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is perfectly consistent with the reign this delightful truth. “Thy throne, of free and sovereign grace through- O God," exclaims David, while conout the whole work, from begin- templating the beauty and glory of ning to end, was, you will remem the promised Messiah," is for ever ber, shown in my third letter. To and ever: the sceptre of thy kingthe arguments there used to estab. dom is a right sceptre. Thou lovest lish the entire harmony of salvation righteousness and hatest wickedness : by grace, and salvation by the THEREFORE, God, thy God, hath righteousness of Christ, it is not anointed thee with the oil of joy deemed necessary to offer any thing above thy fellows." Ps. xlv. 6, 7. additional.

In his prophetic view of humilia1:13. The connexion between the tion and exaltation, the death and

death of Christ and our salvation, resurrection, the obedience and reis the same as that which exists ward of Christ, Isaiah


“ When between a service rendered and a thou shalt make his soul an offerstipulated reward.

ing for sin, he shall see his seed, A work was assigned to Jesus he shall prolong his days, and the Christ by his eternal Father. This pleasure of the Lord shall prosper {work consisted in his active and in his hands. He shall see of the

passive obedience, or, in other travail of his soul and be satisfied: words, in his obedience even unto by his knowledge shall my righteous death. So we are taught by holy servant justify many; for he shall scripture. He himself says, “sa- bear their iniquities. THEREFORE crifice and offering thou didst not will I divide him a portion with the desire; mine ears hast thou open- great, and he shall divide the spoil ed: burnt offering and sin offering with the strong; BECAUSE HE HATH hast thou not required. Then said POURED OUT HIS SOUL UNTO DEATH." 1, 1o

, I come: in the volume of the Isaiah liii. 10, 12. Having recited book it is written of me, I delight the several steps in the humiliation to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy of the Son of God, from his assump

Ps. tion of the form of a servant, to his 11. 6, 8. “I came down from hea- death on the cross, the apostle ven, not to do mine own will, but Paul declares his reward : “WHEREthe will of him that sent me.” FORE God also hath highly exalted John vi. 38. Speaking of laying him, and given him a 'name which down his life, the Saviour says, is above every name: that at the This commandment have I re name of Jesus every knee should ceived from my Father.” John x. bow, of things in heaven, and things 18. And at the close of life, in earth, and things under the earth; jest before bis crucifixion, he said, and that every tongue should conFather

, I have glorified thee on fess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the earth; I have finished the work the glory of God the Father.” Phil

. ichich thou garest me to do." His ii. 9, 11. And the Redeemer himexaltation followed, not merely as a self proclaims the same truth, in consequent follows an antecedent, but his solemn intercessory prayer; in of a reward of a stipulated service. which, immediately after stating His reward consisted in his being the completion of his work, he pre

as man and mediator, to the fers his claim to the promised remediatorial throne, invested with ward: “And now, o 'Father, glo. upreme dominion over the church rify thou me with thine own self,

over men and an with the glory which I had with zels, for the purpose of saving un thee before the world was. Father, numbered sinners of our race, to I will that they also whom thou

Both hast given me, be with me where I prophets and apostles inculcate am: that they may behold my glory


law is within

my heart.,

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and the world,

the glory of divine grace.

VOLV, -Ch. Adv.

which thou hast given me: for thou have everlasting life; and I will lovedst me before the foundation of raise him up again at the last day." the world.” John xvii. 5, 24. To John vi. 37, 39, 40. Such is the this glorious reward the apostle re- scriptural connexion between the fers, when, speaking of the Re- death of Christ and the salvation deemer, he says, "Who, for the joy of believers; a connexion clearly that was set before him, endured the pointed out, and strongly marked cross, despising the shame, and is by inspired teachers. It is one of set down at the right hand of the those glorious truths which we owe throne of God.” Heb. xii. 2. to divine revelation, and which we

Thus are we taught to conceive are bound by divine authority to of the nature of the connexion sub- believe, and apply to those practisisting between the death of Christ cal purposes it is intended to suband our salvation. It is that of serve. "It has an important bearcause and effect, that of a price and ing on a Christian's experience. It its purchase, that of a service ren is calculated to excite his joy, and dered and a stipulated reward. To awaken his gratitude; while it speak then of the atonement as points out to him the sacred founmerely opening the door of hope and tain in which he is to wash, that he mercy, is ascribing to it not half may be cleansed from all the stains the praise due to that amazing of guilt, and all the pollution of sin. transaction; and to assert that its The atonement we justly honour, end would be accomplished, al-, when we conceive of it as the prothough not one human soul were curing, meritorious cause of salvasaved, is to derogate from the glory tion, and as the infinite price paid of Him who died that we might by the Son of God for the redemp, live, and hung upon a cross, that tion of all his chosen people; and we might ascend a throne. The when we believe that the free and design, both of the Father who gave sovereign grace of God, as it prohis Son, and of the Son who gave vided, so will not fail to apply this himself, to be a sacrifice for sin, infallible remedy, discovered by inwas, to secure the salvation of all finite wisdom, for healing the dreadbelievers, and of all who were chosen ful diseases produced by sin. By to salvation in the eternal purposes his obedience unto death, Christ of heaven. This glorious effect was “made” a “perfect" High must be produced, or the atonement Priest; and thus, by his blood, “bewould fail in accomplishing its came the AUTHOR of eternal salvagrand design. But failure is im- tion unto all them that obey him." possible. "I lay down my life for See Heb. v. 8, 9, and ii. 10. the sheep. And other sheep I have, Having finished the discussion, which are not of this fold: them permit me now to recapitulate the also must I bring, and they shall several points in which the two hear my voice; and there shall be schemes of atonement have been one fold and one shepherd.”_John contrasted. In my first letter it X. 15, 16.

