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1821:] Account of Flitton Church, Bedfordshire. 393

Mr. URBAN, Woburn, Feb. 6. coat of arms, and undernealb the folLLITTON is a small village in the lowing lines :

T county of Bedford, about three " Aske how he lived, and you shall know miles from the town of Ampthill. It

bis end, was anciently called Flictham, and He died a saint to God, to poore a friend. Flecl, and gives its name to the Hun. These lines men know doth truly of bim dred and Deanery in which it is silu.

story, ated.

Whom God hath called, and seated now · The Parish Church, of which I send . in glory.” a drawing, (see Plate I.) is not re- In the same part of the Church markable for its architecture or an- are interred ibree of the Grey fatiquity ; but has become celebrated mily. Of the Monumental Chapels, as the place of sepulture of the no- one, is collateral with the Chancel, ble family of Grey, who possessed the and separated by an iron gate, under dow, unhappily, extinct title of Duke an arcb : this was erected upwards of Kent. li consists of a pave, with of 200 years ago, but has been since North and South ailes, separated by modernized. Four others are of Gresix pointed arches, springing from cian architecture, with semicircular elegaot clustered columus. The tower arches and pilasters, and were erectat ibe. West end is lofty, and well. ed (as it appears from an inscription proportioned, with a large turret at jo the centre one), and the chancel the South-east angle, and contains allered, by Henry Duke of Kent, four bells and a clock. The Cleres- A.D. 1701. The windows are in that tory has six windows, with a turret non-descript style sometimes called at ihe East end. Tbe Church, both Modern Gothic internally and externally, is much out In the first Chapel are four mo. of repair. The Font is plain and oc- numents; the first, that of the Lady lagonal, with rude carvings of flowers Jane Hart, daughter of John Evelyn, and arınorial sbields uoderneath : on esq. of Godtone, Surrey, wife and rethe South side of the altar is a piscina. lict of Sir Eustace Hart, and formerly There are some slight remains of of Sir Anthony Ben. This monument painted glass in the upper part of was erecled by her daughter Annatwo or three of the aisle windows; but bella Counless Dowager of Kent, She they are too insignificant for notice. died in 1671, aged 83.- Her charac. The corbels are.“ carved, grotesque, ter is pourtrayed in a long eulogium, and grim.” Tbe arch opening into the which in the quaint style of the times, tower differs from the others, being affirms that she will rise “ one of the very plain, with semi-octagonal co. inost glorious pieces of the resurreclumns: over the entrance into the tion." Beneath is a female figure Chance), the Royal Arms are painted of wbite marble, in an altitude of in fresco, but much faded ; above grief. are the initials. A. R. i.e. Anna RE. The next is that of Lady Elizabeth GINA, and undernealb, “Semper ea. Talbot, Countess Dowager of Kent, dem.” On the North side of the pave second daughter and coheiress of Gilhangs a hatchment, with the motto, bert Earl of Shrewsbury; she died at “ nec cupias, nec metuas." - In the “hir house in Whitefriers," Dec. 7, Church are several modern tablets, 1651. The third is that of Henry and some tombs of a more antient Earl of Kent, Lord Hastings Weis. date, witb brasses. On the second ford, and Ruthin, Lord Lieutenant of

pillar on the South, is a tablet, com. Bedford ; the founder of this Chapel, memorative of Bartbolomew Gale, wbo died Jan. 31, 1614; and Mary bis gent. who died in 1684, æt. 78, and wife, daughter of Sir Robert Cotton, had been 40 years Gentleman Usher” of Combermere, in the county of Chesto Apoabella Countess Dowager of ter, and relict of Robert Earl of DerKent. Witbin the altar rails is the by, who died Nov. 16, 1680, and was tomb, with the effigies in brass, of buried at Great Gaddesden in HertThomas Hill, who died April 2, 1601, fordshire. On this are iwo fine old aged 101, receiver-general to “three , recumbent figures in red marble, with worthy Earls , of Kent,” Reginald, robes, rulls, and coronets, their bauds Charles, aod Henry :-- above is his joined in the altitude of prayer. Above GENT. MAG. May 1871... .

