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of them : through the greatness of thy power shall thine enemie» submit themselves unto thee; they shall became subjects and

4 tributaries to me thy king. All the earth, or ¡and, shall worship thee, and shall sing unto thee ; they shall sing [to] thy name; celebrate thy glorious power, which is exemplified in our deliverance.

5 Selah. Come end see the works of God : [he is] terrible [in his]

6 doing toward the children of men. He turned the sea into dry [land,] or divided it, so that they went through the flood, over Jar

T dan, on foot: there did we Israélites rejoice in him. He rukth bjr his power for ever ; his power is still the »ante; his eyes behold the nations, or tfte heathen: let not the rebellious exalt themselves, as tlu Egyptian» and Canaanites did, lest they be destroyed

8 like them. Selah. О bless our God, ye people, and make the

9 voice of his praise to be heard: Which holdeth our soul in life, supports ца under all our afflictions, and suffereth not our feet te be moved ; ivillnot suffer our enemies to triumph in our destruction.

10 For thou, О God, hast proved us: thou hast tried us, as silver

11 is tried by the rcßner. Thou broughtest us into the net; thou laidest affliction upon our loins; our enemies have taken us in

12 their snarest and treated- из like beasts of burden. Thou hast caused men of the vilest sore to ride over our heads; a proverbial expression for the lowest abasement: we went through fire and through water; tbrwigh the greatest difficulties: but thoa broughtest us out into a wealthy [place ;] into a state of liberty

13 and plenty. I will go into thy house with burnt offerings: I

14 will pay thee my vows, Which my lips have uttered, and mf

15 mouth hath spoken, when I was in trouble. I will offer unto thee burnt sacrifices of fallings, with the incense of rams; or, the incense that burned while rains were sacrificed; I will offer bullocks with goats; the best and choicest sacrifices. Selah.

16 Come [and] hear, all ye that fear God, and I will declare what he hath done for my soul; how wonderfully lie lm:h delivered me.

IT I cried unto him with my mouth, and he was extolled with mf tongue; I prayed earnestly in my affliction, and would now iiñtk

18 equal fervour offer my praises. If I regard iniquity in my heart, the Lord will not hear [me ;] had I been that wicked man, which my enemie» have suggested, God hail never brought nie to the

19 throne. [But] verily God hath heard [me ;] he hath attended to the voice of my prayer; a glorious proof vf my integrity, as

SO well as of his goodness. Blessed [be] Gotl, which hath not turned away my prayer, nor his mercy from me ; it was r.'jt for my own righteousness, but from thy ¿nine mercy, that I horse had deliverance and success,


I. Y ET the majesty of God, as described in this,psalm, Dqw

1 J our souls into humble subjection: We should think of the

wonders he wrought for Israel, and reflect that his power cannot be

abstracted, nor weakened; that with one comprehensive view be beholds all the nations, and all their affairs. It is ne тагп therefore that the rebellious exalt themselves, as if they were secure, for he can easily confound them. Instead of rebelling against this omniscient, -almighty Sovereign, let us humble ourselves before ¡Гци, and sanctify the Lord of hont» in our heart«, and make him our fear and our dread.

2. Let his mercies to us awaken our love and praise. When we are engaged in praising him, we should not sing as if we were airaid or ashamed; but be hearty and zealous in the work; lifting up our hearts and voices to God who gave us our being, restored our lives •when sinking; who preserves us «aie amidst diseases and dangers, often carries us through fire and water, through the greatest extremities; to him then let us offer our thankful homage, and pay our grateful vows.

S. Let the people pf God be ready to declare v>/iat fie fiat done for their touts; for their Jives, in preserving them in threatening dangers; in restoring their comforts, and making them sweeter after a short interruption; but especially what he has done for their souls, in recovering them from ignorance, guilt, and misery, and bringing them into a state of rest and joy ; in trying their graces, and improving their virtues, by the corrections of his word or his rod. They should be ready to declare this experience, for the honour of God and the good of others ; and be often thinking with what superior transports the saints shall celebrate and declare to one another what God hath done for their souls, when they pome to heaven, апЙ anticipate its pleasures, by speaking often one to another on these important topics.

4. We must guard against every iniquity, if we desire God's favourable acceptance of our prayers, v. 18. It is one of the most •weighty and iniportapt maxims in the whole scripture, that if-we record iniquity in our hearts; if we love it, indulge it secretly, are loth to part with it, palliate and excuse it, God will reject our services, we shall have no part in his promises of hearing prayer, nor any interest in the Mediator. It is not the external behaviour, but the heart that God chiefly regards. May we see to it that nur hearts are right iviih God, that we abhor and avoid every sin; then Gad •will hear our prayers, and not turn away his mercy from us.



