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mas Charlton Henry, in the 38th
year of his age. We hope to pubIn Charleston, South Carolina, on
lish, in our next number, a memoir the 5th of October, after an illness nister of the gospel of Christ.
of this excellent and eminent mi. of ninety hours, the Rev. Dr. Tho
The Treasurer of the Trustees of the General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church
acknowledges the receipt of the following sum for their Theological Seminary at
Princeton, (.N. J.) during the month of October last, viz.
887 50 And that he has received the following sams for their Missionary Fund, viz. Of Rev. Dr. E. S. Ely, for his sales of ihe Minutes of the General Asscmbly 138 75 of Rev. Dr. J. J. Janeway, from Millville Church S8, one half is for this Fund 4 00
View of Publick Affairs.
EUROPE. Our latest European dates are, from London of the 29th, and from Paris and Havre of the 15th of September.
BRITAIN.—The new British Cabinet has at length been definitively settled, as follows: First Lord of the Treasury,
Lord Goderich-Chancellor of the Exchequer, Mr. Herries-Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, Lord Dudley and Ward--Secretary of State for the War and Colonial Department, Mr. Huskisson--Secretary of State for the Home Department, Marquis of Landsdowne-Master General of the Ordnance, Marquis of Anglesea—Lord Chancellor, Lord Lyndhurst--President of the Council, Duke of Portland-Lord Privy Seal, Earl of Carlisle-President of the Board of Trade and Treasurer of the Navy, Mr. C. Grant-President of the Board of Control, Mr. C. W. Wynn-Secretary at War, Lord Palmerston-Chancellor of the Duchy of Lancaster, Lord Bexley-Master of the Mint, Mr. Tierney-Surveyor of the Woods and Forests, Mr. S. Bourne.
It appears that the whole system of measures adopted by the British ministry before the death of Mr. Canning, and which were principally devised by him, are to be pursued by the new administration. It is also stated that a very desirable, and even unusual harmony, prevails among the members of the present cabinet; and also that the king and cabinet are entirely harmonious in their views and wishes-Besides the formation of the cabinet, no event of national or general interest appears to have taken place in Britain during the past month. The prospect of a war with the Turks had caused a small fluctuation of stocks; and the creditors of the Duke of York had received a divi. dend of ten shillings in the pound. The great tunnel under the Thames was carried forward with new vigour, and with the confident expectation of complete success. It was thought that employment for mechanics and for the poor was less in demand, and somewhat less profitable, than two or three months since. Mr. Gallatin and his family were to embark for New York on the 8th of October. We know not the cause of this return to his country of our minister to the British court.
FRANCE.—The most important occurrence that has recently taken place in France seems to be, the funeral of the late deputy Manuel, who was expelled from the chamber of deputies on the 12th of March, 1823, for expressing himself too freely and earnestly in favour of what is denominated liberalism. He died, after a short and severe illness, at the house of his friend M. Lafitte, about five leagues from Paris, on the 20th of August ult. Permission could not be obtained to remove his corpse to his dwelling in Paris; and every effort was made by the government, by attempting to hurry the faneral, and by other means, to prevent the expression of the popular feeling, which was known to be favourable to the defunct, and to hinder his reception in any way of publick funeral honours. All efforts of this kind however were ineffectual. The hearse in which the corpse was carried, was surmounted with two crowns, and the motto “The immortal gratitude of the people," was placed on the top of the highest plume of feathers on the car. The place of interment was the cemetery of Pere la Chaise in the environs of Paris; and the procession, which was considerable at first, was continually increased in passing through the villages and towns on ite way to the cemetery ; till at length, as
it moved along the bulwarks of Paris, the attendant crowd was supposed to amount to a hundred thousand people. The corpse had been carried a part of the way on the shoulders of young men, and then placed in a car, from which the horses were taken and their places supplied by the former bearers. When not far from the place of interment, this immense concourse of people was arrested, by a large corps of the Gendar. merie of Paris. The commander of this corps, M. Count de Saint Germain, insisted that the corpse should be taken out of the car in which it had proceeded thus far, and be placed in another, to be drawn by horses and not by men. After much altercation, and being apparently on the verge of a bloody conflict, a kind of compromise was agreed on. The corpse remained in the first car, to which a pair of horses were slightly harnessed, and the men who had before drawn it continued to do so-- In this manner it proceeded to the place of burial, where our country's friend, General La Fayette, pronounced a warm eulogy of the deceased; and then the crowd dispersed peaceably. We have gone into this detail-not however a tenth part as long as that from which we have abridged it-because we think it is calculated to show the state of parties in France. The Libe. rals, although not in power, and perhaps a minority of the whole nation, are still both numerous and influential, and not afraid to avow their opinions openly and ardently; and yet always with some reservo, and with professed respect to the existing government. The government on the other hand, is manifestly jealous of the Liberals, vigilant to restrain, and if possible to diminish their influence; and yet afraid to excite their anger, or by open force to repress their proceedings-It is said that the harvest of the present year in France is not equal to that of last year, and that bread stuffs have increased in price.
