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and awake for me [to] the judgment [that] thou hast commanded; set me in the kingdom which thou ha>t promised me, and the office thou hast commanded me to undertake, which I do nut
7 seek from a firincifile of covetousness or ambition. So shall the congregation of the people compass thee about ;• my deliverance will be the ground of public rejoicing, especially among the piovi Israelites; for their sakes therefore return thou on high; aicend thy judgment seat, and determine this defending cause ¡ lam
8 confident thou wilt at length do it. The Lord shall judge the people : judge me, О Lord, according to my righteousness, and according to mine integrity [that is] in me ; according to
9 my loya'.ty and ufiright intentions toward Savl. Oh let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end ; let it be disappointed and corrected ¡ but establish the just: for the righteous God trieth the hearts and reins; fie perfectly knows every man's true
10 character. My defenee [is] of God, none but he can absolve or condemn me, which saveth the upright in heart, therefore he witt
11 appear for me. God judgeth the righteous, and God is angry [with the wicked»] every day ; though he doc* not immediately afifiear, yet he sees uprightness, and will in time show that he it
12 the righteous judge. If he turn not, he will whet his su mil ; he
13 hath bent his bow, and made it ready. He hath also prepared for him the instrumenta of death ; he ordaineth his arrows against the persecutors; when their fiuninhment comes, it shall be deadly, for he hath prepared -various instruments of destruction, a terrible execution for them. In the mean time they hasten it upon
14 themselves by their own iniquity; Behold, he travaileth with iniquity, and hath conceived mischief, and brought forth falsehood; he takes a great deal of pains to contrive and work it.
15 He made a pit, and digged it, and is fallen into the ditch
16 [which] he made. His mischief shall return upon his owu head, and his violent dtalings shall come clown upon his own pate, like a man throwing a stone in the air, which falls on his own
17 head, and dashes out his brains. I will praise the Lord according to his righteousness: and will sinç praise to the name of the Lord most high ; he was so fully persuaded that he should live to see the display of God's faithfulness and justice against hi* persecutors, that he determines in the most jovful manner to praise the Lord most high, whose power and justice'are infinite.
1. О ЕЕ here the great happiness of having a good conscience, ьЭ especially under censures or slanders. It is pleasant to reflect that we are not guilty of what we are charged with ; yea, that we have practised the contrary virtues, that we have rendered gocd for evil, and denied the gratification of our passions when it was in i
• The word« with the lu/rirrfare not in the origina]. Tht Lord it Ibi rigt.t:uu }vd¿ff and Ihi Lord ii tnffy ntry fay.
*ur power. Let us earnestly labour to secure this happiness ; and herein exercise ourselves, to keefi a conscience veid of offence toward God and toward man.
2. Let us think of God as the supreme and righteous judge, to keep us from doing wrong, and comfort us when we suffer wrong. This thought, so frequently suggested in this psalm, contains an awful caution to us, to avoid injuring, persecuting, slandering, or insulting others. It is a great satisfaction to us when so treated, that God searches the heart, and will in his own good time vwake to
judgment, and render to every man according to his works. We may therefore safely and comfortably lodge our appeal with him, who vrill bring forth our righteousness as the noon day.
3. We may reflect how miserable they are who are the objects of God's anger. He is angry with the -wicked every day,; amidst all their prosperity, mirth, and gaiety. Though he seems not to regard them, he continually observes and records their faults; and is preparing a variety of instruments for their punishment. Their schemes and contrivances to gratify their lusts, and to corrupt and injure others, will all come with dreadful vengeance on their own heads, at the revelation of the righteous judgment of God. Let 4$ therefore earnestly pray, Lord, let the wickedness of the wicked come to an end; and establish the just, that they may neither be destroyed nor ensnared by them, but may have reason to sing praise to the name of the Lord most high.
To the chief musician upon Gittith, A Psalm of David.
Gittith is the name of some instrument used at Gath. This fitalm it a fitoui meditation by moonlight, u/ion the goodness of God to mankind in general, and begins ivith a devout admiration of it.
LORD our Lord, how excellent, or magnificent, [is] thy name in all the earth! the t art h is full of thy praise, who hast set thy glory above the heavens ; it reacheth above the visible hesvens, ar.dßlls the ufi/ier world with ra/iture and firaise.