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394 Monuments of the Grey Family at Flitton. [May, are the family arms, with the motto, a pyramid, crowned with an uro, and “ Foy est tout.”

encircled with a wreath of flowers. The last has also two recumbent The third is dedicated to the mefigures, in white marble, with full mory of Henry de Grey, son of the robes and coronets, and four smaller Duke of Kent, who died Dec. 4, ones at the corners of the tablet 1717, in the 21st year of his age. above. The first represents Justice His effigy is in a loose dress. Above with her balance; the second, with is a pyramid, similar to the last, with a serpent in her hand, and her eyes a wreath of flowers most minotels uplified, is Immortal Wisdom; the and beautifully sculptured. Io the third, leaning on a broken Corinthian saine Chapel is a neat urn of white column, is Patience, or Fortitude; marble, on a pedestal of Purbec the fourth, with a broken vessel, and stone, to the memory of the Lady in a distressed attitude, is Charity. Gregory, daughter to the same Duke -This monument commemorates of Kent. Henry Earl of Kent, &c. &c. who The South Chapel has only one died in 1651, and Annabella his wife, monument, that of Pbilip Earl of by whom it was erected.

Hardwicke, who died May 16, 1790, On the floor of this Chapel are the erected by his wife Jemima, Martombs of Heory Grey Earl of Kent, chioness of Grey and Baroness Lucas, who died 1729, and Charles his browho died Jan. 11, 1797. On this is ther, also Earl of Kent, who died a beautiful figure in white marble, 1723; and an antient tomb, with the leaving agaiost an urn. la her coun. effigies in brass of a man in armour, tenance deep grief is inimitably dehaving a sheathed sword in his left picted, oor can the exquisite flowhand, but the inscription is oblite. ings of her drapery fail to command rated. Bebind one of the pillars of the delighted attention of every beLady Elizabeth Talbot's monument holder. is an old two-edged sword, and a In the last Cbapel, to the East, is rusty iron gauntlet.

one large monument of white and To the central Chapel are the mo. veined marble. In the centre is a sarnuments of the Lady Annabell de cophagus of dark marble, nearly simiGrey, eldest daughter of Henry Duke lar to the former. On this is the of Keot, who married Jobo Lord recumbent effigies of Henry de Grey Glenorchy, eldest son of the Earl of Duke of Kent, in his full robes, with Breadalbane, and died July 20, 1718, bis peer's cap in bis band. By Queen leaving one son, and one daughter, Anne he was created Marquis and afterwards Marchionens de Grey : and Duke of Kent, Lord Chamberlain, also that of Aune de Grey, her sister, Koight of the Garter, and Lord Lieuwho married Lord Charles Cavendish, tenant of Bedford and Hereford. He and died Sept. 20, 1733. Both are was one of the regents named by executed in black, white, and grey George I.; afterwards appointed Lord marble, and oroamented nearly in a Privy Seal, and to a variety of other similar manner.

offices. By George II. he was created In the North Chapel are three mo. Marquis Grey. He erected a magoinuments. The first has a noble sar- ficent town house, and laid out the cophagus of black marble, resting on gardens of Wrest. His character is claws; ou which reclines the effigies, recorded io terms of bigh eulogium. in a Roman dress, of Anthony de Ou the right is the effigy of bis Grey, commonly called Earl of Har. first wife, Jemima, daughter and corold, created Baron Lucas of Crud. heiress of Lord Crewe, who died July well, who married Lady Mary Tuf. 27, 1728. ton, daughter of the Earl of Thaget, On the left is a tablet commemoand died 1723. The next is that of rating bis second wife, Sopbia, daughHenrietta de Grey, third daughter of ter of William Lord Portland, who Henry Duke of Kent, who died Jan. died June 14, 1748; and underneath 4, 1716-17, aged 14. On this is sculp. that of ber daughter, Anna-Sophia, tured a youthful form, with a pleas. who married the Rev. John Egerton, ing and innocent countenance, look- successively Bishop of Bangor, Liching up to Heaven ; in her hand is a field and Coventry, and Durham, and book, resting on a cusbion : above is died Nov. 21, 1748.

