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Neither the author nor the occasion of this psalm are known. It it a noble piece of poetry, describing the safety and happiness of all good men. The psalmist begins -with laving dotvn his design, which is, to celebrate the excellency of the divine protection.
1 TT E that dwelleth in the secret place of the most High, who XJL makes God his refuge, shall abide under the shadow of the Almighty; shall be as safe, as if he dwelt in the most holy place under the cloud of glory. The pious soul is then introduced as
2 answering; I will say of the Lcrd, [He is] my refuge, and my fortress: my God; in him will I trust. And he hath great rta
3 son for such a triumph, for it follows; Surely he shall deliver thee from the snare of the fowler; from Satan, or wicked men who lay a snare for thy Hfe or thy substance; [and] from the
A noisome, hurtful, pestilence. He shall cover thee with his feathers,* and under his wingsf shalt thou trust: his truth [shall be
5 thy] shield and buckler.t Thou shalt not be afraid lor the ter
6 ror by night; [nor] for the arrow [that] flieth by day; [Nor] for the pestilence [that] walketh in darkness; [nor] for the destiuction [that] wastethat noon day ; thou shult be safe from wicked tnen,from storms and tempests, and the diseases which are occa
7 sioned by the coldness of the night or the heat of the day. A thousand shall fall at thy side, and ten thousand at thy right hand, in battle, or by pestilence; [but] it shall not come nigh
8 thee. Only with thine eyes shalt thou behold and see the re
9 ward of the wicked, the divine vengeance overtaking them. Because thou hast made the Lord [which is] my refuge, [even]
10 the most High, thy habitation; There shall no evil befal thee, neither shall any plague come nigh thy dwelling; thou and thy
11 house shall be in security. For he shall give his angels charge
12 over thee, to keep thee in all thy ways. They shall bear thee up in [their] hands, lest thou dash thy foot against a stone; in both their hands, as the word means, Ike a nurse carrying htr
13 child. Thou shalt tread upon the lion and adder: the young lion and the dragon shalt thou trample under feet ; the meaning is, thou shalt be as remarkably Preserved, as if a man who was walking through a desert, should tread on these destructive animals, and yet should not be hurt. In the three last verses God himself is
14 introduced as speaking to confirm alt this; Because he hath set his love upon me, that is, delights in -me above every thing etfe, therefore will 1 deliver him ./row present enemies; I will set him on high from future dangers, like a man on the top of a strong tower, because he hath known my name, so as to trust in me.
•The original word signifies, a strong wing. Uke that of an eagle, which not only reaches ftConsideroblc w >y, but will give aterriblc blow^.
t This word signifies, the down, or soft part of the wing, or plumage, carrying with it the idea e>f a pleasant retreat and repose.
| This word signifies, a suit of complete armour, which defends on every side.
15 He shall call upon me, and I will answer him, grant hi» petition i I [will be] with him to sufifiort him in trouble; I will deliver him out of it; and, which, is more, I vail honour him, make Him
16 more great and illustrious after-ward. With long life will I sat« isfy him; he shall Uve till he is .-ati'Jicd with Kfe, a» long a« it good for him, and Aie relish for life continuée ¡ and show him m7 salvation ; he had said before he would »ave and deiner him, Hii» therefore teem» filainly to refer to a future state; vihtn his life ends, I will shew him my salvation, the salvation vihich it by way of eminence minet as it is great, complete, and eternal.
I. r I ""HESE gracious declarations, and especially if ire have JL had any experience answerable to them, should excite our gratitude and praise. There are none of us but have experienced the divine protection, in innumerable and daily instances; and some of us have been preserved in imminent danger. Let us recollect the care of Providence over us and our families, aa illustrating the promises of his word. 'Let us be thankful for ihe guardianship of good angels, and the many friendly services, which we have reason to believe we receive from them. We should each say of the Lord, He is my rrfuge; and make no scruple to own, on all proper occasions, our dependence on his good providence, and our obligations to it.
2. We should trust in God for deliverance in all future dangers; make him our habitation, seek to him, depend upon him, and con-, verse with him ; and let the remembrance of his premises preserve ws from anxious fear, and that dejection of spirit, which is torment^ ing to ourselves, uncomfortable to our friends, and dishonourable to religion: a cowardly temper ill becomes a Christian. Let us sup
—pose the worst that can come, and consider what he has said, that we may in patience and calmness possess our souls. Though danger and calamity may be before us, if God does not E.ee good to secure us from them, let us take encouragement that he will be with us in them ; give us strength equal to the affliction, and make it productive of righteousness and happiness.
