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and only said, he did not think wrath was worth story with a few variations, and swore in the precarrying home, though a man rode.

sence of several, that he would kill the first soldier “That Roger Moyle has not much reflection, is he met, private or officer, in service or out. The proved by an occurrence well known and often declaration was made before O'Mara, who, in addirelated. His mother's uncle was the catholic tion to his other offices, is justice of the peace. bishop of the diocese : a learned and pious man. He watched his opportunity surrounding Nat's On his death-bed he was frequently visited by house, which Nat had been just seen entering, Moyle. One evening he said, “ Roger! you have and called aloud “Nat Withers!' Nat came to an excellent heart, sound sense, and great in the door, and falling on his knees, “Why sure, fluence in the county. I am sorry, on leaving the captain, your Honour can not want me; you have world, to think we shall never meet again.' so many other brave men about you. For the love

“Don't think about that, uncle Nol,' said Roger. of Christ! what are your Worship’s commands ?' 'I will remain with you, and lie upon a rug in “ Nat Withers ! only just come a step out and this chamber, if you wish it. The bishop groaned, be hanged, and hold your tongue upon it. Leave * Poor Roger! blind still ! kind-hearted nephew! the rest to me: witnesses are sworn : all is ready, in another world then we never must meet!' and just as you could wish it: sentence and service burst into tears. • Uncle Nol!' said Roger, tears shall be read over you at once : up upon your are good for the tooth-ache, but may do harm in legs! be aisy !' your complaint. Let us be reasonable, and dis- “Nat sprang up, and attempted to run off, but, course it over.'

turning the corner of the house, was shot. : There “The bishop pressed his hand, and thanked him may be more of them within,' said the captain ; for the only act of kindness he never had seemed lose no time, boys !' disposed to. You will then hear me, Roger, They were entering the cabin, when the wife upon our holy faith ?' He brought forward all met them, and levelled one with her fist, and the arguments in its support, every one of which stabbed another to the heart with a knife. Surwas irrefragable, and pure from the mouth of rounded and seized by the remainder, she threw apostles, doctors, and confessors; and at the conclu. it from her, and fixing her eyes upon the captain, sion he cried, • I have a cloud more of witnesses.' Och! bloody hound ! Och ! that it was not

« • The cloud we have had is quite enough, uncle thee!' Ugly witch !' cried O'Mara, 'who art Nol!' 'Now, Roger! can you doubt them ? cried thou?' 'I am Dinah Shee, Nat Withers's wife the good man emphatically. I can not,' said these nine years, whose blood be upon thy head !' Roger. “You hold then these blessed truths ? Better there than upon this new pantaloon,' said 'I do. “And will stand firmly thereby?' 'I O'Mara, where a braver man's is.' 'A lie in your will.' “You abandon then your own pernicious hound's throat a stride across !' cried Dinah : errors ?'

there was no braver man in all Ireland than Nat "Roger hesitated; and then said tenderly,‘Uncle Withers, though he was not always brave at the Nol, turn upon your back again and lie quiet. Sure right time.' I may keep my own errors, and take yours too.' “The captain smiled : she struck at him with “10 nephew Roger! my last hopes are blighted!' her fist: he caught her arm, and said calmly :

“Pooh! pooh! no such thing. I believe all Dinah Shee! thou hast spoken fair, and done that you have said, uncle Nol; but I may believe well and bravely. If any one bears false witness other folks as civilly. Men of honour may differ against thee on this little matter, I will appear in opinion, and no harm in it, while they don't in thy behalf, and swear him down to the devil ! contradict. If you tell me what you saw and mind that, boys!' what you know, why then indeed I take your “At these words she fell upon the ground, and word rather than another's, as being my next of howled tremendously. Leave the poor soul in kin, and aware right well what blood is in your her cabin,' said O'Mara to his men; she can not veins.'”