1821.] Silsoe, and Wrest Park.–Gardiner Family. 395

la the Parish of flitton, about one three quarters of a mile in length. mile from the Church, is the antient This is at present the residence of hamlet of SilsoE, formerly Silversho, Appabell Hume, Baroness Lucas, and a town of some size and conse. lately created, by letters patent, quence, having a market on Tues- Countess de Grey. days, granted to Ralph Fitz Richard, Allow me, as the Author of the A.D. 1319. This has long been dis- “History of Woburn," reviewed in used, and it has now dwindled to a your Magazine for September, 1820, small but peat village. It has still to say, that application was made for two fairs apoually, May 12 and Sept. the records mentioned in “Tanner's 21. A national school has been es- Notitia," and that none such were tablished, and a good school-house known to exist. It may perhaps serve erected by the Countess de Grey, and as some apology for this anxiety, on received into the connection of the behalf of that work, to say, that it Bedfordsbire National Society. Here was wrilten at the early age of eighis a Chapel of Ease, dedicated to St. teen years.

J, D. PARRY. James. "A double tier of three plain pointed arches, resting on low octa. Mr. Urban

April 6. gopal columns, divides it into a nave VOUR intelligent Correspondent and two side ailes, with clereslory 1 “X." in his account of the windows, and the chancel at the East Church, &c. at Cuddesdon, Oxon, eod. The interior is very neat; a (given in your Magazine for March, handsome gallery has been erecled p. 201), states, lhat “Sir Thomas Gar: parallel with the whole West end, diner, Solicitor General to King Charles and the pews have been painted, &c. J. destroyed a house belonging to The altar-piece is well wainscoted, bimself, on the South side of the and has a painting representing the Church, in order that it might not " Adoration of the Shepberds, the afford accommodation to the Parliaproduction of Mrs. Mary Lloyd, and mentary forces.” I shall be much presented by her to the Chapel. Who obliged to your said Correspondent this Lady was, I am not able exactly (and to any other of your Literary to ascertain. Over the West end is friends) for information as to the bio. a small and ugly steeple and spire, graphy of this gentleman ; particucontaining two prayer-bells and a clock. Tarly also, as to the place of his inter

The present Rector of Flitton ment; his family connections, and arcum Silsoe, is the Rev. T. T. James, morial bearings. whose name is known to the pube The first Baronet of the pame was lic by two volumes of interesting created in 1660, as appears by De"Travels jo Russia, Poland,” &c.- brett, and his predecessors Kimber The Parish Church is dedicated to and Collins; who mention, that the St. Joho the Baptist, and ibe living family of Gardiner formerly resided is in the gift of Christchurch, Oxford. Dear Wigan, co. Lancaster; of whom

Adjoining the village is Wrest Park, Robert Gardiner, Esq. married Mary the antient seat of the Grey family. sister of Sir William Palmer, co. Bed. A perfect and complete account of ford, and was father of Sir William this Mansion will far exceed the pre. Gardiner, who was created a Baropet, sent limits, it inust therefore be left and K. B. at the Coronation of to a future letter, or Correspondent. Charles II. and who married Anne, The front is neatly built of white daughter and heiress of Robert Brocas stone, with a plain pediment in the of Beaurepaire, co. Hants, Esq.; the centre, and a covered portal beneath. said Sir William being possessed of The interior has a fine and valuable Roch Court, co. Hants; which con. collection of family portraits. The tinues to be the family seat. gardeos bave long been esteemed as The estate at Cuddesdon possessed the favourite resort of the surroundby the present Baronet, Sir James ing country. They were principally Wballey Smythe Gardiner (tbe third laid out by the celebrated Browo, in succession under a new creation in and are oroamented with imitations 1782), was, I believe, entirely derived of antique temples, hermitages, Chic from the marriage of his great grandDese bowers, &c. and a very noble father, Doctor Berpard Gardiner of banqueting.house. They are sur. Oxford (second son of Sir William Tounded by a fine serpentine river, Gardiner above mentioned) with an

heiress

356 Gardiner Family.--Account of Agrigentum. [May, heiress of the Smythe family ; sister, the city. The first is called the I presume, to the lady whose monu. Temple of Venus, by many called of mental inscription “X." has recorded. Juno Lucina ; almost one half of

