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aim of places; it is a waste of time to commit these to memory. Dr. Grey,
ative of the world to the present time, and if we are enabled to
, we possess a kind of clue to their minute details, as well as Liam
to those connecting transactions of minor importance, which fill up on in the interstices of the historical scale. The object iu forming such
a system of chronology should be to select leading events at
pe there should only be a certain number of memorial lines, comIII, a prising a defined period of time, whether two or more centuries, word is
Toute or less, according to the ratio at which the interest of that
, that is, to each series of memorial lines, what may be called
e acrostic sentence might be attached, consisting of any words of color
that could be strung together into sense, or even intelligible non
berse: there would he as many words in this sentence as lines in the t: it has pe; of each of these words, the first syllable should resemble, a fact or in sound, the first syllable of each memorial line in suc
one who has repeated verses by heart, must be date of the advantage of having the leading syllable prompted in ise pou exch line
. The acrostic, by binding together certain series of meThich the morial lines, will be found to supply the place of a prompter; and rtain the to give a considerable degree of accuracy to the knowledge attained
by the medium of techvical verses. The geographical memorial
composed on the principle of abbreviated words, and ocHec nasionally initial letters only are employed to denote the names of
a 1746, apologizes for their not being sufficiently modernised, and
piredo e effects
che prise mctly ear regular the che
two syllables, the first of which relates to the latitude, and the second to the longitude. Thus Lisbon, whose latitude is 38° N. 1. and go w. long. would be written Lis-tei-ou. But if the latitude of Lisbon had been nearer to 38 than to 39°, the syllable ex-1 pressing it would have commenced with a vowel, and the word would have been written Lis-ik-ou; again if the longitude of Lisbon bad approached nearer to 10 than to go, the same substitution would be made, and the word written Lis-ik-n. By observjog this rule we are enabled to denote the longitude and latitude of any place within thirty minutes, and by taking the mean, that is, by conventionally adding fifteen minutes, we gain it within fifteen. In the ancient geography the selection and arrangement are injudicious throughout; we have not space to offer an extended comment upon the execution of this part of the work; it will be sufficient to point out the manner in which the system, as applied to geography, may be modified and directed with the inost beneficial effect. It cannot be difficult to compose memorial lines for ancient, sacred, and modern geography, upon the principle which we have already explained. The infinity of elementary books upon the subject will simplify the task, and leave nothing but the very easy process of composition.
These memorial lines should be committed to memory with constant reference to maps, so that the inspection of the map will at once suggest and prompt the lines belonging to it; and, vice versa, the recital of the lines suggest to the imagination the map with which they have been associated. In the selection of plans, of which we may wish to know the precise longitude and !atitude, it is necessary to attend strictly to the principle which we have pointed out in our remarks upon chronology, viz. to select places which bear a relative distance to each other upon each map, and when these are perfectly fạniiliar to us, we shall with ease be enabled to recollect the position, and almost the latitude and longitude of any place upon the surface of the globe, by ascertaining its relative position to those places which will be thus deeply imprinted on the memory and imagination..
The application of this art to astronomy, which is the subject of the fourth section, is precisely similar to that employed in chro. nology. In the fifth section it is applied to coins, weights, and measures.
There is great ingenuity shewn in this section; and though it is confined chiefly to ancient coins, weights, and measures, with a useless minuteness of detail, and many inaccuracies, yet it demonistrates satisfactorily the advantage of enploying letters for figures ; it also points out the manner in which the system may be applied to modern arithmetic, and to the value of modern coins, weights, and
d the 3° N.
historical, chronological, and geographical knowledge.
measures, which it is extremely desirable to retain with accuracy, elati
without the necessity and waste of time by constant reference. The
miscellaneous subjects. To this edition of Dr. Grey's Memoria Word
Technica is subjoined Lowe's Mnemonics. Dr. Watts in his
Essay on the Improvement of the Mind, says, that Mr. Lowe has absti
improved Dr. Grey's scheme,' but it is evident that he was very
imperfectly acquainted with that scheme. In short we are of opide of
nion that he has deteriorated the plan pursued by Dr. Grey, whilst
he can lay no sort of claim to originality, teen.