do less for the dead; and Nat there won't come “ Incapable as I have shown myself," said Le again and bother her about it.'” Doux, "of judging the other parts of his charac- Le Doux was saddened at the smile on the ter, I will not hazard a word upon his prudence; countenance of Lady Glengrin, who asked him but it appears wonderful to me that, in the vici- where were his thoughts. nity of those whose relatives he has shot, he rides “I would have reserved them entire for Mr. home alone in the evening, through a country so Moyle,” replied he, “ if your ladyship had not uninhabited."

been mistress of them, and given them another “ The same thing was remarked to him by direction. Really I should like to see his town." Captain O'Mara,” said Lady Glengrin; "and he “ Town !" cried lady Glengrin with surprise. replied that he was mounted on such a horse as “When he did us the honour to invite us, did no man need be ashamed of: that, if there were he not say Moyle's-town?” few, he would show them his head; and, if the “ It was always a lone house ; although once bidders were too many, his tail. Neither expos- there was another nearer it, which he pulled tulation nor experience have altered his custom. down, because the tenant had poisoned a fox ; Nat Withers, called familiarly from this time for- saying that he who would poison a fox would, in ward the man of the broken ramrod,' told his proper time and place, at last poison a Christian,

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and, after that, a child. To explain the subject | lions! the remainder of the earth does not contain of your observation; our houses in the country the half. Those educated in slavery are willing we call towns and boroughs ; we have castles and slaves. The Mahometans have expeditious, equal, forts of one story high, comfortably thatched, but and inexpensive laws, and, for the most part, a without wall or ditch, rail or pale, bolt or shutter, delightful climate; the two greatest blessings; and with green sash-windows, in honour of the and they believe in fatality .. no small one! The shamrock, down to the ground. Our lodges and Pagans hear of nothing better than what they cottages are at the gates of Dublin, in Merion- possess and enjoy. The Irish not only hear of it, square, or Stephen's-green, or wings perhaps to but are promised it, and have earned it. Fatalism the Custom-house."

is the only foolish thing they do not believe in. During the remainder of their drive homeward, And their climate is such that, rather than bear her ladyship commended the prudence of Le its inclemency, they eat and drink smoke. What Doux, who fearing that some cruelty might be hovels ! what food! what beds! what contests of committed in the captain's house, on the men their children and their swine for even these ! arrested, and before the visiters had left it, re Shall then their innocent festivals, the best part quested her ladyship to remember that the even- of the best religions, and here so requisite as a ings were damp and chilly, that perhaps more of solace, so acceptable as a compensation, be forbidthe disaffected might be abroad, and that, in order den them?” to obviate any alarm to herself on the latter sub- O Catholicism! thou art verily a syphilis among ject, and to him principally on the former, as her the moral evils, eating deep into the political, and ladyship’s health had been delicate, it might be fatal where unchecked; but thou hast thy trucklebetter to give her commands about the horses. couch for thy sores to lie easy on, and something She began to apologise for introducing him to under it to catch thy drivelling. God help thee if such a creature ; adding that, as he had been these are removed ! presented at court, he was a person to be visited, To dance on Sundays, to enjoy the delights of but that still she did not like it. “However, he music, the purest of delights, the greatest, the keeps the rabble in quietness," said she : "and we most humanising, are things unlawful : the cathohave had only one robbery in the parish, the most lic and protestant are covenanters here. They peaceful in Ireland, all the year. Unluckily it was may celebrate the Lord's day, but they must be my peacock. As for murders, there have only as gloomy as if it were the devil's. A gauger comes been seven or eight in as many months, chiefly of round, and measures every man's smile ; and we middlemen and tithemen, beside a cow, which may expect the Society for the Suppression of indeed died rather from hocking, and from hav- Vice to offer a reward for a gelotometre, which ing her tongue cut out unskilfully.”

