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Gentleman's Magazine:

AND

Historical Chronicle.

From JULY to DECEMBER, 1818.

VOLUME LXXXVIII.

NEW SERIES.)
(BEING THE ELEVENTH OF A

PART THE SECOND.

PRODESSE ET DELECTARE.

E PLURIBUS UNUM.

By SYLVANUS URBAN, Gent.

LONDON: Printed by NICHOLS, SON, and BENTLEY,

at Cicero's Head, Red Lion Passage, Fleet Street;
where Letters are particularly requested to be sent, Post-Paid.
And sold by J. HARRIS (Successor to Mrs. NEWBERY).
at the Corner of St. Paul's Church Yard, Lulgale Street;

and by Perthes and Besser, Hamburgh. 1918.

shine;

read ;

and give

TO SYLVANUS URBAN, GENT.

On the COMPLETION OF HIS Eighty-Eighth VOLUME. IN days of yore, a Bard with harp well. The Royal Dukes now take a blooming strung,

Bride :

(preside; Thus of departed Cave, prophetic sung: May choicest blessings o'er each Pair “ Yet shall thy fame through future ages May joys supreme long on their union bloom,

(Line ! Avert destruction, and defy the tomb *.And Kings spring from the great illustrious With “Master's hand,” he struck the Thy martial pages India's war proclaim : trembling wire,

The valiant Chieftains consecrate to Fame. Predicting true, that name should ne'er Hislop's and Ochterlony's actions shine, expire :

The brightest bay round Hastings' temples For, as the Sun from his meridian height,

twine, Diffuses joy around, and gives delight : Who plann’d the operations of the field, So you, Sylvanus, to th' enamour'd eye, And Eastern Monarchs were compellid to New charms impart, and pleasures fresh

yield. supply,

The choice remarks on Signs of Inns As, round the circle of the varied year,

impart Your beauties in succeeding months ap Historic illustration to the heart; pear.

The Eagle, Christopher, the Alfred's Head, As Frontispiece to grace the New Year's St. George and Dragon, are with pleasure scene, (seen,

[display, Lo! Cardif's stately tower and vanés are The number such, the Muse can't here Encomiums high th' enlighter'd mind Save Ring of bells that hails each festalday.. await

[fate. On Byro's neat “Compendiums,” praise That sav'd the structure from impending

is due; From thy bright garland, Urban, choose, Mullum in parvo there the eye may view.

His leaf with richest inforınation glows, The sweetest flower to Bowles, whose name The “Holy Shades" of every County shews. shail live.

But why do British standards half-high True Church, his triumphs ever shall dis

floats

[ful note? play,

[away: Why muffled bells ring out the mournWhile New and No Church scowl, and slink Charlotte's no more ! our Monarch's graThe Ebenezer Bricks will ne'er subdue

cious Queen,

[keen. The heap of Old Stones, venerable to view, Releas'd from pain severe, from suffering The Muse enraptur'd notes a glorious Feelings acute her Royal Line possest, sigbt,

What poignant grief assaild the Regent's 'Where goodness, charity benign, unite.

breast ! Thy unique building, Pleasants! calls the Say! what eulogium shall the Nation give? lay :

(tray. Widely diffus'd her Charities shall live, Distress and want reliev'd thy worth pour Her virtues ever shall exalt her name,

Had souls capacious e'er presided o'er Her excellence be blown from trump of The Monuments so dear to classic lore,

Fame. Where Quar ndon's Chapel shews a falling The ships that to the Arctic regions sail'd, head,

[dead : A North west passage to explore, have Crumbling to dust, like its sepultur'd

fail'd :

[wiud, Those sacred walls had ne'er in ruins The well-built keels encounter'd storm and been;

(seen ;

But only frozen seas and ice could find : The sculptur'd marbles still with rapture Yet Ross has brought from new-discover'd The Antiquary now with reverence see

shore

[fore. The splendid tomb of Vavasor and Lee. Its race canine, and things unknown beOn, may the thought inspirit good Dupré. What though the arduous souls did not Now with delight fam'd Wyon's gems

succeed,

[meed. bebold,

The Heroes well have won fair Honour's His silver medals, and his coins of gold : As erst in prose each month you did These works magnificent his skill proclaim,

rehearse,

[verse; And rank the Artist in the roils of Fame. These few contents the Muse now gives in But hark! the thundering cannons peal More to depict, she feels the effort vain, around,

[sound; Such numerous charms thy different leaves The trumpeis flourish, bells melodious

contain. The fair Eliza, lov'd by England's land, Horace renown'd thus clos'd his bright Gives to Hesse Homberg's Prince her Royal

career, hand,

Ære perennius will my works appear. Again do Princely Nuptials greet the And latest Time, O Urban! shalt thou sight,

[light;

brave, And Albion's Realm around receives de Such the foundation laid by great, immor

tal Caye. WILLIAM RAWLINS. * Gent. Mag. Jan, 1754, vol. XV. p. 41.

Teversal Rectory, Dec. 31

PREFACE

TO THE

SECOND PART OF THE EIGHTY-EIGHTH VOLUME.

