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of hunger, a watch, a purse of gold, a small treatise she had seen two strangers lurking in the on fortification, an album filled with songs, re- Island - her name was Amy Farrant- never ceipts, prayers, and charms, and the George with which, many years before, King Charles the Second the soldier, who, spying the shirt of the smock

prospered afterwards; and that Henry Parkin, had decorated his favourite son.” Hist. Eng., i. frock which the Duke bad assumed as a dispp. 616-618. 2nd edition.

guise, recalled the searching party just as Now, this is all extremely admirable.

It they were leaving the Island, burst into tears is a brilliant description of an important his- and reproached himselt

' bitterly for his fatal torical incident. But on what precise spot did

discovery it take place? One would like to endeavour

It is a defect in the Ordnance Survey, that to realise such an event at the very place neither the Island nor Monmouth Close is where it occurred, and the historian should en

indicated

upon it by name. able us to do so. I believe the spot is very well

I know not, Mr. Editor, whether these parknown, and that the traditions of the neigh- ticulars are of the kind which you design to bourhood upon the subject are still vivid. It print as “ Notes.” If they are so, and you was near Woodyate's Inn, a well-known road give them place in your miscellany, be good side inn, a few miles from Salisbury, on the road enough to add a QUERY” addressed to your to Blandford, that the Duke and his compa

Dorsetshire correspondents, as to whether the nions turned adrift their horses. From thence ash-tree is now standing, and what is the they crossed the country in almost a due actual condition of the spot at the present time. southerly direction. The tract of land in The facts I have stated are partly derived which the Duke took refuge is rightly de- from the book known as Addison's Anecdotes, scribed by Mr. Macaulay, as "separated by an

vol. iv., p. 12. 1794, 8vo. They have been inclosure from the open country.” Its nature used, more or less, by the late Rev. P. Hall, is no less clearly indicated by its local name

in his Account of Ringwood, and by Mr. of “ The Island." The open down which sur- Roberts, in his Life of Monmouth. rounds it is called Shag's Heath. The Island

With the best of good wishes for the sucis described as being about a mile and a half cess of your most useful periodical, from Woodlands, and in the parish of Horton,

Believe me, Mr. Editor, in Dorsetshire. The field in which the Duke

Yours very truly, concealed himself is still called “ Monmouth

JOHN BRUCE. Close.” It is at the north-eastern extremity of the Island. An ash-tree at the foot of which

SHAKESPEARE AND DEER-STEALING. the would-be-king was found crouching in a ditch and half hid under the fern, was standing In "The Life of Shakespeare," prefixed to a few years ago, and was deeply indented with the edition of his Works I saw through the the carved initials of crowds of persons who press three or four years ago, I necessarily had been to visit it. Mr. Macaulay has men- entered into the deer-stealing question, adtioned that the fields were covered—it was mitting that I could not, as some had done, the eighth of July - with standing crops of “ entirely discredit the story," and following rye, pease, and outs. In one of them, a field of it up by proof (in opposition to the assertion pease, tradition tells us that the Duke dropped of Malone), that Sir Thomas Lucy had deer, a gold snuff-box.

It was picked up some time which Shakespeare might have been conafterwards by a labourer, who carried it to cerned in stealing. I also, in the same place Mrs. Uvedale of Horton, probably the pro- (vol. i. p. xcv.), showed, from several authoprietress of the field, and received in reward rities, how common and how venial offence fifteen pounds, which was said to be half its it was considered in the middle of the reign value. On his capture, the Duke was first of Elizabeth. Looking over some MSS. of taken to the house of Anthony Etterick, Esq., that time, a few weeks since, I met with a a magistrate who resided at Holt, which adjoins very singular and confirmatory piece of eviHorton. Tradition, which records the popular dence, establishing that in the year 1585, the feeling rather than the fact, reports, that the precise period when our great dramatist is poor woman who informed the pursuers that supposed to have made free with the deer of

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the knight of Charlcote, nearly all the cooks'- I dare say that the registers of the Privy
shops and ordinaries of London were supplied Council contain some record of what was
with stolen venison. The following letter done on the occasion, and would enable us to
from the lord mayor (which I copy from the decide whether the very reasonable request
original) of that day, Thomas Pullyson, to of the Cooks of London had been complied
secretary Walsingham, speaks for itself, and with. Whether this be or be not so, the
shows that the matter has been deemed of above document establishes beyond question
so much importance as to call for the inter- that in the summer of 1585 cooks'-shops,
position of the Privy Council : the city tabling-houses (i.e. ordinaries), and taverns,
authorities were required to take instant and were abundantly supplied with stolen venison,
arbitrary measures for putting an end to the and that the offence of stealing must have
consumption of venison and to the practice been very common.
of deer-stealing, by means of which houses

J. PAYNE COLLIER. &c. of public resort in London were furnished

Kensington, Oct. 26. 1849.
with that favourite viand. The letter of the
lord mayor was a speedy reply to a com-
munication from the queen's ministers on the

“ PRAY REMEMBER THE GROTTO!” ON subject :

ST. JAMES'S DAY.

