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my Kaido : where one blossom is remarkable for brittleness, cracked in the middle at one freezing its fulness and its beauty, those beside it are hol. glance ? And what sounds, thinkest thou, will low or small. Two great brothers were too much avenge this silence ? I will tell thee : they are even for fable, when fable went down lower than these. “ The courage of Photo was a traitor's ; the gods. Here are two; of whom either may his humility a slave's.” contend with the heroes of antiquity, such as our The very thought, in my horror, makes me hug country alone hath given birth to. Belief that to me virtues which perhaps belong not to me. the high capacious soul of these brethren will 0! thou hast done wrong already : thou hast watch and sustain me from a distance, is dearer made me prize myself! Leave me my true worth; to me than to link my hand in theirs. But who is leave me my own : let me be and be known to be he that should dare to hope it? Who shall stand what I am ! with them next to Liberty, next to Greece ? Kaido. Forgive me! forgive me! do not trust
Kaido. If only the thought of such as these Ali Tebelen. dwelt with us, we might bear intense evil Zavellas. He hath sworn such perfect esteem patiently.
for me, and hath declared his resolution to cele Zavellas. Sad indeed is it to consider how much brate the treaty with such solemnity, that either of mischief can a few bad men accomplish; how the dagger or poison (I foresee) will ratify it little of good can many better.
Nevertheless there are those in Suli, who are perNow tell me, Kaido, what hast thou heard suaded that the embassy with which they would disquieting?
entrust me, may prolong, if not establish their Kaido. Heard I not, 0 Photo! the speech of freedom. I indeed think differently: but where the arcons ? Did they not conjure you, in the is now my vote? What right hath an exiled man name of our country, to leave it ! to accept the to offer his opinion on the public weal? conditions of Ali Tebelen! to rely on his faith! Kaido. Pardon me, O my countrymen and my the faith of a traitor! a murderer! an em countrywomen ! if I am less faithful in the charge poisoner!
ye have confided to me! I departed with no Zavellas. Thou hast remarked something such intent. My brother stands before me, safe, since; for that only raised thy scorn, and thou healthy, free; can I suffer him to go and nerer wast silent.
more to see him, knowing that I never shall, and Kaido. Saw I not, amid the conflict of my woe that a word of mine may preserve him to us all ! and of my exultation, saw I not (and shall I for- Zavellas. Speak not that word, O Kaido, if get it ?) Photo Zavellas throw his arms around the reproach must follow it: if, when it hath fallen necks of those elders, entreating them never more from thy lips, it must stand for ever between thee to think of him but in their orisons, never more to and honour. Life we shall have again : a God trust the enemy after this peace-offering ! hath promised it: beatitude we may or we may
Zavellas. If I, undistinguished as I am and not : fidelity to our fathers, our children, our destitute of experience, could lay a charge so country, is the grain that holds the germ of it. weighty on such authoritative men, how much Let us never be numbered with those who barter greater right have they to demand from me the it, or who believe that Heaven hath imparted to execution of their designs?
man a sounder sustenance. Kaido. Brother! what I undertook to do, I Kaido. Ali Tebelen (you know it not, I know have done ; nor dare I attempt to dissuade you. it to a certainty) hath sworn your death. Nos I came not, O Photo ! to remind you that you go, if any reason upon earth impels you ; if any are banished by them who received at your hand duty calls where none can be available, where their deliverance and existence ; that your chil- none can be performed; go, if you shall benefit dren through them have no father's roof to shelter, your country by giving up to chains and tortures no father's eye to watch over them. This however the bravest of her defenders. I will announce to you . . for the blood of our Zarellas. This only course lies before me. parents cries out on me to say it .. and do not Kaido. Abandon your ruinous and untenable reprove me, Photo, though it should shake your fortress,* while the way is open and the toils unpurpose : if I am guilty of duplicity your danger spread. Provisions must soon fail you, and egress makes me so.
