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ought to find a place on the winter boards, nager of the Haymarket should play played the Bailie in “Rob Roy" with a opera without a band, when comedy and correctness and discrimination, which farce are in his power. We heartily wish would have gratified the author of the bim success when next be opens ; but novel. He had to struggle against the would just whisper that, in addition to his effect of Liston's pleasant misrepresenta- liberal engagement of favourite actors, he tion of the part; but the audience gradu. would do well to procure a young lady or ally recognized the character, as that two for the heroines of farce, to banish which they had known long ago-in dirty linen and old clothes from the highprint.
est circles of stage fashion, and to refrain Miss George has made a successful de- from giving orders to the amazing scarebut, and proved that she can speak as well crows who sometimes startle us in the as sing. But we do not see why the ma- boxes.
FINE ARTS. Tapestry after the Cartoons.--The pub- then, we must state that these two comlic has just been presented, at the Egyp- positions are fully worthy of the place tian Hall, with an exhibition full of real they occupy in the set; for though they interest, and curious on several accounts. are not, upon the whole, so full of power, It consists of the tapestry which was either of design or expression, as the Paul executed from the Cartoons of Raphael — at Athens, the Elymas, and, perhaps, the those splendid works which have so long Death of Ananias, they possess points of been the glory of this country, and the interest and of beauty, which even these delight and wonder of all true lovers of cannot boast, because the subjects of
It is well known that those paint them do not admit of it. The Converings (seven in number, and now at Hamp- sion of Saint Paul consists of a spacious ton Court,) are part of a set, supposed to landscape scene, representing the city of have originally consisted of twelve, which Damascus in the distance, with Paul and were executed by Raphael merely as his attendants in the foreground; while designs, to be worked in tapestry. But the clouds are miraculously opening overit was not so generally understood that head, and shewing the Saviour-whose any of the tapestries themselves, which figure and attributes are connected with had been produced from those designs, the scene and persons below, by means of were in existence; still less that two the glory which is emanating with intense more of them are preserved than of the brightness from about his head, and graoriginal designs. This, however, is the dually decreasing in splendour till it case; and we have here nine of these ad- reaches the immediate object of its revelamirable works; seven exactly correspond- tion-Saul-who is stretched upon the ing with those at Hampton Court, and ground in a paroxysm of fear and wonder. two, scarcely inferior in general merit, « And as he journeyed, he came near representing the Conversion of St. Paul, Damascus ; and suddenly there shined and the Stoning of St. Stephen.
round about him a light from heaven"Of those among the above-named, “ And tie fell to the earth.” The general which represent the Cartoons now in Eng- effect of this scene is undoubtedly fine land, we need say but little in the shape and impressive. But in this, as well as in of detail, as most of our readers have pro- the other new composition--the Stoning of bably seen them, or, at least, the en- Saint Stephen-(still nore, indeed, in this gravings which have been made from latter,) the chief interesit arises from the them. It should be stated generally, individual expression of the various beads however, that the tapestries present most and figures. These, however, it would excellent representations of the original demand a space to examine and describe, pictures-certainly much better than the which we cannot, at present, allot to oil copies of them, by Sir James Thorn- them. We must only add, therefore, that hill : better, because, though perhaps in fortunately these two tapestries are a
among some respects inferior to those copies in the best preserved of the whole nine; and, particular expressions, the general effect in the absence of the original designs, approaches nearer to that of the subdued furnish a most interesting and satisfactory tone of the originals.
notion of what those designs must have But of the two tapestries, the originals been. Of the other seven, that which is of which we do not possess, something in in the best state of preservation is among the shape of a detailed account will be the very finest of the whole-namely, the expected of us, because they come for Elymas struck blind. The one, represento ward almost in the character of new ing Christ delivering the keys to Peter, is works by Raplael himself. Generally, also in a very good condition, and shewsits
magnificent collection of heads to great portion of this work of wbich we at preadvantage. The other five are in a very sent think less highly than we did on first indifferent state; but all are much better seeing it, it is the Christ's head. This we than might have been expected, consider- were at first disposed to think (in oppoing the date of their execution (300 years sition to the general opinion) a stroke ago), and the vicissitudes through which of real genius. But whether it has, in they have passed.