When the great popularity which the legends “Right honorable, where yesterday I receaved of the Saints formerly enjoyed is considered, letters from her Mates most honorable privie' it becomes matter of surprise that they should councill, advertisinge me that her highnes was enformed that Venison ys as ordinarilie sould by not have been more frequently consulted for the Cookes of London as other flesh, to the greate illustrations of our folk-lore and popular obdistruction of the game. Commaundinge me therby servances. The Edinburgh Reviewer of Mrs. to take severall bondes of xl" the peece of all the Jameson's Sacred and Legendary Art, has, Cookes in London not to buye or sell any venison with great judgment, extracted from that work hereafter, uppon payne of forfayture of the same a legend, in which, as he shows very clearly *, bondes; neyther to receave any venison to bake

we have the real, although hitherto unnoticed, without keepinge a note of theire names that shall origin of the Three Balls which still form the sentlie I called the Wardens of the Cookes before recognised sign of a Pawnbroker. The pasme, advertisinge them hereof, requiringe them to

sage is so curious, that it should be transferred cause theire whole company to appeare before me,

entire to the “ NOTES AND QUERIES.” to thende I might take bondes accordinge to a “None of the many diligent investigators of condition hereinclosed sent to your Ho.; whoe our popular antiquities have yet traced home the answered that touchinge the first clause therof three golden balls of our pawnbrokers to the emthey were well pleased therewith, but for the latter blem of St. Nicholas. They have been properly clause they thought yt a greate inconvenience enough referred to the Lonbard merchants, who to theire companie, and therefore required they were the first to open loan-shops in England for might be permitted to make theire answeres, and the relief of temporary distress. But the Lomallenge theire reasons therof before theire honors. bards had inerely assumed an emblem whieh had Affirmed alsoe, that the Tablinge howsos and 'Ta- been appropriated to St. Nicholas, as their chavernes are greater receyvors and destroyers of ritable predecessor in that very line of business. stollen venison than all the rest of the Cittie: The following is the legend : and it is too prettily wherefore they craved that eyther they maye be told to be omitted: likewise bounden, or els authoritie mave be geven “ Now in that city (Panthera) there dwelt a to the Cookes to searche for the same hereafter. certain nobleman, who had three daughters, and, I have therefore taken bondes of the wardens for from being rich, he became poor; so poor that theire speedy appearance before theire honors to there remained no means of obtaining food for his answere the same ; and I am bolde to pray your daughters but by sacrificing them to an infamous Ho. to impart the same unto theire Ho., and that life; and oftentimes it came into his mind to tell I

maye with speede receyve theire further direction then so, but sbame and sorrow held him dumb. herein. And soe I humbly take my leave. London, Meantime the maidens wept continually, not knowthe xjth of June, 1585.

ing what to do, and not having bread to eat; and " Your honors to commaunde,

" Thomas Pullyson, maior." • Edinburgh Review, vol. Ixxxix. p. 400.

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their father became more and more desperate. anniversary of St. James by poor persons, as When Nicholas heard of this, he thought it shame an invitation to the pious who could not visit that such a thing should happen in a Christian Compostella, to show their reverence for the land ; therefore one night, when the maidens were asleep, and their father alone sat watching and

Saint by almsgiving to their needy brethren. weepiny, he took a handful of gold, and, tying it

Oysters are only allowed to be sold in up in a handkerchief, he repaired to the dwelling London (which city, by the by, levied a tax of the poor man. He considered how he might of two pence on every person going and bestow it without making himself known; and, returning by the river Thames on pilgrimage while he stood irresolute, the moon coming from to the shrine of St. James), after St. James's behind a cloud showed him a window open; so he day. Why is this?

I wish Mr. Wansey, threw it in, and it fell at the feet of the father, who is an able antiquary, and one authorised who, when he found it, returned thanks, and with

to look into the records of the Fishmongers' it he portioned his eldest daughter. A second time Nicholas provided a similar sum, and again Company, would give us the information he threw it in by night; and with it the nobleman upon this point which these documents may married his second daughter. But he greatly de- be expected to furnish. sired to know who it was that came to his aid;

WILLIAJ J. Thoms. therefore he determined to watch : and when the good Saint came for the third time, and prepared

P.S. I should be glad if any of the to throw in the third portion, he was discovered, for the nobleman seized him by the skirt of his readers of “ NoTES AND QUERIES” could exrobe, and flung himself at his feet, saying, “0 plain to what Erasmus alludes, when he says, Nicholas ! servant of God! why seek to hide thy- “ Culmeis ornatus torquibus, brachium habet self?" and he kissed his feet and his hands. But ova serpentum,” which L'Estrange translates, Nicholas made him promise that he would tell no “ Straw-works,- snakes, eggs for bracelets ;"

And many other charitable works did and Mr. Nichols, who honestly states that he Nicholas perform in his native city.'

is unable to explain the allusion, as he does “ These three purses of gold, or, as they are

not find such emblems elsewhere mentioned, more customarily figured, these three golden balls,

" adorned with straw necklaces and bracedisposed in exact pawnbroker fashion, are to this day the recognised special emblem of the charitable lets of serpents' eggs.” St. Nicholas."

man.