be intercepted Fight among the hospitable and Zavellas. Thou faulterest : faulter still. Thou unconquerable of Parga. Their numbers are 1 tremblest : and I do not bid thee not to tremble. diminished year after year; but the courage of Peace! silence! tell me nothing. What canst every man among them who hath fallen, seems to thou teach me of Ali Tebelen which the least sus. have been portioned out by some guardian angel picious might not suspect ? Sister ! it is not this on the thirsting hearts of the rest. Venice casts embrace that ought to assure thee I neither am a look of compassion on them; and the Seven stern toward thee nor insensible of thy love: my Isles continually send them succour. Never can determination itself, which thou wouldst remove, that day be dreaded, under no sign in the heavens should prove it ; for on that rests the glory of our is it marked by destiny, when so valiant and vir father's house. Couldst thou endure to find the tuous a race shall be abandoned. Humbled as voices in the street drop lower at thy approach ; mirth become gloom; and hearty laughter hollow * Santa Veneranda, a fortified monastery.
are the fortunes of her Protectress, the memory of I too have a country: if I cannot save her, I her past exploits, of her power and of her dignity, may at least obey her. The injury I have received keeps her upright. Will she aid in crushing the (but indeed it should never be called so) only desolate ? will she sell the bruised slave at her raises my heart the higher. Thanks to them own doors ?
who have given me a power, a victory, I could Zavellas. No nation, 0 Kaido, is capable of this not have gained without them. Promise them turpitude: none would wish it: none, wishing it, my duty. could accomplish it. Rather than be delivered Kaido. From these arms, then, God receive thee over to the infidel, the Pargans would dig up into his ! again the bones of their forefathers, carry them Zavellas. Courage ! courage ! weak lingering in their bosoms, and plunge with them from the Kaido!.. pray to Him for the soul of Zavellas .. summit of the rocks into the sea.
for the safety of better men.
EPICURUS*, LEONTION, AND TERNISSA. Leontion. Your situation for a garden, Epicurus, irregular sounds that excite me involuntarily to is, I think, very badly chosen.
listen, I assemble and arrange my thoughts with Epicurus. Why do you think so, my Leontion? freedom and with pleasure in the fresh air and
Leontion. First, because it is more than twenty open sky; and they are more lively and vigorous stadia + from the city.
and exuberant when I catch them as I walk about, Epicurus. Certainly the distance is incon- and commune with them in silence and seclusion. venient, my charming friend ! it is rather too far Leontion. It always has appeared to me that off for us to be seen, and rather too near for us to conversation brings them forth more readily and be regretted. Here however I shall build no plenteously; and that the ideas of one person no villa, nor anything else, and the longest time we sooner come out than another's follow them, can be detained, is from the rising to the setting whether from the same side or from the opposite. sun. Now, pray, your other reason why the spot Epicurus. They do: but these are not the is so ineligible.
thoughts we keep for seed : they come up weak Leontion. Because it commands no view of the by coming up close together. In the country the town or of the harbour, unless we mount upon mind is soothed and satisfied : here is no restraint that knoll, where we could scarcely stand together, of motion or of posture. These things, little and for the greater part is occupied by those three indifferent as they may seem, are not so: for the pinasters, old and horrible as the three Furies. best tempers have need of ease and liberty, to Surely you will cut them down.
keep them in right order long enough for the Epicurus. Whatever Leontion commands. To purposes of composition ; and many a froward me there is this advantage in a place at some dis- axiom, many an inhumane thought, hath arisen tance from the city. Having by no means the from sitting inconveniently, from hearing a few full possession of my faculties where I hear un- unpleasant sounds, from the confinement of a welcome and intrusive voices, or unexpected and gloomy chamber, or from the want of symmetry
in it. We are not aware of this, until we find an
exemption from it in groves, on promontories, or * Cicero was an opponent of Epicurus, yet in his treatise along the sea-shore, or wherever else we meet On Friendship he says, “ De quâ Epicurus quidem ita dicit; omnium rerum quas ad bcate vivendum sapientia Nature face to face, undisturbed and solitary. comparaverit, nihil esse majus amicitiâ; nihil uberius, Ternissa. You would wish us then away! nihil jucundius." This is oratorical and sententious : Epicurus. I speak of solitude; you of desolation. he goes on, praising the founder and the foundation.
