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from the assertion of their rights, and from convention, from 29th of October to the 4th exerting that native energy which appertains day of December 1793, consisting of 95 pages, to them.

and found in the custody of William Skir“Let not, however, the officers of govern- ving, secretary to the said convention, when ment be objects of your indignation. If they apprehended by warrant of the sheriff of really knew how they were degraded as mo Edinburgh in the month of December last, ral beings, by the service on which they are being No. 1 of the inventory of papers found frequently sent, they would not feel much in the said William Skirving's possession, respect for those who employ them. Let and made up in presence of the sheriff of these men, then, be the objects of our pity Edinburgh upon the 5th of December last, and instruction. Though they are sent to with the said inventory itself, and whole of disturb us, not one of them, I will attirm, the other papers and writings therein conhas ever been informed of the supposed of- tained; as also, two lists or inventories, made fence which we are now committing.” up before the sheriff of Edinburgh on the 7th

Further, in the aforesaid paper, No. 80, of of December last, of sundry papers found date aforesaid, there is an article intituled, in the possession of Joseph Gerrald and Mau"An extraordinary instance of public spitit rice Margarot, two members of the said conin a cobler of Messina ;” which article is ob- vention, when apprehended in consequence viously calculated to convey to the lieges of of a warrant from the sheriff of Edinburgh; this country a doctrine of the most horrible one of which inventories, consisting of ten and diabolical tendency; to hold forth, under articles, subscribed by William Scott, prothe form of a moral tale, that massacre and curator-fiscal of the county of Edinburgh, and assassination are justifiable, nay, are acts of the said Joseph Gerrald; and the other, conof public virtue. It is prefaced thus: “ Theresisting of nine articles, subscribed by the is a sort of enthusiasm in public spirit, which said William Scott and the sheriff-substitute, renders it politically prudent in corrupt together with the whole articles mentioned in statesmen to discourage it; and yet there the said two inventories, excepting No. 1; is something so great and so divine in this and also, an inventory of sundry papers found enthusiasm, that statesmen of a better turn, in the custody of Charles Sinclair, one of the though they dare not encourage, yet they members of the said convention, and made cannot but admire it.- We have a shining up in presence of the sheriff of Edinburgh and surprising example of this in the cobler upon the 7th day of December 1793, conof Messina, which happened in the last cen- sisting of 21 articles, with the whole of the tury, and is at once a proof, that public spirit said 21 articles themselves; 'as also, a letter is the growth of every degree; and which is signed Alexander Scott, dated “ Gazetteer a point that our great men ought to consider office, Monday, 9th December, 1793,” and adwith attention, that wherever corruption be- dressed to the right honourable the lord comes flagrant and universal, this heroic lu- advocate of Scotland;" will all be used in nacy of public spirit is most likely to appear.” evidence against the said Alexander Scott; And concludes thus: “ So I think it would and will for that purpose be lodged in the be happy for the ministers, who are either hands of the clerk of the high court of justientrusted by their masters, or acquire to ciary, before which he is to be tried, that he themselves a boundless authority, supporte may have an opportunity of seeing the same. by boundless influence, if they would write At least, times and places above mentioned, in a table book, and from thence refresh the said acts of sedition were committed ; the their memories frequently with this sentence, said speeches, motions, resolutions, and ar"What if the cobler of Messina should re- ticle, printed and circulated in manner forevive," Thereby, clearly signifying, that the said; and the said Alexander Scott, above foresaid wicked and nefarious principle ought complained on, is guilty actor, or art and to be put in practice here; or at least holding part, of all and each, or one or other, of the out a threat to those who are in public offices, said crimes. All which, or part thereof, bein order to deter them from a due exercise of ing found proven by the verdict of an assize, their duty, and thereby exciting the wicked before our lord justice general, lord justice and seditious to perpetrate acts of such enor- clerk, and lords commissioners of justiciary, mity. And the said Alexander Scott, above in a court of justiciary to be holden by them, complained upon, having, on the 5th day of within the criminal court-house of Edina December 1793, been brought before Harry burgh, upon the third day of February next Davidson, esq. sheriff-substitute of the county to come, the said Alexander Scott, above comof Edinburgh, did in his presence emnit and plained upon, ought to be punished with the sign a declaration, tending to show his guilt pains of law, to deter others from commitin the premises, Which declaration, toge- ting the like crimes in all time coming. And ther with five half sheets and three full sheets the said Alexander Scott being ofttimes callof paper in manuscript, found in the printing- ed in court, and three times at the door of office of the said Alexander Scott; as also, the court-house he failed to appear. four copies of the Edinburgh Gazetter, being Whereupon his majesty's advocate moved No.'s 78, 79, 80, and 81; as also, the scroll that sentence of out-lawry and fugitation, or draught of the minutes of the said general might be pronounced against the said Alex

