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tvhich they held out an assurance so late submitting to the enemy; while the other as the 23rd of January last, was dissipated. joined the patriotic standard. Not only The Cortes, which were to be immediately ihe villages but the mountains were still assembled, had not even a town in Spain obstinately defended, so that the commuto meet in. The Expedition to Walcheren nications of the French were never secure. had failed-totally failed, and was there we had been accustomed to consider civil an individual in that House who would not wars as the most horrible of all kinds of wish that that Expedition had never taken hostilities, but he believed that there place? In fact, nothing that ministers never was a civil war so horrible as that promised was fulfilled-nothing they spe- which was new raging in Spain. He beculated upon was successful; and was it lieved the massacres, ihe pillage, and the then possible, that the committee, with violence offered to women were unparalsuch ample and recent experience, could leled. He had lately been witness to consent to invest ministers with the means dreadful atrocities of this description comof engaging in any farther bopeless specu- mitted by the French in that country. lations? --That which we had learnt from The town of Puerto Ruel surrendered on past experience, we should now adopt certain terms, and Victor, upon entering prospectively for our future policy. It it, published a proclamation, promising appeared to him quite romantic to expect, the most perfect security to all the inhabithat a British army of 20 or 25,000 men, tants. Nevertheless, he had hardly taken even with whatever co-operation Portugal possession of it, before he ordered the men could give, would be able to maintain a war (who were most of them artificers at the en the Spanish peninsula as principals docks of Cadiz) to be imprisoned, and the against France. He should therefore re- females were marched down to St. Mary's, commend to the committee and to his ma- to be violated by his army. jesty's ministers, to husband the resources could wish so dreadful a state of things to of the country for our own defence, and continue ; but still the patriots of Spain looking upon that as the souritest line of preferred this horrid state to absolute subpolicy, he felt himself bound to oppose mission. Every part of the country was the motion.

inspired with the utmost batred of their . Mr. Jacob denied that France had any oppressors, and Gallicia and some other complete occupation of Spain, either civil provinces had, by their own exertions, or military. If he were to look over driven the French out of their country: the map of Spain, and begin from the Spain was still far from being conquered northern province of Catalonia, he would by France, and Buonaparte could have there find the French by no means masters derived far greater advantages from that of the province; and he would be at a country by governing it as formerly by loss to say whether there were at this mo- his influence. He could not separate the ment more Spanish towns besieged by the cause of Spain from that of Portugal, and French, or towns occupied by French thought the best way we could act for its troops besieged by the Spaniards. The defence would be to make use of the cocommunications were so conpletely cut operation of the Portuguese. He hoped off, that the French could not send a letter sincerely that there was no ground for from Barcelona to Gerona, without an despair; but even if Spain was to be lost, escort of at least 500 cavalry to protect it. it was probable that the fleet would be In the next province of Valencia there was saved. Whenever the period for despair not a French soldier, but the Spaniards should arrive, he trusted that proper meahad at least 50,000 men, armed with dif- sures would be taken to meet it. It would ferent weapons. The French had obtain- then remain for the wisdom and policy of ed but little footing in Murcia and Grena- whoever should then be the ministers of da; and, generally speaking, those towns this country, still to protect the distant only were surrendered to them, which but valuable portion of the Spanish empire were under the influence of the nobility in America, and prevent those rich colonies and gentry of large estates; but the mass from falling into the hands of France. of the people were patriotic, and the vil- Captain Parker spoke in faovur of the lages were still defended against them, resolution. It had been said that the after the towns bad been betrayed. He cause was hopeless. He denied it-it believed that among the nobility and could not be hopeless, for while there was gentry, where there were two brothers, the life there was hope. He asked, if it beman of great possessions was always for came a generous power like England to

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VOL. XVI,

abandon a friend in the moment of dis- | troops to pass over the face of their countress ? Gentlemen had argued, that our try like light through an unresisting meassistance could do no good, but would dium? Where they manifested in the denot our refusal of that assistance do consi- fence of the Sierra Morena-ra pass that derable harm? The Portuguese troops 500 resolute men might have defended had been greatly abused, as men unwill. against an army? They had been, indeed, ing or incapable of defending themselves. gravely told, that the post could not pass Put them under sound British officers, unmolested. No doubt this was a most and he would warrant they could be made serious calamity, and a conclusive proof something of. Let such men as the victo- of the energy of the popular spirit ! only rious lord Wellington, or the gallant mar- unfortunately they had the same proof in shal Beresford, have but the leading of another way in a neighbouring country. them, and he would pledge bis existence At the time of the troubles in Ireland the that under such men they would never post was conveyed throughout that coun.. run away. The grant of itself was wise, try under constant military escort. But but at such a critical period it was indis- what, in the name of common sense, was pensible, and he should therefore vote in the object in keeping up these troops in support of it.