Ternissa. O flatterer! is this philosophy? “ Neque verò hoc oratione solùm sed multo magis vità et moribus comprobavit. Quod quam magnum sit, fictæ
Epicurus. Yes; if you are a thought the richer veterum fabulæ declarant, in quibus tam multis tamque or a moment the happier for it. variis ab ultimâ antiquitate repetitis, tria vix amicorum Ternissa. Write it down then in the next paria reperiuntur, ut ad Orestem pervenias profectus a volume you intend to publish. Theseo. At verò Epicurus unâ in domo, et eâ quidem
Leontion. I interpose and controve it. That angustâ, quàm magnos quantâque amoris conspiratione consentientes tenuit amicorum greges. Quod fit etiam is not philosophy which serves only for one. nunc ab Epicureis." Certain it is, that moderation, for- Epicurus. Just criterion! I will write down bearance, and what St. Paul calls charity, never flourished your sentence instead, and leave mine at the disin any sect of philosophy or religion, so perfectly and so cretion of Ternissa. And now, my beautiful long as among the disciples of Epicurus.
Cicero adds in another work, “ De sanctitate, de pietate Ternissa, let me hear your opinion of the situation adversus Deos libros scripsit Epicurus: at quomodo in I have chosen. I perceive that you too have fixed his loquitur? ut Coruncanium aut Scævolam Pontifices your eyes on the pinasters. Maximos te audire dicas." Seneca, whose sect was more adverse, thus expresses his think these are verses, or nearly :
Ternissa. I will tell you in verses; for I do opinion : " Mea quidem ista sententia (et hoc nostris invitis popularibus dicam) sancta Epicurum et recta præcipere, I hate those trees that never lose their foliage : et, si propius accesseris, tristia."
They seem to have no sympathy with Nature : + Two miles and a half.
Winter and summer are alike to them.
The broad and billowy summits of yon mon. Leontion. Of what, pray? strous trees, one would imagine, were made for Epicurus. Of itself; seeming to indicate that the storms to rest upon when they are tired of we, Leontion, who philosophise, should do the raving And what bark! It occurs to me, same. Epicurus, that I have rarely seen climbing plants Leontion. Go on, go on ! say what you please : attach themselves to these trees, as they do to the I will not hate anything yet. Why have you oak, the maple, the beech, and others.
torn up by the root all these little mountain ashLeontion. If your remark be true, perhaps the trees ? This is the season of their beauty : come, resinous are not embraced by them so frequently Ternissa, let us make ourselves necklaces and because they dislike the odour of the resin, or armlets, such as may captivate old Sylvanus and some other property of the juices ; for they too Pan : you shall have your choice. But why have have their affections and antipathies, no less than you torn them up? their countries and their climes.
Epicurus. On the contrary, they were brought Ternissa. For shame! what would you with me? hither this morning. Sosimenes is spending
Epicurus. I would not interrupt you while you large sums of money on an olive-ground, and has were speaking, nor while Leontion was replying; uprooted some hundreds of them, of all ages and this is against my rules and practice; having now sizes. I shall cover the rougher part of the hill ended, kiss Ternissa!
with them, setting the clematis and vine and Ternissa. Impudent man! in the name of honey-suckle against them, to unite them. Pallas, why should I kiss you?
Ternissa. O what a pleasant thing it is to walk Epicurus. Because you expressed hatred. in the green light of the vine-leaves, and to breathe Ternissa. Do we kiss when we hate?
the sweet odour of their invisible flowers ! Epicurus. There is no better end of hating. Epicurus. The scent of them is so delicate that The sentiment should not exist one moment; and it requires a sigh to inhale it; and this, being if the hater gives a kiss on being ordered to do it, accompanied and followed by enjoyment, renders even to a tree or a stone, that tree or stone the fragrance so exquisite. Ternissa, it is this, becomes the monument of a fault extinct. my sweet friend, that made you remember the
Ternissa. I promise you I never will hate a green light of the foliage, and think of the intree again.
visible flowers as you would of some blessing Epicurus. I told you go.
from heaven. Leontion. Nevertheless I suspect, my Ternissa, Ternissa. I see feathers flying at certain disyou will often be surprised into it. I was very tances just above the middle of the promontory: near saying, “I hate these rude square stones !” what can they mean? Why did you leave them here, Epicurus?