“All that the Father was shown, that, notwithstanding the giveth me shall come to me; and broad assertions of the New School him that cometh to me, I will in no about its extent, the indefinite is wise cast out. And this is the Fa- not more extensive than the definite ther's will which hath sent me, atonement, eitherin regard to the methat of all which he hath given me, rit of Christ's death, or in reference I should lose nothing, but should to its application, or in respect to raise it up again at the last day. the offer of salvation, or in relation And this is the will of him that sent to the divine purpose: and, in fact, me, that every one which seeth that the views of our brethren, in the Son, and believeth on him, may this particular, have no advantage


whatever over ours. In the second, Committing these letters to the third, and fourth letters, the doc- patronage and blessing of that Altrine of the two schools was com mighty Redeemer whose work I pared, in respect to the preaching have endeavoured to illustrate, and of the gospel, and the display of whose glory I have attempted to free and sovereign grace, in the re- magnify, covery of fallen man; and it was,

I am, dear Sir, I trust, proved, that there is nothing

Yours affectionately, in our views of the atonement, to prevent the general preaching of the gospel to all nations, and all classes of mankind; nothing to hinder a free and unrestricted offer of salvation to every one who hears us, and to assure him, that if he be

MR. EDITOR,—Having been intelieve, he will certainly be saved: rested myself in the following simthat there is no inconsistency what: ple, candid narrative of Luther, I ever in representing, as the inspired have taken the pains to turn it into writers plainly do, the blessings of English. If you can make any use salvation as being, at once,


of it, or of any part of it, to subfruits of Christ's death, and the serve the important ends at which fruits of free and sovereign grace; you aim in your useful miscellany, and that if there were any difficulty it is entirely at your service. And in this matter, the attempt of our if this should be well received, I brethren to remove it, by asserting may take occasion, in an hour of the Redeemer satisfied publick, and leisure, to send you something more not distributive justice, is futile. from the pen of this extraordinary We compared the views entertain- unan, to whom the church of Christ ed by the two schools of the nature is so much indebted. I know, inof the atonement, in the fifth, sixth, deed, that all may have access to and seventh letters; where it ap- for myself

, I would rather read a

the history of this reformer; but, peared, that our doctrine accords with scriptural statements and re

page of his own writing, than the presentations on the subject; and most elegant history which can be that, as our brethren mistake, so, given of him. In fact, I learn, in by denying the real satisfaction this way, more of the man, and of made by the Son of God in his cha- the spirit by which he was actuated. racter of substitute of his people. When we read his own writings, charged with their sins, and sus

we come into a sort of contact with taining the penalty of the law due his person. We soon learn what to them, they, in fact, subvert the judgment we ought to form of him. TRUE NATURE of the atonement,

I am, very respectfully, and oppose clear and positive tes

Yours, &c. timonies of inspired writers. In Windsor, Dec. 23, 1826. the remaining letters I endeavour-'

MARTIN LUTHER'S MODEST ACCOUNT ed to prove, that the doctrine of the Old, is to be preferred to that of the New School, because it puts higher

EDITION OF HIS LATIN WORKS, PUBhonour on the truth, the justice, and the love of God; because it better guards the rights and demands of (Translated from the Latin.) the divine law; and because it af For a long time, and with much fords a brighter display of the me. resolution, i resisted the solicitadiatoriul glory of our Lord Jesus tions of those who wished me to Christ.

publish my books, or rather, iny

Q. S.




confused lucubrations; as well, be- this cause, I was so intoxicated cause I was unwilling that the works with error; yea, so immersed in the of the ancients should be superseded doctrines of the pope, that I was by my novelties, and the reader be fully prepared, as far as I was able, thereby hindered from reading them; to put to death, or to consent to the as because, there is now extant, death, of all who should detract abundance of books methodically one syllable from the obedience of composed, among which, the Common the pope. Such a Saul was I, that Places of Philip [Melancthon]excel; even now, there are not many of by which, the theologian and bishop them, whose zeal is equal to mine. inay be formed, both as it relates I was far from being so cold and icy to copiousness and elegance, so that a defender of the pope as Eckius, he has the opportunity of becoming and such like men; who appear to powerful in preaching the doctrines me,

me, to engage in his cause more for of piety; especially, since the Holy the sake of their appetite, than as Bible may now be had in almost being influenced by any real conevery language. But my books were cern for its success ; indeed, unto produced in no regular order, but this day, they appear to me, as epi as the occasion prompted, or rather cureans, to hold the pope in dericompelled; and form so rude and sion. But I entered into this busiundigested a chaos, that they could ness conscientiously, for I laboured not easily be reduced to order, even under awful apprehensions of the by myself.