ander Scott, and that as he understood bail | to have under:yn the law for the crime of had been given for his appearance when he sedition, as specified in the said criminal was apprehended by the sheriff–he moved letters, 'as he who was lawfully cited to that that the bond might be forfeited, and the effect, ofitimes called in court, and three penalty recovered.

times at the door of the court-house, and The lord justice clerk, and lords commis- failing to appear as said is. And farther, sioners of justiciary, decern and a:jjudge the the said lords declare the bond of caution said Alexander Scott, to be an outlaw and granted for the appearance of the said Alexfugitive from his majesty's laws, and ordain ander Scott to be forfeited; and ordain the him to be put to his highnessés horn, and penalty therein contained, to be recovered all his moveable goods and gear to be es- by the clerk of this court, 10 be disposed of cheat, and inbrought to his majesty's use, for as the court shall direct. his contempt and disobedience in not appear. (Signed) Robert M'QUEEN, I. P. D. ing this day and place, in the hour of cause,

596. Proceedings on the Trial of William Skirving, on an

Indictment charging him with Sedition. Tried before the High Court of Justiciary at Edinburgh on the 6th and 7th of January: 34 GEORGE III. A. D. 1794.

By the right honourable Robert Dundas, now Canongate, No. 3.- David Laing] Taylor, (1817] lord chief baron of the court of ex

Wm. Robertson. chequer of Scotland, who, when the pro. Mr. James Donaldson,

Dundee Friends of the Constitution.- Rev. ceedings against Skirving and his associ

Dundee Friends of Liberty.-George Mealates were instituted, held the office of his maker. majesty's advocate, I have been favoured

Dundee Friends of the Constitution.-Rev. with an exact copy of the minutes of that

Mr. Neil Douglas assembly which had first called itself The

New Milns.-James Campbell of New

Mills. General Convention of the Friends of the New Town.-David Bertie, John AuchinPeople, and which afterwards took the lech, John Muir, John Noble, John M'Arname of the British Convention of the De. thur, Alexander Knox, Archd. Gray, John

Graham, James Bunrdon, Wm. Urquhart,John legates of the People associated to obtain Ilodge, Alexr. Bremner, Andw. Newton. Universal Suffrage and Annual Parliaments. Glasgow Friends of the People.- [James These minutes were received as evidence Seton] Robert Peacock, John Stark, Jas. on this and the following trials, and I here Gartley, [Eben. Millar) John Gartley, (John insert them at full length.

Sinclair] Ilinchelwood, Walter Hart, William

Millar, Jas. Little. [N. B. Whatever is erused in the original Gorbals.-Geo. Millar.

is here printed within brackets [ ]-words Dunferinline.---James Boyd, John Morris,
underscored in the same are printed in John Philip.

Strathaven.-John Mitchell.

Paisley.--[John M'Intyre] Taylor, James

Mitchell] Archd. Hastie.
Edinburgh, 29th October, 1793.