To the chief musician on Neginoth, A Psalm [or] Song.

It was probabhi composed by David, and wsed when fie brought the ark to its place. It is said, 2 Sam. vi. 18. that ' hf blemrd the ftecple in the name of the Lord:' and this psalm seems a kind of paraphrase on the blessing which the priests mere to pronounce upon solemn occasions.

l /^ O D Ьг merciful unto us, and bless us; [and] cause hi»

V_T face to shine upon us ; may fie manifest the token» of his

3 favour and goodpUaturc toward its, Selah. That thy way, tfiy nature, providence, and religion, may be known upon earfli ; tHysaving health, or salva'ion, among all nations; that thy mnreiem to us may dram the eyes oj others upon us, that they may knov> the power of our God, and the truth of his religion, and be led to onm,

3 worship, and serve him. Let the people of every nation praise thee, O God ; yea, let all the people praise thee ; every huB

4 vidua/, heathens as well at Jews. O let the nations, sensible of the hafi/iiness of being under thy righteous government and care, be glad and sing for joy; for thou shalt judge the people righteously, and govern the nations upon earth with equity. Selah.

5 Let the people praise thee, O God ; let all the people praise

6 thee. [Then] shall the earth yield her increase; [and] God,

7 [even] our own God, shall bless us.* God shall bless us ; and all the ends of the earth shall fear him ; as the sum of our wishes for ourselves, may God bless us; and as the greatest favour we can ask for others, let them fear Mm; let the remotest nations join with us in our acts offiraise, being convinced by our prosperity, that it is the most happy thing to have him for their



1. "\7^7"E are nere shown what blessings are most proper to ask V V for our country. If we have really a public spirit, and a time concern for the happiness of our land, the subject of our requests unto God should be, that he would be merciful unto us, in pardoning our sins; bless us with all prosperity, and especially ■with a revival of religion, which will be the best token of his favour; that our land may yield its increase, that we may serve God with cheerfulness and gladness of heart, and that all its inhabitants may join to celebrate his praises in our solemn assemblies.

2. We learn hence, to extend our good wishes and prayers for all men. The pious psalmist, though a Jew, had just notions of charity, and was not desirous to monopolize or confine the favour of God to his own nation. The reverse of this was the temper of the Jews in Christ's time ; they rejected the gospel because it was preached to, and embraced by the gentiles. How much more does it become us christians, whose religion was intended to be universal, to pray earnestly for the heathen, that they may know God, that they may all know him, fear, and praise him. Our blessed Lord teaches us to offer these petitions, in his own prayer, thy kingdom come; and if we have known the pleasure of God's ways, and tasted the comforts of his salvation, we shall earnestly desire that others may share the same blessing with us.

. 3. Let us entertain an holy joy in God, and in his universal government. There is not a more just foundation of joy than this, that God judgeth the people righteously. Though many of the nations

• I would rather render this verse atirl the next as a prayer ; as if he had sard, M3Y toe earth, their land* as well as -mrr, he fruitful. Mty that ijw\, ws» is our God t>y jpccutUr, coytuaut, nulti]ily ttis blessing ui-ou m.

iftow him not, yet he presideth over their affairs, and will upon the whole execute righteous judgment, though for a while he may suffer iniquity to prevail, and tyrants and oppressors to prosper. The Lord reigneth; let the earth therefore rejoice, and the multitudes of the isles thereof be glad.


To the chief musician, A Psalm [or] Song of David.

This is a most noble and elegant compon/ion ; but the expressions are so concise, that they are sometimes difficult to be understood. It 4vas firobably composed when the ark was brought ufi by David to the tabernacle {¡itched for it on mount Zion; God had given him rest from many enemies, but some adjacent lands were not conquer' ed; and some parts of the psalm are designed to animate his peo* pic to the intended attack. He begins -with the firayer that was used at the removal of the ark, JVumb. x. 35.

i T E T God arise, let his enemies be scattered : let them also t л that hate him flee before him: he encourages their hope that God would be with them as he was with their falliera when the

3 ark went with them. As smoke Íe driven away, [so] drive [them] away: as wax melteth before the fire, [so] let the wicked perish at the presence of God; they shall no mare be able to stand before Gid, than gmoke before the wind, or wax- before the

