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den the pile ba
The north-east spreads bis rage, and now, shuts up
The wish of nature. Our gardens begin now to assume somewhat of a. cheerful appearance. Crocuses, exhibiting a rich mixture of yellow and purple, ornament the borders; mezereon is in all its beauty; the little flowers
with silver crest and golden eye,' daisies, are scattered over dry pastures; and the pilewort (ranunculus ficaria) is seen on the moist banks of ditches. The primrose too (primula veris) peeps from beneath the hedge. The sallow (salix) now enlivens the hedges with its yellow and silver shaggy flowers.
The leaves of honeysuckles are now nearly expanded : in our gardens, the buds of the cherry tree (prunus cerasus), the peach ( amygdalus persica), the nectarine, the apricot, and the almond (prunus armeniaca), are fully opened in this month. The buds of the hawthorn (crataegus oxycantha) and of the larch tree (pinus larix) begin to open; and the tansy (tanacetum vulgare) emerges out of the ground; ivy-berries are ripe; the coltsfoot (tussilago), the cotton-grass (eriophorum vaginatum), wood spurge (euphorbia amygdaloides), butcher's broom (ruscus aculcatus), the daffodil (pseudonarcissus) in moist thickets, the rush (juncus pilosus), and the spurge laurel (daphne laureola), found in woods, are now in bloom. The common whitlow grass (draba verna) on old walls; the yellow Alpine whitlow grass (draba aizoides) on maritime rocks; ..
Buds of the are fuifricot, and an
and the mountain pepper-wort (lepidum petreum) - among limestone rocks, flower in March.
The sweet violet (viola odorata) sheds its delicious perfumes in this month."
That breathes of Pæstum's aromatic gale,
'Midst woods obscure, and native glooms were found:
Once Venus sorrowing traced, as all forlorn
And caught the drops divine; the purple dyes
Tinging the lustre of our native hue:
Have nursed our slender forms, but lovers' sighs
Have been our gales, and lovers' tears our dew.? The gannets or Soland geese (pelicanus bassanus) resort in March to the Hebrides, and other rocky isles of North Britain, to make their nests and lay their eggs.
Much amusement may be derived in this month, as well as in the last, from watching the progress of worms, insects, &c. from torpidity to life, particularly on the edges or banks of ponds. See T.T. for 1817, p. 53.
In the latter end of March, chickens run about; a brimstone-coloured butterfly (papilio rhamni) appears; black beetles fly about in the evening; and bats issue from their places of concealment. Roach and dace float near the surface of the water, and sport about in pursuit of insects. Daffodils are in flower; peas appear above ground; the sea-kale (crambe maritima), a vegetable somewhat similar
The most esteemed sherbet in Turkey, and which is drunk by the Grand Signor himself, is made of violets and sugar.-Hasselquist-Tavernier.
? Lorenzo di Medici, translated by Mr. Roscoe.
to, but more delicate than, asparagus, now begins to sprout. The male blossoms of the yew-tree expand and discharge their farina. Sparrows are busily employed in forming their nests. Young lambs are yeaned this month.
In March the farmer dresses and rolls his meadows; spreads ant-hills; plants quicksets, osiers, &c.; sows flax seed, artificial grasses, beans and peas, broom and whin seeds, and grass seeds among wheat. About the 23d, he ploughs for and sows oats, and hemp and flax. A dry season is very important to the farmer, that he may get the seed early into the ground.
Forth fly the tepid airs; and unconfined
Winds the whole work, and sidelong lays the glebe. Seed-time among the Romans gave rise to some festival days, called feriæ sementinæ, when it was customary to put garlands between the horns of their ploughing oxen, and to exempt them from all labour.
APRIL is derived from Aprilis, of aperio, I open; because the earth, in this month, begins to open her bosom for the production of vegetables.
In APRIL 1820.
1.-BASTER EVE. PARTICULAR mortifications were enjoined to the earliest Christians on this day. From the third century, the fast was indispensable and rigid, being protracted always to midnight, sometimes to the cock-crowing, and sometimes to the dawn of Easter-day; and the whole of the day and night was employed in religious affairs. ,
1.-ALL FOOLS' DAY. On this day every body strives to make as many fools as he can: the wit chiefly consists in sending persons on what are called sleeveless errands, for the history of Eve's mother, for pigeon's milk, stirrup oil, and similar ridiculous absurdities.
* 1. 1405.-TAMERLANE THE GREAT DIED.
2.-EASTER DAY, or EASTER SUNDAY. Much difference of opinion prevailed in the Eastern and Western churches respecting the precise time of observing Easter; till, in 325, the Council of Nice declared that the feast should be kept by all churches on the same day. Easter is styled by the fathers the highest of all festivals, the feast of feasts, the queen of festivals, and Dominica Gaudii, the joyous Sunday Masters granted freedom to their slaves at this season, and valuable presents were made to the poor,
The august ceremonies performed at Rome on this day, Whitsunday, and other festivals, are noticed in T. T. for 1815, p. 165: the magnificent pageant at Moscow, on account of the Resurrection, is also described at p.90 of the same volume. For a variety of old English customs observed at Easter, we refer to T.T. for 1814, pp. 82-84.
As we have recommended books for the perusal of our readers during Passion Week, so we cannot do better than remind them, for this week, of West's Observations upon the History of the Resurrection of Jesus Christ, and Bp, Sherlock's Trial of the Witnesses of the Resurrection of Jesus.
. 3, 4.-EASTER MONDAY and TUESDAY. · Every day in this week was formerly observed as a religious festival, sermons being preached, and the sacrament administered. In many places, servants were permitted to rest from their usual employments, that they might constantly attend public worship. During fifteen days, of which the paschal solemnity consisted, the courts of justice were shut, and all public games, shows, and amusements, were prohibited. It is unnecessary to observe that this practice has long ceased, and that the Easter week is usually devoted to relaxation and amusement.
The great amusement of the Easter-holidays in antient times consisted in playing at hand-ball, a game at which, says the ritualists Belithus and Durandus, bishops and archbishops used, upon the continent at this period, to recreate themselves with their inferior clergy; nor was it uncommon for corporate bodies on this occasion in England to amuse themselves in a similar way with their burgesses and young people. Antiently this was the custom, says Mr. Brand, at Newcastle, at the feasts of Easter and Whitsuntide, when the mayor, aldermen, and sheriff, accompanied by great numbers of the burgesses, used to go yearly at these seasons to the Forth, or little mall of the town, with the mace, sword, and cap of maintenance carried before them, and not only countenance, but frequently join in the diversions of hand-ball, dancing, &c.
The constant prize at hand-ball, during Easter, was a tansy-cake, supposed to be allusive to the bitter herbs used by the Jews on this festival. Selden, the contemporary of Shakspeare, speaking of our chief holidays, remarks, that 'our Meats and Sports have much of them relation to Church-works.