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English language, changes in, i., 150, et seq.; 194, et seq. ; | French revolution, encouraged by lawyers, ii., 199
accentuation of, 200

Freedom of nations, i., 139; in England, 140, et seq.;
English nation, the most humane, i., 49; character of the, influence of, on the arts, ii., 56

i., 109, 168; ii., 5, et seq. ; why successful in war, i., Free trade, comments on, i., 6
182 ; account of, given by Rao-Gong-Fao, the king of Free-will, a part of necessity, i., 458
Ava's ambassador, i., 490, et seq.

Friend, use of the term by Quakers, i., 551
English officer, disastrous adventure of an, i., 43

Friendship, metaphorical description of, i., 4; can not be
English poetry, ii., 3

replaced, i., 500; often only a state of transition to
English politicians, Franklin's opinion of, i., 125

enmity, ii., 98
*English Visiter, Landor, and Florentine Visiter, i., 324
Epic poetry, essentials of, ii., 59

G.
*Epicurus, Leontion, and Ternissa, i., 497

*Galileo, Milton, and a Dominican, ii., 234
doctrines of, i., 241; ii., 27; Cicero's opinion of,

, his confinement, 234; tortured, 236; accusations
497, note; his garden, 497, et seq.; his opinions concern-

against, ib.
ing death, 499 ; his love-potions, 503

Galliambic of Catullus, i., 227, note
*Epictetus and Seneca, i., 351

Gaming, men of genius not addicted to, i., 125; evils of,
wisdom of, ii., 27

ii., 76
Equality, mankind averse to, i., 550
Espana, Jose, a Spanish liberal, his fate and that of his wife, Gardens, Italian and English compared, i., 42 ; of Epicurus

described, 497 ; of the Moors, ii., 86
i, 213, note

Gasteres, the, a fraternity of priests, history of, ii., 29
Epigrams lower the dignity of poets, i., 15

Gauls instructed by Pythagoras, i., 86, 87
Essenes, austere practices of the, ii., 35

Gaunt, Elizabeth, and Lady Lisle, i., 385
• Essex and Spencer, ii., 239

*Gaunt, John of, attack on his house, 381 ; suspected of
Eternal punishment, the doctrine considered, ii., 221

aspiring to the crown, ib., note
Etrurians, the Chinese of Europe, i., 40

Gentlemen, English, their high character, i., 188
Etymology, ignorance of, among the ancients, i., 220 ; of Germany, Emperor of, i. ; remarks on the title, i. 3, nole

various words traced, 222
*Eubulides and Demosthenes, i., 84, 257

Germany never conquered, ii. 3; state of poetry in, ib.;

regeneration of, 4
Eugenius IV., Pope, and Fra Filippo Lippi, ii., 81

Gianni, ex-minister of Florence, his character, i., 329
Euripides, his works criticised, i., 102, 122

Giannone, his persecution and death, i., 81
Evil eye, superstition regarding it, i., 436

Gibraltar, description of the harbour of, i., 304
Excommunication, among the Quakers, i., 539

Gibbon, observations on his style, i. 92

*Gigi and Pope Leo XII., i., 346
F.

* Gleichem, the Count and Countess, their Children and

Zaida, ii., 230
Fables related by Æsop to Rhodope, ii., 95

his double marriage, ii., 230, and note
Factories, alteration necessary in hours of work in, ii., 199 *Glengrin, Lady, Duke de Richelieu, Sir Firebrace Cotes,
Falsehood, prevails in politics, ii., 235

and Mr. Normanby, i., 278
*Fenelon, De La Motte, Queen Elizabeth, Cecil, and Duke

her character, i., 279; incidents on her
of Anjou, ii., 174

voyage to Ireland, in company of the Duke de Richelieu,
ill-treated by Bossuet, i., 320; his description of

279, et seq.
courts, ii., 109

Glory, a mover of great intellects, i., 247 ; of the ancient
Ferdinand, Don, and Don John-Mary-Luis, i., 422

Greeks, ii., 255
-, Inquisition restored by, i., 214; his horrible *Godiva and Leofric, i. 570
pertidy, 437 and note

legend of, i., 571, note ; lines on, ib.
Ferdinand, Grand Duke of Florence, his character, i., 327, *Gonda, Walker, Hattaji, and Dewah, ii., 225

Gracchus, Caius, his Agrarian law, i., 238; his letter to his
Filangieri, his merits, i., 192

mother, 239
Filicaja, more enthusiastic than Pindar, i., 93; his Ode to

Tiberius, his Agrarian law, i., 238
Sobieski, ib.; criticism on his poctry, 192 and note Grammar of English writers criticised, i., 150, et seq. ; 193,
Fire-arms, their use in war considered, i., 182, 183

et seq.
Fitzgerald, Lord Edward, character of, i., 308

Gratitude, a political virtue, i., 113; contrasted with Jus-
Fleur-de-lys, different origins ascribed to the symbol, i., 106, tice, i., 180; distinguished from Reconnaissance, ii., 190
note