2 Out of the mouth of babes and sucklings* hast thou ordained strength because of thine enemies, that thou mightest still the
S enemy and the avenger. When I consider thy heavens, the work of thy fingers, so curiously and beautifully wrought, the moon and the stars, which thou hast ordained, which thou hast
4 disposed, ordered, and established; What is man, weak mortal man, that thou art so graciously mindful of him? and the son of man, the grtatest oftke children of men, that thou visites* him
* Some understand this of гея! inf:tnre, who draw their nourishment from the breact by intrinct. and are an evidence of the bein^ and providence i»f God. But, rather, the p;almi»t having mentioned the giory of God, lulls into я reflection upon the displays of it in the dbrxrïtst'ons of providence; by west instruments overcoming tVe rnfghty, and confounding those « ho study revenge, and uke every иссшш te Ыа pi»me God's щепе.
muh thy daily care and providence? that thou, who hast so many varias under thy care, filled with so many inhabitants, how wonderful tacft man shmdd so constantly and largely fiartake of thy
5 goodness ! For thou, hast made him a little lower than the angels, pcrbafis next below them in the order of beings, and hast crowned him with glory and honour ; /tut ufwn him the honour
6 of rational faculties, made him in thine own image; and Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands , thou hast put аЦ [things] under his feet; brought all things into
7 subjection to him: All sheep and oxen, yea, and the beasts of
8 the field; The fowl of the air, and the fish of the sea, [and whatsoever] passeth through the paths of the seas ; not only creature» ufion the earth, but the fowls of the air, and the fish гя tbe sea ;*the one does not soar so high, nor the other dive so deeft, lut man can ßnd ways to take them ; and God hath given to some of them a remarkable instinct, by which they come to the shore in great shoals, and offer themselves as it were to be taken. He cont dudes -with the same humble, devout edmiration with which he
9 began. О Lord our Lord, how excellent [is] thy name m ч 11 the earth!
1. T ET us acknowledge the goodness of God to the children of ,i J men. In the dignity of their nature, he hath made them but a Kttle hiver than the angels, and given them dominion over the creatures. Abundant provision is made for the support, convenience, and delight of mankind. In how many instances does his goodness and bounty to man appear! in furnishing every part of »he globe with good tilings for his use. He not only feeds, clothes, and protects him, but visits and converses with him as a friend. Let us think of this every day, especially at our meals; and look upon every dish of flesh, tlsh, and fowl that comes to our table, as a witness that Cod is good, and as an incentive to gratitude, lore and obedience.
2. Let us admire the condescension of God, that he will thus display and communicate his goodness to us. Think what a glorious being he is in himself. When we view the n'.ocn and stars, we may think of them as so many worlds, or paits of systems of worlds, inhabited by various ranks of beings, many of then) equal, yea, perhaps superior to man. Then we should reflect, what a great stoop of condescension it is in God, to take such favourable notice of the children of men. Let his name be ever glorious and magnificent in our esteem.
3. Let us carefully observe the methods of divine providence; particularly in making use of weak and contemptible instruments tobring about great and astonishing events. lie can make infants the preachers of his glory, and the publishers of his praise; can confound the mightiest enemies, and destroy the most malicious. avengers, by persons and means which they despise. Such instance* often appear in the course of providence; it becomes us seriously to observe them; and to acknowledge, that verity there is a God that judgeth in the earth.
4. \Ve should adore the riches of divine grace in Christ Jesus our
Lord. It is to be remembered, that our Lord quotes the second
verse of this psalm to silence the cavils of the scribes and phari*
sees, who were displeased at the Jewish children saying, Hosannah
to the son of David; and St. Paul applies what is here said of God's
regards to man, and putting the creatures into subjection to him, to
Jesus Christ, //••/>. it. 6. to his character and circumstances, both
in his humbled and exalted state; as wade for a while lower than
the angels, and having all things subjected to him. When therefore
we survey the bounty and goodness of God to man, let us think
of this most illustrious display of his goodness, in giving his Son
to humiliation and suffering for our sake; and now exalting him
above the highest angels, and making every creature, every being
but himself, subject to him. When we contemplate this scene of
wonders, surely we have peculiar reason to say, Lord, what is man,
that thou art mindful of him? and the son of num^ that thou lustiest
To the chief musician upon Muthlabben,* A Psalm of David.
