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him rydeth the olde Mayor also, in his skarlet gowne, hood of velvet, and a chayne of golde about his neck. Then all the Aldermen ij and ij together, (amongst whome is the Recorder) all in skarlet. gownes; and those that have byn Mayors have chaynes of gold, the other have black velvett tippetts. The ij Shereffes come last of all, in their skarlet gownes and chaynes of golde.
In this order they passo alonge throwgh the citie, to the Guyldhall, where they dyne that daie, to the nomber of 1000 persons, all at the charge of the Mayor and the ij Shereffes. This feast costeth £400, whereof the Mayor payeth £200, and eche of the Sherreffes £100. Imediately after dyner, they go to the churche of St. Paule, euery one of the aforesaid poore men bearynge staffe torches and targetts, whiche torches are lighted when it is late, before they come from evenynge prayer".'
11.- SAINT MARTIN. He was a native of Hungary, and for some time followed the life of a soldier; but afterwards took orders, and was made Bishop of Tours in France, in which see he continued for twenty-six years, Martin diod about the year 397, much lamented, and highly esteemed for his virtues 2.-For a pleasing little ballad on this day, see T.T. for 1814, p. 286; and T.T. for 1818, p. 315.
13.-SAINT BRITIUS. Britius, or Brice, succeeded St. Martin in the bishopric of Tours in the year 399. He died in 444.
17.-SAINT HUGH. Our saint was a native of Burgundy, or Gratianopolis. At first he was only a regular canon, but
16 A breffe description of the Royall Citie of London, &c.' quoted in Sir Egerton Brydges's British Bibliographer, vol. i, p. 540.
2 St. Martin bad given all'he had in the world to the poor, save one coat, and that also be divided between two beggars, Taylor's Holy Living, ch. iv, sec. 8, of Alms,
afterwards a Carthusian monk, and at length, through the favour of King Henry II, was constituted Bishop of Lincoln. In this see he obtained great fame, not only for his extraordinary austerity of life and excellent economy, but for his rebuilding the cathedral from the foundation. Hugh died on this day, in the year 1200, of an ague. In 1220, he was canonized at Rome, and his remains were taken up October 7, 1282, and deposited in a silver shrine.
*17. 1818.-QUEEN CHARLOTTE DIED.
20.-EDMUND, KING AND MARTYR. Edmund, king of the East-Angles, having been attacked by the Danes in 870, and unable to resist them, heroically offered to surrender himself a prisoner, provided they would spare his subjects. The Danes, however, having seized him, used their utmost endeavours to induce Edmund to renounce his religion; but, refusing to comply, they first beat him with clubs, then scourged him with whips, and afterwards, binding him to a stake, killed him with their arrows.
22.--SAINT CECILIA. · Cecilia was a Roman lady, who, refusing to renounce her religion, was thrown into a furnace of boiling water, and scalded to death. Others say that she was stifled in a bath, a punishment frequently inflicted, at that time, on female criminals of rank. She suffered martyrdom about the year 225. Cecilia is regarded as the patroness of music, and is represented by Raffaelle with a regal in her hand.
*22. 1658 -OLIVER CROMWELL BURIED. “Saw ye superb funerall of ye Protector. He was carried from Somerset House in a velvet bed of state drawn by six horses, houss'd wih ye same; the pall held up by his new Lords; Oliver lying in effigie in royal robes, and crown'd with a crown, sceptre, and globe, like a king. The pendants and guidons were carried by ye Officers of the Army; the imperial banners, achievements, &c. by ye hereaulds in
their coates; a rich caparison'd horse, embroider'd all over with gold; a knight of honour arm’d capa-pie, and after all, his guards, souldiers, and innumerable mourners. In this equipage they proceeded to Westminster: but it was the joyfullest funerall I ever saw, for there were none that cried but dogs, which the soldiers hooted away with a barbarous noise, drinking, and taking tobacco in the streets as they went.'—Evelyn's Memoirs, vol. i, p. 315.
*22. 1774.—LORD CLIVE DIRD; -- An eminent soldier, and adorned with all the virtues of a military life-pride, ambition, cruelty, and insatiable avarice. He amassed immense wealth, and returned home to be as miserable as a guilty conscience and ill-gotten riches could make him, till on this day he terminated his own life at the age of fifty ;-a warning to other great men to take care by what means they acquire their wealth and honours.
. 23.-SAINT CLEMENT. Clement I was born at Rome, and was one of the first bishops of that place: this see he held about sixteen years; from the year 64 or 65 to 81. He was remarkable for having written two Epistles, so excellent, and so highly esteemed, by the primitive Christians, that the first was for some time considered canonical. Clement was sentenced to work in the quarries, and afterwards, having an anchor fastened about his neck, was drowned in the sea.
23.-0. MART. Old Martinmas-Day, an antient quarter-day.
25.–SAINT CATHERINE. Our saint was born at Alexandria, and received a liberal education. About the year 305, she was converted to Christianity, which she, afterwards professed with the utmost intrepidity, openly reproving the pagans for offering sacrifices to their idols, and upbraiding the Emperor Maxentius, to his face, with the most flagrant acts of tyranny and oppression.
She was condemned to suffer death by rolling a wheel over her body stuck round with iron spikes.
27.- ADVENT SUNDAY. This and the three subsequent Sundays which precede the grand festival of Christmas take their name from the Latin advenire, to come into; or from the word adventus, an approach.
30.-SAINT ANDREW. Andrew was the son of James, a fisherman at Bethsaida, and younger brother of Peter. He was condemned to be crucified on a cross of the form of an X; and, that his death might be more lingering, he was fastened with cords. The Order of the Thistle is described in T.T. for 1818, p. 283.
*NOV. 1762.- SINGULAR DEATH. A man having stolen a sheep at Miteham, in Surrey, tied its hind legs together, and put them over his forehead to carry it away; but in getting over a gate, the sheep, it is thought, struggled, and, by a sudden spring, slipped its feet down to his throat; for they were found in that posture, the sheep hanging on one side of the gate, and the man dead on the other. -Dodsley's Annual Register, vol. v, p. 122.
In NOVEMBER 1820. The Sun enters Sagittarius at 22 m. after 10 in the morning of the 22d of this month; and he rises and sets, during the same period, as in the following
6th, - - - 20 - - 7 - 40 - - 4
Equation of Time. : If the following quantities be subtracted from the time as shown by a good sun-dial, or obtained from the passage of the Sun over the meridian, the re- ' mainders will be the time which should be shown by a well-regulated clock or watch at the same instant. TABLE.
m. s. Wednesday Nov, 1st, from the time by the dial subtract 16 16 Monday, - 6th,.-.-.
- - - 16 11 Saturday, - 11th, - . . .
. . . . . 15 45 Thursday, - 16th, - - - - - - - - - - 14 58 Tuesday, 21st, • • -
- - - 13 51 Sunday, - 26th, - - - - - - - - - - 12 24
Phases of the Moon.
Moon's Passage over the Meridian. The Moon will pass the first meridian of this country at the following times during this month; which