Portugal ? Was Portugal chosen as the Mr. Whitbread spoke in complimentary arena in which they were to fight over terms of the characteristic fervour and again the battles for the liberties of Euspirit so becoming his youth, and his pro- rope? Or what they had been refused under fession, that breathed throughout the better auspices were they to hope to gain speech of the gallant officer who last sat under those that were less favourable? down. He could have wished, however, the right hon. the Chancellor of the Exa to have seen that spirit more profitably chequer had talked of the benefit of an exercised. An allusion had been made to sir Austrian war, but he seemed to forget Sidney Smith, ihe ornament to his profes- that the situation of Europe was changed sion and the glory of his country. He — that the new idea of marriages and certainly was willing to do justice to the fetes drew the connection between France services of that distinguished officer at and Austria closer and made it firmer : Acre; and he believed had it not been for that what Austria lost by the war she the check the conqueror of the world then was likely to gain by this marriage, an and there met witti, that, bad as the pre- event so fortunate for her broken down sent condition of Europe was, it would condition, that it might well be said, as it have been materially worse; but Buona- had. in a former instance of the Austrian parté, it seemed, knew, to use the lan- reigning family, guage of an bon. gent. (Mr. Jacob), the “ Et quæ, Mars negat aliis, eadem dat tibi Venus." period of despair, and proposed to meet it. But with respect to this transaction relaWe should profit by the lessen-fus est ab tive to the Portuguese troops, the House hoste doceri---let us know when every fur- had not been treated fairly. He must ther effort will be a fruitless waste of condemn the practice of advancing money, blood and treasure, and cease to coutinue for such a purpose without the consent of to make them. That hon. gent. had en- parliament, and it appeared that

the • tered into a detail of shocking atrocities, 28th of February bills were drawn for

alledged by him to be committed by the the money which was not voted till the French in Spain. Was he an eye witness 8th of May following. Why had not the to them? And if he was not, or if he were, House been informed of those bills, which why were they detailed to the committee, were at that time drawn, by the foreign unless to inflame them upon a question secretary? They had heard a good deal where their judgment only should decide. of English valour, and how far it might Abuses, no doubt, must have prevailed; be relied on in restoring the cause of but were gentlemen aware of none com- Spain. He, too, thought highly of Eng. milied under circumstances of less provo- lish valour, but he thought as highly of cation, where the clergy received the English patience; but patient as the people mandates of power, to ascend their pulpits, of this country were, that patience, like and issue from them falsehoods pot more every thing human, had its limits. The rank than they were notorious! But if vigour of the vigorous administration, there was this spirit in Spain that had might wear it out at last. But, if they been contended for, where were its effects? w re to vote this million of money, he Were they visible in suffering the French wished to know where it was to be hadi

on

-Here the hon. gent adverted to the evi- | of a due exercise of discretion on the subdence of Mr. Huskisson before the Scheldt ject. Adverting to the observations made Committee; the substance of Mr. Hus- by the bon. gent. on his evidence in the kisson's answers going to shew, that if an Committee, he observed, that the calculaarmy of 40,000 men had been, in July tions into which he then entered were last, landed in the north of Europe, it founded on the supposition, that our esa would have required 500,0001. to set them penditure in Spain and Portugal would be in motion for a given time, and 300,0001. upon the scale on which it now was. It to subsist them for that time-one month; was unfair to infer from his evidence that and, that this country could not at that he did not believe sufficient specie for this time have contributed that extraordinary purpose could under any circumstances supply of 800,000l. Did not a statement be obtained. He was sati:fied, that if a of this nature require examination ? Did proper time were allowed, and a good not the question, after such a statement, price given, specie would rapidly flow call for further consideration? It was for into the country. this further delay he now contended. Mr. Bathursē not only deprecated any Spain had not done its duty-no matter furiher delay, but thought that ministers from what cause--the people, had, how- ought sooner to have called for the deciever, some excuse they had been under sion of parliament upon it. Whatever the selfish sway of an aristocracy, that might be the blame due to the conduct of only wanted to use them as an instrument the campaign in the peninsula, it was to effect their own narrow purposes; enough for him to know that an alliance their implicit confidence had been abused with Portugal had been concluded, and by the blind bigotry of an intolerant that Portugal, in virtue of that alliance, priesthood-a priesthood, that whatever it demanded our assistance. He conceived preached, practised not the gospel it ought that it would be highly dishonourable for not alone to preach but practice; they this country to desert a cause which he had had the sword in their hands as often could not characterise as absolutely hopeas the crosier-and that they had had, he less, and he expressed his conviction that feared, in their hearts any thing but the the Portuguese troops, when disciplined meekness, humility, charity, and peace and commanded by British officers, would that their blessed 'master had inculcated form a very efhcient army. by his pure precepts, enforced by the ex- The question being now loudly called ample of his apostle's life, and sealed by for, a division took place-For the postthe last sufferings of his all atoning death! ponement 142; Against it 204; MajoWhile he (Mr. W.) valued those precepts rity 62. The original motion was then and that example, he never could take carried without a division. pleasure in setting man against his fellowman in a hopeless struggle. He thought the present cause hopeless, and as such, he never would consent to its being use

