Subterranean Struggles: New Dynamics of Mining, Oil, and Gas in Latin America

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University of Texas Press, 15 nov. 2013 - 343 páginas

Over the past two decades, the extraction of nonrenewable resources in Latin America has given rise to many forms of struggle, particularly among disadvantaged populations. The first analytical collection to combine geographical and political ecological approaches to the post-1990s changes in Latin America’s extractive economy, Subterranean Struggles closely examines the factors driving this expansion and the sociopolitical, environmental, and political economic consequences it has wrought.

In this analysis, more than a dozen experts explore the many facets of struggles surrounding extraction, from protests in the vicinity of extractive operations to the everyday efforts of excluded residents who try to adapt their livelihoods while industries profoundly impact their lived spaces. The book explores the implications of extractive industry for ideas of nature, region, and nation; “resource nationalism” and environmental governance; conservation, territory, and indigenous livelihoods in the Amazon and Andes; everyday life and livelihood in areas affected by small- and large-scale mining alike; and overall patterns of social mobilization across the region.

Arguing that such struggles are an integral part of the new extractive economy in Latin America, the authors document the increasingly conflictive character of these interactions, raising important challenges for theory, for policy, and for social research methodologies. Featuring works by social and natural science authors, this collection offers a broad synthesis of the dynamics of extractive industry whose relevance stretches to regions beyond Latin America.

 

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Índice

1 Political Ecologies of the Subsoil Anthony Bebbington and Jeffrey Bury
1
2 New Geographies of Extractive Industries in Latin America Jeffrey Bury and Anthony Bebbington
27
Hydrocarbons Governance and the Territorial Logicsof Resource Nationalism in Bolivia Tom Perreault
67
Mining and Conservation Frontiers in the Cordillera Huayhuash Peru Jeffrey Bury and Timothy Norris
91
Confronting State and Corporate Mining Discourses in Azuay Ecuador Jennifer Moore and Teresa Velásquez
119
Understanding How Mining Conflict Affects Territorial Dynamics Social Mobilization and Daily Life Ximena S Warnaars
149
Mobilization and Negotiation Along the Río Corrientes Anthony Bebbington and Martin Scurrah
173
The Significance of Analytical Scale Derrick Hindery
197
Perspectives on Perus Subsurface Political Ecology Julio C Postigo Mariana Montoya and Kenneth R Young
223
Social Mobilization and New Political Ecologies of the Andes Anthony Bebbington Denise Humphreys Bebbington Leonith Hinojosa MaríaLuisa Bur...
241
11 Conclusions Anthony Bebbington Jeffrey Bury and Emily Gallagher
267
Bibliography
289
Contributors
327
Index
333
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Sobre el autor (2013)

Anthony Bebbington is Milton P. and Alice C. Higgins Professor of Environment and Society at Clark University, where he is also Director of the Graduate School of Geography.

Jeffrey Bury is Associate Professor in the Department of Environmental Studies at the University of California, Santa Cruz, where is he also Director of the Center for Integrated Spatial Analysis.

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