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important. This subject ha3 been treated so fully, and with such depth of learning and strength of judgment, by-Dr. Leland, that it would be difficult to advance any new arguments :—but the Sermon before us may convey much useful information to those who are unacquainted with the works of that excellent writer.
The fifth Sermon is on the resurrection of the body ;—and the sixth treats on doing justly, loving mercy, and waking humbly with our God :—which may be said to contain a compendium of our whole duty. Tnis discourse is rational and convincing. After a satisfactory explanation of the words of the text, Mr. T. laments that strange perversity which has led mankind in all ages to mistake their most important duties, to listen to the grossest delusions, and to subject themselves to low and degrading superstitions; or at other times to deny the most self-evident truths, and to adopt opinions the most daring and impious. The latter he seems to think the prevailing vice of the present age; and we fear that the following observations are but too just:
* But at this period, and even in this nation, uncommon diligence is exerted to excite, among all ranks of people, the spirit of Sedition and of Atheism. ■
* Under the endearing, but abused, name of Liberty, Sedition disperses those descriptions of « natural rights,' which arc intended not to benefit society, but to subvert every form of government, and to annihilate all social order. The seeds of dissension and discord are sedulously sown by contending against subordination; by representing the existence of " high and low, rich and poor, master and servant, sovereign and subject," as intolerable tyranny; while those, who are true to the levelling system, are extolled as the best Friends of the People. But, though we admire the brightness of their talents, and even give credit to some among them for intending the good of their country, such political wisdom is destructive of all order, law and government.'
We may conclude with observing that in these Sermons few addresses are made to the passions or imagination, yet they will probably meet with the approbation of those persons whose object in reading is the improvement of their understanding, and the just regulation of their conduct.
Art. 29. The Statutes at Large, from the Thirty-fifth Year of the Reign of King George the Third, to the Thirty-eighth Year of the Reign of King George the Third, inclusive. To which is prefixed a Table of the Titles of all the Public and Private Statutes during that Time; with a copious Index. Being a thirteenth Volume to Mr. Runnington's Edition, and a seventeenth to Mr. RuffheatPs. ^.to. pp. 1020. il. 16s. bound. Law Book* sellers.
We introduce this article to the notice of our readers merely for the purpose of giving them the information contained in the titlepage, in order that the purchasers of cur statute-law may be enabled to complete their sets.
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Art. 30. The Praflice of the Courts of King's-Bench and CommonPleas, originally compiled by George Crompton, Esq. revised, cor'rcctcd, and newly arranged by Baker John Sellon, Serjeant at Law. The 2d Edition, with the Addition of Modern Cases 10 the present Time, and a Practical Treatise on the Mode of passing Fines and suffering Recoveries. 2 Vols. Medium 8vo. iSs. Boards. Butterworth. 1798.' The utility of books of Practice has been too long experienced by the profession to require at this time any recommendation. The present performance is in a great measure composed of the same mateiials with the late Mr. Crompton's work on this subject: but the largest portion of it has been newly modelled, and has received material alterations and additions. The first volume treats of the mode of proceeding in all common cases, where the action is a common personal action, and brought by and against common persons.—The mode of proceeding in particular cases, namely, where the action is brought either by or against particular persons (as peers, members of parliament, attornies, prisoners, infants, paupers, &c. &c.); or where the action itself is of a particular kind, such as ejectment, replevin, penal actions, and all real actions; these, with some detached heads ot practice, as amendment, discontinuance, error, costs, together with the mode of passing fines and suffering recoveries, are comprehended in the second volume.—As fines and recoveries are become the most common assurauces and conveyances, it appears highly expedient and proper to introduce into a book of practice some account of their nature and operation, and of the proceedings relating to them. The deviations as to the practical proceedings are chiefly taken from the late Mr. Serjeant Wilson'i treatise on this difficult subject of our law.
To this second edition of Serjeant Sellon's work (we noticed the first in our twenty-first volume, N. S. p. 113) are added all the modern decisions connected with the subject; and no pains appear to have been wanting on the part of the author, to render his volumes as useful as possible to the profession.