Johnson would have defined a diatonic instrument A few days after, Le Doux rode into the coun- whereby the cachinnations of laughter may be try, to the distance of twelve or fourteen miles. mensurated. He found the labours of the husbandman unre- In Ireland, as in England, Sunday is a festival; mitted, his food of the coarsest quality, and pro- but he who presumes to enjoy the first course, portionally less plenteous than, from calculation must chew the last in the stocks or in the house of profit, we give our swine and calves. He saw of industry, or acquire an appetite for another such the Catholic faith in all its purity, but without its feast by the wholesome exercise of the tread-mill. festivals. On his return he mentioned this, and If Sundays were holidays, as they should be, and here both parties, and every individual, agreed : Christmas-day and New-Years-day were added, namely, that the only good thing among them was the quantity of time devoted to idleness would be the absence of holidays.

sufficient. At present they are days of dead lan“ The absence of a thing, a good thing !" said guor, and make the tired labourer wish again for he, pondering. “And this absence, among them! work. To scold is not forbidden on them; to That is more like an article of faith than an article sing is. He may quarrel with his neighbour; he of logic.” He had been accustomed to such incon- must not play with him. Shall the religion then sequences; but never could he persuade himself of no nation be free, not only from gross and inthat incessant labour is a blessing, or that what coherent, but from restless and insulting absurdiis individually bad is nationally good. “Can there ties ? Shall kindness be the basis of none ? loudly be prosperity where there is no happiness ?” said as Christianity hath proclaimed it, constantly as he within himself: and it was the first time that its divine and ever-blessed Founder bath practised a statesman ever had revolved a question the most and commanded it ? Intolerant and self-sufficient original and the most important. To be awake bigots, the most impudent and crazy of mankind, is well; but to sleep is well also. To work is good; legislate for churches and gloss for Christ. They but to cease from it is not less. Much is gained do not trouble their heads in what manner the to a nation by handicraft and digging : is nothing commutative offices of life are executed, the duties gained by joy and gladness, and by rendering them of every day, the interests of society in contact the immovable Lares of the poor man's hearth? with us; and never are quiet on those which they The assertion was uncontradicted, that there were call the everlasting, but which in fact are no intein Ireland four millions of poor or oppressed. rests at all, being mere dependencies on belief or “Merciful heaven !” cried Le Doux, “ four mil- unbelief, in matters incapable of demonstration, and inapplicable to practice. Much of fanaticism every kingdom: I wished to do good, and, being is seen in England, some in Ireland: but fanati- in authority, I did it. The Russians were not cism here is among the lighter curses.

advanced in civilisation much farther than the “ It appears to me,” said Le Doux, “that in Irish ; but the gentry were more humane, the this country the features of evil are harsh, the clergy more tolerant, and in consequence the serfs form indefinite."

more docile.” “We must acknowledge,” said Lady Glengrin, The Irish friends of Le Doux began to think " that none of our statesmen has been capable of him, some a visionary, some an incendiary: and improving the condition of the Irish.”

he, who saw only confusion and contradiction from “What !” cried Le Doux, “does the plague the first, discovered that the same person was the rage perennially? Do the rains of heaven never most polite and the rudest, the most hospitable fall among you? Have you no roads, no rivers, and the most sordid, the most contentious and no harbours ? Have you no herbage, no cattle, no the best-natured creature in the world. corn ?"

“ It is time to leave this carnival,” said he. “Of these things," replied she, “we have "The mask in fashion is half-white and halfplenty.”

black: every man finds its inconvenience, yet “Bear me witness, heaven !” exclaimed Le every man wears it. There is only one exception, Doux enthusiastically. “ To make men happier and, strangest of contradictions, it is a minister of requires little wisdom, but much will. What was state. Let me fly from this scene of enchantment Odessa ? what is it now? Madam, I do not pre- while the bristles are not yet out upon me.” tend to greater knowledge than many possess, in

TIBERIUS AND VIPSANIA*. Tiberius. Vipsania, my Vipsania, whither art between us. A stronger hand, the hand that thou walking ?

composes Rome and sways the world ... Vipsania. Whom do I see? my Tiberius ? Vipsania. . . Overawed Tiberius. I know it;

Tiberius. Ah! no, no, no! but thou seest the Augustus willed and commanded it. father of thy little Drusus. Press him to thy Tiberius. And overawed Tiberius! Power heart the more closely for this meeting, and give bent, Death terrified, a Nero! What is our race, him ..