*Gray, Lady Jane, and Roger Ascham, i. 135
Florence, character of its government, i., 17; state of society

verses by, i., 136; her usurpation of
there, 55 and note; productive of great men, 191 ; forti. the crown, ii., 91; character of her husband, ib.
fications of, built by Michel-Angelo, ii., 50; character of Great man, definition of a, i., 452
her citizens changed, ib., how affected by the usurpation Greece, designs of the Emperor Alexander on, i., 106, et

of the Medici, 51 ; means of restoring her liberties, ii., 53 seq. ; her language, 167; her liberation, 168 ; terms pro-
Florentine ladies, compared with the English, 56

posed for her accommodation with Turkey, 185; treat-
Florentines, their character, i., 330

ment of, by European nations, 186, 391, et seq.; views
* Florentine Visiter, Landor, and English Visiter, i., 331 of French politicians respecting her emancipation, 384,
Fontanges, Duchess of, and Bossuet, i., 318

et seq.; striking incidents in her struggle for indepen-
her confession, i., 318, her character, ib., note ; dence, 393, et seq.
her death, 320, note

Greek church, jealous of the Church of Rome, i., 442
Forks, silver, when first used, i., 137

Greek language, neglect of, i., 20; changes in, i., 152, 200
Fortifications of Florence, ii., 50; of Paris, 193, 203 Greek writers, catalogue of modern, noticed, i., 181
Fox, his character, i., 339; his eloquence, 371

Greeks, precocity of their women, i., 14; their military
For-hunting, why useful, i., 521

et seq.

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skill, 182; misery endured by, in their contest with the
Fra Bartolomeo, character of his works, ii., 11

Turks, 566; true glory of the ancient, ii., 255
* Francis, the Emperor, Andrew Hofer, and Count Met- Grief, its nature and effects, i., 251 ; its purifying influence,
ternich, i., 175

i., 220
anecdote of, i., 334

Gun-boats, their proper construction, i., 184
* Franklin, Benjamin, and Bishop Shipley, ii., 43
-, and Washington, i., 124

H.
France, her position in regard to Greece, i., 108, 109;

account of his visit to, by a Chinese, 115 ; her aggressive * Hammon, Priest of, and Alexander, i., 418
designs, 202, et seq.; population of, in the time of Charles Handwriting, bad, affectation in, i., 26
VIII., ii., 54, nole ; her policy toward England, 191, *Hannibal and Marcellus, i., 277

his military qualities, ii., 246 ; his conduct at
Free-masonry, in Spain, i., 440

Capua, 255
French drama, estimate of its merits, ii., 160

Happiness of animals and men, i., 5; Aristotle's definition
French language, not adapted to Dithyrambic verse, i., 93 ; of, 6, note; imperfect, 6; contrasted with content, ib.;

eulogy on, by the Baron de Couture, ib.; unfitted for wherein it should consist, 7; the proper aim and end
rhyme, ib. ; objection to, 99, 147

of morality and religion, 179; the most natural and uni-
French nation, the, resisted the usurpations of the popedom versal of our desires, 508 ; conjoined with wisdom, ii., 1

long before the English, i., 36 ; character of, 139; it., *Hardcastle, Mr. Humphrey, and Bishop Burnet, i., 45
47, 48, 242

Hardcastle, Sir Humphrey, his story related by Bishop
• French Officers and General Kleber, i., 43

Burnet, i., 45; his songs, 46; and his character, ib.

et seq.

*Hattaji, Walker, Gonda, and Dewah, ii., 225

J.
Hayes, Margaret, beloved by Dr. Donne, 574; his lines on

*James I., King, and Isaac Casaubon, i., 29
her, 574, 575

--, his character, 29, 30, notes
*Henry IV., King, and Sir Arnold Savage, i., 9

Janissaries, their character, ii., 107
Henry VIII, and Anne Boleyn, i., 233

Jeanne d'Arc, her treatment by her countrymen, i., 257;
manners of, i., 233, note ; his conduct towards

Voltaire's poem on, censured, ib.
Anne Boleyn, 235, note ; his treatment of his children, Jeri jahs, infanticide among, abolished by Col. Walker, ii.,
i., 92

225, note
Herculaneum, literary treasures to be recovered from, i., 19 Jesuity, illustrations of their doctrines and practice, 31, 32 ;
Hereditary honours pernicious, ii., 104, et seq.

their evil influence, 37, note ; their recal determined on
kings, disadvantages of their position, i., 270,

by Ferdinand of Spain, i., 433
272

Jews, their persecutions, i., 135; their government, 241;
power, evils of, ii., 50

character, ib.
Heresy, an absurd accusation, ii., 21

"Joanna of Kent, and John of Gaunt, i., 381
Herodotus, character of his history, i., 229

-, mother of Richard L., rescues John of
Hindostan, designs of Russia on, i., 108

Gaunt from the attack on his house, i., 381
Historians, character of modern English, i., 554

* Johnson, Samuel, and John Horne Tooke, i., 150, 193
Hobbes, Rochefoucault indebted to, ii., 209

-, faulty as a poet and critic, i., 101 ; remarks on
Hocus pocus, origin of the term, i., 209

his criticism on Milton, ii., 58, 73 ; attacks on the “ Con-
*Hofer, Andrew, Count Metternich, and the Emperor

versation” between him and Tooke noticed, 164
Francis, i., 175

Julius II., Pope, his character, ii., 52
Holy Alliance, benefits of the, i., 106; opinion of its mem.