REIGATE.

And now for the more immediate object of NOTE OF A MS. VOLUME OF CHRONICLES AT the present Note, which is to show what, when once pointed out, will, I think, readily be admitted, namely, that in the grotto Amongst the objects of the useful medium formed of oyster shells, and lighted with a of literary communication afforded by the votive candle, to which on old St. James's publication of NOTES AND QUERIES,” one day (5th August) the passer by is earnestly appears to be a record of the casual notice of entreated to contribute by cries of, “Pray “some book or some edition, hitherto unremember the Grotto!” we have a memorial known or imperfectly described.” I am inof the world-renowned shrine of St. James at duced therefore to inquire, whether the Compostella.

existence of an ancient MS. volume of The popularity which St. James formerly Chronicles, which I have recently noticed in enjoyed in England, and the zeal with which the little library adjoining Reigate Church, his shrine was visited by natives of this coun- is already known to those who investigate try, have recently been so clearly shown by our monastic annals? This volume may proMr. J. G. Nichols, in his interesting little bably not have escaped their research, espevolume, Pilgrimages to St. Mary of Wal- cially since the republication and extension singham ani St. Thomas of Canterbury, that of Wharton's Collection, have been recently I need not here insist upon these points. proposed. A chronological series of chronicles

What the original object of making these relating to the see of Canterbury was angrottoes may have been I can only suggest : nounced amongst the projected publications but I shall not be surprised if it should turn of the “ Anglia Christiana Society.". out that they were formerly erected on the The Reigate library, of which brief mention

is made in Manning's and Bray's History of peratoribus Romanis,” as found together with Surrey (vol. i. p. 314.) without any notice of the chronicle of the archbishops of Canterbury; its contents, is preserved in the upper chamber both in the Lambeth MS. and in another forof a building on the north side of the chancel, merly in the possession of William Reede, erected in 1513, and designated as a “ vesti- Bishop of Chichester: and he was inclined to bulum” in a contemporary inscription. The attribute the whole to the pen of Birchington. collection is small, and amongst the most in- 6. “Gesta Scotorum contra Anglicos :" teresting volumes is a small folio, in the commencing in 1066, with the times of Maloriginal oaken boards covered with white colm, king of Scotland, and ending in 1346, leather, presented to the library. 7. June, with the capture of David II., and the cala1701, by William Jordan, of Gatwick, in the mitous defeat of the Scots near Durham. adjacent parish of Charlwood, probably the At the commencement of the volume are same person who was member for the borough found some miscellaneous writings of less inof Reigate in 1717. Of previous possessors of teresting character. I noticed, however, an the book nothing is recorded. It comprises entry relating to the foundation of a chapel several concise chronicles, which may be thus at “Ocolte,” now written Knockholt, in Kent, described :

by Ralph Scot, who had erected a mansion 1. “Cathologus Romanorum Pontificum:"- remote from the parish church, and obtained imperfect, commencing with fol. 11; some

license for the consecration of the chapel in leaves also lost at the end. It closes with the

the year 1281, in the time of Archbishop Kilyear 1359, in the times of Innocent VI. wardeby. 2. “De Imperatoribus Romanis :". from

The writing of this MS. appears to be of Julius Cæsar to the election and coronation the latter half of the fourteenth century. Posof Charles IV. after the death of the emperor

sibly there may be readers of these "NOTES Lewis of Bavaria, and the battle of Cressy,

AND QUERIES," more familiar with such inin 1347.

quiries than myself, who may have examined 3. “ Compilacio Cronicorum de diversis Ar- other contemporary MSS. of the compilations chiepiscopis ecclesie Cantuariensis :" – the of Stephen Birchington. I shall be thankful chronicle of Stephen Birchington, a monk of for any information regarding them, and esCanterbury, printed by Wharton, from a MS. pecially as regards the existence of any tranin the Lambeth collection. The text varies script of the Canterbury Annals, extended be. in many particulars, which may be of minor yond the year 1368, with which this copy as moment, but deserve collation. The writing well as that used by Wharton closes; whilst varies towards the close, as if the annals had he supposes that in the chronicle as cited by been continued at intervals; and they close Jocelin, chaplain to Matthew Parker, they with the succession of Archbishop William had been carried as far as the year 1382. de Witleseye, in 1368, as in the text printed

ALBERT WAY. by Wharton (Anglia Sacra, vol. i. pp. 1–48.).

