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tvn right; in all 186, besides the 16 Scotch Peers *. In these 46 years, therefore, during which had happened the Revolution, and tjie accession of the House of Hanover, the increase was only 25.

In 1759 it consisted of 2 Dukes of the blood-royal, 20 Dukes, I Marquis, 8i Earls, 10 Viscounts, and 58 Barons, beside*

9 Peeresses in their own right, in all 181. During these 31 years, therefore, the Peerage had decreased 5.

* In 1780 it consisted of 3 Dukes of the blood-royal, 21 Dukes, I Marquis, 78 Earls, 14 Viscounts, 65 Barons, besides 7 Peeresse* in their own right; in all 1S9. During these 22 years, the increase was 7.

'At the close of the year 1783 in consisted of 3 Dukes of the blood-royal, 22 Dukes, 78 Earls, 17 Viscounts, 76 Barons, beside*

10 Peeresses in their own right; in all 206; an increase of 17 in about four years.

* In 1797 it consists of 4 Dukes of the blood-royal, 19 Dukes,

11 Marquises, 90 Earls, 14 Viscounts, 121 Barons, and 9 Peeresses in their own right; in all 268. During these 13 years therefore, the increase has been 62.

4 In point of promotion in the ranks of Peerage, perhaps no minister has ever equalled Mr. Pitt. He has elevated 10 Peers to the rank of Marquis, 18 to the rank of Earl, and 2 to that of Viscount.

* The addition of 62 to the Peerage is within a fraction of a third of the whole number which existed so lately as 1780. I am by no means an enemy to Mr. Pitt. But, if it be doubted whether there be any violent evil from this great alteration of the system of the constitution, yet as there is no apparent good in it, we may surely be allowed to hesitate, and inquire how far it may be wise to introduce such a striking change, without some importunate and decisive cause: at any rate, it may be made an engine of alarming corruption in the hands of any minister. It is a lure for the country Gentleman; on whoae independence before the bauble of a coronet was universally dangled within their grasp, the best hopes of the purity of Parliament were placed.'

We cannot compliment the author's reasoning, by styling it the most conclusive that might have been drawn from such premises. He considers the late additions to the Peerage as replete with national mischief, not on constitutional grounds as tending to an undue preponderance of one branch of the Legislature, but as alienating the afTections of the country gentlemen from the present administration, by exciting the dangerous and hitherto dormant jealousy of those whose hereditary pretensions were originally equal.

4 But, while it is impossible to tear our sensibilities from our frame, it becomes a matter of very alarming concern indeed, how profusely this bauble of a coronet is showered down on the heads of improper or undeserving men, and while it makes a few ungrateful and corrupt, makes a thousand disaffected and dangerous.'

In the list of creations and advancements of the Peerage during the present administration, we remark a trifling inaccuracy. Sir T. Egerton is descended from a coheir of the aatient Barons Grey De

« * Chamberlaine's Present State of England, 1728.'

Wilton: Wilton :—his claim was indeterminate, or there had* been no necessity for a patent dated 1784.—We must also correct the assertion relative to Lord Carrington having assumed the title and arms of a family to whom lie had not even a distant agnation. The arms which he bears were legally granted to the brother of his grandfather, High Sheriff of Leicestershire, in 1718; and he has not in any instance assumed those of the former noble family of Carrington.

It will probably be the opinion of many, that no analogy can be formed between the systems of administration in the reigns of Queen Elizabeth and of George the Third. The catalogue and characters of her peers and knights, given in this pamphlet, willperhaps convey no censure that is applicable by just comparison to modern men and things. Though the noblemen were very few, they were not immaculate; and if we may believe Sir Robert Naunton, {Fragmtnta Regalia, p. 92,) *« there were of the Queen's council which were not in the catalogue of saints."

Art. 49. Copies of Original Letters recently "written by Persons in Parit to Dr.Priestley in America. Taken on board of a Neutral Vessel. 8vo. pp. 36. is. Wright. 1798.

Wc are informed in the preface to this pamphlet, that 1 the letters of which the following are literal copies were found on board of a Danish ship, (The Christiana, Nicholas Albosted, Master,) lately brought into one of our ports by the Diamond Frigate. The originals were inclosed in a cover directed to "Dr. Priestley in America." They have been exhibited, with the usual attestations, in the High Court of Admiralty, as part of the evidence in the proceedings against the above-mentioned ship, and her cargo, and are now remaining on record in the public registry of that court. Their authenticity is, therefore, (continues the editor,) placed beyond a dispute, and may be personally ascertained by any man who chooses to take that trouble.'