Juries, excellence of English, i., 50
bers as to the ancient republics, ib.; their foreign policy, Justice, upon earth, described, i., 22; contrasted with gra-
ib., et seq. ; conduct towards Greece, 187 ; Spain, 211, el

titude, i., 180; definition of, i., 504
seq. ; 262, et seq. ; designs of, 334; conspired against
Christianity, 392, declaration proposed by, for the adop-

K.
tion of the kings of Spain and Portugal, 422—427
*Home, John, and David Hume, i., 177

* Kaido and Photo Zavellas, i,, 495
Homer, often admits lines worth little, i., 13; the harmony Keats, resembles Chatirer, 1., 337; lines by the Author on,
of his verse, i., 92; his “ Iliad" criticised, ii., 60

338; his poetry, 339
Honour, definition of, i., 256, 557

Kings, their education, i., 22 ; ii., 255; their position, i.,
*Hooker, Richard, and Lord Bacon, i., 136

25; can not be assassins, 31; never grateful, 323; more
Horses, varieties of character in, i., 535 ; ii., 234

pernicious than tyrants, ii., 187
*Elume, David, and John Home, i., 177

Kingship, its effects, i., 22
Humour, remarks on, i., 189; amount of, in English litera- Kingsweston, view from, ii., 57
ture, i., 224

* Kleber, General, and French Officers, i., 43
Hyacinthes, a learned Russian, i., 181

Knighthood, its true dignity, i., 451
Koran, translation of, proposed by Soliman, i., 355; the

policy questioned by the Muftis, ib., et seq.

* Kosciusko and Poniatowski, i. 112.
I.

*Kotzebue and Sandt, ii., 1
Idleness, sacred, i., 514

-, murder of, by Sandt, ii., 4; justified by Blu-
Idol-worship, in Rome and Hindostan compared, i., 3, cher, ii., 48

note; in the Church of Rome, i., 117; will continue on
earth, ii., 224

L.
"Iliad," defects in the, ii., 60

La Crusca, academy of, i., 169
Imagination, displayed by English poets, ii., 165

Labour, excessive, unnatural, i., 531 and note
Immortality of the soul, opinions of Cicero concerning, i., • La Chaise, Father, and Louis XIV., i., 118
240; criticism on Plato's argument for, i., 460

Lacy, General, and Cura Merino, i., 138
Improvisatori never rise above mediocrity, i., 335

* La Fontaine and Rochefoucault, ii., 206
Incest, defined by the Decretals, i., 34

his habits, 207 ; his absence of mind, 209,
Indulgences for sins, their effects, i., 34

212 ; his criticism of Rochefoucault's "Maximy," 209
Infallibility, papal, illustrations of, i., 33, 34 ; inconsisten- * Landor, Walter, and Marchese Pallavicini, i., 38
cies in the pretensions of the Church of Rome to, i., 115

and the Abbe Delille, i., 90
Infanticide among the Jerijahs abolished by Col. Walker,

, English Visiter, and Florentine Visiter, i.
ii., 225, note

324.
*Inglis, Sir Robert, and the Duke of Wellington, ii., 40

-, and Southey, ii., 57, 154
Ingratitude, remarks on, i., 113

incidents in his life referred to, i., 94 ;
Inoculation of his troops by Washington, i., 124

571, nole; 573, nole ; his “Conversation with Cavaliere
Inquisition, its progress and success, 37 ; its restoration in Puntomichino and Mr. D. E. Talcranagh, 168, et seq.;
Spain, 214

his wish to be a “King's Friend,” 324, 326 ; objection
Insanity, prevalence of, in royal families, i., 147

to his “ Conversations," 320; the office of magistrate
Inseriptions, two, quoted by Porson, i., 79; examples of, refused to him, ib., remarks on his works, 337 ; his lines
i., 173 and note

on Keats, 338 ; on Burns, 339; character assigned to
*Interpreter, king of the Sandwich Isles, Peel and Croker, him and his “Conversations" by M. Villele, 384 ; his
i., 446

dislike to company in his walks, ii., 57; attacks on his
Ionian university, neglected by the English Government, i., “ Conversations” between Johnson and Tooke, 164
397

Latin language, changes in, i., 152; pronunciation of, 209
Ireland, causes of its wretched condition, i., 127 ; under- “Laodamia" criticised, i., 19, 77

letting of land in, should be punished, ib.; other reforms Laws, turned from their right intention, I., 22; how they
in, suggested, ib., et seq. ; successful government of, by should be framed, 48; of England, censured, 49, 50, 51,
Lord Chesterfield, 217; treatment of the rebels in, 308 ; 140, 512, 548, and note; maladministration of, in Italy,
mode of life in, 310, et seq.; condition of the country, 51, 63, and note
312 ; illustrated in a “ Conversation" between Archbishop Law-suits, how managed in Italy, ii., 5, et seq.
Boulter and Philip Savage, i., 377, et seq.; means adopted Learning, advantages it bestows on its possessor, i., 120
to procure the “Union," ii., 177 ; church property in, Legislator, his duties, i., 52
178; importance of her harbours, 179; injustice of Eng- Le Moine, Henri, a reformer of the Church of Rome, i., 36
land to, ii., 204

Lemon trees, their extraordinary fertility, i., 42
Iriahmen, characteristics of their conversation, i., 175, 303; * Leo XII., Pope, and his Valet Gigi, i., 346
ii., 239

Leo IX. censured by Michael Cellularius, i., 2, note
Isis, priests of, Christianity borrowed from the, ii., 23 * Leofric and Godiva, i., 570
Italian character, i., 61 ; illustrated by the language, 62, 63 * Leontion, Epicurus, and Ternissa, i., 497

palaces and architecture, remarks on, i., 38, 39; * Leopold, Peter, and the President du Paty, i., 48
towns, 40 ; and churches, ib.