Spaix.-We have heretofore taken notice of the faction in Spain denominated the Carlists, that is, those who profess to wish that the reigning monarch should be deposed, and his brother Carlos take his place. This faction has become exceedingly formida. ble, particularly in the province of Catalonia. The following paragraph from the London Courier contains the most recent information relative to this alarming insur. rection. “ We have this morning learned froin a gentleman recently arrived from Madrid, that, as far as his information goes, the great cause of alarm to the Spanish Government, with respect to the insurrection in Catalonia, is the perfect organization of the plans of the Carlists, and that the troops that were marching against them were many of them hearty in tbe furtherance of the object that the insurgents had in view-ihe dethronement of Ferdinand! Insurrections, as he observed, had sprung op in rapid succession in Spain, during her present monarch's reign, but they have, for the most part, been commenced without deliberation, and conducted without sys. tem. The Spanish Government was aware, from the intelligence daily conimunicaied to it, that the reverse of this state of things was the characteristic of the present troubles: and it was from a Spaniard of deini-official connexions that the individual in question received a hint to be on the alert, to secure any propery he might have with him in Spain.”-Since the foregoing was prepared for the press, a more recent ar. rival has brought an official article by the Spanish Minister, Secretary of War; ja which he gives a detailed history of the origin, progress, and present state of the esisting rebellion. It is directed to the Captain General of Catalonia, Count Campo Sagrado; and concludes with a royal decree expressed in eight articles, directing the commander in chief in relation to his duty in suppressing the rebellion, and declaring in what light the rebels are regarded, it appears that a large military force is moving towards the section of the country most disturbed (for various parts are in a state of great disorder), and it is affirmed ihat king Ferdinand himself is going to exhibit his sacred person in the rebellious region, in hopes that it will operate as a sedative to the political disorders so prevalent and dangerous there:-Our readers will err, if they suppose that these rebellious Carlists are a whit more friendly to any thing like free government than the Ferdinandists; on the contrary, their main plea is that Ferdinand is in captivity, and can not, or will not, act with sufficient energy against the Constitutionalisis, and all who favour them. They even demand the Inquisition in some places: yet this party is joined by some Constitutionalists, no doubt with a hope uk
imately to serve themselves. The state of Spain is surely a political chaos" Conia. sion worse confounded."
Portugal. This kingdom is scarcely in a better state than its neigl:bour, I wasid seem that the promising prospects of a favourable settlement of the nation under ile New Constitution, are altogether clouded, by the expecied arrival of Don Miguel as the representative of his brother Don Pedro; and his known hatred of the liberal party, and warm attachment to the friends of the old regime. The latter, of course. show themselves in greater numbers, and act with more confidence. The Princess regent seems well «lisposed, but the reins of government require a more powerful arm than hers, to hold them at the present time. It is believed by some that Don Miguel can
reconcile the contending parties if he will, or at least prevent an open conflict. But we misjudge if he has either the ability or the inclination to produce such an effect.
