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added here is that in 1840, about five years after the publication of Wilkin's edition, his coffin was found accidentally in the chancel of the church of St. Peter's Mancroft, in Norwich, with a curious inscription, written probably by his son Edward," which gave rise to an antiquarian discussion that would have amused both Father and Son.

The curious way in which some quaint passages in his writings were illustrated in his own person, is too remarkable to be left unnoticed. He says,

" When there are no less than three hundred sixty-five days to determine their lives in every year, .

that [any persons should wind up upon the day of their nativity, is indeed a remarkable coincidence." He was himself an instance of this remarkable coincidence,” for he died on his seventy-seventh birthday.

Again, he calls it a "tragical abomination " for us to be knaved out of our graves, to have our skulls made drinking-bowls . ;,. to delight and sport our enemies." 3 Would he have been much better satisfied if he could have foreseen that his skull, after being “knaved out of his grave," would be kept under a glass case in the Museum at the Norwich Hospital ?

• Some notice of this discovery may be found in the Quart. Rev. 1851, vol. Ixxxix. p. 391; Edinb. Rev. 1879, vol. cl. p. 56; and in the Appendix to this Preface, No. II.

? Letter to a Friend, 88, p. 133.

3 Urn Burial, ch. 3, p. 30, ed. Bohn, where “knaved" is changed into

to be required; but certainly in several passages where I have most wanted assistance, I have found none. Of course I shall not be surprised if some of my readers make the same complaint about myself.

The Index is intended to contain a tolerably complete list of the strange words used by Sir T. B., which may possibly be useful to future lexicographers. Peace’s list of words (V) and Gardiner's short Glossary (W) are incorporated in it; and it has had the benefit of the supervision of the Rev. C. B. MOUNT, M.A., late Fellow of New College, Oxford, who has been reading the Religio Medici for the forthcoming English Dictionary edited by Dr. Murray for the Philological Society.

Several additions have been made to the bibliographical lists given by Wilkin and Gardiner, so that the catalogue of editions is probably nearly complete.?

Instead of giving a full account of Sir T. B., after the admirable Life by Johnson, and the exhaustive “Supplementary Memoir" by Wilkin, I have drawn up a Chronological Table of the principal events relating to him and his contemporaries.3 All that need be

' In the case of some few passages in the Religio Medici I have been almost inclined to believe that Sir T. B. in after life might have confessed (as Coleridge did about some of his own youthful lines) “Hang me if I know, or ever did know, the meaning of them, though my own composition." (See Notes and Queries, 1880, vol. i. p. 277.)

See Appendix to this Preface, No. IV.

added here is that in 1840, about five years after the publication of Wilkin's edition, his coffin was found accidentally in the chancel of the church of St. Peter's Mancroft, in Norwich, with a curious inscription, written probably by his son Edward, which gave rise to an antiquarian discussion that would have amused both Father and Son.

The curious way in which some quaint passages in his writings were illustrated in his own person, is too remarkable to be left unnoticed. He says, “ When there are no less than three hundred sixty-five days to determine their lives in every year, . . . . that [any persons] should wind up upon the day of their nativity, is indeed a remarkable coincidence.” 2 He was himself an instance of this remarkable coincidence,” for he died on his seventy-seventh birthday.

Again, he calls it a "tragical abomination " for us “to be knaved out of our graves, to have our skulls made drinking-bowls , . , . to delight and sport our enemies." 3 Would he have been much better satisfied if he could have foreseen that his skull, after being “knaved out of his grave," would be kept under a glass case in the Museum at the Norwich Hospital ?

* Some notice of this discovery may be found in the Quart. Rev. 1857, vol. lxxxix. p. 391 ; Edinb. Rev. 1879, vol. cl. p. 56; and in the Appendix to this Preface, No. II.

? Letter to a Friend, $ 8, p. 133. 3 Urn Burial, ch. 3, p. 30, ed. Bohn, where "knaved" is changed into

Once more, he says that “He that lay in a goiden urn eminently above the earth, was not like to find the quiet of his bones : many of these urns were broke by a vulgar discoverer in hope of enclosed treasure.” 1

Of this thievish propensity also he narrowly escaped furnishing an example; for if the inscription on his coffin, with its enigmatical statement about the change of lead into gold, had been placed eminently above the earth,” his "spagyric body” would hardly have been left at peace for one hundred and sixty years.

In the course of this work I have troubled so many of my friends with queries and requests of various kinds, that it would appear ostentatious and pedantic if I were to attempt to enumerate them all. however, none the less thankful to them for their assistance, without which I am quite sensible that the work would have been far more imperfect than it is. But I must especially mention my obligation to the Rev. W. D. MACRAY, M.A., F.S.A., for his constant kindness in consulting in the Bodleian Library books which I had no opportunity of using myself :-and I wish also (if I may do so without impertinence,) to express my sense of the great utility of Notes and Queries, to which (besides other advantages) I owe my

I am,

introduction to Mr. Wilkin's Son, and the use of his Father's books.

The portrait of Sir Thomas Browne which forms the vignette to this volume was engraved by the late C. H. Jeens from a painting in the Library of the Royal College of Physicians of London. The name of the artist is unknown, but the donor of the picture is conjectured to be Dr. Edward Browne, son of Sir Thomas Browne, and a well-known London physician, who was President of the College in 1704.

Let me end this Preface with two short extracts from Sir T. B.'s writings, one for the consideration of editors and commentators, the other for that of critics and reviewers :

“I have seen a grammarian tower and plume himself over a single line in Horace, and show more pride in the construction of one Ode than the author in the composure of the whole book.”—Rel. Med., ï. 8, p. 108.

“Bring candid eyes unto the perusal of men's works, and let not zoilism or detraction blast wellintended labours.”—Chr. Mor., ii. 2, p. 186.

W. A. G.

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