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PLANS AND DESCRIPTION OF THE BUILDING DESIGNED FOR THE PUBLIC HIGH
SCHOOL OF St. Louis, MISSOURI. The building in its extreme length is one hundred and six feet; and in its extreme width eighty-four feet, including towers and transepts. The body of the building is eighty-four feet, by sixty-seven; main height seventy-one feet; and to the apex of the roof eighty-six feet. Front square tower, used respectively in cach story for reception room, library, museum, and astronomical observatory, is cne hundred and six feet high. Octagonal tower flanking each corner, is one hundred and two feet high. The wings or transepts on the sides, are thirteen by seventeen feet, with large gothic windows, seven by thirty-four feet. A similar window is in the large square front tower. All the windows have large cast iron houd moldings painted in imitation of stone; buttress caps, string courses, and wail copings, also of cast iron, and finished in the same manner; the roof is covered rith slate, with copper gutters.
Transverse and longitudinal halls, divide the first and second stories into four rooms each, and each room is capable of accommodating seventy scholars.
The desks are supported in an entire new style, by means of a cast iron peristyle, with large pedestal and four claws for screws. The peristyle is placed in the centre of the desk, adding much to the comfort, cleanliness, quiet, and free ventilation of the room. The desks are made of cherry and varnished. The chairs, which are on the arm chair fashion, are supported similarly to desks, move on a pivot so as to turn one-quarter way round, and the iron work of both desk and chairs are neatly bronzed.
Wardrobe rooms in the towers, are attached to each school-room, with hydrant, and iron sinks for washing and drinking purposes.
The philosophical and chemical lecture-room in the basement, is sixty-one feet by thirty-one feet, with apparatus rooms in towers, with sinks and water; also,
two fire places at each end of the room for experiments in chemistry and philosophy There are stairs leading directly to the philosophical and chemical lecture-room. The other basement is used by three furnaces for heating the building.
The upper, or great hall in the third story, being the full size of the building, is large and commodious, capable of accommodating six hundred persons. A large platform, twenty feet deep, and the width of the building is at the south end of the hall, to be used by scholars on examination day, and for recitation, declamation, and reading their exercises ; also, for a stand for lecturers. There is a retiring room behind the platform in the front tower, for scholars to prepare themselves for performing respective parts in dialogue, &c. From this retiring room a flight of stairs ascends to the astronomical observatory.
The rooms in the octagonal towers of the third story are intended for committee
rooms for directory, or for private conference of teachers and parents, or friends, at general exercise, or on examination day. There are two museum rooms in the second story of the transepts, one for males and the other for females.
The entrance or reception room, for strangers and parents, is in the first story of the observatory, or front square tower on Olive street. Over the reception room is the library room. Perfect and thorough ventilation is aimed at, and the latest improvements to attain it, adopted. The stairs are broad and direct, giving free and easy access to, and from the building at all times, and securing against all accidents in case of alarm of fire, &c.
All the finishing of the school-rooms and halls, are grained oak, and varnished. Wardrobe rooms are to be supplied with double clothes' hooks; halls with umbrella racks, troughs, and places for overshoes, all made of cherry and varnished.