3. Let it be our care and ambition to set our love upon God. It is great condescension in him to- permit and invite us to do so. Let us consider him as the best and most excellent of all beings, the most worthy of лиг highest love; and if we set our love upon him, •we should keep it fixed there; and determine to admit no rival in our hearts. We shall find a return of love, abundantly above what we deserve or could expect. And God's love to us will be manifested by the visits of his grace, and the light of his countenance; yea, by every thing which can promote our peace and happiness.
4. Let us keep up our hearts under the troubles of life, by expecting the salvation of God. We should not be intent on having many days on earth, but endeavour to be satisfied with so long a life «s God sees best; filling it up with active services, and performing the work Ъе gives us to do. If we have good hope of seeing his salvation, we may be well satisfied with life, though we die in the middle or morning of our days. Let us bless God for the hope of this salvation; let it be our song in the house of our pilgrimage; and may we be able to «ay with dying Jacob, I have waited for thy talvation, О Lord.
A Psalm [or] Song, probably David's, for the sabbath day, firaitt being proper work on the sabbath.
1 ГТТ is a] good [thing,] reasonable, pleasant, and useful, to give L J. thanks unto the Lord, and to sing praises unto thy name.
2 О most High: To show forth thy loving kindness in the morn
3 ing, and thy faithfulness every night, Upon an instrument of ten strings, and upon the psaltery; upon the harp with a solemn sound; to join instruments and -voices in this work. J testify thit
4 from my own experience; For thou, Lord, hast made me glad threugh thy work i I will triumph in the works of thy hands,
í thy works of creation and providence. О Lord, how great are thy works! [and] thy thoughts, thy counsels and designs, are very deep, and though we cannot fully comprehend them, we tee
6 enough to admire and adore. A brutish man knoweth not; nei
7 thér doth a fool understand this. When the wicked spring as the grass, and when all the workers of iniquity do flourish; [it
8 is] that they shall be destroyed for ever: But thou, Lord, [art most] high for evermore, which is a reason why the wicked should be alarmed; God can cut them down hereafter, as well as now; therefore it is no good argument that there is no Providence, because
9 the y prosper at present. For, lo, thine enemies, О Lord, for, lo, thine enemies shall perish; all the workers of iniquity shall be
JO scattered, now many soever are combined together. But my hora shall thou exalt like [the horn of] an unicorn; thou shall make me prosperous, exalt and preserve my power :* I shall be anointed with fresh oil; / shall have a fresh confirmation in my royal
11 dignity. Mine eye also shall see [my desire] on mine enemies, [and] mine ears shall hear [my desire] of the wicked that rise up against me; I shall see my enemies brought down, anddepriv
12 ed »ftheir power. The righteous shall flourish like the palm tree, beautiful and green: he shall grow like a cedar in Lebanon, f
13 Those that be planted in the house of the Lord, who have opportunities of attending there at stated seasons of worship, shall floxir«
14 ish in the courts of our God, in wisdom and goodness. They shall still bring forth fruit in 6ld age; they shall be fat a.n£ flourishing; shall not decay, like trees which have lost their ncur15 i.thment; .To show that the Lord [is] upright, kind to his fieoples, end faithful to his promises; and mi/ oivn experience confirms thiay for [he is] my rock, and [there is] no unrighteousness in him.
• There it no roch errarore as я unicorn in the shape it is commonly drawn; but it probably means a rhinoceros.
t Several travellers mention cedars which thev saw in Lebanon twelve yard» round, wítíl a circumference of branches forty ynrds in spread. And the cedar is very durable; where** • Uk wicked arc like lh« g»4< wfiich grows speedily» but is soon cut down er withered,
This psalm is a noble description of the /lower and majesty of God.
I T I * HE Lokd reigneth, he is clothed with majesty; the Lorb JL is clothed with strength, [wherewith] he hath girded himself; princes have their robes, but he is girded with majesty and strength: the world also is stablisheil, that it cannot be nsoved.