4. “De principio mundi, et etatibus ejusdem. — De insulis et civitatibus Anglie:" - THE MORNING CHRONICLE, ETC. — forming a sort of brief preface to the following _ “ Hic incipit Bruto de gestis Anglorum.” It is read in the Newspaper Directory that The narrative begins with a tale of a certain The Morning Chronicle was established in giant king of Greece, in the year 3009, who 1770, The Morning Herald in 1781, The had thirty daughters : the eldest, Albina, gave Times, 1st January, 1788. I believe that her name to Albion. The history is continued not one of these dates is correct, and that of to the accession of William Rufus.

The Morning Herald to be wrong by fifteen 5. “Incipit Cronica de adquisicione Regni years or more. Can you, or any of the Anglie per Willelmum Ducem Normannorum,” readers of “ NOTES AND QUERIES,” give me &c. closing in 1364, with the birth of Edward the exact dates, or tell me where I can find of Engolesme, eldest son of the Black Prince. the earlier volumes ; say, the first ten, of Wharton speaks of “ Historiæ de regibus An- either or all ? glorum, de Pontificibus Romanis, et de Im

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NOTES AND QUERIES.

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have been selected. I need not tell you that VALUE OF A REPOSITORY FOR NEW EDITION OF HERBERT'S “ AMES. I have no idea of undertaking such a thing,

and I really have no suspicion (I wish I had) [The suggestions in the following Paper are so

extremely valuable, that we are not only pleased that anybody else is thinking of doing it: to give it insertion, but hope that our readers or, in other words, I am not attempting to will take advantage of our columns to carry out make use of your columns by insinuating a Dr. Maitland's recommendations.]

preparatory puff for a work in progress, or

even in contemplation. I only mention the Sir,– My attention has been particularly book as one of a class which may be essenengaged by one suggestion in your Prospectus, tially benefited by your offering a receptacle because it seems to hold out a hope that your for 'illustrations, additions, and corrections, intended work will furnish what has long been a desideratum in literature. We really do are of little or no value, and are frequently

such as individually, or in small collections, want something that may form a supple

almost in the very opposite condition to those ment to works already in existence

things which are of no value to any body but sury for enriching future editions of them;" the owner. For instance, when I was in the while it may also receive (as I have no doubt habit of seeing many of the books noted by you meant to include,) such contributions of Herbert

, and had his volumes lying beside moderate extent, as may tend to render fuller and more correct some works which have me, I made hundreds, perhaps thousands, of little or no chance of future editions. In this he had not had an opportunity of seeing, and of

petty corrections, and many from books which way you may be of great use in every dựpart- which he could only reprint incorrect descripment of literature, and especially in works of tions. All of these, though trifling in themreference. With them, indeed, correctness is selves, are things which should be noticed in everything; perfect accuracy is not to be case of a reprint; but how much time and attained, and the nearest possible approxima- trouble would it cost an editor to find and tion to it can be made only by many little collate the necessary books? That, to be careful steps, backwards as well as forwards.

sure, is his business ; but the question for the By works of reference, however, I do not public is, Would it be done at all? and could mean Dictionaries, though I would include it in such cases be done so well in any other them, as a class of works for which I have a

way, as hy appointing some place of rendezsingular respect, and to which my remark vous for the casual and incidental materials particularly applies. There are many other for improvement which may fall in the way books, and some which very properly aspire of readers pursuing different lines of inquiry, to the title of History, which are, in fact and and rewarded, as men in pursuit of truth practically, books of reference, and of little always are, whatever may be their success as value if they have not the completeness and to their immediate object, by finding more accuracy which should characterise that class than they are looking for— things, too, which of works. Now it frequently happens to when they get into their right places, show people whose reading is at all discursive, that that they were worth finding-and, perhaps, they incidentally fall upon small matters of unknown to those more conversant with the correction or criticism, which are of little subject to which they belong, just because value to themselves, but would be very useful they were in the out-of-the-way place where to those who are otherwise engaged, if they they were found by somebody who was lookknew of their existence.

ing for something else. S. R. MAITLAND. I might perhaps illustrate this matter by referring to various works ; but it happens to be more in my way to mention Herbert's edi

A FLEMISH ACCOUNT. tion of Aines's Typographical Antiquities. It may be hoped that, some day or other, the

T. B. M. will be obliged by references to valuable matter of which it consists will be any early instances of the use of the exreduced to a better form and method ; for it pression “a Flemish account, and of any seems hardly too much to say, that he appears explanation as to its origin and primary sigto have adopted the very worst that could nification.

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