Art. 31. An Abridgment of Cafes argued and determined in the Courts of Law, during the Reign of His present Majesty, with Tables of the Names of Cases and Principal Matters. By Thomas Walter Williams, Esq. of the Inner Temple, Barrister at Law. Author of the Wliolc Law relative to the Duty and Office of a Justice of the Peace. Vol. I. Svo. pp. 950. 15s. Boards. Robinsons. 179S.
This publication gives, under their respective titles, a statement of the facts belonging to the cases determined in this reign, and the decisions of the j udges. The omission of the arguments of counsel appears to us the principal, if not the only, difference subsisting between this work and the various reports from which it is compiled. After the new editions of Comyns and Bacon which have lately been presented to the profession, there could be little necessity, in our opinion, for a performance like this:—but the useless multiplication of law-books we have had frequent occasion to regret, and we are now presented with a fresh cause of complaint.
Art. 32. An EJfay on Literary Property: containing a Commentary on the Statute of Queen Anne (8. 2 An. Ch. 19.) and Animadversions on that Statute. By the Rev. Dr. Trusler. With a Dedicatory Preface to the Lord Chancellor. 8vo. pp. 50. is. 6d. Shepperson ?.nd Co. 1798.
Dr. Trusler has introduced into this pamphlet many suitable and pertinent animadversions on the statute which regulates literary property; and which, as the preamble states, was passed for the encouragement of learning and learned men. It has lately been decided in the Court of King's Bench, that an author, whose work is pirated before the expiration of twenty-eight years from the first publication, may maintain an action on the case for damages against the offending party, although the work was not entered at Stationer'sHall, and although it was firsi -published without the name of the author affixed. The entry at Stationer's-Hall is necessary only to support the action for the penalties, which may be brought by any common informer; so thai the party grieved might be defeated of his compensation, unless he was entitled to his action for damages. See p. 309—312. of this Review.
We cannot approve of the manner in which the Doctor expresses himself respecting the whole body of booksellers, when he declares, 'that justice to himself, and to the literary world, obliges him to say that of all descriptions of men, booksellers are the most unfair dealers.'—This is the language of illiberality and prejudice, rather than the dictate of justice, sanctioned by experience.
EAST INDIES. Art. 33. The Indian Oiferver, by the late Hugh Boyd, Esq. with the Life of the Author, and some Miscellaneous Poems, by Lawrence Dundas Campbell. 8vo. pp.414. 10s. 6d. Cadelljun. and Davies. 1798.
Hugh Boyd was the second son of Alexander Macauley, Esq. of the county of Antrim in Ireland. He was born in 1746; was educated at Trinity College, Dublin; and was designed for the bar, but, instead of prosecuting his original views, came over to London, where, under the patronage of Mr. Richard Burke, he soon became known both in the literary and the fashionable world. A propensity to extravagance had already reduced him to considerable embarrassments, when in 1777 he married a lady of considerable fortune: but this relief was only temporary; for the same expensive habits still continued, and at length obliged him to accompany Lord Macartney to Madras, in the capacity of a second secretary. He remained there after his lordship's return, and died in 1794; having for some years previously to his death held the lucrative office of Master Attendant, with little advantage to his deranged circumstances. 4 The political writings which the editor can now assert from undoubted authority to be Mr. Boyd's, are the Freeholder, published in Ireland in 1772; the introduction to Lord Chatham's speeches on the American war, reported and published by him; and the Whig, published in Almon's paper, (the London Courant,) in 1780.' It is to this gentleman that the author of ' Anecdotes, Biographical, Literary,
A a 3 and and Political*,' attributes with much confidence the celebrated letters of Junius. Mr. Campbell has taken some pains to ascertain whether those eloquent productions were in fact the work of his deceased friend, and the result of his investigations amounts to something like presumptive evidence in the affirmative. In this case, the satirical poems published under the signature of Malcolm Macgregormust he adjudged to the same pen.
