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rity, that it was the only one ever concluded between savages and christians that was not ratified by an oath.'
LINES, by Mr. Roscoe, On receiving from Dr. Rush, of Philadelphia, a Piece of the Tree under
which William Penn made his Treaty with the Indians, which wa% ·blown down in 1812, and the Part sent converted to the Purpose of an Inkstand.
From clime to clime, from shore to shore,
The war-fiend raised his hateful yell;
Penn's honoured tree of concord fell.
Shall Spring's reviving influence know,
Was sent—the gift of foe to foe!
And all its scattered leaves be dry;
A health-restoring flood shall spring,
May stoop to dip ber dove-like wipg.
By wondering eyes again was seen
And buđ afresh with foliage green.
Till o'er tlie earth its shade extend
Become the gift of friend to friend.
*6. 1652.-HENRY IRETON BURIED. Ireton marrried a daughter of the celebrated Oli-' ver Cromwell, and was one of the first persons in. the parliament army, for whose interest he alike used his pen or his sword; he has been justly called the Cassius of the party. He was the busiest of any in the infamous murder of his sovereign, and he signed the warrant for execution. In Mr. Evelyn's very interesting Memoirs,' we have the following record of his burial. “March 6. Saw the magnificent
funeral of that Arch-rebell Ireton, carried in pomp from Somerset House to Westmr, accompanied with divers regiments of souldiers horse and foote ; then marched ye mourners, Gen'. Cromwell (his father-inlaw), his mock-parliament-men, officers, and 40 poore men in gownes, 3 led horses in housings of black cloth, 2 led in black velvet, and his charginghorse all covered over with embrodery and gold on crimson velvet; then the guydons, ensignes, 4 heraulds carrying the armes of the State (as they called it), namely, ye red crosse and Ireland, with the casq, wreath, sword, spurrs, &c.; next, a chariot canopied of black velvet and 6 horses, in which was the corps; the pall held up by the mourners on foote; the mace and sword, with other marks of his charge in Ireland (where he died of ye plague), carried before in black scarfs, Thus in a grave pace, drums covered with cloth, souldiers reversing their armes, they proceeded through the streetes in a very solemn manner. This Ireton was a stout rebell, and had ben very bloudy to the king's party; witnesse his severity at Colchester, when in cold blood he put to death those gallant gentlemen, Sir Cha. Lucas and Sir George Lisle.'-Vol. i, p. 262. See also Jan. 30, p. 24.
7.-PERPETUA, - Perpetua, a noble lady of Carthage, only 22 years of age, suffered martyrdom in 203, by order of Minutius Firmianus, under the persecution of the Emperor Severus.
12.-MIDLENT SUNDAY. The middle or fourth Sunday in Lent was formerly called the Sunday of the Five Loaves, the Sunday of Bread, and the Sunday of Refreshment, in allusion to the gospel appointed for this day. It was also named Rose Sunday, from the Pope's carrying a golden rose in his hand, which he exhibited to the people in the streets as he went to celebrate the
eucharist, and at his return. Mothering Sunday is another name attached to this day, from the practice, in Roman Catholic times, of people visiting their mother church on Midlent Sunday. Hence, perhaps, the custom now existing in some parts of England, of children visiting their parents, and presenting them with money, trinkets, or some other trifle. Furmety is commonly a rural repast on this day. It is made of whole grains of wheat first parboiled, and then put into and boiled in milk, sweetened and seasoned with spices.
12.-SAINT GREGORY. Saint Gregory, surnamed the Great, was born about the year 540. Gadianus, his father, enjoyed the dignity of a senator, and was very wealthy. Our saint, in his youth, applied himself to the study of grammar, rhetoric, and philosophy; and afterwards to the civil law, and the canons of the church, in which he was well skilled. He was consecrated Pope about the year 590, and died in 604. Before his advancement to the see, Gregory projected the conversion of the English nation, but did not accomplish his wishes until he had assumed the papal chair.