The first letter is dated, Paris, izth February 1798 (25 Plumose, 6th year), and is signed by Mr. J. H. (John Hurford) Stone, who is described as a traitor in the indictment which was preferred against his brother William Stone, and on which he was tried at bar in the King's-Bench in Hilary term T 796.—This letter contains an account of the French transactions about the period of itsdatcin Venice, Genoa, and the Cisalpine Republic, and particularly of their threatened invasion of this country; which the writer describes as ' a denree, or merchandice of the first necessity for them; and, I should doubt (continues he) whether any concession on the part of England could now avert the experiment; whether it will be a fatal one to it's government, time only can determine. In the mean time, the government here are putting in work every engine, attempting to engage every passion, to enlist every prejudice; nevertheless always anxious to discriminate between the Government and the People, flattering the one, as much as they profess to execrate the other.'

It was not necessary that these letters should have appeared, for us to be informed that their writer had cast off his allegiance to his sovereign: but they were necessary to convince us that any Englishman could so totally eradicate from his mind all feelings of attachment

and and love for the country in which he had been born and educated, and had received the high advantages of her protecting government, as to co-operate in every plan of her enemies to subjugate and ruin her; to rejoice in the success of those plans, or to grieve at their overthrow !—Mr. Stone, however, on evidence that has not been disputed, appears to be this character!

Of the second letter, the follcjwing account is given at the close of the first; * I enclose a note for our friend M. B. P.; but as ignorant of the name he bears at present among you, I must beg you to aeal and address it. We have heard nothing of him since his departure, and know but vaguely that he is secreted at present at Kennebeck.'

The same principles, and the same proofs of French citizenship, which marked the former letter, appear in this.'

It will not unreasonably be supposed, that the persons to whom these epistles are addressed entertain the same sentiments with those which actuated their correspondents. This, however, is but presumptive evidence, and may be resited by testimony of a contrary description: but, with regard to Mr. Stone, it may be remarked that" out of his own mouth is he condemned."—A preface and notes accompany these letters, to heighten their effect;—which was scarcely necessary.

AFFAIRS OF FRANCE.

Art. 50. Remonstrance, addressed to the Executive Directory of the French Republic, against the Invasion of Switzerland. By John Caspar Lavater, Rector at Zurich. 8vo. is. 6d. Debrett, &c. This letter, which is dated May 10, 1798, contains an animated, just, (but guarded,) and pathetic expostulation with the rulers 'of France, on account of their treacherous and tyrannic treatment of subdued Switzerland, especially the canton of Zurich: for example;

'We were promised, (says the venerable and patriotic physiognomist,) at least verbally, by the agents of the great nation, that no French troops should enter our canton, that not a sou should be demanded from us. Yet the very reverse happened. They had the impudence to exact from us three millions of livres. They had the cruelty to march troops into our canton, without the least previous application, to exhaust our poor innocent country! In other -words, they forced upon us the liberty of suffering ourselves to be stripped of all rational freedom.'—' Three millions !—and for what? To exact millions, is millionfold injustice. It is the demand, not of a civilized nation,—I know of no other appropriate expression,—the demand of a band of robbers, ill organized, grown overbearing by success ia war, and in their own opinion entitled to whatever they chuse to claim.'—' Three millions!! from 200 burghers * of a small town, while the z,6oo burghers, of whom it consists, would not be able to raise that sum.—Great Nation, if any sense of shame and humanity remains in thy bosom, blush!' &c. &c—The freedom of the few

* The weight of this fine seems to have fallen on this select number of the inhabitants, 'on the pretext of subverting and punishing an aristocracy which was no more'

Enes which we have transcribed is nothing to the vehement upbraid-* ing$ and execrations * which the good rector of Zurich pount out against the French government, in the course of this reproachful address, in reference to the whole of their arbitrary treatment of poor unhappy Helvetia 1

What effect was produced by this letter, which was addressed td * Citizen Rewbell' in particular, vft have not learnt: but the Eng-> Ksh Editor, who signs his preliminary advertisement, " H. Newman," and dates from Lombard-street, observes that an answer was returned by the Director :—of its contents, however, he only says, 4 its complexion may be judged by the subsequent proceedings of hi* brother-in-law, Citizen Rapinat, the wanton barbarity and injustice of which far surpass even the atrocity of those which form the proper objects of this address.'