that any should look down on us and spurn us ! Vipsania. Tiberius! the altars, the gods, the Augustus, my benefactor, I have wronged thee ! destinies, are between us . . I will take it from Livia, my mother, this one cruel deed was thine ! this hand ; thus, thus shall he receive it. To reign forsooth is a lovely thing! O womanly

Tiberius. Raise up thy face, my beloved ! I appetite ! Who would have been before me, must not shed tears. Augustus ! Livia! ye shall though the palace of Cæsar cracked and split with not extort them from me. Vipsania! I may kiss' emperors, while I, sitting in idleness on a cliff of thy head .. for I have saved it. Thou sayest Rhodes, eyed the sun as he swang his golden nothing. I have wronged thee; ay?

censer athwart the heavens, or his image as it Vipsania. Ambition does not see the earth she overstrode the sea. * I have it before me; and treads on : the rock and the herbage are of one though it seems falling on me, I can smile at it; substance to her. Let me excuse you to my just as I did from my little favourite skiff, painted heart, O Tiberius. It has many wants; this is round with the marriage of Thetis, when the the first and greatest.

sailors drew their long shaggy hair across their Tiberius. My. ambition, I swear by the im- eyes, many a stadium away from it, to mitigate mortal Gods, placed not the bar of severance its effulgence.

These too were happy days: days of happiness * Vipsania, the daughter of Agrippa, was divorced from Tiberius by Augustus and Livia, in order that he might like these I could recall and look back upon with marry Julia, and hold the empire by inheritance. He re- unaching brow. tained such an affection for her, and showed it so intensely O land of Greece ! Tiberius blesses thee, bidwhen he once met her afterward, that every precaution ding thee rejoice and flourish. was taken lest they should meet again. In a former note it has been signified that the Claudii

Why can not one hour, Vipsania, beauteous and were deranged in intellect. Those of them who succeeded light as we have led, return? to the empire were by nature no worse men than several of Vipsania. Tiberius! is it to me that you were their race in the times of the republic. Appius Claudius, speaking? I would not interrupt you ; but I Appius Cæcus, Publius, Appia, and after these the enemy of Cicero, exhibited as ungovernable a temper as the * The Colossus was thrown down by an earthquake imperial ones, some breaking forth into tyranny and lust, during the war between Antiochus and Ptolemy, who sent others into contempt of, and imprecations against, their the Rhodians three thousand talents for the restoration of country. Tiberius was meditative, morose, suspicious. it. Again in the time of Vespasian, “ Coæ Veneris, item In the pupil of Seneca were dispositions the opposite to Colossi refectorem congiario magnáque mercede donavit." these, with some talents, and many good qualities. They Suetonius in Vesp. The first residence of Tiberius in could not disappear on a sudden without one of those Rhodes was when he returned from his Armenian expedishocks under which had been engulfed almost every tion, the last was after his divorce from Vipsania and his member of the family.

marriage with Julia.

I am a gar

thought I heard my name, as you walked away there was a woman too I could love, and fear and looked up toward the East. So silent ! nothing. What a soldier, what a Roman, was

Tiberius. Who dared to call thee? Thou wert thy father, O my young bride! How could those mine before the Gods .. do they deny it? Was who never saw him have discoursed so rightly it my fault ..

upon virtue! Vipsania. Since we are separated, and for ever, Vipsania. These words cool my breast like O Tiberius, let us think no more on the cause of pressing his urn against it. He was brave: shall it. Let neither of us believe that the other was to Tiberius want courage ? blame : so shall separation be less painful.