Portsburgh.-- [right hon. lord Daer] Messrs. MR. JOHN M'Intyre being called to the Peter Hardie, James Richmond, (John Smith] chair, the following commissions were given Taylor, James Tweedie, Joseph Smeal, John in, read, and found valid, viz.

Dickson, John Richmond, Adam Richmond, From the Potterrow Society in favour of Wm. Skirving, esq., Peter Wood, John ThomMessrs. Adam Pringle, John Clark, James son, Geo. Anderson, James Smeall, Fredk. Bell, Thomas Noble, James Paterson, Ran- Milne, William Moffat. dolph Slack, Thomas Bell, George Turner, United Societies of Kirkaldy and Linkton. James Dun, Ceo. [Innes] Cotton, P., James --William Todd, James Hally, Henry Rait. Purvis, treas., Jas. Tod, sec., Jas. Bell, Jo. Linlithgow.—Adam Dawson, Willm. Mar. Gilchrist, Thos. Watson.

shall, Wm. Hinshelwood, New Town.-John Milne, P., John Laid Canongate. No. 1 and 2.-Alexander Bell, law, s.

John Buchanan, Alexr. Fortune, [John] Cowgate.-- Alexander Reid, Charles Salter, James Somervai, [Geo. Ross,] Alexr. AitchiIsaac Salter, George Callum, William M‘Cub-son, Arch. Wright, Alexr. Callander, [esq.] bin, John M'Intyre, John Laing.

Richd. Younger, John Wardlaw, William

- w

Simpson, John Johnston, Thomas Kennedy. Mr. Purvis paid to the general fund from

Water of Leith.- Arthur M'Ewan, Robert the Potter-row society 1l. 15. Orrock, Willm. Farquharson, Wm. Gosford. The president having constituted the meet

Perth.- John Whytock), (Robert Angus], ing by prayer, was continued in the chair Robert Sands.

unanimously. Linton, East Lothian-John Hepburn, P. A letter was read from Messrs James Geo. Mylne, Andw. Taylor, sec.

Bishop and Alexander Dove, president and Operative Society Edinburgh.-John Hyme, sectry. of the society at Johnstone, containGordon Murray, Thos. Miller, John Baillie, ing their sentiments on public reform, with Alexr. Cockburn, Willm. Johnston.

an apology for not sending delegates, and Hamilton.John M'Laren.

concluding with a very just complt. to ThoBridge Street Archd. Binny, Mitchell mas Muir, esq. Young, Alexr. Scott, Andw. Simpson, Da similar letter of apology was read from vid Downie, John Inglis, Alexr. M-Ken- Woodstow, and another from Mr. Thomas zie, James Carmichael, John Kirk, James Watt at Dunbar. Ferguson, James Wilkie, David Lyon, The secretary also read a letter from Mr. Geo. Cleland, Wm. Fleming, Jas. Foyar, John Chalmers, secy. to a provincial convenWillm. Eelbeck, Wm. Ross, Ebenr. Stalker. tion held the 15th currt. at the New Inn in

Laurieston.—David Weir, John Dunn,John Fife, containing the resolutions of that meetBraidwood, David Gowans.

ing, respecting a committee of correspondence, Lawn Market Edinburgh.-Thomas Cock- an address to his majesty to dismiss the preburn, James Lawson, Charles Ritchie, John sent ministry and put an end to the war, &c. Grindlay, John Wilson, John Wyld, Wm. Ro Mr. Callender moved that the house should manus, Saml. Paterson, J. Thomson, John be purged of strangers.--Mr. Binny moved Gourlay, and M Burn.

that a particular part of the house be alDalkeith.- Peter Leyden, James Mutter, lotted for visitors, who should be admitted Thos. Taylor, Wm. Watson.

upon paying one shilling each. At last it Calton.-Rohert Christie, William Philip, was resolved that all present should go as Janies Smith, William Brodie, Peter Hunter, near the door as possible, and each delegate William Boyd.

answer to his name in the order of the roll. Kilmarnock. John Ronaldson, Thomas After which it was resolved that as the house Boyd of Caprickhill, Willm. Muir, Jas. Cun was (abundantly rather too] rather too small ningham.

for the delegates, none else should be adAuchterderran.-John Todd, John Chal-mitted. mers.

