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Douglas, knight of Liddesdale, then a prisoner in England. | shire. In 1471 the line of this branch of the Barclays terini[Fordun, b. ii. p. 348.] By Margaret de Brechin, his wife,nated in an heiress, who married Malcolm Craufurd of Greenhe had David his heir, and a daughter, Jean, married to Sirock, the founder of the family of Craufurd of Kilbirnie. David Fleming of Biggar, by whom he had a daughter, Marion, the wife of Sir William Maule of Panmure.

The son, David, second lord of Brechin of the name of Barclay, granted a charter of the lands of Kyndestleth to Hugh Barclay, his cousin, from whom the Barclays of Collairnie in Fife were descended. [Douglas's Peerage, vol. i. p. 245.] In 1363 he granted a charter of confirmation of the lands of Dunmure, lying in his barony of Lindores, to Roger Mortimer. On 10th January 1362-3 he is witness to a charter of Sir Thomas Bisset and Isabel de Fife. In 1364 he went to the wars of Prussia, having obtained a safe conduct from King Edward the Third to pass through his dominions, attended by twelve esquires, with their horses and servants. The date of his death is unknown. He left one daughter, Margaret, married to Walter Stewart, earl of Athole and Caithness and earl palatine of Strathern, second son of King Robert the Second, by his second wife, Euphemia Ross, executed in April 1437, for being accessary to the murder of King James the First. Just before going to execution he emitted a judicial declaration that the lordship of Brechin had been held by him in courtesy of his wife, and that the right to that lordship after himself belonged to Sir Thomas Maule of Panmure, nearest heir of his countess, in right of his grandmother, daughter of Sir David Barclay of Brechin. Nisbet's Heraldry, vol. ii. p. 81.] See ATHOLE, earls of, ante p. 163, and PANMURE, earls of.

The family of Barclay must have possessed Collairnie, which is in the parish of Dunbog, for nearly five hundred years. In 1457, David Barclay of Collairnie was one of the assessors in a perambulation between Easter and Wester Kinghorn. [Nisbet's Heraldry, vol. i. p. 126.] They also possessed other large estates in Fifeshire. In 1656 we find Robert Barclay of Collairnie served heir male to his father, Sir David Barclay, knight, among others, in the lands of Kilmaron, Pitblado, Hilton, and Boghall. The Barclays of Collairnie were heritable bailies of the regality of Lindores, an office implying great personal influence or high rank, while it conferred civil authority of the most varied and extensive description. On the abolition of the heritable jurisdictions in 1747, Antonia Barclay of Collairnie and Mr. Harry Barclay, her husband, received the sum of two hundred and fifteen pounds sterling, as a compensation for this office. The family is now extinct, the estate having been sold about the beginning of the present century to the late Dr. Francis Balfour of Fernie. In the appendix to Sibbald's History of Fife there is a list of natives of that county who have risen to eminence in literature or science; among others mention is made of "the famous William Barclay (father of John), professor of law at Angiers, who derived his pedigree from Barclay of Collairnie." Of this William Barclay a notice is given below. Sir Henry Steuart Barclay, baronet, of Coltness, eldest son of Henry Steuart Barclay, Esq. of Collairnie, who was youngest brother of the said baronet, succeeded his cousin as third baronet in 1839. Died in 1851. Baronetcy extinct.

The Barclays of Pierston are an ancient family in Ayrshire, of distinction so early as the twelfth century. Sir Robert Barclay of Pierston, knight, was created a baronet of Nova Scotia, 22d October 1668. Sir Robert Barclay, the eighth baronet, died in 1839. His grandson, Sir Robert Barclay, born in 1819, succeeded as ninth baronet.

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The Barclays of Towie or Tolly in Aberdeenshire are said to have been descended from John Berkeley, son of Lord Berkeley of Gloucestershire. He obtained a grant of the estate of Tolly for his son Alexander Berkeley, about 1100. On the front of the old castle of Towie Barclay, in the parish of Turriff, this inscription is cut in stone: "Sir Valter Barclay foundit the Tollie Mills, 1210." This corroborates the comon opinion, that corn mills turned by water were introduced into Scotland by the Saxon followers of Malcolm towards the end of the eleventh century; for had corn mills previously existed in the country the founding of a mill would not have been worth recording. [New Stat. Account, vol. xii. p. 287.] Immediately above the door of the old castle of Towie Barclay is the following inscription, "Sir Alexander Barclay, foundator, decessit, 1136." It is believed, however, that the castle was not built before 1593. The Barclays seem to have mingled in the frays of their time, and are frequently mentioned in Pitcairn's Criminal Trials. The estate remained in the same family till it was sold by the Hon. Charles Maitland Barclay of Tillycoultry, brother of the earl of Lauderdale, who married Isabel Barclay, the last heiress, in 1752, and assumed the name of Barclay. Persons of the name still exist in the district. From this ancient family the celebrated Russian general, Field Marshal Prince Barclay de Tolly, who died in 1818, was lineally descended.

BARCLAY-ALLARDICE, the name of a former proprietor of Urie. The surname of Allardice is derived from the barony of Alrethes, in Kincardineshire, which, during the reign of William the Lion, belonged to a family who assumed its name, in the course of time softened into Allardice. On the 8th October, 1662, Sir John Allardice of Allardice, the then chief of that ancient family, married Lady Mary Graham, eldest sister and co-heir of William Graham, eighth earl of Menteith, and second earl of Airth. He died before November 1690, leaving four daughters and two sons. The elder son, John Allardice of Allardice, married, 26th October, 1690, Elizabeth daughter of William Barclay of Balmakewan. Leaving no issue, he was succeeded by his brother, Sir George Allardice of Allardice, whose grandson's only daughter, Sarah-Anne Allardice, born 13th July 1757, was served heiress of line of the earls of Airth and Menteith, and of David, earl palatine of Strathern, son of Robert the Second, king of Scotland. She married in 1777 Robert Barclay of Urie, great-grandson of the famous apologist for the Quakers (being his second wife), and in consequence he assumed the name of Allardice in addition to his own. Their eldest son, Captain Robert Barclay-Allardice, the celebrated pedestrian, designed of Urie and Allardice, became, in right of his mother, heir general and heir of line of the first earl of Airth. He was also sole heir of the body of Prince David, son of Robert the Second, king of Scotland. He was born 25th August, 1779, and succeeded his father in 1797, and his mother, (who had married a second time,) in 1833. In 1842 he published at Edinburgh, in one volume, 'An Agricultural Tour through the United States and Canada.' He died 1st May 1854. His only daughter, Margaret, married in 1840 Samuel Ritchie, at one period a private soldier.

BARCLAY, ALEXANDER, an elegant poet of

The Barclays of Ardrossan were also an old family of Ayr- the 16th century, is mentioned by Bishop Bale,

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