Tiberius. My enemies scorn me. Tiberius, O mother! and did I not tell thee land dropt from a triumphal car, and taken up what she was ? patient in injury, proud in inno- and looked on for the place I occupied : and cence, serene in grief !

tossed away and laughed at. Senators ! laugh, Vipsania. Did you say that too ? but I think laugh! Your merits may be yet rewarded it was so : I had felt little. One vast wave has be of good cheer! Counsel me, in your wisdom, washed away the impression of smaller from my what services I can render you, conscript fathers ! memory. Could Livia, could your mother, could Vipsania. This seems mockery: Tiberius did she who was so kind to me ...

not smile so, once. Tiberius. The wife of Cæsar did it. But hear Tiberius. They had not then congratulated me. me now, hear me : be calm as I am. No weak- Vipsania, On what? nesses are such as those of a mother who loves Tiberius. And it was not because she was beauher only son immoderately; and none are so tiful, as they thought her, and virtuous, as I know easily worked upon from without. Who knows she is, but because the flowers on the altar were to what impulses she received? She is very, very be tied together by my heart-string. On this they kind; but she regards me only; and that which congratulated me. Their day will come. Their at her bidding is to encompass and adorn me. sons and daughters are what I would wish them to All the weak look after power, protectress of be: worthy to succeed them. weakness. Thou art a woman, O Vipsania! is Vipsania. Where is that quietude, that resig. there nothing in thee to excuse my mother ? So nation, that sanctity, that heart of true tenderness! good she ever was to me! so loving !

Tiberius. Where is my love? my love? Vipsania. I quite forgive her : be tranquil, O Vipsania. Cry not thus aloud, Tiberius! there Tiberius!

is an echo in the place. Soldiers and slaves may Tiberius. Never can I know peace .. never burst in upon us. can I pardon . . anyone. Threaten me with thy Tiberius. And see my tears! There is no echo, exile, thy separation, thy seclusion ! remind me Vipsania ! why alarm and shake me so? We are that another climate might endanger thy health ! too high here for the echoes: the city is below

There death met me and turned me round. us Methinks it trembles and totters: would it Threaten me to take our son from us ! our one did ! from the marble quays of the Tiber to this boy! our helpless little one! him whom we made rock. There is a strange buz and murmur in my cry because we kissed him both together. Re- brain; but I should listen so intensely, I should memberest thou? or dost thou not hear ? turning hear the rattle of its roofs, and shout with joy. thus away from me!

Vipsania. Calm, 0 my life ! calm this horrible Vipsania. I hear; I hear. O cease, my sweet transport. Tiberius! Stamp not upon that stone : my heart Tiberius. Spake I so loud ? Did I indeed then lies under it.

send my voice after a lost sound, to bring it back; Tiberius. Ay, there again death, and more than and thou fanciedest it an echo? Wilt not thou death, stood before me, O she maddened me, my laugh with me, as thou wert wont to do, at such mother did, she maddened me .. she threw me an error ? What was I saying to thee, my tender to where I am, at one breath. The Gods can not love, when I commanded ... I know not whom ... replace me where I was, nor atone to me, nor con- to stand back, on pain of death? Why starest sole me, nor restore my senses. To whom can I thou on me in such agony? Have I hurt thy fly? to whom can I open my heart? to whom fingers, child ? I loose them : now let me look! speak plainly ?* There was upon the earth a Thou turnest thine eyes away from me. Oh! man I could converse with, and fear nothing : oh! I hear my crime! Immortal gods ! I cursed

then audibly, and before the sun, my mother! * The regret of Tiberius at the death of Agrippa may be imagined to arise from a cause of which at this moment his wife, could not have been Tiberius's, nor would be and he was unconscious. If Agrippa had lived, Julia, who was Vipsania have been separated.


Wolfgang. Old man, thou knowest, I doubt not, Cæsar that which is Cæsar's, and unto God that why thou art brought before me.

which is God's." It does not say, “ Keep any Henry. For having been the preserver of thing,” which it would do, if anything remained. Arnold.