Epicurus. Can not you imagine them to be Epicurus. It is true, they are the greater part feathers from the wings of Zethes and Caläis, who square, and seem to have been cut out in ancient came hither out of Thrace to behold the favourite times for plinths and columns: they are also haunts of their mother Orithyeia ? From the rude. Removing the smaller, that I might plant precipice that hangs over the sea a few paces violets and cyclamens and convolvuluses and from the pinasters, she is reported to have been strawberries, and such other herbs as grow wil-carried off hy Boreas; and these remains of the lingly in dry places, I left a few of these for seats, primeval forest have always been held sacred on a few for tables and for couches.
that belief. Leontion. Delectable couches !
Leontion. The story is an idle one. Epicurus. Laugh as you may, they will become Ternissa. O no, Leontion ! the story is very so when they are covered with moss and ivy, and true. those other two sweet plants, whose names I do Leontion. Indeed ? not remember to have found in any ancient Ternissa. I have heard not only odes, but treatise, but which I fancy I have heard Theo-sacred and most ancient hymns upon it; and the phrastus call “ Leontion ” and “ Ternissa." voice of Boreas is often audible here, and the
Ternissa. The bold insidious false creature ? screams of Orithyeia.
Epicurus. What is that volume ? may I venture Leontion. The feathers then really may belong to ask, Leontion? Why do you blush ?
to Caläis and Zethes. Leontion. I do not blush about it.
Ternissa. I don't believe it: the winds would Epicurus. You are offended then, my dear girl. have carried them away.
Leontion. No, nor offended. I will tell you Leontion. The gods, to manifest their power, presently what it contains. Account to me first as they often do by miracles, could as easily fix a for your choice of so strange a place to walk in : feather eternally on the most tempestuous proa broad ridge, the summit and one side barren, montory, as the mark of their feet upon the flint. the other a wood of rose-laurels impossible to Ternissa. They could indeed: but we know penetrate. The worst of all is, we can see nothing the one to a certainty, and have no such anthority of the city or the Parthenon, unless from the for the other. I have seen these pinasters from very top.
the extremity of the Piræus, and have heard Epicurus. The place commands, in my opinion, mention of the altar raised to Boreas : where is it! a most perfect view.
Epicurus. As it stands in the centre of the platform, we can not see it from hence. There is Epicurus. I would never think of death as an the only piece of level ground in the place. embarrassment, but as a blessing.
Leontion. Ternissa intends the altar to prove Ternissa. How ! a blessing? the truth of the story.
Epicurus. What, if it makes our enemies cease Epicurus. Ternissa is slow to admit that even to hate us? what, if it makes our friends love us the young can deceive, much less the old ; the the more ? gay, much less the serious.
Leontion. Us? According to your doctrine, we Leontion. It is as wise to moderate our belief shall not exist at all. as our desires.
Epicurus. I spoke of that which is consolatory Epicurus. Some minds require much belief, while we are here, and of that which in plain some thrive on little. Rather an exuberance of reason ought to render us contented to stay no it is feminine and beautiful. It acts differently longer. You, Leontion, would make others on different hearts : it troubles some, it consoles better : and better they certainly will be, when others : in the generous it is the nurse of tender. their hostilities languish in an empty field, and ness and kindness, of heroism and self-devotion : their rancour is tired with treading upon dust. in the ungenerous it fosters pride, impatience of The generous affections stir about us at the contradiction and appeal, and, like some waters, dreary hour of death, as the blossoms of the what it finds a dry stick or hollow straw, it leaves Median apple swell and diffuse their fragrance in a stone.