, his character, i., 332
Italians, addicted to robbery and revenge, i., 48, 49; parsi. Libel, law of, i., 141
monious, i., 336

Liberty, demagogues unfavourable to, i., 211
Italy, disregard for the dead shown in, i., 327 ; administra- Lies, King of Ava's opinion of, i., 491 ; their necessity, 53
tion of justice in, ii., 6, et seq.; improvements in, suggested, Linden tree, remarkable one, i., 39
53, et se; its climate, 89

Lingam, worship of the, ii., 40

9

Linus, Hymn of, ii., 29

*Milton and Andrew Marvel, i., 120
*Lippi, Fra Filippo, and Pope Eugenius IV., ii., 81

Galileo, and a Dominican, ii., 234
-, narrative of his captivity in Barbary, ii., 81, et seq.

often admits lines worth little, i., 13; his sonnets,
*Lisle, Lady, and Elizabeth Gaunt, i., 385

73, 74; compared with Demosthenes, 74 ; his poems,
Livy, his style, ii., 27 ; his genius, ii., 58

translated by the Abbé Delille, 90; criticisms on, by
Locke, his plan of education, i., 217 ; his style, 218

Voltaire, 91; comments on his “Paradise Lost," 478;
Lorenzo de' Medici, character of, ii., 50, 54

his merits discussed by Southey and Landor, ii., 58, et seq. ;
*Louis XIV. and Father la Chaise, i., 148

criticisms on his “ Paradise Lost," 60, et seq.; on “ Para-
doubts as to his birth, i., 22, and note ; mis- dise Regained," 156, et seq.; on “ Samson Agonistes,"
conduct towards the Dutch nation, 148, and 150, note 159, et seq.; his systematic defects, 160; stedfastness of
*Louis XVIII. and Talleyrand, ii., 189

his opinions, 98; treatment of, by Bishop Parker, ib., note ;
Love, the forgiving character of, i., 9; its nature, 135 ; correctness of his orthography, 100; his conduct in politics

illustrated in the “Conversation" between Beniowski and and religion defended, 101, et seq. ; his " Treatise on
Aphanasia, 264; opinion of Anacreon regarding, 271 ; Divorce, " 113; “ Defence of the English People,"116;

the first and the last, 505 ; its divine nature, ii., 39, 220 remarks on the poetical successors of, 154, et seq. ; diffi-
Love of our country, i., 520

culty of imitating his style, 155 ; his false estimate of
Lovers, silent, their treatment by women, i., 9

Shakspeare,"160; his “Lycidas criticised, 163; the
Loyalty should be reciprocal between king and people, Penseroso," 164; the “ Allegro," ib.; “Comus," 165;
i., 95

Sonnets, 168; minor poems, ib., et seq.; advocated the
Ludlow doubted the policy of condemning Charles I. to cause of the Valdenses, 553

death, i., 21 ; his character, ib., note ; interview between Military skill of the Greeks and English, i., 182
him and Peterborough, 512

Mina, the Spanish general, his abilities eulogized, i., 212
*Lucian and Timotheus, ii., 17

Ministers, of kings and princes, Nelson's opinion of. i., 142;
his “ Dialogues of the Dead," remarks on, ii., of state, their characteristics, 325 ; requisites of, for their
17, 23

success, 372
*Lucullus and Cæsar, i., 364

Miracle, story of a pretended one at Rome, i., 57; of the
, description of his Apennine villa, i., 365; of his Archbishop of Evora's hair shirt, 431 ; Christianity sup-
dining apartment, 367 ; probably poisoned, 369

ported by, ii., 33, 36; occurred in other ages and reli-
Lucy, Sir Magnus, his story related by Chaucer, i., 404 gions, 36
Luxury, its effect on nations, misunderstood, i., 400; of "Miserere" of Allegrini, copies of forbidden, i., 66
soldiers, 248, 254

Misery and Vice, connection between, ii., 197
Lycidas," Milton's, criticised, ii., 163

* Mitrailles, Des, Queen Pomare, Pritchard, and Polverel,

ii., 202
M.

Modesty, different in men and women, ii., 97
*Machiavelli and Michel-Angelo Buonarotti, ii., 50

Monachism, abolition of in Tuscany, i., 52, et seq.; anecdote
criticisms on his writings, i., 477

illustrative of, 57, 58, and note ; its origin, 64
*Magliabechi and Middleton, i., 114

Monalda, Monna Tita, story of, related by Boccaccio, i., 361,
Magna Charta of little value, ii., 104

et seq.
*Mahomet and Sergius, i., 442

Monarchy, excellence of that form of government, i., 322;
the discords of the Christians induced the principles of, 550
enterprise of, i., 35; his proposal to Sergius for the Monasteries, uses of, i., 179
junction of the Greek Church and his disciples, dis- *Montaigne and Joseph Scaliger, i., 268
cussed between them, i., 442—446 and note

his opinion of Calvin, i., 268; description of his
Mahometans, their observance of the precepts of their pro-

housekeeping; 269
phet, ii., 86

Montesquieu, remarks on his writings, i., 256
* Maid of Orleans, the, and Agnes Sorel, ii., 37