It appears to me probable, there. which still remains. The second is fore, in the first place, that Sir Wil- the Temple of Concord ; this may liam Gardiner the first baronet, did be considered entire, not one column not, at the time of his creation in having as yet fallen ; the inscription 1660, possess any estate in that neigh on the entablature of white marble : bourhood. And it occurs to me se

" Ferdinandi IIII. Regis condly, as no mention is made by the

Augustissimi Providentiæ above authors of Sir Thomas Gardi. Restituit Anno MDCCLXII." ner, who most likely would have been It is precisely the same dimensions noticed, not ooly from the said offi- and architecture as that of the Temcial situation which he must have ple of Venus, which probably served held, not more, perhaps, than fifteen as the model for it. It appears to years before, but also on account of bave been built at the expence of the ibe zeal manifested by him in the Lilibitanè, after baving been defeated Royal cause, as staled by “ X.” that by the people of Agrigentum; from be probably was not connected with the following inscription in Roman the above family. And it bas further capitals on a lare piece of marble occurred to me also, whether, partakfound there : ing of the effects of his Royal master's "Concordiæ Agrigentinorum Sacrum misfortunes, he aod bis connexions

Respublica Lilibitanorum might not pass into comparative ob. Dedicantibus M. Alterio Candido scurily ; exemplified, possibly, in the Procos. et L. Cornelio Marrace of the same name, who were oc

cello Q. P. R. P. R." cupied in the more bumble, yet repu- These Temples are supported by table sphere of tradesmen ; and whose 13 large fluted Doric columns og tombs are observable in the Church- each side, aod six at each end. All yard at Cuddesdon.

their bases, capitals, and entablaThey were certaioly inhabitants of tures, &c. still remain entire. The this parish during, or shortly after, third Temple is that of Hercules, those troublesome times; and possessed now in ruins, but which was of a (by purchase in 1664) a small freehold much greater magoitude than those property; which (or other property of Venus and Concord. It was on purchased within a few years after this spot the famous Statue of Herwards) regularly descended from fa- cules, so much celebrated by Cicero, ther to son, until 1807 ; at which pe stood, and which the people of Agririod the owner sold it. For, residing gentum defended with so much braat a distance, and the estate being in very against Verres, who attempted small parcels, it seemed likely to be to seize it. The famous picture of to him (as from the same causes it had Zeuxis was placed in this Temple. been to his predecessor), a source of Hercules was represented in his cra. very considerable trouble, with no dle, killing the two serpents : Alccompetent advantage.

mena and Amphitryon baviog just A CONSTANT READER. entered the apartmeot, were painted

with every mark of terror and as. Mr. URBAN, Queen-Sg. Bloonisbury. tonishment. I BEG leave to offer a few remarks P lipy says, the painter considered 1 on the aptient City of Agrigen. this picture io valuable, and could tum, in addition to the account given never put a price upon it, but gave io a preceding Number *.

it to the City of Agrigentum, to be The ruins of the antient Cily of placed in the Temple of HerculesAgrigentum, like those of Syracuse, they are now lost. are mostly converted into corn fields, Near the above spot lie the ruins vineyards, and orchards ; but the re- of the Temple of Jupiter Olympus, mains of the Temples are much more supposed by the Sicilian authors to conspicuous than those of Syracuse. have been the largest in the heatben Four of the Temples stood nearly in world. It is now called il Templo di a right line, near the South wall of Giganti, or the Giants Temple, from

the astonishing size of tbe stones, * See before, p. 114. which the people conceivod could

pot

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