the cold. Ternissa. We want it chiefly to make the way Ternissa. I can not bear to think of passing of death an easy one.
the Styx, lest Charon should touch me: he is so Epicurus. There is no easy path leading out of old and wilful, so cross and ugly. life, and few are the easy ones that lie within it. Epicurus. Ternissa! Ternissa ! I would accomI would adorn and smoothen the declivity, and pany you thither, and stand between. Would make my residence as commodious as its situation not you too, Leontion? and dimensions may allow; but principally, I Leontion. I don't know. would cast underfoot the empty fear of death. Ternissa. O! that we could go together! Ternissa. O! how can you ?
Leontion. Indeed ! Epicurus. By many arguments already laid Ternissa. All three, I mean .. I said .. or was down: then by thinking that some perhaps, in going to say it. How ill-natured you are, Leonalmost every age, have been timid and delicate as tion! to misinterpret me; I could almost cry. Ternissa ; and yet have slept soundly, have felt Leontion. Do not, do not, Ternissa! SBould no parent's or friend's tear upon their faces, no that tear drop from your eyelash you would look throb against their breasts ; in short, have been less beautiful. in the calmest of all possible conditions, while Epicurus. Whenever I see a tear on a beautiful those around were in the most deplorable and young face, twenty of mine run to meet it. If desperate.
it is well to conquer a world, it is better to conTernissa. It would pain me to die, if it were quer two. only at the idea that anyone I love would grieve Ternissa. That is what Alexander of Macedon too much for me.
wept because he could not accomplish. Epicurus. Let the loss of our friends be our Epicurus. Ternissa! we three can accomplish only grief, and the apprehension of displeasing it; or any one of us. them our only fear.
Ternissa. How? pray! Leontion. No apostrophes ! no interjections ! Epicurus. We can conquer this world and the Your argument was unsound; your means next : for you will have another, and nothing futile.
should be refused you. Epicurus. Tell me then, whether the horse of Ternissa. The next by piety: but this, in what a rider on the road should not be spurred forward manner? if he started at a shadow.
Epicurus. By indifference to all who are indifLeontion. Yes.
ferent to us; by taking joyfully the benefit that Epicurus. I thought so : it would however be comes spontaneously ; by wishing no more inbetter to guide him quietly up to it, and to tensely for what is a hair's breadth beyond our show him that it was one. Death is less than a reach than for a draught of water from the shadow : it represents nothing, even imperfectly. Ganges; and by fearing nothing in another life.
Leontion. Then at the best what is it? why Ternissa. This, 0 Epicurus ! is the grand care about it, think about it, or remind us that impossibility. it must befall us? Would you take the same Epicurus. Do you believe the gods to be as trouble, when you see my hair entwined with benevolent and good as you are ? or do you not? ivy, to make me remember that, although the Ternissa. Much kinder, much better in every leaves are green and pliable, the stem is fragile way. and rough, and that before I go to bed I shall Epicurus. Would you kill or hurt the sparrow have many knots and intanglements to extricate ? that you keep in your little dressing-room with a Let me have them ; but let me not hear of them string around the leg, because he hath flown until the time is come.
where you did not wish him to fly?
Ternissa. No: it would be cruel : the string Ternissa. It was yourself who doubted, or about the leg of so little and weak a creature is appeared to doubt, the flight of Orithycia. By enough.
admitting too much we endanger our religion. Epicurus. You think so; I think so; God Beside, I think I discern some upright stakes at thinks so. This I may say confidently : for when equal distances, and am pretty sure the feathers ever there is a sentiment in which strict justice are tied to them by long strings. and pure benevolence unite, it must be his. Epicurus. You have guessed the truth.
Ternissa. ( Epicurus ! when you speak thus ... Ternissa. Of what use are they there?