Morality contrasted with religion, i., 178, et seq. ; proper aim
Maitland, Sir Thomas, i., 185

of, 179
*Malesherbes and Rousseau, i., 254

Moors, their gardens, ii., 86; their defence of piracy, 89
Marcellus and Hannibal, i., 277

Moyle, Mr. Roger, anecdotes of him, i., 310, 311; his cha-
, his death described, i., 277

racter as an Irish gentleman, ib.
Marius, his character, i., 237

*Mufti and Soliman, i., 355
Marmion, remarks on the poem, i., 72

Municipalities, small republics, ii., 104
Marriages within the seventh degree, prohibited by Pope Muretus defended the Massacre of St. Bartholomew's Day,
Innocent III., I., 33; effect of that prohibition, ib.;

i., 35, 36, 37, note ; his latinity, i., 219
between uncle and niece, aunt and nephew, sanctioned Music, its effects on the mind, i., 191
by the Church of Rome, ib. 56, 560 ; second, unlawful,
137; of studious men, i., 489; ideas commonly entertained

N.
of, by women, ii., 114
*Marvel, Andrew, and Milton, i., 120

Napoleon, his character, i., 44, 334; his treatment of Tous-
- and Bishop Parker, ii., 98

saint L'Ouverture, 335 ; his motives and actions dis.
- his "Rehearsal Transposed" written in answer to

cussed, 343, et seq.; ii., 48 and note
Bishop Parker's “Ecclesiastical Polity,” ii., 98, note

National Debt, produces a revolutionary tendency, i., 67;
*Mary, Princess, and Princess Elizabeth, ii., 90

remarks on, 129, 130
Mass, the, typical sense of, i., 64

Necessity, strict meaning of the term, i., 458
Massilia, the residence of Pythagoras, i., 87

Nelly, Mr. George, notice of, i., 47
*Maurocordato and Colocotroni (the elder), i., 181

Nelson, hated by Napoleon, i., 44; his opinion of ministers,
•Melancthon and Calvin, ii., 221

of kings and princes, 142; his conduct at Naples, ib.
"Melctal, Henry of, and Wolfgang, i., 315

Nero, his Golden House, i., 41; reason for his burning the
treatment of by the Austrians, i., 315

city, ib.
and note

*Netto, El Rey, and Don Victor Saez, i., 260
*Merino, Cura, and General Lacy, i., 138

*Newton and Barrow, i., 470
Menander, errors of his comedies, i., 121 ; imitation of his

quotation from, i., 218; his modesty, 470
manner, ib.; his style, 122

*Nicholas and Michel, i., 561
Men of letters, opposite practice of, ancient and modern, Nichols, Admiral, his character, ii., 57; anecdotes illustra-

Nicholas, Saint, legend of, i., 53
ii., 1
Metaphors, extensive application of, in writings, li., 99; *Noble, Walter, and Oliver Cromwell, i., 20

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tive of his courage and decision, ib.
use of, a curse to religion, 222
*Metternich, Count, Andrew Hofer, and the Emperor

-, represented the city of Lichfield, i., 20,
Francis, i., 175

note; an ancestor of the Author, ib.
*Michel and Nicolas, i.. 565

*Normanby, Mr., Duke de Richelieu, Sir Firebrace Cotes,
*Michel-Angelo Buonarotti, and Machiavelli, ii., 50

and Lady Glengrin, i., 279
and Vittoria Colonna, ii., 213

his history, i., 281, et seq.
character of his works, ii., 10,

Normans in Sicily, their character, ii., 80, 81
13; inferior to Raffael, 11 ; fortifications of Florence built
by him, 50; treatment of, by Lorenzo de Medici, ib.; and

0.
by his son Piero, ib.

*Odysseus, Tersitza, Acrive, and Trelawny, i., 387
*Middleton and Magliabechi, i., 114

-, the Kleptic Chieftain, bis cavern of refuge
* Miguel and his Mother, i., 560

described, i., 388; sketch of his history, 401
his account of his reception in England, 560, et seq. *Oldways, Walton, and Cotton, i., 572

*

>

O'Mara, Captain, his account of his continental travels, i., ning should succeed him, 371 ; his maxims of govern-
306, et seq.

ment, 372, et seq.; his designs mischievous, ii., 191
Oracles and auguries, their use, i., 322, 323

*Plato and Diogenes, i., 451
Orthography, variations in, i., 150, et seq. ; 194, et seq.; cor-

estimate of his merits and demerits, by Demosthenes,
rectness of Milton's, ii., 100; the author's attempts at the i., 85 ; remarks on his writings and style, 218, et seq. ;
reformation of English, attacked, 164

his character censured, 225 ; his system as regards women,
Ovid, his contest of Ulysses and Ajax commended, i., 103 ; 228; his plan of government considered, 230, et seq. ;
his faults, ii., 219

his style. 246 ; his mode of dress ridiculed by Diogenes,
455 ; absent at the death of Socrates, 455;' his misrepre-

sentations of the opinion of Socrates, 456 ; his writings
P.

criticised, ib., et seq.; his political opinions, 541 ; his
Paine, interview between him and Mr. Normanby, i., 293 ;

want of genius, ii., 24, 25
saves the life of Mr. Zachariah Wilkes, during the “ reign Plutarch, bis style, 1., 199

Plautus, resembles Shakspeare, i., 123
of terror," 296 and note
Painting, the art of, considered, i., 547

Pæcile, at Athens, i., 145 and note
* Pallavicini Marchese and Walter Landor, i., 38

Poetry, comparison between ancient and modern, i., 13; its
* Panætius, Scipio, and Polybius, ii., 243

effects on the mind of the composer, 9; whatever is good
" Paradise Lost" criticised, ii., 60, et seq.

in, common to all good poets, 19; requisite of good, 81,
" Paradise Regained,” criticised, ii., 156, et seq.