Messrs. Alex. Lamond, David Leckie from Kirkintulloch.-William Hay.

Musselburgh, Mr. Williams from Pennycuick.-David Brown, James Smith, Manchester, Mr. Hunter (from] Robert Smith, John Jackson.

and Mr. Yetts were allowed to continue as Lennox Town.-John Brown.

visitors, and it was resolved that no visitors Pathhead.—John (Hablow] Halley, Robert should in future be admitted without giving Rait.

in their names to the chair, Additional Delegations.

A letter was presented and read from Mr. Shotts.—(James] William Martin of Moor- Stephen Gibson of the Linlithgow Society, hall.

respecting the objects of the association.

ist Motion.-Ă motion was presented and [Additional Delegations].

read from Mr. William Philp, that “this Wigton.—Lord Daer.

convention adopt some measures for inCrown and Anchor London.-Charles Sin-structing the people at large in the nature, clair, Henry York.

principles, and glorious properties of the London Corresponding Society. - Joseph British constitution."-Ordered to lie on the Gerrald, Maurice Margarott.

table. Sheffield Constitutional S. Matthews Letter and commission read from LennoxCampbell Brown.

town Campsie, signed by Mr. D. M'Nab, sect. Glasgow United Scotsmen.-Robert Pea Mr. Callender moved that this convention cock, John Stark.

resolve to claim for themselves and their conMiltown of Campsie-Dugald Murray. stituents the right of universal suffrage and Mid Calder.-Thomas Tweedale.

annual parliaments. Whitburn.-George Waddell.

A letter from a gentleman who does not Tradestown.-John Gartley.

wish his name to be mentioned was afterCanongate, No. 1 and 2.-William Camp- wards read, which the secy. had received, bell, George Malcolm.

accompanying a work in MS. entitled “ ReNewton.apology signed I. M.)

view of the Constitution and Government of Montrose.Colin Norrie.

Great Britain,” and dedicated to this general Canongate, No. 8.-James M'Kay, [Walter] convention. Peter Moffat, Alex. Plenderleith.

Mr. Downie moved to change the general Broughton. Willm. Bonthron, Josiah title of the associations, Ordered to lie on More, John Fairley,

the table,

An anonymous letter was afterwards read, 1 [recommending the periodical work entitled which the secretary had received, covering á (the Patriot, and containing many judicious guinea note of the Thistle bank.

Lobservations], (containing some humorous A motion was made by Mr. Archd. Wright, remarks on the arguments [of] advanced that the convention shall each night adjourn by the enemies of reform, which were re. before 10 o'clock. Agreed to, if possible. ceived with great approbation.

A letter was read from the four united Mr. Skirving next read the printed paper, societies of Ireland.

contained in the said letter (entitled) addressMr. Bell moved an address and declarationed to the unemployed artizans, &c. of Manof principles. Ordered to lie over.

chester, and containing a number of excelMr. Laing made a similar motion, which lent remarks upon the calamities of war, was also ordered to lie on the table.

signed “ Sidney.” Adjourned at a quarter past four, till six Mr. Clark moved that a deputation be sent o'clock in the evening.

this night to wait on Mr, Muir. Messrs. DouEodem die.—Evening sitting.—The Rev. Mr. glas, Wright, and Clark were appointed acJas. Donaldson in the chair.

cordingly, and Mr. Douglas moved, that a

[consoloter] congratulatory letter be sent to The minutes being read, a motion was Mr. Muir, in name of the convention, which presented and read from Mr. James Mitchell, was agreed to, and Messrs. Douglas and the of Paisley, that a petition be presented to his president were appointed a committee acmajesty to put an end to this ruinous and cordingly. destructive war.

