Speech Physiology, Speech Perception, and Acoustic Phonetics

Portada
Cambridge University Press, 4 feb. 1988 - 249 páginas
This textbook has been carefully designed to provide a thorough introduction to the study of speech. It assumes no technical background, and students from a wide variety of disciplines contributing to this new and exciting field will find the exposition fully accessible. Each chapter progresses from simple examples to more detailed discussions of recent primary research and concludes with stimulating problem sets. All topics essential for a basic understanding of the field are included: the physiological, biological, and neurological bases of speech; the physics of sound; the source-filter theory of speech production; and the underlying principles of electrical and computer models of speech production.
 

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Índice

A qualitative introduction to the physiology of speech
3
The subglottal respiratory system
5
The larynx
10
The supralaryngeal vocal tract
13
The neural processing of speech
14
Basic acoustics
16
Sinusoidal waves Amplitude
20
Fourier analysis
24
Speech synthesis and segmentation
142
Speech encoding
145
The motor theory of speech perception
147
The speech mode of perception
148
Neural acoustic property detectors
149
Electrophysiological and comparative studies
150
Psychoacoustic tests
152
Critical bands
159

Amplitude and frequency scales for speech
27
Filters
29
Sourcefilter theory of speech production
34
The supralaryngeal filter
36
The perception of fundamental and formant frequencies
39
Formant frequency calculation
42
Formant lowering and vocal tract length
47
Speech analysis
51
The sound spectrograph
52
1nterpreting spectrograms how the spectrograph works
59
Measuring formant frequencies on spectrograms
64
Tape recording techniques
73
Computerimplemented procedures
77
Anatomy and physiology of speech production
90
The lungs
91
The larynx
97
The supralaryngeal vocal tract
114
Speech synthesis and speech perception
140
Phonetic theories
162
Traditional articulatory phonetic theory
163
Vowels
164
Phonetic features
183
Prosodic features
198
Linguistic universals and biological structuring
203
Some current topics in speech research
205
Ontogenetic development of speech
209
Speech pathologies
213
Aphasia
214
Acoustic correlates of speech sounds
221
Stop consonants
224
Nasal consonants
226
Fricatives
227
Bibliography
228
Index
242
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