TURKEY AND GREECE.—The dates from Constantinople, are to the twenty-second of August. At that time, the ultimatum of the powers had been presented to the Porte eight days, and only five clays more were allowed for deliberation; the original period of one month having been considered too long, and reduced one-half. The ambassadors of England, France and Russia, presented it together; and the Reis Effendi, after inquiring of the dragomans what were its contents, and receiving no satisfaction, laid it aside. The European papers very naturally give many different conjectures on the subject, and publish all the rumours they hear. It is said that Mr. Stratford Canning urged the Austrian Internuncio to advise the Divan to accept the propositions, but that he refused. Also, that the Prussian minister made some representations to the Reis Effendi, which were ineffectual. The limited time will expire on the 31st of August. In the mean time, the three powers are as. sembling their squadrons in the Archipelago ; the best evidence we have seen to prove that they adhere to their resolution of doing something for Greece and humanily. It also appears that the Russians are prepared for military operations by land, and that the Russian minister had signified to the Porte, that any injury or insult offered to the ambassadors or the subjects of the three allied powers, at Constantinople, would be the signal for the Russian army enter the Ottoman territory. A Russian fleet is also off the Bosphorus, on the side of the Black sea. 'The naval forces of Britain, France and Russia, were expected to join each other, and be ready for action in the first days of September. We trust that the carnage among the poor Greeks is nearly at an end. Humanity shudders in the contemplation of the sufferings, in every form, to which this oppressed people have been and still are subjected Since writing as above, an arrival from London has given us a copy of the ultimatum, signed by the plenipotentiaries severally of the tlıree great powers, and presented by them to the Turkish Reis Effendi. The conclusion of it is most decisive-It forecloses all pleas for delay, all evasion, and will not even endure silence. Its import is, “speak before the fifteen days are out, or then we will act!” And at the last accounts, three or four days beyond the alloited period had passed, without any answer from the Turk. Yet we think we have been tempted to say we fear-that after all, he will not fight. He will probably bluster as long as possible, and then yield. If he does not, we shall consider him judicially infatuated, that he may be destroyed. The English quid nuncs are divided in opinion; but the majority seem to look for war. It appears that the Greeks, since they have heard of the powerful interference in their favour, have resumed their courage, laid aside their animosities, and made head against their enemies with spirit, and with at least partial success.
Russia.-It appears that the rumour which we mentioned last month, that the Russian troops had suffered a defeat by the Persians, was exactly the opposite of the truth. Ii seems now to be pretty well ascertained, that the Russians, after a very sanguinary battle on the Araxes, gained a complete victory over the Persians. The war, however, still rages; and it appears that the Russians, to gain a more advanta. geous position, have made a retrograde movement this probably gave rise to the ru. mour of a defeat.
ASIA. It appears that a civil war has, for some time past, been raging in the northern and north-western part of the Chinese empire. We copy the following article from a paper recently brought from Europe.
Accounts from China, received in Paris, via London, state that Sung-Tajin, who was minister at the time of Lord Macartney's embassy, died at Kansah. This veteran was considered by the Chinese as one of the pillars of their Empire. The war in Liitle Bucharia continued with great fury. Cashgar had fallen into the hands of the rebels, and it was supposed Tarkand would also be taken by them. Chang-Lung, the fitih minister of' state, had been appointed commander in chief against the rebels. The Malacca Observer, of Feb. 18, says that the rebels in Tartary carried all before them. Accounts from Canton, of January 2, state that Ele, Keerchang, and Cashgar were taken, that the great officer, King Toean was killed, and the imperial army destroyed.
AFRICA. The English cruisers on the coast of Africa, between the 10th of April, 1824, and the first of June, 1827, captured fifty vessels, containing no less than 9,733 slaves.
The vessels were chiefly Brazilian, and the remainder Spanish and Dutch. We are sorry to observe an intimation that the British government are about to abandon their establishments on Cape Coast, as such an abandonment will throw open a wide field, which is now closed against the detestable traffick in slaves-It is said that in Egypt the cotton crop of the present year has almost entirely failed. The Pasha appears, as yet, to be faithful to the cause of the Grand Senior; but his defection is Jooked for, if war should ensue between the Turks and the powers allied for the pa. cification of Greece. It has been notified to him that the reinforcement sent by him against the Greeks, could not be permitted to pass into that country-It appears that the Algerines have determined to capture all vessels under the flags of Prussia and the Hanseatick towns,
AMERICA. Brazil and Buenos Aires.-Notwithstanding the rejection by the Republick of Buenos Ayres of the treaty of peace lately negotiated, it appears that at the date of the last advices, the war was likely to be speedily terminated. It is stated that the emperor of Brazil had consented to declare the Banda Oriental independent, and that a treaty, embracing an article to this effect, was likely soon to be ratified by both the belligerents. The last accounts say that the whole sea coast of Brazil is lined with Buenos Ayrean privateers, that their captures are surprisingly numerous, and their booty immense. One privateer had taken sixteen prizes, and had on board 200,000 miireas in specie. The new congress of Buenos Ayres was convened in the latter part of June, and warmly approved the rejection of the treaty negotiated by Garcia.