Mr. Wright moved, that two members be Mr. Skirving moved, that a committee be appointed to dine with Mr. Muir, every day appointed to consider the apologies made for while the convention sits, at the expense of absence and report; and the following com- the convention, which was ; unanimously mittee were appointed :-Messrs. Buchanan, agreed to. Hinchelman, with the president and secre- The depute secretary read", a letter from tary, and Mr. Clark.

Henry Shipley,,esq, secretary to the NotThe following gentlemen were admitted tingham delegates, with a copy of the printed visitors, Mr. Samuel Brown, from Virginia; resolutions of their 7th delegated meeting, Mr. Reid, Mr. Heron (recommended by T. signed by presd. and H. Shipley, Muir, esq.), Mr. David Ritchie, 'Mr. Walter secy. and Mr. Skirving read a copy of his Davidson, John Bennet, Gavin Malcolm, answer. and George Malcolm.

The Rev. Mr. Douglas moved that the Mr. Skirving presented and read a copy of Nottingham resolutions should be reprinted, a letter wrote in name of the general com- with such remarks as might be judged proper, mittee, and signed by Mr. Callander and at the expence of the convention, and circuhimself to the lord provost, with (the) his lord-lated. Mr. Newton moved some aniendship's answer. After which he moved, that a ment. Mr. John M'Intyre also objected to committee be appointed to consider of the the republication. Messrs. Philips, Aitchison, answer.

Wright, Boyd; and several other speakers Mr. Buchanan and the Rev. Mr. Douglas supported the motion, whereupon the motion thought it merited no reply, not being signed. was agreed to, and the following committee After some conversation the affair was remit- was appointed :ted to the same.committee, lo consider the Messrs. Douglas, Donaldson, from Dunlord provost's answer and report to the con- dee.—Sands, from Perth.-Hart, from Glasvention.

gow.— Chalmers, from Fife. - Boyd, from Mr. Skirving read the thanks of the gene- Dumfermline.-Boyd, from Kilmarnock.ral meeting of the Friends of the People at Mitchell, from Paisley:-Messrs. Skirving, Freemasons' Tavern, dated London, dated Buchanan, Callender, Binny, Clark, EdinLondon. May, 1793, as returned by them to burgh.-Millar, from Gorbals, and Mr. Hepthe convention of delegates at Edinburgh, for burn, from E. Linton, their zeal and activity in the cause of parlia- Mr. Skirving movel that a [committee) colmentary reform.'

lection be immediately made for defraying He also read a similar letter from Mr. charges, and repeated at every meeting of the Thomas Hardy, dated London, 5th October, convention, which was unanimously agreed 1793, and another dated London, 25th Octo- to, and Messrs. Buchanan and Binny being ber, 1795, respecting the appointment of appointed collectors, there was collected Messrs. Margarot and Gerrald.

21. 6s. 64. which was delivered to Mr. Skir. Mr. Skirving next read a letter from Mr. ving, in absence of the treasurer. D. Stuart, secretary to the association at Mr. Skirving next read letter from the London, dated Frith-street, No. 7. October delegate meeting of the constitutional society 16, 1793.

at Leeds, dated 24th May, 1793, and signed Mr. Binny read a letter from the const. by Mr. Charles Hundley, together with a society at Sheffield, dated 27th May, 1793, printed copy of their [resolutions) address, and signed Willm. Camade, secry, upon the declaration, and resolutions, signed

by Messrs. objects of reform in general [and particularly Jos. Firth and Joseph Nutter, presd, and secy.