83 ; merits of descriptive, 90; the business of the higher,
Pardon, the privilege in a prince, a usurpation, i., 51

93; character of modern English, 104; French, 105,

note ; its truthfulness, 222; reinarks on its construction,
Parga, surrender of, i., 395
Parish priest, honourable conduct of a, i., 174

230, 231 and note; delight its object, 507; Greek, English,
* Parker, Bishop, and Andrew Marvel, ii., 98

and German, ii,, 3.
his “ Ecclesiastical Polity” answered by Poets, the writing of epigrams lowers their dignity, i., 15;
Marvel's "Rehearsal Transposed," ii., 98, note

their deeds and their deservings, 27, 28; difference
Parliament, Queen Elizabeth's, opinion of the, ii., 90

between their language and their sentiments, 68; their
*Paty, the President du, and Peter Leopold, i., 48

merits and those of critics compared, 70; modern, their
Peacock, Bishop Reginald, i., 34 and note

characteristics, 104, 105; not all dishonest, 271 ; great,
*Peel, King of the Sandwich Isles, Croker, and Interpreter,

must be religious, ii., 102 ; remarks on those who have
i., 446

succeeded Milton, 154, et seq. ; Italian, 218; veneration

due to, 220
Peers, Chamber of, in Spain, i., 139 ; in England, 143; the

park-paling of despotism, 216; Irish, their venality when Poisoning, in Italy, 190, note
the Union " was in agitation, ii., 177

Poland, policy of augmenting her dominions, i., 113
Peerage, its use and purpose, ii., 104, et seq.

Policastro, the prince of, story of, related by Boccaccio, i.,

416
Pelasgians, emigration of, under Danaus, probably that of Politeness of the Chinese, i., 123, 125 ; a virtue, 504; Eng-

the “ Shepherds " of Egypt, i. 466
Peleus and Thetis, the scene of, recited in the garden of Polverel, 'Queen Pomare, Pritchard, and Des Mitrailles,

lish, 558; of Quakers, ib.; French, 559
Epicurus, i., 518
Penance, a royal, i., 149

ii., 202
*Penn, William, and Lord Peterborough, i., 517

*Polybius, Scipio, and Panætius, ii., 243
, anecdote of him and his father, i., 528

*Polycrates and Anacreon, i., 270
Pennsylvania, administration of laws in, 517, note,559

story of his ring, i., 270 ; friendly advice given
"Penseroso," Milton's, criticised, ii., 164

to him by Anacreon, ib., et seq.
*Percival and Romilly, i., 265

Polytheism discussed by Xenophon and Cyrus, i., 322
*Pericles and Sophocles, i., 145

*Pomare, Queen, Pritchard, Polverel, and Des Mitrailles,
his character, i., 145

ii., 202
Perjury, its extent in France at the time of the Crusades, Poniatowski and Kosciusko, i., 112

treatment of, by the French, ii., 206
i., 2
Persecution for religion, when first heard of, ii., 112

Pompeius, Cneius, his conduct censured by Cæsar, i., 369
Perugino, character of his works, ii., 13

Popes of Rome, their conduct toward crowned heads, i.,
Pescara, his character, and love for Vittoria Colonna, ii.,

29; mode of election of the, when first established, 33 ;

means used to procure authority and power, 35; cha-
*Peter the Great and Alexis, i., 352

racter of many, 56; adoration of, 117; origin of their
his method of education, i., 352; his idea

supreme power, ii., 20; plan for establishing them in
of civilisation, 353

Venice, 54
Peter, Emperor of Russia, his murder by Catharine, i., Portugal, state of, 1., 140 ; proposed constitution for, 349

*Porson and Southey, i., 11, 68
515, 517, note
* Peterborough, Lord, and William Penn, i., 517

Prayer, inefficacy of, treatise of, by Middleton, i., 115 ; the
Petrarca and Boccaccio, i., 360

subject discussed by Middleton and Magliabechi, ib., et
Chaucer and Boccaccio, i., 402

seq.; may sometimes be misapplied, 117; the fact illus-
his story of Ternerin de Gisors, i., 414

trated by anecdotes, ib., et seq.
Pheasants, importation of by Louis XVIII., ii., 191

Precedence, claimed for the emperors of Morocco and Aus-
Phidias, his statue of Cybele, i., 145

tria, i., 1, note
Philosophers, their excellence in metaphor, i., 218; the Predestination considered, 1., 179; the doctrine discussed
worth of their sayings, 138; why absurd, 452; their President of the Senate and Bonaparte, i., 89

between Melancthon and Calvin, ii., 221, et seq.
business the search after truth, ii., 21
Philosophy of the ancients, remarks on, i., 221