IN

N presenting ourselves before the Publick again with grateful acknowledgments for their past support, we think that we now do so under promising aspects. The Political Machine, so long hacknied in a War direction, of course became for a time unfit for use in another form. The wheels appeared simply to hang together, without the capacity of effective action. But, the stream of pecuniary capital seeming now to be applied with increasing force, we think that the National energy is beginning more and more to develope itself, and will, under Providence, effect as many blessings in Peace, as it has glories in War.

How much Literature and Science are impeded by War, is well-known; but we need only allude to the eagerness and zeal with which all the different Nations of the Globe are now explored by Englishmen, and the number and immense circulation of Encyclopædias, to justify a most favourable expectation of high National improvement in mind and morals.

In adverting to our own humble share in political concerns, it is of course limited to such effects as may be justifiably presumed to result from the diffusion of principles, we trust, correct in reference to the Constitution in Church and State. We think that we act rightly, where the object is of most momentous concern, and the thing itself is the creature, not of theory, but of time and experience. We do not deny (to use a homely allusion) that there may be very good Constitution-Tailors in all countries : but, if their coats will not fit, to what purpose is their calling? We conceive that Englishmen do not assimilate the Inhabitants of any other Nation. They use more labour and activity. They talk at freedom of Politicks and Religion. They quarrel differently ; even in their Duels, they do not seek sanguinary revenge, so much as vindication of their bravery. If they become rich, they expect titles and honours ; nor indeed do they like to adopt any vocation which does not promise either wealth or promotion ; nor are they happy if they do not mix in society with perfect liberty of speech and action. Let us add to this, that their pecuniary interests are so intimately involved in their constitution, and that their habits are so formed by that very constitution, that we do not see why we are to listen to clamorous Quacks, who would persuade us that we are in a state of high disease, in order that we may

take their medicines. Whoever differs from us in opinion, will at least admit that caution is a necessary property of respectability.

From an earnest zeal for the good of Science, properly so called, we have ever kept our pages open to the discussion of all points which add to information, or promise useful results. We have been honoured by communications from the first and the best-informed minds. Whoever

knows

knows how much useful and interesting matter would inevitably be lost to the world, were it not for Periodical Miscellanies, will see their importance in its' real light. If our first Scholars, or our active minds, had not these channels of communication, much of their labours, if even reduced to writing, would become useless, and share the fate of the letters and papers of deceased Attorneys ; devolve to the heir, and be used for waste paper. We trust that we have claims to public respect in restricting our Miscellany from degeneration into a political pamphlet, in substituting intelligible elegancies of the higher order of composition, the fine and delicate classicalia of finished Scholars and Gentlemen, for the superstition of Literature, the heavy metaphysical jargon of discontented Politicians and Religionists. We also can proudly boast that we set the example of paying due regard to departed worth, by having amplified our OBITUARY.

We do not profess to usher our Readers into a dark room, where there is a pulpit in one corner, and a tribune in another, for raving declaimers; we do not think that the mind of Newton was formed either by religious or political enthusiasm, and we know that science alone can display the glory of God, can enable us to behold his admirable Museum of the Universe, study in his Library, and understand the language which, He speaks.

We speak not thus intemperately; but, in every period, when, from circumstances, religious and political discussion have been carried to extremes, feeling has been substituted for sense, and nonsense has abounded through the enco

couragement of Party. We could even name modern Writers of high fame and eloquence, engaged in the propagation of gloom and misery, by perverting the most evident attributes of Deity, and professing to combat an infidel petitio principii by others of even silly absurdity. But our object is not to censure : we mean only to warn; and, in the spirit of meekness, solicit our Literati to protect and secure the taste of the Country from miserable deterioration ; and divert the national attention from aiming at impossibilities, to rational improvements in Science and the Arts.

In promotion of these laudable objects, we solicit the continuation of the favours of our Literary Friends. They know our principles, and we trust, that they will duly appreciate our motives. To useful, elegant, and liberal studies, we own ourselves highly friendly, because we think that they alone are capable of satisfactory results : and we trust that the Gentleman's Magazine will ever retain its character of being a Temple, where may be found a variety of Ceimelia, in Greek delicacy of fabrick, choice offerings from the fine-minded devotees of pure taste, and deep and elegant learning.

December 31, 1918.

LIST OF PLATES.

Antiquities, Miscellaneous, 305.
Colet, Dean, his house at Stepney, 233.
Combe, Alderman, portrait of, 201.
Cranborne Chace, Deer Hunter, 113.
Deer-Hunter, in proper costume, 113.
Dunnington on the Heath, old house

at, 17.
Essex, antiquities found in, 305.
IMey Church, Oxon, 9.
Kilcolmar Castle, co. Cork, 577.
Lichfielıl, antiquities found at, 305.

Marston Magna Church, Somerset, 105.
Nottingham Castle, Lodge of, 577.
Shrewsbury, Grey Friars, 297.
St. Martin's Le Grand, Architectural

Remains, 393.
St. Paul's School, 233.
Satisbury, ornamented stones at, 305.
Seal, antient, 305.
Sharp, Granville, Portrait of, 489.
Sherborne, Antient Building at, 497.
Stepney, Dean Colet's House at, 233.

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