Epicurus. If you have ever seen the foot of a Ternissa. When Epicurus teaches us such statue broken off just below the ankle, you have sentiments as this, I am grieved that he has not then, Leontion and Ternissa, seen the form of the so great an authority with the Athenians as some ground about us. The lower extremities of it others have.
are divided into small ridges, as you will perceive Leontion. You will grieve more, I suspect, my if you look round; and these are covered with Ternissa, when he possesses that authority. corn, olives, and vines. At the upper part, where Ternissa. What will he do?
cultivation ceases, and where those sheep and Leontion. Why turn pale ? I am not about to goats are grazing, begins my purchase. The answer that he will forget or leave you. No; ground rises gradually unto near the summit, but the voice comes deepest from the sepulchre, where it grows somewhat steep, and terminates and a great name has its root in the dead body. in a precipice. Across the middle I have traced If you invited a company to a feast, you might as a line, denoted by those feathers, from one dingle well place round the table live sheep and oxen, to the other; the two terminations of my intended and vases of fish and cages of quails, as you would garden. The distance is nearly a thousand paces, 1 invite a company of friendly hearers to the philo- and the path, perfectly on a level, will be two sopher who is yet living. * One would imagine paces broad, so that I may walk between you ; that the iris of our intellectual eye were lessened but another could not join us conveniently. From by the glory of his presence, and that, like eastern this there will be several circuitous and spiral, kings, he could be looked at near, only when his leading by the easiest ascent to the summit; and limbs are stiff, by wax-light, in closed curtains. several more, to the road along the cultivation
Epicurus. One of whom we know little leaves underneath : here will however be but one enus a ring or other token of remembrance, and we trance. Wild pomegranates and irregular tufts of express a sense of pleasure and of gratitude : one gorse unite their forces against invasion. of whom we know nothing writes a book, the Ternissa. Where will you place the statues ? contents of which might (if we would let them) for undoubtedly you must have some. have done us more good and might have given Epicurus. I will have some models for statues. us more pleasure, and we revile him for it. The Pygmalion prayed the gods to give life to the book may do what the legacy can not; it may be image he adored : I will not pray them to give pleasurable and serviceable to others as well as marble to mine. Never may I lay my wet cheek ourselves : we would hinder this too. In fact, upon the foot under which is inscribed the name all other love is extinguished by self-love : bene- of Leontion or Ternissa! ficence, humanity, justice, philosophy, sink under Leontion. Do not make us melancholy: never it. While we insist that we are looking for let us think that the time can come when we shall Truth, we commit a falsehood. It never was lose our friends. Glory, literature, philosopbę, the first object with anyone, and with few the have this advantage over friendship : remove one second.
object from them, and others fill the void; re Feed unto replenishment your quieter fancies, move one from friendship, one only, and not the my sweetest little Ternissa ! and let the gods, earth, nor the universality of worlds, no, nor the both youthful and aged, both gentle and boister. intellect that soars above and comprehends them, ous, administer to them hourly on these sunny can replace it. downs: what can they do better?
Epicurus. Dear Leontion! always amiable, Leontion. But those feathers, Ternissa, what always graceful ! how lovely do you now appear god’s may they be? since you will not pick them to me! what beauteous action accompanied your up, nor restore them to Calais nor to Zethes. words!
Ternissa. I do not think they belong to any Leontion. I used none whatever. god wbatever; and shall never be persuaded of it Epicurus. That white arm was then, as it is unless Epicurus say it is so.
now, over the shoulder of Ternissa ; and her Leontion. O unbelieving creature ! do you breath imparted a fresh bloom to your cheek, a reason against the immortals ?
new music to your voice. No friendship is so
cordial or so delicious as that of girl for girl: no * Seneca quotes a letter of Epicurus, in which his hatred so intense and immovable as that of woman friendship with Metrodorus is mentioned, with a remark for woman. that the obscurity in which they had lived, so great in. others of your sex : in riper age you hate all, more
In youth you love one above the deed as to let them rest not only unknown, but almost unheard of, in the midst of Greece, was by no means to or less, in proportion to similarity of accomplish be considered as an abatement of their good fortune. ments and pursuits ; which sometimes (I wish it