MISCELLANEOUS.

Art. 51. The Gentleman's Guide in Money Negociations; and Banker's, Merchant's, and Tradesman's Counting-House Assistant. i2mo. is. Low.

This neat little book contains tables for calculating interest at five per cent, from I to 1000 pounds for 1 to 31 days; for reckoning the elapse of bills; for valuing leases, lives, and annuities; and for comparing English and Irish currency. It also includes tables of weights and measures, and of expenditure: a list of the days of election to public establishments, of the prices of stamps, and of the London bankers. The whole forms a compendious and convenient pocketbook, not for men in business but for gentlemen of business.

Art. 52. A rapid View of the Overthrow of Switzerland. By an Eye-witness. Translated from the French. 8vo. 2S. 6d. Hatchard, &c. 1798.

The eloquent original of this translation was noticed by us at sufficient extent, in our last Appendix f, p. J46. The translation is provided with an appendix, containing the protest of the sincerely patriotic Zeltner against the detestable conduct of the French invaders. How melancholy a proof docs Helvetia present, of the incurable mischief of having too long delayed the reform of its depraved borough constitution!

Art". 53. Passages selected ly distinguished Personages, on the great literafy Trial of Vortigern and R'ju Hij; a Comi-Tragedy; "Whether it be or be not from the immortal Pen of Shakspeare I" Vol. III. i2mo. 2s. 6d. sewed. Ridgway. 1798. The design and the execution of this satirical composition have been already manifested to our readers, on the appearance of the former volumes. (See Rev. vol. xviii. p. 233. and vol. xxii. p. 356-7.)

* Some expressions and phrases, however, seem rather too complaisant to the Great Nation, and inconsistent with the general strain of M. Li's reproachful expostulation with the tyrannical invaders? but allowance must be made for the delicacy and personal hazards of his peculiar situation while he was writing.

+ Published with the Review for September, 1798.

The

the writer still protests against the dismission of this cause from public notice, in the following terms:

« IRELAND, versus SHAKESPEARE!!! By the Cou RT.

* It having in our sapiency been discovered, through the ctiutee of the present important Causs, that mote evidence may sometimes be given, where much has already been received—

* It is ordered, for the furtherance of strict poetical justice in said Cause, that no solemn Adjudication be made therein, until final default of testimony extractive be made appear by due proclamation, through our trusty, and well beloved, Filazer, the Editor of those Diurnal Records, ycleped the Morning Herald!

( Signed) Polonius.

Die Mortis 11°, 1798.'

Whether the public voice wijl join in this determination of the selfcreated court, we know not: but we shall subjoin a few specimen; of its proceedings, that it may be setn whether any of that wit remains which formerly enlivened the pretended evidence on this question:

CCXXXVL—Mr.Sec. R—Se»

"ttpon my honour, Sirs, I am condemned most unjust lie !—»A» 0 serving man o'the State, I have drudged too harde for scantie pickings, to be thus hardilie entreated.—To no one breatbinge owe I aught on the score of friendshippe, or goode-wille — yet doe they Cause hue and crie against me, as though 1 were the worlde's defaulter !—-Nay, since the regalle treasurie hath somewhat runnie to waste, mennes eyes inquisitivelie do search, as if the losse were to be found beneathe my humble goodesj and chatels; when " I can take my God to -wiinesse," (and he will come along with me) that I am ac poore a creature as any in his Highnesse realme !"—

« Page 10.—Genuine.* « CCXLV.—Lady H—L -D.

"At her first enlaunchment, she was as trim a barque as ever floated on Lovc'k billow! but her head-strong pilotte, clapping hi* helm too hard a weather, when she was light of ballast, the vessel was upsette, and soon drifted, sans reckoning Cr compasse, to a neighbouring Coaste, where, liberated from British Vassalage, she did become a leakie droit of Batavian Hollandel"

Page 3$.—Not Genuine.'

'GCLXIV Admiral Lorb D—Nc—N.

"If that be not a man of stature high
In deeds of valour, as in mien—no more
I'll trust this intellectual eye of mine
To pick me put a hardie-mpulded Britton !
Upon Bata-via's danke, and sullen coaste,
1 sawe his weather-beaten pennants flie,
Taunting their sluggish barques to battel!
At length in ruethful moment gave they satfe,
Ret. Nor. 1798. B b

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