3 fire. But let the righteous be glad; let them rejoice before

God: yea, let them exceedingly rejoice, in hin presence and pro*

4 trcticn. Sing unto God, sing praises to his name: extol him that rideth upon the heavens by his name JAH, and rejoice before him; adore his glorious perfections, his almighty power, his

5 eternity and immutability. A father of the fatherless, and a judge of the widows, [is] God in his holy habitation ; hit grandeur is tempered with goodness; he supplies the wants of the fatherless, and redresses the wrongs of the widows, Who apply to

6 him in his sanctuary upon earth, or his throne in heaven. God sctteth the solitary in families ; fixes men in comfortable habita" talions, and gives [Лет agreeable relatives: he bringeth out those which are bound with chains, releases captives: but the rebellious dwell in a dry [land ;] wicked oppressors shall be reduced to

7 want. О God, when thou wenttst forth before thy people, when

8 thou didst march through the wilderness ; Selah. The earth shook, the heavens also dropped at the presence of God: [even] Sinai itself [was moved] at the presence of God, the God of

9 Israel. Thou, О God, didst send a plentiful rain, whereby thou didst confirm thine inheritance, when it was weary, ¿t, cooling the air and laying the dual; or, God showered dotvn marina and re

10 freshed his people. Thy congregation hath dwelt Cimjcr'ubiy therein, in the viidernevs, being thui refreshed, end thou, О God,

hast prepared of thy goodness for the poor ; givett toieeti» oftfitf goodness to thy floor /leofile, -who arc just rescued from JSgyfitiari \ 1 slavery. The Lord gave the wot'd; afforded mutter of joy and thanksgiving in thane victories he gene us: great [was] the company of those that published [it ;] many le.d the song of triumph.

12 Kings of armies dkl lice apace: and she that tarried at home,

13 the wives arid the children, divided the spoil. Though ye have lain among the pots, though op/irensed, jilthy, or dirty, like the meanest slave, [yet shall ye be as] the wings of a dove covered with silver, ami her feathers with yellow gold ¡ like the beautiful

14 variety of colours ti/ion a dove's neck. When the Almighty scattered kings in it, in Canaan, at the coining of the Israélite» thither, it was [white] as snow in Salmon; the land and fieofile oflnrael, were in {(.flourishing and joy ful condition ¡ this is ofifiosed to the uncemfirtalile condition they had been in. fíe then firocecds to celebrate the glory of mount Xión, where the ark ivas flitch

15 ed. The hill of God [is as] the hill of Bashan; an high hill

16 [as] the, hill of Bashan. Why leap ye, ye high hills? wherefore do ye contend or exalt yoursrhies, Salmon and Bathan? [this

is] the hill [which] God desireth to dwell in; yea, the Lord •will dwell in it for ever; '¿ion being honoured by the presence and the ark of (fid, lifts uft its head with dignity, and looks down upon

17 them all. The chariots of God [arc] twenty thousand, [even] thousands of angels: the Lord [is] among them, [as] in SiiiM, in the holy [place ;] though tue have no war horses to drfrnd thi» sacred /ilace, yet God defends it by hit angels, who attend and en* eamfi upon mount Zion, as they did upan Sinai when the lam was given ; and this is a surer defence than all the -warlike firrfiara

lions of our enemies. Thou, the ark, which the emblem of thy jiresence, hast ascended on high, hast taken fionsession of this hill, thou hust led captivity captive; subdued those who once subdued tt«, thai is, the Philistines^ some of whom might /irrha/ie be ltd Ca/t* live in Ms ftrocessiun: thou hast received gifts for men ; yea, [for] the rebellious also, that the Lord Clon miglil dwell [among them ;] or, thou hast taken gifts for men, taken them from our enemies, yea, and given than to u.s, w.'io have been a rebellious fieofie; or, as some widerstand it, The nations we have conquered may receive considerable berufit by the establishment of thy ark and worship, if they learn from what they have seen of lfiy/ir,wer

19 to acknowledge the God of Israel. Blessed [be] the Lord, [who] daily loadcth us [with benefits, even] the God of our salvation.

20 Sclah. [He that is] our God [is] the God of salvation; and unto God the Lord [belong] the issues from death, the d< ¡¡veranee* we have had in battle^ and the jireeervalion of our lives

31 the flresent day. But God shall wound the head of his enemies, [and] the hairy scalp of such an one as goeth on still in his trespasses; he will o/ifiose the menúes of Israel, and destroy 'hem.

22 The Lord said, I will bring again from Bashan, I will bring [my people] again from the depths of the sea ; he iwll renew the viandera qf his ¿tower and goodness for Israel, as when he destroyed

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