Our present business, however, is with a work of a very different complexion. The scries of essays which compose the Indian Observer appeared at Madras in the course of the year 1794, through the medium of a periodical paper intitled the Hircarrah. The subjects are seldom local, and, when they are of that description, they relate solely to the incidental circumstances of the European Society at Madras. The primeval simplicity of the inoffensive Hindu, the refined luxuries of the sensual Moslem, the industrious Armenian, and the degenerate Portuguese, suggest no observations to the Indian Obferver. The style of these essays, however, is entitled to commendation; and, embracing a variety of topics relating to criticism and morals, they may be perused with advantage.
Mr. Campbell's poems comprise a spirited elegy on the late Mr. Burke, to whose pen he attributes the celebrated discourses delivered by Sir Joshua Reynolds to the Royal Academy of Arts. We have also here perused with satisfaction an imitation of the fourteenth satire of Juvenal.
MILITARY and NAVAL AFFAIRS. Art. 34. Medical Difciphne; or Rules and Regulations for the more effectual Preservation of Health on board the Honourable East India Company's Ships. In a Letter addressed to the Hon. the Court of Directors, and published with their Approbation. By Alexander Stewart, Suigcon in Southwark, and formerly of the Earl Talbot and General Goddard East Indiamen. l2mo. 2S. 6d. Boards. Scwe-U, &c. 1798.
These regulations are professed to be peculiarly adapted for the use of the East India Company's ships, but much the greater part are equally applicable to every large ship's company, and particularly in long voyages. Many of the directions that are of most consequence are not new: yet, till they become universally known and practised, they cannot be too often repeated.
We remark that the author appears to be very unequal in his disposition towards seamen. 'It is proper (he says) I should here take notice of a custom, or certain mode of punishment, on board many ships, erroneously supposed slight in its nature. When a man is found asleep in his watch, and not ready at a call, it is usual to awake him by throwing a bucket-full or two of water over him, a circumstance that may be attended with very bad consequences, if the man does not immediately shift and rub himself dry, which he seldom or never thinks of attending to. It would be better by far to flog him well with a rope's end.'
He advises that the seamen shall be compelled to use the cold bath once or twice in a week, and more especially within the tropics. We believe cold bathing to be an excellent practice in warm latitudes: but, except in particular instances, or where any man is so slovenly in his habits as to merit such disrespect, we must disapprove the compulsion. The author likewise recommends exemplary punishments ; and in some cases in which reasonable and friendly admonition would, no doubt, have a much better effect.
As there is much useful matter in this treatise, we think it the more necessary to notice this dispostion to severity, which neither the writer's profession nor the subject sufficiently justify. In other parts of his work, he shews much general good-will towards the seamen. The following quotation we offer to our readers with pleasure:
• An imperious, harsh, or ill-natured mode of dispensing orders, or of carrying on duty, I apprehend to be a6 repugnant to the true spirit of discipline and subordination, as to the pure and mild principles of humanity; instead of accelerating the execution of duty, it invariably retards it, and it never fails of introducing discontent, vexation, and despondency, among the crew; states of mind which I have oftener thau once observed to be highly conducive to the production of scurvy, and other diseases.'
There are many remarks in this work that are highly valuable and important, respecting the health of a ship's crew; too much attention cannot be paid to the articles 'of air, exercise, rest, diet, clothing, cleanliness, &c.
Art. 35. The Elements of Military Tactics, conformable to tne
4 The design of this work is to comprise within a small compass, and explain in a familiar manner, the whole of the present System of Military Movement, according to the "Rules and Regulations" published by his Majesty's command.
4 The First Part is divided into four chapters, the first of which gives definitions of the principal military terms, with miscellaneous illustrative remarks, and presents a general view of the most important parts of the new system.
4 The second chapter explains the method of instructing recruits, together with general rules for the marching and wheeling of a 'jingle rank.
4 The third chapter comprises the Manual and Platoon Exercises, with explanations of the purposes of the- different motions, and attentions to be observed in firing; and
4 The fourth chapter contains the formations and movements of the Platoon or Company.
4 The Second Part will explain the movements of the Battalion, and the Thiid Part, the principal Manoeuvres of an Army.'
Part I. only is now published. The four chapters, of «v!i:'eL it is composed contain all the information that the author pivto give; and the attention which he iias bestowed, in afford!:.;, inr.r jr*
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