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[ 233 ] REVIEW OF NEW PUBLICATIONS.

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33. Surtees's History of Durham, Vol. II.; tured on Hilton Chapel are supported by continued from p. 138.

Stags; the later Barons uniformly used We cheerfully proceed lo fulfil our two Lions (Azure). promise of laying before our Readers* some extracts from this valuableWork. " HILTON CASTLE stands low and se

" CASTLE stands low and se. questered (according to the exact import of the original name peltun), in the vale of Wear. The centre only of the present structure is ancient. The East front exhibits an oblong square tower rising above , a portico of modern Goibic work. The West front has in the centre the great entrance, or gatehouse, perhaps nearly in the state in which it was reared in the reign of Richard II. The gateway is defended by square projecting turrets, with banging parapets, exactly resembling the coëval architecture of Lumley. Two round towers of later date connect the centre with uniform wings of completely modern architecture.

A view of the West or Armorial entrance to Hilton Castle, drawn and very delicately engraved by Mr. Blore, is given in the Volume.

After describing the Arins on this front, and those on the right and left flanking towers, Mr. Surtees tbus details the Arms on the East frout:

«Within a plain shield the arms of Hillon only. Crest, on a close helmet, Moses's head in profile, in a rich diapered maotle, the horns not in the least radiated, but exactly resembling two poking sticks. Above all, in bold relief, a stag couchant, collared and chained.”

A view of this East front, as it appeared in 1785, is annexed (sce Plate II). A more complete delineation of the curious arms, presented in miniature on the front of the Castle, is also introduced in the adjoining co. lumn. The Culs are borrowed from Mr. Surtees's Work.

However ancient and simple a coat the Hiltou bearing may appear, the Argent field and bars of Azure, yet it certainly was not the first armorial distinction adopted by the family. Alexander de Hilton, in 1172, seals his grant out of Hilton-mill, to St. Peter's of Wearmouth, with a huge demi-lion passant, so manufactured as to exhibit the leonine lash of the tail without the hind quarters of the noble brute, The commou bearing, when ever first used, appears on a seal in 1328; and in 1414 William de Hilion exhibits a splendid seal with his shield of arms sus. I can hardly even guess at the origin pended on a tree; two conies, betwixt the of the strange crest; Moses's head glorified shield aod legend, look rather like oma. or horned. Cornutá erat ejus facies. Anments than supporters. The arms sculp. other crest (or Cognizance?) a stag in a Gent. Mag. March, 1821.

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234 REVIEW.-Surtees's History of Durham. [March, golden chain appears on Hilton Castle; of a Bear, and, which is more to the purEast front; and to this stag there befoogs pose, that the Staffords of Buckingham a tradition, that it was granted to the fa. chose to descend from a uhite Swan" mily, I forget why, by the Conqueror, in

A very copious account, and ample whose service a certain fabulous Lancelot,

Pedigrees, of the Hyllon Family are Hilion is said to have died at Feversham. “ This may not be an impre per place

given, accompanied by Evideoces,

Charters, Will., &c. to say a word or two on the title of Baron, so constantly bestowed on the ancient

A general West view of the Castle, house of Hilton, and which has been drawn by J. M. W. Torger, esq. R. A. adopted without scruple in the text. In and engraved by Rawle, is contribut. any country where the serm Nobility is ed by its late noble possessor, the Earl not exclusively contined to the Peerage, of Strathmore. the Hiltons would have ranked as Noblesse

The grounds to the North and East hare in the stric:est sense of the word, yet I

been laid out in slopes and terraces, at believe the title of Baron had no reference

the highest point of which, to the North, to any Peerage supposed to be created by

slands an elegant small Chapel,” one or more summons to Pailiainent in

“ Several of the turrets of Hilton are the reign of Edward I. or Ill. but was

still crowned with human figures, some in given by the general courtesy of the coun).

grotesque attitudes, others as combatants, try, either from respect to the long and

