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2 my body. Hear attentively the noise of his voice, and the sound [that] goeth out of his mouth; he calls ufion Job to hearken at
3 tentive/y to it while it rumbled at a distance. He directeth it under the whole heaven, and his lightning unto the ends of th«
4 earth ; sound and light spread wide. After it a voice roareth; after the lightning the thunder is heard: he thundereth with the voice of his excellency; and he will not stay them when his voice is heard: it should be rendered, " and it cannot be searched
5 out when, it is heard." God thundereth marvellously with his voice; great things doeth he, which we cannot comprehend; we cannot give a clear account (if these nor many other marvellous
6 effects of his fioiuer. For he saith to the snow, Be thou [on] the earth; likewise to the small rain, and to the great rain of his strength ; the snow, the small gentle rain, and the -violent temJiestuous rain, all come at his command, and go when ht dit eels.
7 He sealeth up the hand of every man ; that all men may know his work; by frost he seals u¡i men's hands, and the earth and many materials, that men, by diversity of seasons, may have their
S thoughts led to God, and have leisure te consider them. Then th» beasts go into dens, and remain in their places; the cold is se in
9 tense, cAat the •wild beasts cannot stand before it. Out of the
south cometh the whirlwind: and cold, out of the north; differ*
10 eni winds bring different weather, hot and cold. By the breath
of God frost is given: and the breadth of the waters is strait
j 1 ened ; water is congealed by the sharp frost. Also by watering
he wearieth the thick cloud: he scattereth his bright cloud ; a
beautiful ßgure, intimating the excessive quantities of rain with
which the clouds are loaded, end the continued violence with which
they are discharge^ till they are ouite exhausted ¡ then the brighl
12 er and lighter clouds are scattered by the wind and sun: And it is turned round about by his counsels: that they may <ip whatsoever he commundeth them upon the face of the world m
13 the earth; the clouds are turned by him where he fileaseth. He causeth it to come, whether for correction, or for his land, or fop mercy; cither to correct a sinful country, by the excess or 4vant of it, to make the land fruitful, or to occasion extraordinary and
H uncommon filenly. Hearken unto this, O Job: stand still, and consider the wondrous works of God; he demands Job's alien* lion, that he might learn from these mysteries of nature, how unjit
15 it ii to censure the /irovidence of God. Dost thou ¿ПОЛУ when God disposed them, and caused the light of his cloud to shine?
16 when he formed these meteors, and how he directs them? Dost thou know the balancings of the clouds, the wondrous works of him which is perfect in knowledge? how the clouds, no full of water, are suspended in the em/ity air? and others of his won
17 droits works, who ¡я fierfcct in knowledge? How thy garments [are] warm, or, warm thee, when he quieteth the earth by the south [wjnd ?] when he takes aivay the storms and sends heat?
18 Hast thou with him spread out the sky, [which is] strong, [and] 49 as a molten looking glass, ßrm, tltar, and bright? Teach us
what we shall say unto him; [for] we cannot order [our speech] by reason of darkness ; teach ut to celebrate his excellencies in a worthy manner, fur we are greatly ignorant; the clouds <aid dark'. 30 ness that surround him, throw me into sfieechless confiision. Shall it be tqld him that I Sj-eak? ц what I have, said worthy his ht-aring? is it a meritorious service thus (o fileadfor him? if a man Speak, surely he shall be swallowed up; he who attempts to de-.
21 scribe his glory, is quite dazzled and confounded. And now [men] see not the bright light which [is] in the clouds; but the wind passeth and cleanseth them; even now the clouds hide the sun,
22 but the wind shall drive them away. Fair weather cometh out of the north; the north windr which clears the face of the heavent: with God [is] terrible majesty; all these effects and revolution»
?3 are proofs of his terrible majesty. [Touching] the Almighty, we cannot find him out: [he is] excellent in power, and in judgi rnent, and in plenty of justice: he will not afflict; after all, we must acknowledge that God is unsearchable, almighty, righteous in his judgments, rigorous injustice, tut will not afflict willingly,nor
$4 without just cause. Men do therefore fear him, as they certainly ought to do; for he respecleth not any [that are] wise of heart; who a,re fraud and conceited of their own wisdom, which, he knows to be trifling and inconsiderable.