last day, and from my ininost soul, Influenced by these reasons it desired to obtain salvation. was my desire that all my books The reader will find, in my first should be buried in perpetual obli- writings, what great concessions 1. vion, that there might be room for made to the pope, in the most humbetter works. But the importunate ble manner, which in my later years, pertinacity of certain persons, who I hold to be little better than blasdaily beset me, and represented phemies; and which I now execrate that if I did not consent to publish as abominable. Pious reader, you them, it was most certain that after will pardon this error, and consimy departure others would do it; der, that at that time I was inexpewho would probably be ignorant of rienced: and that I stood alone, the occasions and circumstances and was, in every respect, most unwhich gave them birth, and thus fit and unprepared to handle such the confusion would be greatly in matters; and I call God to witness, creased- I say the importunate per- that not intentionally, but by acciseverance of these persons so pre dent, I was at first involved in these vailed, that I at length consented controversies. to permit them to be published. To In the year of our Lord 1517, INwhich there was added the wish, DULGENCEs made their appearance; nay the command of our illustrious or I ought rather to say, were proprince, Frederick the elector, who mulged, in these regions, for the not only ordered the printers to sake of base gain. I was then a prepare an edition, but compelled preacher, a young man, and a docthem to hasten the work.

tor of theology, as it was called; And now, in the first place, I be- and I began to dissuade the people, seech the pious reader, for the sake and earnestly to charge them not to of our Lord Jesus Christ himself, give the least heed to the declamathat he would peruse these writings tions of the preachers of indulgences; with candour, and with much ten- and in doing this, I was confident derness. Let him know, that I was that I should have the pope for my once a monk, and a most insane pa patron; in the confidence of which, pist; and when I first engaged in i boldly made resistance to this

traffick; for in his decretals, he had voice was in my favour, because the most explicitly condemned the want acts of Rome, which had filled and of modesty in the preachers of in- harassed the world, were generally dulgences.

detested. I went, therefore, to AuSoon after this I wrote two epis- gusta, on foot, and poor; but suptles, the one to Albert, archbishop of ported by the elector Frederick, Mentz, who was to receive one half who gave me recommendatory letof the money arising from the sale ters to the senate, and to some good of indulgences; the other half went men of the place. I remained there into the coffers of the pope-a cir- three days, before I went near the cumstance with which I was then en- cardinal, for those excellent pertirely unacquainted: The other let- sons to whom I was recommended, ter was addressed to our ordinary, would not suffer me to go to him, Hieronymus, bishop of Branden- until I could procure the safe conburg. In these I requested, that duct of Cæsar. The cardinal,howthese reverend persons would re ever, sent for me every day to come press the audacity and blasphemy to him, by a certain orator, and this of the preachers of indulgences. But was very unpleasant to me, as I the poor inconsiderable brother was

was not permitted to comply. But condemned. Finding that I was on the third day, he came again, held in contempt, I published a dis- expostulating with me for not havputation and two sermons on the ing come to the cardinal, who was subject of indulgences, and soon ready to receive me in the most afterwards, those resolutions in gracious manner. I replied, that I which, out of respect for the pope, felt bound to follow the advice of I said that indulgences ought not those excellent persons to whom I to be condemned, but that the good had been recommended by the elecworks flowing from charity ought to tor Frederick, and it was their be preferred to them. But this was counsel that I should by no means to disturb the heavens, and to set go to the cardinal, until I had a safethe world on fire. I was accused conduct from the emperor; but this to the pope. A citation to appear being obtained, I assured him that at Rome was sent to me, and the I would come without delay. He whole papacy rose up against me, a appeared to be excited, and said, solitary person. These things oc • What! do you think that prince curred, Å. D. 1518, about the time Frederick will take up arms when Maximilian the emperor, held your account?” I answered, that the diet, at which cardinal Caje. I had no such wish. “Where then," tan attended, as legate of the pope. said he, “will you remain ?” Under To him, Frederick our illustrious heaven, I replied. “ If you had the prince, the elector of Saxony, went, pope and cardinals in your power,” and obtained from him, that I should said he, "what would you do to not be forced to go to Rome, but them?" I would treat them, said I, that immediately after the dissolu- with all reverence and respect.tion of the diet, he would call me Upon which he moved his finger, before him, and take cognizance of after the Italian fashion, and said, the cause himself.

Hem ;” and went off, and never In the mean time, all the Ger- came back again. On the same day, mans, weary of bearing the peelings, it was announced to the cardinal by extortions, and innumerable impo- the senate, that the safe-conduct of sitions of the Romish buffoons, anx the emperor was given to me, and iously waited the event of this af- he was admonished not to deterfair; for it was a thing which no mine any thing severe against me. theologian or bishop had ever be- To which, it is said, that he answer fore dared to touch. The populared, “Very well; however, I m

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