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[Mr. Geo. Ross announced that the soldiers of instruction to arrange the various motions, {vere under arms, and that patroles were and report to-morrow morning. [[on] abroad in the (streets.] And Mr. Ross moved that the lord provost and magistrates The following entries were written on a seshould be invited to attend our deliberations to-morrow.

parate paper, and marked on the back No. Mr. John Chalmers moved to present a

2, and is partly another minute of the petition to his majesty, to fall upon some preceding :expedient for obtaining a general convention Minutes taken in the Convention of the Friends of the whole nation, to consider the grievances of the people.

of the People, which commenced their sitMr. Alexander Bremner moved that this tings on the 29th of October, 1793. convention draw up a few leading features of

Mason-lodge Room, Edinburgh, our grievances, such as corporation laws, test

29 Oct, 1793. [law] acts, patronage, &c. which are all inimical to the natural rights and liberties of here at noon, conformably to a call by public

A great number of persons being assembled man, &c. Mr. John Sinclair moved that a subscrip- the general convention of the Friends of the

advertisement, Mr. Skirving, the secretary to tion be set on foot for the benefit of Mr. Muir. People, rose and said, That he found it his All these motions were ordered to lie on the duty, as being the only office-bearer at pretable.

The secy. read a letter from colonel sent in the association, to open that respectaM'Leod, dated 11th May, with a copy of had now assembled from approbation of the

ble meeting; that he presumed, all present his answer. Whereupon Mr. Callender moved that a deputation be appointed to wait mitted also by circular letters, a copy which

advertisement in the newspapers, and transupon colonel M'Leod, to see if he stood to be held in his hand, and which he hegged his principles. Mr. Callender, the rev. Mr. leave of the assembly' now to read to them. Douglas, Mr. Newton, and Mr. Clark were accordingly appointed to wait on the colonel.

Having'read the public advertisement, he Mr. Alexander Scott moved, that every other compliance with the call of the same. Upon be waited upon, and their reasons for absent

this, all present took off their bats. He then ing themselves inquired into, and particularly called to the chair, to preside until the con

moved, that one of the menibers present be lord Daer. Mr. Skirving' vindicated lord Daer, but Mr. George Ross seconded Mr. vention was regularly ascertained and conScott's motion, and insisted that it should stated, that as the last convention had en

This motion being approved, he be also extended to Mr. Hugh Bell. Upon further arguing, it was agreed to tion in Edinburgh with the orderly meeting

trusted the general committee of the associapostpone (all] these motions till to-morrow, All the committees were appointed to meet

of this present convention, he was authorized to-morrow at 10 o'clock, and the general choice, as president, during the opening of

to propose

M'Intyre, A. M. to their meeting was [adjourned till] appointed to this present convention, and he was unani. meet to-morrow at eleven.-Mr. Callender's mously called to the chair. motion to be first discussed. Mr. Skirving read a paper, presented by Mr.

M'Intyre in the chair. Thomas Noble, setting forth, in his own The commissions from the various societies name, and that of the Potter-row Society, the to the delegates sent up to this convention, necessity of applying for universal suffrage were ordered to be laid on the table, and the and annual elections to the King, and not to same were all read, and the names of the dethe Parliament.

legates, duly authorized, entered upon the Mr. Clark [brought] gave in a verbal re- roll.-The roll

, containing the names of one port [of] from the committee appointed to hundred and fifty-three delegates, being called wait on Mr. Muir, that they were very [gra- over, and no objections to it offered, the con[ciously] cordially received, and that it was his vention was declared duly assembled; and wish, that if this convention wished it, six the president, upon a recommendation of the could (wait] dine with him, but that it would societies in Edinburgh, and which was hearbe necessary to apply to the magistrates, tily embraced by all present, rose, and in the which, after some reasoning to, was agreed name of the whole, returned thanks to God to, inquire first into the fact—be done to for this other opportunity of assembling, to morrow.

assert and claim their rights and liberties; The rev. Mr. Donaldson, the chairman, and supplicated his countenance, protection, afterwards closed the meeting by a prayer, and blessing, on this convention. very well suited to the occasion, as well as to It was moved, in conformity to the rules the times and circumstances; after which the of the convention, that a president be chosen convention was adjourned till to-morrow at for the first sitting (of the convention), and eleven.

the present chairman was continued, by the The convention appointed the committee unanimous voice of the convention.

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