\, T I ^HE changes of weather and the revolution of seasons dis-JL play the majesty and power of God. Thunder is his voice, and ought to be heard with seriousness and awe. The weather and seasons, wet and dry, hot and cold, are the subject of every day's discourse ; and should be thought and spoken of as the won-. tltiful works of God. Let us remember our necessary dependence upon him; and own his hand in seasonable and unseasonable, in comfortable and uncomfortable weather. To fret against the weathcr, is to fret against God.
2. It is оцг duty to consider the wonderful works of God, as they display his almighty power and perfect knowledge. They deserve to be considered; and they are so interesting, that they need to be considered. It is an agreeable and useful employment to study them and search them out. But we cannot comprehend them, phi-, losophy is soon puzzled. This should reconcile us to the darkest dispensations of providence, and teach us, instead of censuring, to adore the conduct of God, and to humble ourselves under ha mighty hand.
3. Since God is so great, he is greatly to be feared. But he is not only awful and powerful, but gracious; he does not afflict i:i rigorous justice, but with a tender hund and with kind designs. Let us therefore stand in awe, and not offend so great, so gracious, and good a Being; but sanaijy him in our hearts^ and honour him •with our Ufó and in cur livtf.
Jn the former chnfitcr the poet represented thunder, »torm», and whirl, winds, as ushering in the appearance cf Jehovah ,• here he is described as making his appearance, and addreming Job out of the whirl* wind, with « vcice loud as thunder, and challenging him to explain the most common and ctrvious Works rf nature,*
\ r I "'HEN the Lord answered Job out of the whirlwind,
2 Д. and said, Who [is] this that darkeneth counsel by words without knowledge? v>ho dishonours my counsels by his ignorant
3 discourses about them? Gird up now thy loins like a man; for I •will demand of thee, and answer thou me ; if thou thinkest thy, self equal to the debate, answer these questions; alluding to Job'*
4 so often desiring that he might argue the matter with God. Where wast thou when I laid the foundations of the earth? declare, if thou hast understanding; -were you firesent when the foundation»
5 of the earth were laid? how was il done? Who hath laid the measures thereof, if thou knowest? or who hath stretched the
6 line upon it? who formed it -with so much exactness? Whereup. on are the foundations thereof fastened; or who laid the corner stone thereof? on what centre doth it rest? and hnu are its parts
7 united? When the morning stars sang together, and ajl the sons of God shouted for joy? where wast thou when the angels ex-, pressed their joy at the new made creation, and celebrated the
8 praises of their Creator? Or [who] shut up the sea with doors, when it brake forth, [as if] it had issued out of the womb Ï when it came from chaos or the abyss, like an infant from the
9 womb? When I made the cloud the garment thereof, and thick darkness a swaddling band for it, confined it as easily as a nurse
JO swatht'3 a nem born child? And brake up for it my decreed
[place,] ßxed il in it» firofier place, апв set bars and doors, 'to
that if it is ever so much tossed, it still keeps within its channel,
\ I And said, Hitherto shall thou come, but no further: and here
}2 shall thy proud waves be stayed? Hast thou commanded the
morning since thy days? [and] caused the day spring to know
his place; hast thou appointed where the sun shall rise end. »et?
13 That it might take hold of the ends of the earth, that the wicked might be shaken out of it? that it may shine to the ends of the earth, and that the wicked, who ¿eve darkness, may 6e detected?
14 It is turned as clay [to] the seal; and they stand as a garment; the earth is transformed by light, receives the impression of it, ae clay or wax (hes that of the seal; it spreads over all its face, and
J5 covers it as a lucid garment. And from the wicked their light is withholdcn, and the high arm shall be broken; the security they
promised themselves shall be lost, and their insolent fiovier destroy*
16 ed. Hast thou entered into the springs of the sea? or hast thou ■walked in the search of the depth? hast thou been at the bottom of the sea, to know what it contains, and searched out the springs
17 that rise there? Have the gates of death been opened unto thee? or hast tliou seen the doors of the shadow of death .' have its dark caverns been ofxened to thee? hast tlimigone dotim to its cen
18 ter? Hast thou perceived the breadth of the earth? declare if J 9 thou knowest it all, the number of acres it con tains. Where [is]
the way [where] light dwelleth? and [as for] darkness, where [is] the place thereof; what becomes of light -when the sun goetk
20 down, and of darkness when it ariseth? That thou shouklst take it to the bound thereof, and that thou shouldst know the paths [to] .the house thereof? const thou direct either as thou pleasest,
2-1 and fix: it where thou will? Knowest thou [it,] because thou wast then born; or [because] the number of thy days [is] great I wast thou born when the light was made? or hast thou gained thii
22 knowledge and/tower by long life? Hast thou entered into the treasures of snow? or hast thou seen the treasures of the hail? when wast thou in the clouds, to see how snow and hail were formed
23 there? Which I have reserved against the time of trouble, against the day of battle and war ? for I need no other weafiom
24 to destroy my enemies. By what way is the light parted, [vrMfi] scattereth the east wind upon the earth? the light of the sun i» diffused through all the earth, which causcth the cast "wind; a reference to the periodical winds which are common in southern cH
25 mafex, and precede orfollow the iceming motion of the sun. Who hath divided a watercourse for the overflowing of waters, or * way for the lightning of thunder? who hath appointed a channtl
for the rain, and where the thunder should be heard, and the ffgtt
26 ning break out? To cause it to rain on the earth [where] no man [is; on] the \yilderness, wherein [there is] no nian;« sujiply the creatures, who have no skill to dig for well water, or preserve rain water, who yet want it for their support, and to pro*
27 duce their food. To satisfy the desolate and waste [ground]
28 and to cause the bud of the tender herb to spring forth? Hath the rain a father? or who hath begotten the drops of dew.'