There is a notice given in this edition, that the publisher would be happy to treat with any gentleman able to correct and modernize
tais work against a future edition. For any practical purpose icient
meteen twentieths of the original lines must be omitted in a future eogra edition; we therefore do not consider it worth while to enter effect.
sto any verbal or typographical criticism upon the present. It acred,
s much inferior, in execution, to the one printed by the same lready
editor in 1806, and, as we before observed, is, with some slight
, a literal copy of the one published in 1746. In the
a represent the numerals, in which g, r, and m shall be introduced, th cons
though they are already mortgaged by Dr. Grey, g to the value will at
of 100, r to that of a fraction, m to that of a million. If we
ascertain whether it signified a million, according to Dr. Grey, or lans, of
cypher, according to the proposed extensiou by the present itude, it
We have already pointed out the manner in which this system
expression in the economizing tone of public audits, verse
, may not be remembered with accuracy; for example, the pich of Mr. Huskissou's pampblet upon the bullion question, and
ect wai cess of
ve hare t places
nap, and enabled
relative d on the
in chro. hts, and
ugh it is
demonfigures; applied hts, and easures,
• By dividing a series of technical words into a certain number of syllables, or by writing them with marked subdivisions, and by deciding to apply the first syllable in each series of words to one part of a subject, the second to another, &c. we think much accurate information might be gained with very little exertion of the memory; for example, if we were anxious to recollect in general terms,
1906, 1. The official value of imports from
Europe, Africa, and Americom } 24,000,000
and the e
7 I would
2. Ditto from China
foreign and colonial merchandize 9,000,000
25,000,000 The word au-do-s, ou-du would express the estimate for the year
6 24 6 9 25 1806. We must remark that, though pronounced as four syllables, it is divided into five parts, the first denoting the year,
the second the official value of imports from Europe, Africa, and America, and so on; of course millions must be understood. It is necessary in such a case, that the sums to be expressed should be of one common denomination; thus, from 1806 to 1812, inclusive, the official value of exports and imports might be expressed in seven words, to remember which would surely require no extraordinary effort of memory.
We trust that we have succeeded in explaining the two systems of Feinaigle and Grey; it is not possible to draw a parallel between them, but we think they might be partially combined to produce a better effect than could result from the individual adoption of either: by employing invariably the alphabet and technical lines, according to Dr. Grey's method, when figures are to be remembered, and committing these lines to memory by associating
them with the hieroglyphics or TOT01, (for there is conciliation in a Greek term,) this combination will supersede the necessity of acrostio sentences, and is, indeed, far preferable to them. No one, who has not made the experiment, can appreciate the facility and exactness with which memorial lines can be retained and referred to by this method, and, as we have demonstrated in the former part of this article, without danger of confusion; in fact the multiplication of trains of ideas, however different, with our habitual objects of association, whether those objects are ideal pictures upon a wall or the rooms and furniture of a house, will strengthen our power of recollection, as increased weight is known to strengthen an arch constructed upon sound mathematical principles.
We have no doubt that the misapplication of these systems will
again render them ridiculous and consign them to a temporary delivion. Dr. Beattie in his Elements of Moral Science expresses his scepticism of the possible advantages of any art of memory, bering remarked, that those who possessed them were never distinguished for readiness of recollection or multiplicity of attainbents ; but our readers may be assured that there always have been persons who have applied them with considerable effect, but who bite never had the indiscretion to confess the nature of that assistnie, of which the effects were debited to the score of their Batural abilities.
If our limits had permitted we might have been disposed to enquire how far it would be possible to interweave any part of these stems with the present plan of public classical education; but frunately we have no space for the discussion. We are well size that the classical ear of our young students would startle at the south and unpoetical metre of a technical line; yet if there be a who have some arrears of information to bring up, and who are not very conversant with the principles of law, political economy, &c. to these persons, if any abbreviated method could be suggested of mastering their multifarious details, the effect, if
to our expectations, might form, we should think, a sufficient apology for the apparent degradation of the means. We do not recommend the experiment to those who find their unassisted powers fully adequate to their purpose. If Briareus had been a Stoeing manufacturer, he would probably have despised the aid of frame-work, which, however, is no despicable auxiliary to the two-handed artizan.
Arf. IX. Comedies of Aristophanes, viz. The Clouds, Plutus, the Frogs, the Birds. Translated into English, with
Notes. London. 1812. WHILE the tragic writers of Greece have been cherished by
us with an eagerness bordering on enthusiasm, the only perfect remains of that celebrated country in the opposite walk of comedy, have been consigned to comparative neglect and obscurity. Tragedy, indeed, as speaking a more general language than comedy, and uttering much the same kind of sentiments, whether by the mouth of a Medea, or a Lady Macbeth, might naturally be expected to be more popular than her sister muse, whose allusions must necessarily be more local and confined; yet it still appears unaccountable, that a people, possessed with so decided a taste for humour, as the English, and keenly susceptible of personal satire,