1 T WILL praise [thee,] O Loud, with my whole heart; I X. will show forth all thy marvellous works; / will /iraiee thee
2 with hearty devotion and ardent affection. I will be glad and rejoice in thee: I will sing praise to thy name, O thou most
3 High. When mine enemies are turned back, they shall fell
4 and perish at thy presence, and not by my power. For thou hast maintained my right and my cause which I solemnly committed
5 to thee: thou satest in the throne judging right. Thou hast rebuked the heathen, thou hast destroyed the wicked, thou hast put out their name for ever and ever. This probably refers to the Philistines ; there is a beautiful gradation in it ; first he rebuked them, then destroyed them, and lastly put out their name forever.
6 O thou enemy, destructions are come to a perpetual end: and thou hast destroyed cities; their memorial is perished with them. The marginal reading in the bibles is best; the destructions of the enemy are come to a perpetual end ,• and their cities hast
7 thou destroyed, isfc. But the Lord shall endure for ever: he hath prepared his throne for judgment; he still lives to avenge
S my cause. And he. shall judge the world in righteousness, he shall minister judgment to the people in uprightness; his jurisdiction is not limited, nor can his justice be corrupted. On the con$ traiyt The Lord also will be a refuge for the oppressed; a 19 refuge in times of trouble! And they that know thy name, who are acquain'.ed with thy justice, and the merciful dispensations of thy providence, will put their trust in thee: for ftiou, Lord, hast Í1 not forsaken them that seek thee. Sing praises to the Lord, which dwelleth in Zion, in the sanctuary, where his special presence is manifested: declare among the people, among the heathen nations that are brought to know and itiorshifi God, his doings.
'The learned are not agreed about the meaning of thii tilic
12 When he maketh inquisition for blood, -which he wilt quickly and certainly do, then he remembereth them: he forgetteth not the
13 cry of the humble, though he may not presently answer it. Have • mercy upon me, О Lord; consider my trouble [which I suffer]
of them that hate me, thou that liftest me up from the gates *f
14 death, that is, the grave: That I may show forth all thy praise in, the gates of the daughter of Zion, which is beautifully ofifiostd to the gates of death: and in the assurance of this I will rejoice in
15 thy salvation. The heathen are sunk down in the pit [that] they made: in the net which they hid is their own foot taken.
It The Lord is known [by] the judgment [which] he executeth: the wicked is snared in the work of his own hands; the Lord •will bring upon them the mischiefs they intended fer others; though men should doubt the being and providence of God, he will prove it
17 by his judgments. Higgaion. Selah.* The wicked shall be turned into hell, [and] all the nations that forget God, even the
18 most numerous and powerful. For the needy shall not alway be forgotten; though God may long defer to judge the wicked, and to deliver the righteous, yet the expectation of the poor shall [not]
19 perish for ever. Arise, О Lord; let not man prevail: let the
20 heathen, who oppose me, be judged in thy sight. Put them in fear, О Lord, strike terror into them: [that] the nations may know themselves [to be but] men; that how haughtily soever they may think of themselves, they may know by experience that they are tut men } or, as it it in the original, one man, that is, a floor, weak, miserable man. Selah.
1. "C* ROM hence we learn, to ascribe all our victories and sucЛ. cesses to God. In whatever we prosper, it doth not become us to boast of ourselves, or ascribe our prosperity to any means or instruments ; we ought to give God the glory, and /¡raise him with our whole hearts.
2. We should think of God as the universal ruler and judge, •who silteth on his throne, to decide pll controversies, to determine all appeals, to defend the injured, and to punish the injurious. Though there may seem some irregularity in his providential dispensations, yet we may be sure that the judge cf all the earth doeth right; he Jtrepareth his throne for judgment. Л must delightful thought] in the midst of our troubles, alarms, and fears.
• Thesf rxtnordmarv not« n if put hfr- to мцрке attention : n if he had »Ы» Let tLii he tbnu^hi upon a£»in ind again -, tt is a point that atiervet the uiort seriuu* meditation.