&c in the usual manner; a custom, immemorial existence of the family in a

which if it were not intended for mere or gentle state, long before the creation of Baroos either by writ or summons, or

nament, was perhaps practised to deceive else with reference to the rank which the

an approaching enemy, who could hardly Hiltons undoubtedly held of Barons of the

tell, at some distance, whether the garrison

were on the alert or not." Bishopric, sitting with a sort of Provincial Petrage in the great Council of their Ec

The melancholy fate of this antient clesiastical Palarine, and possessing some and honourable family will be read degree of controlling or consulting power, with interest. which can now be very ill understood or « In 1332 and 1335, Alexander de Hil. defined, though there is ample evidence of

ton had summons to parliament, which the actual existence of such a Chamber of

was never repeated in any of bis descenPeers, in many Episcopal Charters and

dants. After a series of twenty descents, other remaining documents."

stretching through five centuries, the fa“ One proof of the high antiquity of the

mily was nearly ruined, by the improvi. Hiltons is the number of popular tradi

dent posthumous generosity of Henry tions * which, in various ways, account for

Hilton, esq. who appears to have been so their origin. There is no improbabiliiy much under the influence both of vanity (though it is not matter proven) in sup

and melancholy, as might, in these days posing that the local establishment of the

of equity, have occasioned serious doubts family extended above the Norman æra ;

as to the sanity of bis disposing mind. yet it might be difficult to say which coat

This gentleman bad sereral years before, Adam Hilion, the liege of King Albelstan,

on some disgust, deserted the seat of his caused to be sculptured above the portal

ancestors, and lived in obscure retiremeot, of St. Hilde, or to be engraved on the

first at the house of a remote kinsman at massy silver crucifix wbich he presented

Billinghurst in Sussex, and afterwards at to the Abbess of the Peninsula. Roma.

Mitchel-grove, where he died. By will nus, the Knight of Hillon (whose very

dated 26 February, 1640.1, he devised the name is unknown to these early Roman

whole of his pateroal estate for ninety. cers), might be Saxon, Dane, or Norman,

nine years, to the Lord Mayor and four or, according to a wild legend alluded to

senior Aldermen of the City of London, og in Sharpe's Hartlepool, (p. 167,) he might

trust to pay, during the same term, 241. with equal ease spring from a Northern yearly, to each of thirty-eight several Rover, who wooed and won' a fair young Parishes or Townships io Durham, Surrey, Saxon Dame with all ber lands and towers,' Sussex, Middlesex, and Newcastle on under the disguise of one of Odin's Ravens. Tyne ; 281. per aquum to the Mayor of The account of the matter given below is Durham, avd 501. per anoum to the Vicar certainly not offered as any portion of the of Monk Wearmouth : be then leaves ao Hillons' Evidence. It should, however, be annuity of 1001. to his next brother Robert recollected, to say nothing of Leda aud Hilton, and to his heirs; and 50l. per adsuch by-gone times, that the Ascania, num to his brother Job Hilton, which Princes of Saxony sprong from the loins last sum is to cease, if he succeed to the

- larger annuity as heir of Robert : all the * One tradition is narrated in such residue and increase of his renis he gives pleasing lines, that we have transferred to the City of London, charging them to it to our Poetical Department.

bind out yearly five children of his own

kindred

1 1821.1

Review.--Surtees's History of Durham.

