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those of weaker merits He imparts a larger por- PART I.
tion, and pieces out the defect of one by the ex-
cess of the other. Thus have we no just quarrel
with Nature for leaving us naked ; or to envy
the Horns, Hoofs, Skins, and Furs of other Crea-
tures, being provided with Reason, that can sup-
ply them all. We need not labour with so many
Arguments to confute Judicial Astrology ; for, if
there be a truth therein, it doth not injure Divi-
nity. If to be born under Mercury disposeth us (
to be witty, under Jupiter to be wealthy; I do
not owe a Knee unto these, but unto that mer-
ciful Hand that hath ordered my indifferent and
uncertain nativity unto such benevolous Aspects.
Those that hold that all

things are

governed by Fortune, had not erred, had they not persisted there. The Romans, that erected a Temple to Fortune, acknowledged therein, though in a blinder way, somewhat of Divinity ; for, in a wise supputation, all things begin and end in the Almighty. There is a nearer way to Heaven than Homer's Chain ; an easie Logic may conjoyn Iliad, viii. Heaven and Earth in one Argument, and with less than a Sorites resolve all things into GOD. For though we christen effects by their most sensible and nearest Causes, yet.is God the true and infallible Cause of all : whose concourse, though it be general, yet doth it subdivide it self into the particular Actions of every thing, and is that Spirit, by which each singular Essence not only subsists, but performs its operation. The bad construction and perverse comment sech. XIX.

Danger of on these pair of second Causes, or visible hands

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PART I. culous devotion to say a prayer before a game at

Tables ; for even in sortilegies and matters of greatest uncertainty, there is a setled and preordered course of effects. It is we that are blind, not Fortune: because our Eye is too dim to discover the mystery of her effects, we foolishly paint her blind, and hoodwink the Providence of the Almighty. I cannot justifie that contemptible Proverb, That fools only are Fortunate, or that insolent Paradox, That a wise man is out of the reach of Fortune; much less those opprobrious epithets of Poets, Whore, Bawd, and Strumpet. 'Tis, I confess, the common fate of men of singular gifts of mind to be destitute of those of Fortune, which doth not any way deject the Spirit of wiser judgements, who throughly understand the justice of this proceeding; and being inriched with higher donatives, cast a more careless eye on these vulgar parts of felicity. It is a most unjust ambition to desire to engross the mercies of the Almighty, not to be content with the goods of mind, without a possession of those of body or Fortune ; and it is an error worse than heresie, to adore these complemental and circumstantial pieces of felicity, and undervalue those perfections and essential points of happiness wherein we resemble our Maker. To wiser desires it is satisfaction enough to deserve, though not to enjoy, the favours of Fortune : let Providence provide for Fools.] 'Tis not partiality, but equity in GOD, Who deals with us but as our natural Parents: those that are able

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those of weaker merits He imparts a larger por- PART I. tion, and pieces out the defect of one by the excess of the other. Thus have we no just quarrel with Nature for leaving us naked ; or to envy the Horns, Hoofs, Skins, and Furs of other Creatures, being provided with Reason, that can supply them all. We need not labour with so many Arguments to confute Judicial Astrology ; for, if there be a truth therein, it doth not injure Divinity. If to be born under Mercury disposeth us to be witty, under Jupiter to be wealthy; I do not owe a Knee unto these, but unto that merciful Hand that hath ordered my indifferent and uncertain nativity unto such benevolous Aspects. Those that hold that all things are governed by Fortune, had not erred, had they not persisted

el there. The Romans, that erected a Temple to Fortune, acknowledged therein, though in a blinder way, somewhat of Divinity ; for, in a wise supputation, all things begin and end in the Almighty. There is a nearer way to Heaven than Homer's Chain ; an easie Logic may conjoyn Iliad, viii. Heaven and Earth in one Argument, and with less than a Sorites resolve all things into GOD. For though we christen effects by their most sensible and nearest Causes, yet is GOD the true and infallible Cause of all, whose concourse, though it be general, yet doth it subdivide it self into the particular Actions of every thing, and is that Spirit, by which each singular Essence not only subsists, but performs its operation.

2 The bad construction and perverse comment

Danger of on these pair of second Causes, or visible hands

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SECT. XIX.

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the First

causes.

Reason,
Faith.

p. 106.

PART I. of GOD, have perverted the Devotion of many confounding

unto Atheism ; who, forgetting the honest Adviwith second soes of Faith, have listened unto the conspi

racy of Passion and Reason. I have therefore
always endeavoured to compose those Feuds
and angry Dissentions between Affection, Faith,
and Reason ; for there is in our Soul a kind of
Triumvirate, or triple Goyernment of three
Competitors, which distract the Peace of this
our Commonwealth, not less than did that other

the State of Rome.
Passion, As Reason is a Rebel unto Faith, so Passion

unto Reason: as the propositions of Faith sccm

absurd unto Reason, so the Theorems of Reason See below, unto Passion, and both unto Reason. Yet a

moderate and peaceable discretion may so state
and order the matter, that they may be all Kings,
and yet make but one Monarchy, every one exer-
cising his Soveraignty and Prerogative in a due
time and place, according to the restraint and
limit of circumstance. There is, as in Philosophy,
so in Divinity, sturdy doubts and boisterous Ob-
jections, wherewith the unhappiness of our know-
ledge too nearly acquainteth us. More of these
no man hath known than myself, which I con-
fess I conquered, not in a martial posture, but on
my Knees. För our endeavours are not only to
combat with doubts, but always to dispute with
the Devil. The villany of that Spirit takes a hint
of Infidelity from our Studies, and, by demon-
strating a naturality in one way, makes us mis-
trust a miracle in another. Thus, having perused
the Archidoxis and read the secret Sympathies

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of things, he would disswade my belief from the PART I.
miracle of the Brazen Serpent, make me conceit
that Image worked by Sympathy, and was but xxi. 9.
an Ægyptian trick to cure their Diseases without
a miracle. Again, having seen some expe-
riments of Bitumen, and having read far more of
Vaphtha, he whispered to my curiosity the fire
of the Altar might be natural; and bid me mis-
trust a miracle in Elias, when he entrenched the 1 Kingsxviii

. Altar round with Water ; for that inflamable substance yields not easily unto Water, but flames in the Arms of its Antagonist. And thus would he inveagle my belief to think the combustion of Sodom might be natural, and that there was an Asphaltick and Bituminous nature in that Lake Gen. xix. 24. before the Fire of Gomorrah. I know that Manna is now plentifully gathered in Calabria ; and Josephus tells me, in his days it was as plentiful Antiq: 7ud. in Arabia ; the Devil therefore made the quere,

iii. 1, $ 6. Where was then the miracle in the days of Moses? the Israelites saw but that in his time, the Natives of those Countries behold in ours.

Thus the limit list Devil played at Chess with me, and yielding a

fauth > Pawn, thought to gain a Queen of me, taking advantage of my honest endeavours ; and whilst I laboured to raise the structure of my Reason, he strived to undermine the edifice of

my

Faith Neither had these or any other ever such sict. xx. advantage of me, as to incline me to any point hardly exist. of Infidelity or desperate positions of Atheism ; for I have been these many years of opinion there was never any. Those that held Religion was the difference of Man from Beasts, have

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