17.-SAINT PATRICK. The tutelar saint of Ireland was born in the year 371, in a village called Bonaven Tabernic, probably Kilpatrick, in Scotland, between Dunbriton and Glasgow. He died at the good old age of 123, and was buried at Down, in Ulster.--See T. T. for 1815, p. 80; T. T. for 1818, p. 55; our last volume, p. 67; and Jocelyn's Life and Miracles of St. Patrick.
18. EDWARD, KING OF THE WEST SAXONS, He was stabbed in the back by order of his mo ther-in-law, Elfrida, at Corfe-castle, in Dorsetshire, Elfrida built monasteries, and performed many penances, in order to atone for her guilt; but could never, by all her hypocrisy or remorse, recover the good opinion of the public, though so easily deluded in those ignorant ages.
*18. 1727-8.—DR. GEORGE STANHOPE DIED. His Pharaphrase and Comment on the Epistles and Gospels of the Church Service, in four volumes, is a most valuable work; and his Translation of the Devotions of Bishop Andrews, since edited by Bishop Horne, and now on the list of the books of the Society for promoting Christian Knowledge, is one of the best manuals ever written.
19.– FIFTH SUNDAY IN LENT. Dominica in Passione, or Passion Sunday, was the name given to this day in missals; as the church now began to advert to the sufferings of Christ. In the north, it is called Carling Sunday, and grey peas, first steeped a night in water, and fried with butter, form the usual repast.
21.-SAINT BENEDICT. Benedict, or Bennet, founded the monastery of Cassino, in 529: it was built on the brow of a very high mountain, on the top of which there was an old temple of Apollo, surrounded with a grove. The Benedictine order of monks, first instituted by our saint, was, in the ninth century, at its height of glory. 25. - ANNUNCIATION OF
BLESSED VIRGIN MARY, or Lady Day. This day celebrates the angel's message to the Virgin Mary, respecting our Blessed Lord. She was, probably, an only child, and but fifteen years of age when espoused to Joseph. She died A.R. 48, being about sixty years old.
26.-PALM SUNDAY. In the missals, this day is denominated Dominica in ramis Palmarum, or Palm Sunday, and was so called from the palm branches and green boughs formerly distributed on that day, in commemoration of our Lord's riding to Jerusalem. Sprigs of
box-wood are still used as a substitute for palms in Roman Catholic countries.---See also T. T. for 1815, p. 84.
30.—MAUNDY THURSDAY, This day is called, in Latin, dies Mandati, the day of the command, being the day on which our Lord washed the feet of his disciples, as recorded in the second lesson. This practice was long kept up in the monasteries. After the ceremony, liberal donations were made to the poor, of clothing and of silver money, and refreshment was given them to mitigate the severity of the fast. On the 15th April, 1731 (Maundy Thursday), the Archbishop of York washed the feet of a certain number of poor persons. James It was the last king who performed this in person. A relic of this custom is still preserved in the donations dispensed at St. James's on this day; the ceremonies of which, as also those at Rome and Moscow on this day, are described at length in T. T. for 1815, p. 86.- See also our last volume, p. 93, for an account of the ceremony of feet-wasbing at Vienna on this day.
Mr. Evelyn, in his entertaining · Memoirs' (vol. i, p. 163) thus speaks of the observance of Maundy Thursday at Rome, about 150 years since. "The Pope said masse, and afterwards carried the Host in procession about the Chapell, with an infinitie of tapers; this finished, his Holinesse was carried in his open chaire on men's shoulders to the place where, reading the Bull in Coena Domini, he both curses and blesses all in a breath; then the guns are againe fired. Hence he went to the Ducal hall of the Vatican, where he washed the feete of 12 poore men, with almost the same ceremonie as 'tis don at Whitehall; they have clothes, a dinner, and almes, weh he gives with his owne hands, and serves at their table; they have also gold and silver medailles, but their garments are of white wollen long robes, as we paint the Apostles. The same ceremonies are