European Feminisms, 1700-1950: A Political History

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Stanford University Press, 2000 - 554 páginas
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This ambitious book explores challenges to male hegemony throughout continental Europe. It focuses especially on France, but it also offers comparative material on developments in the German-speaking countries and in the smaller European nations and aspiring nation-states. Spanning 250 years, the sweeping coverage extends from Portugal to Poland, Greece to Finland, Ireland to Ukraine, and Spain to Scandinavia as well as international and transnational feminist organizations.

The study has several objectives. For general readers and those interested primarily in the historical record, it provides a comprehensive, comparative account of feminist developments in European societies, as well as a rereading of European history from a feminist perspective. By placing gender, or relations between women and men, at the center of European politics, where the author argues that it belongs but from which it has long been marginalized, the book aims to reconfigure our understanding of the European past and to make visible a long but neglected tradition of feminist thought and politics.

On another level, by providing a broad and accurate historical analysis, the book seeks to disentangle some misperceptions and to demystify some confusing contemporary debates about the Enlightenment, reason, nature, equality vs. difference, and public vs. private, among others. The author argues that historical feminisms offer us far more than logical paradoxes and contradictions; feminisms are about sexual politics, not philosophy. Feminist victories are not, strictly speaking, about getting the argument right, nor is gender merely a useful category of analysis ; sexual difference lies at the heart of human thought and politics.

 

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Índice

History Memory and Empowerment i
1
Thinking About Feminism in European History
19
The Eighteenth Century
27
Feminism and
50
The Nineteenth Century
77
Rearticulating Feminist Claims 18201848
87
Birthing the Woman Question 18481870
108
Internationalizing Feminism 18701890
144
Nationalizing Feminisms and Feminizing Nationalisms
213
The Twentieth Century
251
World War I the Russian Revolution
257
Portugal Ireland
311
Globalizing and Politicizing European Feminist International
341
Reinventing the Wheel?
379
Notes
399
Bibliography
509

Feminist Challenges and Antifeminist Responses 18901914
182

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Sobre el autor (2000)

Karen Offen is an independent scholar and historian who is affiliated as a Senior Scholar at the Institute for Research on Women and Gender, Stanford University. Her most recent books are Paul de Cassagnac and the Authoritarian Tradition in Nineteenth-Century France (1991) and Writing Women's History: International Perspectives (with Ruth Roach Pierson and Jane Rendall, 1991).

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