Monday, March 12. lessly and cruelly protracted.

(SLAVE Trade.] Lord Holland rose, Mr. Huskisson did not conceive that to pursuant to notice, io recall the attention of watch the struggle of the Spanish and their lordships to the address adopted by Portuguese nations, and if triumphant that House, and the decision they had alone, to plant our banners with theirs, come to, in 1806, respecting the abolition would be either a wise or an honourable of the Slave Trade. In that address his policy. Certainly, Portugal was not the Majesty was requested to instruct the seplace that we should purposely select for cretary of state for foreign attairs to take the arena on which to fight the last bat- | the most effectual measures, in conjunctles of Europe, but this was not the ques. tion with other foreign states, for the getion. The question was, whether we were neral abolition of that inhuman and odious to withhold from his Majesty's ministers trade. A period of more than three years the means by which the contest might be had since elapsed, but scarcely any iting rendered more likely to be successful in had during that time been heard of what its termination. The vote of this million progress had been made or was making did not impose on ministers the necessity. towards the accomplishment of thai deof expending it in Spain or Portugal; it sirable end. This was a subject which gave them merely the power of doing so, should not be allowed to sleep. Sweden, and on them would rest the responsibility at the time that address was moved and

HOUSE OF LORDS.

assented to, had but narrow means of car- 1 jesty on this subject was very forcible and rying on that trade. The extent of that solemn, and that undoubtedly it ought traffic, carried on by the subjects of Swe- most seriously to be attended to; he den, had since, however, considerably in- should therefore offer no objection to the creased. With Spain and Portugal, our address moved by the noble lord. influence at the present moment should The motion was therefore agreed to. naturally be great, and therefore it should (FOREIGN EXPEDITIONS.] The Earl of be taken advantage of to accelerate the at- Darnley rose to make his promised motion, tainment of an object which we solemnly respecting the sending on foreign service professed to have so much at heart. More so large a portion of the regular force however, could be done to that effect with of the kingdom. His lordship began by the united states of America, than with taking a retrospective view of the meaany other power, and he trusted the op- sures of the present administration, or portunity afforded so fortunately by the rather of the conduct of the men who present negociations for touching on that have been in power in this country since subject would not be neglected. It should the fatal battle of Austerlitz. With that be made the reciprocal object and mutual decisive action ended, in his opinion, all interest of those two goveroments. We hopes of the restoration of the independshould declare to America that we would ence of Europe. Yet by a blind fatality, put in force all the penalties enacted the government of this country continued against that trade, and that we would to embark in wild enterprises for the acconfiscate every ship discovered to be em- complishment of an object which had so ployed in it. America should be invited long become hopeless. Accordingly, they to adopt, and act upon, the same regula. failed in all their expeditions ; or if they tion, and in the execution of it, the two succeeded in one (the expedition against governments should lend each other their Copenhagen), the success was overbamutual support. For if, as he trusted, the lanced by the disgrace of the achievement. Slave Trade had been proved to be con- It might be said of the tenor and charactrary to justice and humanity, then it ter of their expeditions that they were must also be contrary to the law of na