235

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kindred to some honest trade; and further test; and after the Restoration an amicable be desires them to raise 4000l. out of the decree was pronounced, by which the pos. rents, to remain in the City Chamber olur. session of the estates was restored to the ing pinely nine years, and the interest to heir, on condition that he should discharge be applied in binding out orphan children all the particulars of the trust created by boin on the manors of Ford, Biddick, and the will of Henry Hillon, should make re. Karmston. Afier the expiration of that gular payment of the several parocbial term, he devises the whole of bis esiales, charities, and sa isly the claims of ihe two with ibe increased rents, and also the same dowagers. Under these sore incumbrances 40001. to bis heir at law, provided he be Mr. Hilton took the management of his not such an one as shall claim to be the own property ; but the repts, wasted as issue of the testator's own body. He then the estate had been for twenty years, were gives several legacies to his servants, and totally inadequate to the charges; and it to the family of Shelley of Michell.grove; was found necessary to reduce the whole declares that he has 30001, on good bouds of the payments one third, in proportion in Londoo; appoints the Lady Jane Shel. to the actual stale of the rent.roll, leaving ley to be his Executrix, and desires burial still a very sufficient busthed to exercise in St. Paul's Cathedral, 'undes a fair the prudence and patience of the family, tumbe like in fashion to the tumbe of Dr. both which useful qualities they seem to Dunne,' for which purpose he leaves 10001. have possessed in a very exemplary degree. to his Executrix, who never complied with “ From this period the ancient Barons the injunction

of Hilton, no longer distinguished by ex. " Henry Hilton left a widow (not named tended possessions or extraordinary inin his will.) who re-marri-d Sir Thomas fuence, retreated, wilhoul degradation of Smith, said to have been an active and in blood or of honour, into the quiet ranks triguing man, of considerable infuence of private gepiry. Three successive chiefs during the Usurpation, Robert Hilton, of Hilton were not more respecied for their the next brother to Henry, survived bim ancient and undoubted descrot, than for only a few months, and he also left a the prudent and unostentativus simplicity widow, whose second husbaud, Sir Thomas with wbich they supporied the fallen forHallyman, obtained in compensation of tunes of their house, without meanness, ber dower a life estate in the manor of and without vain regret or misplaced pride. Ford. The Will itself produced, as was Their names do not eveu occur in the list most likely, litigations and chancery suits of Parliamentary Representation, and they in abundance ; and under all these circum. received rather than claimed from the gestances, the estate, or rather the shadow neral courtesy of the country the acknow. of the estate, vested in John Hilton, the ledged raok of the first untiileu gentry of seventh and sole surviving brother of the North, of Noblesse without the peerage. Henry. The civil wars burst out in the The last Baron, a man of mild and gene. same year 1641, and John Hilton periled rous disposition, though of reserved habits, the reliques of his inheritance in the royal is still remembered with a mingled senti. cause. Himself and his son bore the com. ment of personal respect and of that po. missions of Colonel and of Captain in the pular feeling, which even ill conduct can Marquis of Newcastle's army. The estate scarcely extinguish, towards the last repreof Hilton, placed exactly between the sentalive of a long and honourable line, royal army and the Scois under Lesley, unstained by gross vice, and unsullied by pas pluodered and wasted by both parties; dishonour." and on the final rujn of the royal cause,

Amongst other Baronial appenthe Hiltons, included in the list of malig

dages, Mr. Hilton was one of the Dants, were totally disabled from struggling

latest gentlemen io England wbo kept al law or equity, either with the rebel City of Londou, or with The two Knights who

a domestic fool. The Baroll on one nad espoused the worse, then the better occasion, on his return from London, Cause. The wonder is, that from such a quilled his carriage at the Ferry, and state of ibings the family ever emerged at amused himself with a homeward all; but the younger John Hilton (who sauoler through his own woods and succeeded to the claims of his father in meadows; at Hilton foot bridge he 1658) seems to bave possessed a share of encouotered his faithful fool, who, prudence and quiet perseverance very 10. staring oo the gaudy laced suit of his usual in a ruined Cavalier. The very liti.

patron, made by some false Suthroo gations of Sir Thomas Smith with the City

Tailor, exclaimed, “ Wba's fule now?" Chamber, though they tore the estate in pieces, whilst the heir starved, had even.

« John Hilion, esq. (great-grandson of toally a favourable effect. The Citizens John in 1658,) died 25th Sept. 1746. By of London, who derived very little direct will dated 6 Nov. 1739, he devised all his advantage from the will of their singular estates to his nephew, Sir Richard Mosbenefactor, were wcaried out with the con- grave, of Hapton Castle, bart, on condi

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