conformity with that generally expressed We may, perhaps, if space is afforded opinion, been touched and tampered with; us, return to these interesting works next or whether time has in fact altered it, or us; month ; at least to the two which are certain it is, that now it does strike us as a new to us. In the mean tiine our readers comparative failure. On the other hand, may like to know that these tapestries the high religious enthusiasm of the noble form one of two sets, which were execu- figure in front of the picture on the right ted at Brussels expressly for Leo X.; by the intensely sweet and feminine devowhose order the original designs had been tion of the fair-faced mother, on the leftpreviously furnished by Raphael, who and in particular the admirable head of was then wholly employed for that dis- Wordsworth-(admirable as a head-but tinguished patron of art. One of these sets totally exceptionable as a portrait)-have was displayed in the apartments of the certainly grown in our estimation. Vatican till the period of the French in- With respect to the present pursuits of vasion in 1798—when they disappeared; this gifted artist, we have heard with but have since, if we mistake not, been pleasure that, after having failed to meet restored to their places. The other set, with any thing like an adequate patronage which is the one now exhibiting at the (insolently enough so called) among lords, Egyptian Hall, was sent by Leo to Henry professors, and connoisseurs, he bas at VIII. as a present, and used to grace the length found something like it, in a priBanquetting-room at Whitehall; but on vate individual, and of the city too. The the death of Charles I. it was publicly gentleman to whom we allude (a solicitor offered for sale, among bis other effects, named Kearsey) has purchased the Puck and was purchased by the then Spanish carrying the ass's head - and the Silenus; Ambassador. From that period they have which latter has undergone some material remained in Spain, in the possession of alterations. Mr. Haydon is also now enthe same family; and have now been gaged on a large family picture for the purchased from it by an Englishman, and same gentleman, which is nearly comare just arrived in this country.
pleted, and will probably soon be placed Mr. Haydon.-Tbis artist's picture of before the public. Christ's Entry into Jerusalem-which is, New Panorama. - We hear that the perhaps, upon the whole the best work Messrs. Burford have nearly completed a he has hitherto produced-is again exbi- most extensive view of the City of Edinbiting to the public, after a lapse of nearly burgh,and the surrounding country, taken three years ; and we bave willingly per- from the summit of Calton Hill. This formed a pilgrimage (all the way into the picture is intended for the large circle at King's Arms yard, in Cornhill) to examine Leicester-square. There is scarcely any the effects which time has produced upon city in the world better adapted for panoit, and upon our feelings respecting it. ramic effect than the capital of Scotland. We find, however, that in both respects it The city itself, built on high and uneven remains nearly unchanged. We shall, of ground, with its singular mixture of mocourse, not go into detail concerning the dern architecture and that of two centuries merits of this picture, as these were back; the flourishing port of Leith, boundthoroughly examined when it was first ed by the noble Frith of Forth; the richly presented to the world. But we may be cultivated lands of Lothian, and the dispermitted to say, on the reappearance of tant hills of Pentland, mountains of Fife, this work, that, though far from being and the Lomonds—all this will, if well without faults, it may safely be pointed executed (and the tried abilities of the arout as one which does high honour to the tists leave us no reason to doubt of its beEnglish school. If there is any particular ing so), form a most interesting painting.
VARIETIES. Cambridge, Nov. 4.-Yesterday, Thomas Norrisian prize essay for the ensuing Le Blanc, esq. LL. D. Master of Trinity year :-No valid argument can be drawn , Hall, was elected Vice-chancellor of this from the incredulity of the Heathen PhiloUniversity for the year ensuing.
sophers against the Truth of the Christian The following is the subject of the Religion.
The Seatonian Prize was yesterday ad- American main land was found so rocky judged to the Rer. Hamilton Sidney Be- and extremely dangerous, that she was resford, M. A. of Clarc-hall, for his poem obliged to stretch off for Southampton on The Death of Alel.
