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GENERAL BIOGRAPHY.

VOL. V.

OR,

LIVES,

CRITICAL AND HISTORICAL,

OF THE MOST EMINENT PERSONS OF ALL AGES, COUNTRIES, CON-

DITIONS, AND PROFESSIONS,

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PRINTED FOR J. JOHNSON, ST. PAUL'S CHURCH-YARD; G. AND J. ROBINSON, PATER-NOSTER.ROW;
AND G. KEARSLEY, FLEET-STREET. ALSO FOR BELL AND BRADFUTĘ, EDINBURGH ;

AND COLBERT, CAPEL-STREET, DUBLIN.

1804
By T. Davison, White-Friars.

210. h. 340

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gives them th were much

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critical

H AAS, John MATTHEW, a celebrated geo- cipal object of which was to exhibit with more grapher and mathematician, was born at Augs- accuracy, the situation of countries at that time Burg in 1684. Having completed the first part little known. On this account his maps of of his education, he was sent to Helmstadi to Hungary, Russia, China, and Africa, were much study theology; but the mathematics being his esteemed. Busching gives them the character favourite pursuit, after defending in a public of being constructed with uncommon care and thesis a treatise which he wrote on the geome- critical accuracy. That of Russia, entitled try of the Chinese, he removed to Leipsic, .« Tabula Imperii Russici & Tartariæ Univerwhere he applied to the mathematics with great sæ," excited the astonishment of the Russians diligence and success. In 1707 he obtained themselves; and Busching says, that, in regard the degree of master of arts, and soon after re- to the projection, it may be considered as a turned to the place of his nativity, where he model. It was received with great approbation became private tutor in a gentleman's family, by the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Peters, While in this situation, he constructed several burgh. Another work, which gained him conmaps, which were afterwards engraven, and siderable credit, was his « Descriptio Geograwhich gained him great applause among the phica & Historica Regni Davidici & Salomolearned. Some years after, he attended one of næi, cum Delineatione Syriæ & Ægypti, &c." his pupils to Leipsic; and, in '1716, had the Norimb. 1739 & 1745, fol. cum fig. Being honour of being admitted a member of the fa- convinced, as all those who have studied histoculty of philosophy, but without any salary. Ty must be, that it is impossible to form any He now abandoned philosophy as a profession, proper idea of the variations and changes which and devoted himself entirely to the mathematics. have taken place in regard to the origin and His situation, however, at Leipsic, where he downfal of kingdoms, and the emigrations of supported himself merely by teaching, was not different nations and tribes, without a thorough the most agreeable ; but, in 1720, he was so knowledge of geography, and the assistance of fortunate as to obtain an appointment at Wit- good maps, constructed according to the diftenberg, where he soon distinguished himself ferent periods of history, he laboured for many by an ingenious and well-written treatise on gaug. years on a work of this kind, part of which was ing, which was published in 1728, under the title published under the title of “ Prodromus Histo, of “ Doliorum Dimensiones, sive Pithometria." riarum: sive, Prodromus Theatri summorum But he was indebted for the greatest share of Imperiorum ; hoc est, Historiæ Politicæ unithe celebrity he acquired to his maps; the prin- versalis, potioris, & principalis, &c." Leips:

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