Pride, its effects, i., 529, 530
•Philip II. and Dona Juana Coelho, ii., 149

*Pritchard, Queen Pomare, Polverel, and Des Mitrailles,
Philip of Macedon, his character, given by Demosthenes, 1:: Prodicus, his style, i., 223

ii., 202
85; his zeal for religion, 418; effect of the news of his Prostitutes, i., 48; in Tuscany, ib., and note

death at Athens, 358, 359
•Phocion and Æschines, i., 23

Punishment, eternal, the doctrine considered, ii., 21
his eloquence, i., 226 ; his character, 227

Punishments, inequality of, i., 457, et seq.
Physicians, in Spain, ordinance issued against, i., 263 and

Puns, examples of, in Plato's writings, i., 223
note

*Puntomichino, Cavaliere, and Mr. Denis Eusebius Tal-
Physiognomy, comments on the science, i., 172, 173

cranagh, i., 168
*Picture-dealers, and the Cardinal-Legate Albani, ii., 4

sketch of his life, i., 168
Picture-dealing in Italy, ii., 4-17

Purgatory, i., 54, 56, 64, 65
Pilgrims, ceremony of washing the feet of, at Rome, at the Puritanism, its character, i., 130

Jubilee, i., 346, et seq.; difficulties of the Pope in respect Pythagoras instructed the Gauls, i., 87; his style, ib.
Pindar, why defeated by Corinna, i., 14; estimate of his
poetry, 93; his statue at Athens, 501

Q.
Piracy defended by the Moors, ii., 89

Quails, extravagant fiction regarding, i., 150 and note
Piræus, at Athens, its dimensions, i., 40; 145 and note Quakers, the, their personal appearance, i., 119; their doc.
*Pisistratus and Solon, ii., 186

trines discussed by Penn and Peterborough, 526, et seq. ;
* Pitt and Canning, i., 371

literature and science neglected by, 531
his oratory, i., 127, note; his character as a states. Queypo, cruelties committed against him by Ferdinand of
man, 188; over-estimated, 265; desirous that Can- Spain, i., 438 and note

.

et seq.

Quietism, opposed by Bossuet, 319 and note

Savage, first Speaker of the House of Commons “who
Quiroga, his interview with El Rey Netto, i., 260 ,

appears on any record," i., 1l, note

*Scaliger, Joseph, and Montaigne, i., 268
R.

his vanity exposed in his “ Conversation"

with Montaigne, i., 269
Racine, his writings criticised, i., 101
Raffael, character of his works, ii., 10, 13; superior to Michel- Scioppius, Caspar, his opinion of heretics, i., 235, noti; his

Schoolmasters, why censurable, ii., 43
Angelo, 11
Raleigh, his nar not perishable, i., 49 ; anecdote of, ii., 240 Scipio, Polybius, and Panætius, ii., 243

presents to James I., ib.
* Rao-Gong-Fao and King of Ava, i., 490

Scotch, character of the, ii., lll and note
Reading, pleasures of, i., 225

Scott, Sir Walter, his poetry criticised, i., 72
Reason, assisted by belief, ii., 17

Sculpture, ancient, fate of its masterpieces, ii., 56; sugges-
Rebellion, the great, in England, moving causes of, ii., 115

tion as to the use of wax in restoring, ib.
Reformation, how effected, ii., 102
Religion, benefits of diversities in, i., 66; the Roman Senate of Rome, intended suppression of the, by the Marian

Sectary, the import of the term, i., 30
Catholic a support to the throne, 67 ; considered in

faction, i., 237
relation to social duties, 177, et seq:; proper aim of, 179; Senator, Roman, his rank, i., 1, note
of the ancients, 365; men of genius not indifferent to,
543; impolicy of interfering with that of others, ii., 40, Sergius and Mahomet, i., 442

*Seneca and Epictetus, i., 351
Republics, their position in regard to kings, i., 25; ancient, Sertorius, his conduct as military leader, i., 236 ; error com-

mitted by him in Spain, 237
how esteemed by the Holy Alliance, 106; Plato's
scheme for, 228, et seq. ; reason why they are not uni- Shakspeare often admits lines worth little, i., 13; estimation

of his powers, 15; comparison between him and Bacon,
versal, 360; small, superior to small principalities,

ib.; his sonnets, 73; criticisms on, by Voltaire, 91 ; his
530; plan for the establishment of, in Italy, ii., 53, et

dramatic writings criticised, 104 ; lines by the Author,
seq.; small collective, the 'most happy, 55; 104; munici-
palities of the like nature, ib.; defended, i10

descriptive of his powers, 105 ; his Historical Dramas,

123; the greatness of his genius, ii., 157; hisclowns, 161
Republicanism, nature of, i., 134
Rewards and punishments, considered, i., 221

Shelley, anecdotes of him and Byron, i., 340; his character,
*Rhadamistus and Zenobia, ii., 75

341 ; his generous estimation of Keats, ii., 156 ; difficul-

ties overcome in his " Cenci," 157
-, the death of, 76

Shepherd Kings. See Pelasgians
Rhigas, his career and fate, i., 181

Sheridan and Windham, ii., 177
*Rhodope and Æsop, ii., 93, 193
Rhyme, what it consists in, i., 96; sometimes admitted by Shipley, Bishop, and Benjamin Franklin, ii., 43

his speech on the Mutiny at the Nore, ii., 177
the ancients, i., 103
*Richard I., and the Abbot of Boxley, i., 1

*Sidney, Sir Philip, and Lord Brooke, i., 4
Richelieu, Duke de, Sir Firebrace Cotes, Lady Glengrin, Slavery, opinion of early Christians as to, ii., 31

Singing, arguments in defence of, i., 528
and Mr. Normanby, i., 278
his retirement from office, i., 278; resi.