3 Thy throne [is] established of old: <hou [art] from everlasting.
3 The floods have lifted up, O Lord, the floods have lifted up thtir voice; the lhul'itude of en.'mies are like a Jlood; the floods lift up their waves; are noisu and tumultuous, and threaten to bear
4 down all b f/re them. The Lord on high [is] mightier than the i.oise of many waters, [yea, than] the mighty waves of the sea; Cod can easily silence and restrain them ; from whence I infer that his word is faithful, and will be accomflished, all the
5 worshippers of this great Being ought to be eminently holy. Thy testimonies are very sure: holiness becometh thine house, 0 Lobd, forever.
REFLECTIONS on Psalm Xcii, Xciii.
I. "\7J7"^ 'carn hence, that praise should be our daily employ. V V ment, especially our sabbath w:ork. Innumerable favours •re daily conferred upon us, which we should be thankful for. We should bless him every morning, for the security and repose of the night; and every night, for the mercies and comforts of the day. It is good and fitting to praise him in our closets and families; but more especially in his house on his own day; when we come to commemorate tlie wonders of creation, providence, and grace. By these God makes us glad; and it becomes us to triumph in the work tf his hand; to cherish a grateful impression of his goodness, and. in every thing to give thanks.
2. Let us carefully observe the conduct of Providence, and rev. eretice the depth of its counsels. Fools and brutish persons regard not the work of the Lord, neither do they consider the operations of hin hands. Those who neglect this, deprive themselves of the highest pleasure and the greatt-st advantage. But we should all rtmerr« ber, that his thoughts are very deep; that there are many mysterifs ■which we cannot fathom. Let us not stumble at them; but rejoice that God is mo:st litg" for evermore, and will at last reveal his righteous judgments to the satisfaction and applause of the whole world.
3. Let us learn to govern our lives by this maxim, that the trim tttnfihing of the wicked is ihort, and the honour and joy of the saints fternal. The wicked sfiring as the grast; and like that,
Divine vengeance will soon overtake them; and though all the
•workers of iniquity should join themselves together, they shall be
scattered and destroyed. But the righteous shall be exalted and
dignified ; shall enjoy that holy anointing of the spirit, which will
afford them the highest pleasure, and be the earnest ot the heavenly
4. Wo should value and esteem those ordinances which are so useful to Christians, and so subservient to their growth in grace; remembering that ordinances are adapted to promote Christian fruitfulness. God has promised to bless them for this purpose; and the experience of good men confirms this truth. Let us therefore love the habitación of God's house, and never forsake it j a day in hi» tourte is better than a thousand t-lsewhrre.
5. Let us seriously attend to the instructive inferences wVich the psalmist draws in the ninety third psalm; that since Cod is so great and powerful a Biing, his word may be depended upon, and all his people ought to be holy. Nothing can tempt so great a Being to impose upon his creatures; and as the highest moral perfections are joined with his natural ones, he expects us to be holy ; that we worship him with great seriousness and solemnity; and cheerfully trust in him amidst all the storms and tempests, the hurries und confusions of this world. His friendship must be infinitely desirable, and his wrat'n infinitely dreadful. As holiness becomes his house for ever, may all who worship there be holy, and serve God cicccjitatiy, with reverence and godly fear,
Thig fisalm was probably composed by David during hie persecution from Saul. It is an exact deacrifition of him and hit court.
LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; О God, to whom vengeance belongeth, show thyself. Lift up thysell, ihou judge of the earth: render a reward to the proud.
3 LÜrd, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked tri
4 uraph? [How long] shall they utter [and] speak hard things?
5 [and] all the workers of iniquity boast themselves? They break in pieces thy people, O Lokd, and aftljct thine heritage.
6 They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless ; (irobabiy referring to the slaughter (¡/ the firienta mid '.heir
7 families, and of ¡he Gibeonites, by Saúl and/¡is bloody house. Yet they say, The Lord shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard [it ;] ¡¡radical atheismia at tin bottom; they taughat riligion and ¡lit: God ijf Jac'jb, hiirjrvcr they b/.ast of tluir knowledge
8 and justice. Understand, ye brutish among the people ; and [ye] fools, though you think yourselves the liiia und b'J.d bj.iiitt ff
9 the ub'f, when will ye be wise? He that planted the ear, shall he 10 not hear' he that formed the eye, shall he not see ? lie that