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• To a LADY ;
That he seems to have granted a lease of his prime,
Then in spight of iny spoils—they will know how to please.". We shall conclude our extracts with a poem which does honour to both the heart and the pen of the benevolent and patriotic writer:
• THOUGHTS ON WAR and Peace.
That does not pray the strife of arms may cease,'
If such there be “ whose breasts the Furies steel,"
• Let them that virtuous charity implore,
• What streams of blood from war's dread conflicts flow;*
• Have they not drench'd the parching arid sands
But chief in Europe flow'd and ever fows,
• Trophies of victory surround the throne ;
In vain for Europe heaven kind love displays,
* In vain bids arts improve the docile mind, .
Let savage nature beasts ferocious sway!
• But man's kind heart abhors each savage rule,
"* O sang des hommes ! de quelque coté que je tourne les yeux, je te vois couler à grands flots; tantôt tu as arrosé les sables alterés de L’Afrique, tantôt tu as decoloré les neiges du Pule, tantôt tu as couillé la verdure eternelle de la delicieuse Asie.
L'AN DEUX MILLE QUATRE CENT QUARANTE.'
• Imposing war in Honor's garb array'd,
Yet let the victor give one pensive thought
• From Nature's gentlest bosoms Fancy strays
The widow's tears, the orphan's ruin'd state,
• Perchance two lovely youths from him were torn,
• While Rapine's cruel unrelenting hand,
- Bids hostile troops invade the cultur'd soil,
What numbers seek in these disasl’rous times
• From fond domestick ties afar remov'd,
Some pictur'd fear pursues a best belov'd,
• But cease, my Muse this strain of sorrow cease!
• With livelier colours see the prospect beam!
.Quel spectacle ! deux cents mille hommes repandus dans de vastes campagnes, & qui n'attendent que le signal pour s'égorger, Ils se massacrent à la face du soleil, sur les fleurs du printemps ;ce n'est point la haine qui les anime. • L'AN DEUX MILLE QUATRE CENT QUARANTE.'
Regenerate men in union's christian stream,
. Then vanish arts of war-no more shall man
• Then Commerce, source of industry and wealth,
- Joyful each vessel shall expand the sail,
• Then Agriculture smiling from the shore,
Her sons now lab'rers of the peaceful field,
• Britain shall rise in new refulgent day,
's O Peace ! celestial guest, from Heaven descend !
And thou the universe at length embrace.”
We were tempted to pluck another flower * from the Surbi ton Parterre, when Conscience exclaimed « Forbear!”-on which the felonious hand was instantly withdrawn.
Art. XVI. An Inquiry into the Causes and Effects of the Variole Vac
cine, a Disease discovered in some of the Western Counties of England, particularly Gloucestershire, and known by the Name of the Cow-Pox. By Edward Jenner, M. D. F. R. Š. &c. 4to. pp. 75, and Four coloured Plates. 78. 6d. Boards. Law, & Co
1798. W e think that we ought to congratulate society on the ap
pearance of the present publication : as it seems to inform us of some facts of deeper interest in physiology, than • The verses from a dying plant in a green-house, p. 63. нь 4
any any which have been brought to light since Mr. John Hunter's discovery of the solvent power of the gastric liquor on the dead but not on the living stomach; and of greater importauce in the practice of physic, than any discovery subsequent to that of inoculation for the small-pox. We conceive ourselves authorized to thus appreciate the work before us, from the contemplation of the fact which it has developed : viz. that the animal ceconomy is susceptible of an alteration from the operation of a certain animal poison, so as to be subsequently incapable of a disease from a different animal poison; and from the practical application of this fict, which tends to the extermination of a most offensive and destructive disease. Such objects must yield exquisite gratisıcation to the philanthropist ; and we indulge our minds with the view of a diminution of Human suffering, arising out of the facts here stated : suppose ing, and indeed confiding, that these are established on the rock of truth.
While, however, we willingly speak in terms of great consideration for the discovery above mentioned, it is just to confess that we cannot bestow commendation on, nor yield our assent to, some other statements in this work; because they appear to be erected by fancy, or at best are supported only by equivocal coincidences, and not by decisive observations. We hope to enable our readers to judge for themselves, from our account of the publication,
Dr. Jenner sets out with tracing the cow-pox, as he thinks, to the grease of horses' heels.
In this dairy-country (he says) a great number of cows are kept, and the oflice of milking is performed indiscriminately by men and maid-servants. One of the former having been appointed to apply Cressings to the heels of a horse affected with the grease, and not paying due attention to cleanliness, incautiously bears his part in milking the cows, with some particles of the infectious matter adhering to his fingers.' When this is the case, it commonly happens that a disease is communicaied to the cows, and from the cows to the dairy-raids, which spreads through the farm until most of the cattle and domes, tics fcel its unpleasant consequences. This disease has obtained the name ofile Cow-Pox. It appears on the nipples of the cows in the form of irregular pustules. At their first appearance, they are commonly of a pali;lı blue, or rather of a colour somewhat approaching to livid, and are surrounded by an erysipelatous injammation. These pustules, unless a timely remedy be applied, frequently degenerate into phagedenie uicers, which prove extremely troublesome. The animals become indisposed, and the secretion of milk is much lessened. I:flamed spots now begin to appear on different parts of the hands of the domestics employed in milking, and sometinies on the wrists, which quickly run on to suppuration, first assuming the appearance of the small vesications produced by a burn: - Most commonly they appear about the joiuts of the fingers, and at their extremities; but