Slave trade, abolition of the, a secondary consideration to

the freedom of Greece, i., 396; its expediency discussed,
dence at Nice, 279 ; visits Ireland, ib.; his adventures

ii., 197, et seq.
there, 305

Sleep, poetical Invocation to, by Sir Philip Sidney, i., 7;
Ridicule, legitimate employment of, ii., 17

what time should be devoted to, 531
Riego, treatment of him and his companions when taken Smiles, of men and women, difference between, ii., 94

prisoners, i., 261 and note ; his wife sentenced to the Smith, Robert, an imitator of Lucretius, ii., 155; his poetry
galleys, 349 and note

commended, ib.
Rienzi destroyed by his vanity, i., 403

Smith, Sir Sydney, hated by Napoleon, i., 44
Riots, their use, i., 171
Robespierre, joy exhibited in France on the news of his Socrates, his character as exhibited by Plato, i., 223; a

Society, philosophical sense of the word, i., 508
death, i., 297

truly great man, 454
*Rochefoucault and La Fontaine, ii., 206

Soldiers, in a free state, how to be raised, i., 459 ; luxury of,
indebted to Ilobbes, ii., 209; his " Maxims"

248, 254 ; highest or lowest of mankind, ii., 47
criticised by La Fontaine, ib. ; incorrect, 541

*Soliman and Mufti, i., 355
Romans, character of the ancient, i., 40, 41

Solomon, maxim of his denied, ii., 99
Rome, cause of her fall, i., 237, 240

*Solon and Pisistratus, ii., 186
Church of. See " Church of Rome"

Sonnets, remarks on, i., 73, 74; Milton's criticised, ii., 168 ;
*Romilly and Perceval, i., 265
and Wilberforce, ii., 197

Shakspeare's, ib.
his proposition for the reform of the criminal law, Sophocles and Pericles, i., 145
i., 266 ; his character, ii., 201, note

his contest with Æschylus, i., 145 ; his character,

ib., note; verses by, on the completion of the Piræus and
*Rousseau and Malesherbes, i., 254

Pæcile, i., 147
-, remarks on his writings, i., 256, et seq.

Sorel, Agnes, ard the Maid of Orleans, ii., 37
Royal families, prevalence of insanity in, i., 147

Sorrow, uses of, i., 251
Rubens, character of his works, ii., 13

*Southey and Porson, i., 11, 68
Russia, designs of, on Turkey, i., 106; on Greece, ib.

;

and Landor, ii., 57, 154
claim of, to California and N. W. coast of America, 108; Spain, State of, i., 140 ; treatment of, by the Holy Alliance,
designs of, on Hindostan, ib.; her policy immutable, 109,

211, et seq. ; scheme for the reformation of, 215 ; character
566, et seq. ; unable to invade India, i., 395

of the people of, 216; evils produced in, by the restoration

of Ferdinand, 397, 431 ; reflections on the misrule of, 442
S.

*Spenser and Essex, ii., 239
Sacrament of the Eucharist, i., 30

his merits discussed by Queen Elizabeth and
*Saez, Don Victor, and El Rey Netto, i., 260

Cecil, i., 27, et seq. ; quotations from his poetry, 28;
Saint Bartholomew's Day, massacre of, medals coined to character of his poetry, 80; his residence in Ireland de-

commemorate, i., 36; extracts from Muretus's Oration scribed, ii., 241; sacked and burnt by the rebels, ib.
in celebration of, 37, note

Spring, verses on the, i., 7
Saints, intercession of, i., 116

State Religions, advantages of their abolition, i., 130
Saladin, his character, i., 1, 2

Steele and Addison, ii., 151
*Salomon, the Florentine Jew, and Alfieri, i., 187

harshly treated by Addison, ii., 151
Salvation, meaning of the terni, ii., 21; discussed between Style, in composition, requisites of modern, i., 16; of the
Melancthon and Calvin, 221, et seq.

oratory of Demosthenes, 25-27; of English writers, re-
Samos, subjugation of, by Polycrates, i., 271

marks on, 151, et seq., 193, et seq., 351 ; of Addison, Swift,
Samuel, the defender of Santa Veneranda, and leader of and Plutarch, 199; Locke, 218; Plato, ib., et seq. ;
the Suliotes, i., 393

Tibullus, 219; Muretus, ib. ; Aristoteles, 220, 221; Pro-
•Sandwich Isles, King of the, Peel, Croker, and Interpreter, dicus, 223 ; Plato, 246 ; Rousseau, 256 ; Montesquieu, ib. ;
i., 446

Thucydides, 366; Aristoteles, 454, 461; Theophrastus,
*Sandt and Kotzebue, ii., 1

510; Dr. Donne, 576; Livy, ii., 27 ; Polybius, 254
and Blucher, ii., 45

Suliotes, their heroic defence of their country, i., 393, 394
*Savage, Philip, and Archbishop Boulter, i., 377

Sun, advantages of its worship in a hot climate, i., 323
his character, i., 377, note

Sunday, amusements formerly encouraged on, i., 4 and note;
Sir Arnold, and King Henry IV., i., 9

modern observance of, 119

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