the question, and we are never erfully intimates the same. Rom. said to be justified on ACCOUNT of
v. 5-" The love of God is shed faith, but THROUGH faith, of faith, abroad in our hearts, by the Holy and by faith. It is objected, 1st. Ghost given untous.” Rom. viii. 16. “ That faith is a work, and is so call. 17-" The Spirit also beareth wited," John vi. 29. Answer-But it ness with our spirit, that we are the is here considered as the instrument, children of God;" Hence, we have apprehending the righteousness of peace; " Therefore being justified by Christ. 20. “That faith is imputed faith, we have peace with God;' and for righteousness;" Rom. iv. 3, 5. hope; Prov. xiv. 32-" The righteAnswer-By a metonymy it is here ous hath hope in his death;" and joy. put for its object.
1 Pet. i. 8—“In whom though now ye see him not, yet believing, ye re
joice with joy unspeakable and full XVIII. Among the Lutherans of glory;" and glorying ; Rom. v. 2, Osiander most absurdly maintains, 3" By whom also we have access that we are justified by the essential by faith, into this grace wherein we righteousness of the Son of God stand, and rejoice in hope of the dwelling in us ; for the Father hath glory of God; and not only so, but it in common with the Son, and it we glory in tribulations also.”
THE ASSURANCE OF IT. adjudication to be hereafter pubXX. Of Justification, therefore, lickly and graciously made. believers have a subjective (inward] assurance, according to the testimo- From the London Evangelical Magazine, nies adduced, and the examples of
for Dec. 1822. Job, David, Paul, &c.-Nay for the
CHRISTMAS THOUGHTS. necessary glorifying God on account of this benefit. Papists ob
That season is now at hand in ject, 1st. That no one is conscious which the great majority of Chrisof perfect purity. Prov. xxii.
9—Job tians throughout the world recogix. 2, 20. 'Answer-Perfect inter- nise the birth of the Saviour,-an nal purity, which is, indeed, the pro- event most worthy to be had in perty of none, is very different from everlasting remembrance, not once the forensick acquittal of God. Ob in the year only, but every day in jection, 2d. Remission is dubious. the year:-an event which will be ly connected with repentance. Dan. celebrated eternally in heaven, iv. 27—Joel, ii. 14. Answer-Re. when the incarnate God shall be pentance is always a requisite to seen with our bodily eyes. assurance, but there may be occa
Forty centuries had rolled away, sional doubts, either as to the reali- between the day on which the proty of the repentance, or the removal mise of a Redeemer was first of external punishments. Objec- granted to our trembling parents
, tion 3d. Fear is every where com
and the fulfilment of it, when a mended. Answer-X filial fear in heavenly envoy announced the naregard to disobedience; but this does tivity of the long-expected Messiah, not infer any uncertainty of the di- and “the good tidings of great joy vine favour. Objection 4th. We
were proclaimed ;-" To you is are to pray for the remission of our born, this day, in the city of David, sins. Answer—By this is meant a
a Saviour, which is Christ the continuation of it, and the clearer
Lord.” evidence of it, and especially its
And where shall this celestial completion.
visiter be found ? Shall we repair to the royal palace? Shall we find
him in a bed of state, surrounded XXI. Justification is clearly ir- by the dignified ecclesiastics of the revocable, Rom. viii. 30%"Whom Jewish church? Ah, no!-"THIS he justified, them he also glorified,” SHALL BE THE SIGN-ye shall find &c., since the foundations on wbich the babe_lying in a manger!" ye it rests are perpetual, and through shall readily distinguish him, for no it all sins are remitted. Papists other child will be found in a situaobject, 1st. " That a righteous man tion so mean and degrading. But may turn away from his righteous- did this humbling coinmencement ness,” Ez. xviii. 24. Answer-The of his mediatorial work offend the duty of persevering in our endea- glorious spirit who declared it? vours after practical righteousness, By no means; for he was instantly is here taught, as a condition of the joined by a multitude of the angelick divine favour. Objection 2d. That armies, who united in one grand what is taught in the parable, Mat. hallelujah chorus, “Glory to God xviii. 35, is contrary to irrevocable in the highest, and on earth peace, justification. Answer-Only the good will towards men." Doubtless scope of that parable is to be regard- these benevolent spirits were aced, which is the connexion of our quainted with the great mystery of duty with the divine beneficence. godliness thus developed, and thus The issue of justification therefore they expressed, as far as the human is certain salvation, and its solemn language they adopted could ex
IT IS IRREVOCABLE.
press it, the astonishing love of God world knew him not. He came in the gift of his only begotten Son: unto his own, and his own received and that transcendent display of him not.” his divine perfections so exhibited, It affords us consolation, however, and which were to be exhibited in to remember, that though he was the whole of the Redeemer's humi- unknown on earth, it was not so in liation, now commenced ;-in the heaven. When God introduced his glorious exaltation which should first-begotten into the world, he said, succeed it, and in the complete and “Let all the angels worship him," everlasting salvation and happiness Heb. i. 6. This command was, of unnumbered myriads of redeem- doubtless, obeyed. A multitude ed men.
(how great a multitude of these we Well might the shepherds, as know not) did so, as we have just soon as they recovered from the observed, when they sang in the panic which the appearance of hearing of the shepherds; and prothese celestial strangers occasioned, bably all the angelic inhabitants of determine to go immediately to the celestial world, numerous perBethlehem, then a little village, but haps as the sand on the sea-shore, for ever after to be ennobled above and compared with whom the whole every spot upon earth; and by ocu- nation of the Jews, and all the lar inspection prove the truth of dwellers upon earth are as the dust this extraordinary report. They of the balance, proclaimed aloud lost no time, “they came with their joy and delight in witnessing haste," and found it all to be true; the great work of redemption, from " they found Mary, and Joseph, the creation anticipated, now acand the bahe,”—the heavenly, the tually commenced. And if these holy, the divine babe, "lying in a “morning stars," as Job calls them, manger.” “Those that left their exulted at the completion of the beds (says Bishop Hall) to tend first creation, they would exult their flocks, now leave their flocks with far more abundant joy when to inquire after their Saviour. No the new creation commenced. The earthly thing is too dear to be for- "angels desire to look into these saken for Christ. If we suffer any things;" though they have no perworldly occasion to stay us from sonal concern in redemption, yet Bethlehem, we care more for our they rejoice that glory in the highsheep than for our souls."
est degree redounds to the God of This extraordinary occurrence love, and that inferior and guilty seems to have made little or no creatures are raised from the depths stir in Judea. The shepherds of guilt and wo to resemble themwere persons of little consideration selves. in society, and their report was O then, with what sentiments of little heeded. The prophetic and admiration and gratitude should we swan-like song of 'Simeon, the hail the advent of the Son of God ! thanksgiving of the venerable pro- How joyfully receive him into our phetess Anna, and the devout ac world and into our hearts, exclaimknowledgments of the truly pious ing in the words provided for the few, who were looking and longing purpose ages before the incarfor redemption in Israel, made po nation, “Let the heavens rejoice, general impression. Nor did even and let the earth be glad; let the the visit and inquiries of the eastern sea roar, and the fulness thereof. magi for the new-born King of the Let the fields be joyful, and all that Jews excite the regard of the supine is therein: then shall all the trees and carnal priests. How true is it of the wood rejoice before Jeuovan: that he was in the world, and the for he cometh to judge (govern) the world was made by him, and the earth; he shall judge (govern) the VOL. V. Ch. Adv.