“ Monstrum nulla virtute redemptum a tions. And surely there never was a mo- “ vitiis!” They crowned all these heroic ment when the law of nations ought more expeditions by ihe last, that to Walcheren, vigilantly to be attended to, and more of which he should now take but little strictly be observed, than the present.. It notice, trusting that the conduct of those was upon the violation or the observance who framed and executed that expedition of that law, that every thing seemed now would be brought before their lordships in to turn. What would be thought of this a more solemn and regular manner. He country-in what light would the decision could not, however, but observe, thal of of the British legislature be considered, if, the whole of the military force employed after having adopted measures so serious in that expedition, not one half remained and come to a decision so solemn, for the fit for service. This would appear from abolition of the Slave Trade, we should the late returns. Yet it was, after the afterwards seem to forget that we had fruitless sacrifice of so many brave men, ever entered into the merits of this ques. after the wild and unavailing profusion of tion, or adopted such grave resolutions ? so much blood and treasure, that ministers The object of his present motion was to were now preparing to drain the country prevent such a supposition, and to ascer- of the small regular force that yet retain what steps had been taken by his mained for its defence. He was sorry our Majesty's government for carrying the gallant army had not a more able advoobject of the address of that House into cate than he could pretend to be; but execution. His lordship concluded with seeing the conduct of ministers in the light moving an humble address to his Ma- in which he did, he could not but conjure jesty, praying “ That there be laid before that House to interpose, and rescue the that House copies or extracts of several remains of our brave army from the sacrirepresentations, and the answers thereto, fice to which the folly and infatuation of which had been made to the ministers of ministers were pressing to doom them. different foreign states respecting the abo. The report of their intention to send on lition of the Slave Trade."

foreign service all the remaining regular The Earl of Liverpool was ready to con. British troops in the kingdom, was too fess that the address presented to his Ma- general not to have some foundation.

How far it was founded in fact he wished, ble to employ them than in the last hold to be explained. He wished moreover of Spanish independence, than in a spot to ascertain what were our remaining re- where the loyal Spaniards may have desources for the internal defence of the posited their remaining treasure, and from country? It might be objected to his mo- which, in case of an unavailing defence, tion that it would be conveying improper we may aid them in rescuing it from the information to the enemy. He did not gripe of a rapacious enemy? He saw believe it would afford the enemy more no possible danger that could arise from information than he was already in pos- sending this force abroad, while it would session of. He believed indeed the enemy be acting in conformity with the pledge knew full as much as ministers of the in- we had given to Spain, and in unison with ternal situation of the country, and that the spirit which first prompted this counperhaps would not be knowing much. For try to espouse the cause of the Spanish after the gross and shameful ignorance of patriots. In that view he would give his which they had been convicted in the vote against the motion of the noble lord. framing of their expeditions, it was not The Marquis of Downshire supported easy to imagine they could be in possession the motion of his noble friend in a maiden of any correct information. The country speech. He particularly objected to should not be kept in the dark, when its drawing more men from Ireland. He most vital interests were at stake. He believed that at the present moment should therefore move an humble address there was not in that part of the empire to his Majesty, praying "That he would be more than three or four thousand regraciously pleased to give directions that gular troops. Was that a sufficient force there be laid before that House a return of to secure it against any sudden incursion the amount of the regular military force that might be made into that country? now in these kingdoms.”

Those among their lordships, who like Lord Mountjoy expressed his surprise at himself were interested in the fate of Irethe wide range which the speech of the land, should seriously attend to that circumnoble lord had taken. He would not stance. Why were not the German troops agree with the noble lord that the lives of employed on foreign expeditions; was it our soldiers had in any of the expeditions that they could not be trusted: and that alluded to, been sacrificed in vain. Had more reliance was placed in the steadiness they not afforded the opportunity of prov- and fidelity of the British troops ? Whating to the world our characteristic supe- ever was the reason, it was galling to the riority, and of reviving the glory of the in. feelings of the country to see their brave trepid valour, the ardı nt spirit, and the countrymen taken from the defence of steady discipline of British troops? Was their native soil, perhaps to be uselessly not that in itself a most brilliant and im- sacrificed in the support of a foreign cause. portant result? Neither could he agree He must again entreat their lordships to with the noble lord that our loss had been look to the state of Ireland, and they so great in the Scheldt Expedition as had would then see the impolicy of sending been represented, or that the country more troops abroad.On the question would be left so bare of men as the noble being put, lord seemed to insinuate. According to

The Earl of Darnley rose, and said, he the Medical Report on their lordship's had trusted that his Majesty's ministers, table most of the men who had returned now in their places, would have returned sick from Walcheren, would be able to some answer to the arguments he advanced resume actual service by the months of in support of the motion he had made. May and June. They would conse- There might be unanswerable objections quently be in a condition to supply the to it, but it became the noble lords to have place of those troops which it might now stated these objections as the ground of intention their .

interest at stake-undoubtedly no oppor- serve, that the noble lord seemed himself tunity should be omitted of assisting and to anticipate unanswerable objections to encouraging the Spaniards and Portuguese, bis motion; and he would leave it to their whenever they made a stand and seemed lordships' consideration, how far it was resolved to resist the common enemy. If proper to propose such a motion, under the troops were destined for the defence an impression of that nature. The noble of Cadiz, where could it be more desira- earl had also taken the opportunity of en

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