39 canst thou produce one drop of rain or diiv? Out of whose womb came the ice? and the hoary frost of heaven, who hath gendered it? canst thou scatter the hoarfrost, or bind river* and oceans ait/i
30 ice? The waters are hid as [with] a stone, and the face of the deep
31 is frozen. Canst thou bind the sweet influences of Pleiades, or
32 loose the bands of Orion ?* Canst thou bring forth Muzzaroth in his season? or canst thou guide Arcturus with his sons,
33 canst thou direct the southern and northern constellations ? Knowest thou the ordinances of heaven? canst thou set the dominion thereof in the tltrth? dost thou know, or eunst thou alter the<r
34 laws 'J Canst thou lift up thy voice to the clouds, that abundance
• The Icnrnrt! differ in np'mion what these stars arc; the meaning is. Canst t!»u raw te ficcic in iuauntr, ur ibaw in winter .'
35 of waters may cover thee? Canst thou send lightnings, that they may go, and say unto thee, Here we [are ?] canst thou command
36 rain, or commission the lightnings ? and will they obey thee ? Who hath put wisdom in the inward parts? or who hath given under* standing to the heart? dost thou understand the nature of thy
3 7 oiuti soul? or canst thou tell how a single thought is formed? Who can number the clouds in wisdom ? or who can stay the bottles
38 of heaven, When the dust groweth into hardness, and the clods cleave fast together? canst thou number all the flying clouds, or restrain the showers when the earth is moist enough, and fit to re*
39 .ccive the seed? Wilt thou hunt the prey for the lion? or fill the appetite of the young lions? wilt thou find out his rest, and bring
40 him food? or durst thou do it, When they couch in [their] dens,
41 [and] abide in the covert to lie in wait? Who provideth for the raven his food? wilt thou do it? when his young ones cry unto God, they wander for lack of meat; when the young ones, which are driven out of their nests by the old ones, cry to God, the univer* sal pare/it,
THIS chapter teaches us these two important lessons: 1. That the works of the Lord are great and wonderful. Many surprising instances are here set before us, which are too plain td need a large commentary. His works are all honourable and glorious, sought out of all those who take pleasure therein. Angels' at the first formation adored the Creator, and it is our duty to observe those wonderful works of God; to give h'rm the glory displayed in them * and sing his praise, who made the heavens and earth, and sea, and all that therein is.
2. Since we are so soon puzzled with the works of God, how unfit are we to dive into his counsels, and how unbecoming is it in such short sighted creatures to censure his providence! Go, proud man, whoever thou art that sayest God does not do right to thee, r.r any of his creatures; go, ask thyself some of these questions, and thou wilt quickly see reason to be humble. Here are questions enough to puzzle all the philosophtTs on earth; who often only darken counsel by words without knowledge. Humble faith and sincere Obedience are our duty. Let not our weakness tempt his angef. 'Man was not made to censure, but afclore!'
Corf is here represented as putting some further puzzling questions to Job, to convince him of his ignorance and weakness, and show him the absurdity of censuring his providence.
1 TZ N O W E S T thou the time when the wild goats of the J\. rock bring forth? [or] canst thou mark when the hinds
2 do calve? Canst thou number th» months [that] they fulfil? or