On the 7th of July, a new president, Dr. Vicente Lopez, was inaugu. rated. He is said to be a distinguished scholar. He at first refused the Presidency, but eventually consented to accept it. Hopes are entertained that this choice will have a good effect in healing the animosities which exist among the several states which compose the confederation denominated, “The United Provinces of South America,” or the Argentine Republick.
COLOMBIA.--Information that may be relied on is at length received of the arrival of the Liberator Bolivar at Bogota, on the 10th of September, of his reception there, of the speech he delivered at the opening of the general congress, and some of the incipient proceedings of that body. The character of the Liberator, although assailed by a party, does not appear to have suffered in the opinion of his countrymen in general, nor his influence to be greatly diminished-it still seems to be dominant, and he has pledged himself to maintain the existing constitution, with only such sound reforms or amendments as shall be sanctioned by a General Convention, to be called for the purpose. The dissentions which have arisen in this extensive republick, will not easily be quieted; but we think the prospect brightens of returning order and pros. perity. The speech of Bolivar, in reply to the address of the Vice President of the Congress, concludes with the following strong expression—"In spite of the dismember. ment with which the Republick bas been threatened, in spite of the almost anarchical condition of the South of Colombia, I hope and even promise the Congress to deliver over into the hands of the Grand Convention, the Republick of Colombia, Free and United.”—The Grand Convention is to meet on the 12th of February next.
GUATEMALA.--The last accounts from this republick, represent civil discord and civil war as yet prevalent, and not likely soon to be terminated.
Mexico.-It appears that the unfavourable impressions prevalent in this republick in regard to our country, of which we have heretofore taken notice, have been in a considerable degree removed. They appear to have been made, and for a while che. risbed, by those who wished to secure a monopoly of commercial advantages to Britain ; but the unfounded jealousies and prejudices which existed are vanishing under the influence of truth and time. We perceive by an article in one of tbe latest papers from Britain, that Mexico has not been able to pay the interest on her loan in London. The financial concerns of all the new American republicks are in a bad state. But this is not wonderful-it would be wonderful if it were otherwise. A few years since the United States had a heavy debt and little credit. Now we are probably the richest state in the world—if our debt, our expenses, our credit, and our resources, be viewed in the aggregate. We hope that a few years may place our sister republicks in a similar situation.
Uviten STATES.—The happiness of our own country leaves us little to wish for, except that we had more gratitude to God, and less disposition to cherish party violence and slander, in reference to the next presidential election.
LECTURES ON THE SHORTER CATE
SEMBLY OF DIVINES-ADDRESSED
attain to this assurance, we have CHISM OF THE WESTMINSTER AS- unequivocal evidence. Holy Job
speaks on this subject without
“God is the strength of my heart, My young friends - You have and my portion forever."--The heard an explanation of the great Apostle Paul to the like effect"I and interesting doctrines of justifi- am now ready to be offered, and cation, adoption and sanctification. the time of my departure is at In the answer of the Catechism that hand I know in whom I have befollows, the effects of these graces lieved,” &c. And that this attainon the practical Christian, are thus ment was not peculiar to inspired traced out—" The benefits which, men, but ought to be humbly dein this life, do accompany or flow sired and sought after by Chrisfrom justification, adoption, and tians in general, we learn from its sanctification, are, assurance of being spoken of in scripture as God's love, peace of conscience, joy something to which all believers in the Holy Ghost, increase of grace, may aspire; although it is not reand perseverance therein to the presented that all actually acquire end."' Here are five benefits, it, or that our salvation depends on springing from the sources speci- its acquisition. Yet it certainly is fied. A whole lecture 'might be represented as an object which all spent on each, but we must endea- should aim at, which it is possible vour to bring the whole within the to obtain, and which some do in limits of the one on which we have fact obtain. The Apostle Paul, in entered.
his Epistle to the Hebrews, calls “ Assurance of God's love,” is it once, “the full assurance of the first benefit which the answer hope;" and in another instance, states, as flowing, in this life, from “the full assurance of faith;” and justification, adoption and sanctifi- in both cases he recommends it, as cation.--By assurance of God's love an attainment for wbich all behere, we are to understand an un- lievers should earnestly strive. doubting persuasion in the minds The Apostle John wrote his first of believers, grounded on evidence epistle, as he says towards the furnished by God, that they are the close, with a leading view to enaobjects of his special love. That ble Christians to learn the certaininany of the scripture saints did ty of their state-" These things VOL. V.--Ch. Adı.