Earthquakes in Human History: The Far-reaching Effects of Seismic Disruptions

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Princeton University Press, 2005 - 278 páginas

On November 1, 1755--All Saints' Day--a massive earthquake struck Europe's Iberian Peninsula and destroyed the city of Lisbon. Churches collapsed upon thousands of worshippers celebrating the holy day. Earthquakes in Human History tells the story of that calamity and other epic earthquakes. The authors, Jelle Zeilinga de Boer and Donald Theodore Sanders, recapture the power of their previous book, Volcanoes in Human History. They vividly explain the geological processes responsible for earthquakes, and they describe how these events have had long-lasting aftereffects on human societies and cultures. Their accounts are enlivened with quotations from contemporary literature and from later reports.


In the chaos following the Lisbon quake, government and church leaders vied for control. The Marquês de Pombal rose to power and became a virtual dictator. As a result, the Roman Catholic Jesuit Order lost much of its influence in Portugal. Voltaire wrote his satirical work Candide to refute the philosophy of "optimism," the belief that God had created a perfect world. And the 1755 earthquake sparked the search for a scientific understanding of natural disasters.


Ranging from an examination of temblors mentioned in the Bible, to a richly detailed account of the 1906 catastrophe in San Francisco, to Japan's Great Kanto Earthquake of 1923, to the Peruvian earthquake in 1970 (the Western Hemisphere's greatest natural disaster), this book is an unequaled testament to a natural phenomenon that can be not only terrifying but also threatening to humankind's fragile existence, always at risk because of destructive powers beyond our control.

 

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Reseña de usuario  - setnahkt - LibraryThing

An interesting book based on a course taught by one of the authors at Wesleyan University. The intent is to give liberal arts students some exposure to “hard” science by relating seismology to world ... Leer reseña completa

Índice

Earthquakes Origins and Consequences
1
In the Holy Land Earthquakes and the Hand of God
22
The Decline of Ancient Sparta A Tale of Hoplites Helots and a Quaking Earth
45
Earthquakes in England Echoes in Religion and Literature
65
The Great Lisbon Earthquake and the Axiom Whatever Is Is Right
88
New Madrid Missouri in 1811 The Once and Future Disaster
108
Earthquake Fire and Politics in San Francisco
139
Japans Great Kanto Earthquake Hell Let Loose on Earth
170
Peru in 1970 Chaos in the Andes
194
The 1972 Managua Earthquake Catalyst for Revolution
221
Afterword
243
Glossary
245
Notes and References
253
Index
269
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Sobre el autor (2005)

Jelle Zeilinga de Boer and Donald Theodore Sanders are the authors of Volcanoes in Human History. Zeilinga de Boer is the Harold T. Stearns Professor of Earth Science at Wesleyan University. Sanders, a Wesleyan graduate and former geologist, is an independent science editor and writer.

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