Dost whistle, rogue ? Wolfgang. For harbouring and concealing an Henry. I cry you mercy, Sir Wolfgang. About outlaw.

the Scripture I dare argue nothing ; but about Henry. We all are outlaws.

the thieves., what thieves have we here? Who is Wolfgang. What! and confess it!

disposed to take away kid or pullet from us ? can Henry. Where there is law for none, what else not we, who are in our own houses, defend them can we be ?

as well as those who are some hundred miles off? Wolfgang. In consideration of thy age and here and, when we can not, is not our neighbour as ready tofore good repute, our emperor in his clemency to help us as they are? Yet our neighbour would would remit the sentence passed on thy offence, blush to ask a spoonful of salt for doing it. taking only thy plough and oxen in punishment Wolfgang. Malcontent! what wouldst thou say of disobedience.

if thy master should forbid thee to turn thy barley Henry. Ploughs and oxen are not instruments into malt, or to plant thy garden, or any plot of and furtherers of disobedience. Why were they it, with hops ? taken from me before? Had they never been Henry. I dare not imagine this wrong. Το seized by his Apostolic Majesty, and had not the order me how to crop my garden or how to mix great man Gessler told me that I, a hoary traitor, my tankard ! To forbid the earth to give its inshould be yoked in place of them, my valiant son crease in due season is the heaviest and the rarest had never cursed him and his master.

curse of God. Never, I trust, will our nation be Wolfgang. I turn pale with horror.. Curse the so heartless as to endure a like interdict from right-hand of the Almighty !

the wrath of man. Henry. We were told that Man was his image, Wolfgang. There is no danger: nevertheless long before we ever heard that a dry marten-skin why not profit by example, and avoid the chances on the shoulder, and a score of cut pebbles on the of mischief? The tortoise, well protected as it is, head, made any creature his right-hand. This draws in its head at the touch of a child. right-hand does little else than, like children, strip Henry. I will do the same when I am a tortoise. the image, or just as they do, break the head of But we Switzers have our rights and privileges : one against the head of another.

we may kill even a hare if we find him in our Wolfgang. What particular bardship couldst corn, provided the land be our freehold. What thou complain of?

nation in Christendom can say the same, beyond Henry. Only that whenever there was a fine these mountains ? We alone are raised to an day, my oxen were taken for the emperor's use, equality with the beasts and birds : we alone can and that my boy was forced to guide them. leave our country: we alone pine and perish if Wolfgang. You had many days left.

we are long absent from it. Henry. Ay verily; all winter, from the first of Wolfgang. Is that a privilege? November to the first of April. While the snow Henry. No, my lord judge; it may be a want, was from five to three feet deep, I might plough, a weakness; but those who are subject to it are sow, and harrow. A green turf was an imperial exempt from many others. Of what are they not rescript, and I never saw one in the morning but capable in defence of their country, to whom she I met a soldier at my gate ere noon, and my two is so dear! We see our parents and children poor beasts were unhoused.

carried to the grave; we lose sight of them, and Wolfgang. Factious man! the mildest govern- bear it manfully. On losing sight of our country ments in the world have always exacted this trifle our hearts melt away. in payment for their protection. Where there is Wolfgang. Brave men bear it. I left my country little coin, there must be labour or its produce : to perform my duties in this ; and what country and how much better is it to give the half, or is pleasanter than Austria, or more productive of rather more, to a lawful master, than the whole to cattle and game, of river-fish and capons ? robbers? But indeed this half is not given : all Henry. All men have a birth-place, Sir Wolfin right is Cæsar’s. Thy Bible says, “Give unto gang, but all men have not a country. Nay, there

* Landenberg, who governed the country for Albert or are some who have it not, and who possess almost Austria, sent to drive away a yoke of oxen from Henry of half a province, with tolls, and mills, and chases, Melctal. His son Arnold, complaining of the violence, was and courts, and prisons, and whatever else can told that peasants might draw the plough themselves if make the great contented. they wanted bread. Arnold struck him with his staff,

Wolfgang. I should be censurable if I listened broke two fingers, and fled to a friend at Uri. On this

the longer to such idle and wild discourse. The people his farm his goods confiscated, his house seized . . and of Burgundy are subject to more hardships than nothing else: for his eyes were burnt out.

thou art, so are those of Swabia and of France. Be

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