Island, whence she endeavoured to make Discovery Ships.-The Griper has re- for Repulse Bay, but was driven by the turned to Engłand, baving lost all her tide directly to the southward and westanchors and cables, and being found unfit ward, against what was supposed to be for the purpose on which she was cm- Wager River. Here strong breezes and ployed. This vessel left Stromness on a heavy snow storm set in, which made the 1st July, and made Cape Chudleigh it necessary that the ship should be (on thc Labrador Coast) on the 2d Au- brought to with three anchors ahead and gust, having fallen in with ice-bergs three made suug. The sea rose rapidly and days previously, from which time she was broke over the ship with tremendous beset with drift ice. In this passage she force, forming thick coats of ice in an inwas found to make so little progress, that stant, so as to connect the shrouds tothe Suap (her provision tender) was fre- gether half way up the rigging. The snow quently obliged to take her in tow. From also fell so fast that the men had much Cape Chudleigh, the Griper was obliged difficulty in keeping the decks clear. The to stretch to the northward, to Resolution ship all this time pitched so dreadfully, Island, as the field ice prevented progress that the cables came over the bumpkins, up Hudson's Straits ; they were, bowever, one of which was thereby broken. During enabled to make slow advances to the the night, a large stream of ice was diswestward, close to the Sarage Islands, covered coming down upon the ship, but, until they made Salisbury or Nottingham most happily, it parted before it reached Island, but which place could not be her, and some small portions of it only ascertained, from the impossibility of struck against the bows, wbich did no damaking observations off the Upper Savage mage. The wind continued to increase, Islands. Some canoes of natives came off as well as the snow ; at five o'clock in to them, who appeared to be of the same the morning, the starboard cable parted description of Esquimaux with which our and on the sbip swinging to the other navigators were before acquainted. They three anchors, she was struck by a sea were dismissed with liberal presenis, and and parted from them all! Her situation appeared much gratified. From Salis- at this time was the most perilous that bury Island, the Griper proceeded to the can be imagined, every individual momensouth point of Southampton Island, in tarily expecting that she would drive on which they were assisted by a strong cur- shore. Means of preservation, however, rent setting down Fox's Channel; but on were not neglected; the trysails were got their rounding Southampton Island, this on her, though it was so dark that no current, which then came down Sir T. object could be discerned, and they did Rowe's Welcome (up which they wished not know so much as which way the ship's to proceed), was directly against them, lead Jay, from the compasses having and nearly cansed their shipwreck. South- ceased to act, the ship being, as it is supampton Island was found to be laid down posed, directly over or near the magnetic with tolerable accuracy. Off the south- pole. Whilst presuming, in this distresswest end of the island, the Griper was ing dilemma, that the wind had shifted obliged to anchor, in consequence of off the land, as the water deepened, suddenly shoaling her water; in a gale a sight of the sun, and subsequently of of wind she parted che anchor, but the other celestial bodies, was obtained brought up again with three anchors a
(of which they bad bad no view for some head, in quarter less four fathom water; days), and the ship was found to hare when the tide fell, the sea was so heavy been drifted out of the Welcome, after that the rudder continually struck the having attained lat. 65, 30. There was at ground, and was listed almost out of the this moment no anchor left in the ship. gudgcons: this was on the first of Sep- Notwithstanding, it was determined, if tember. On the weather moderating, possible, to winter about Chesterfield the Griper proceeded up the Welcome, Inlet, or even to the southward of that but a northerly gale wind springing spot. The persevering efforts of all on up, the ship was driven into Hudson's board were accordingly directed to gain Bay.-However, by perseverance, and the American shore, but finding that the taking advantage of every favourable ship got into the shallows of Hudson's breeze of wind, she reached Cape Fullar- Bay, they were reluctantly compelled to
ton, the larboard entrance of Wager edge away for Salisbury Island, still * River, and within about sixty' miles of hoping that a few fine and favourable the spot (Repulse Bay) where she in- days would restore to them their lost tended to winter. The coast on the ground. The bad wcather, however, still
continued, and there was much difficulty (by which Capt. Lyon was next year to in watering the ships at these places, communicate with him), will send a from a stream of ice. A number of na- land expedition, if possible, in the same tives came off to them in their canoes, direction, as well as to Repulse Bay, in the and trafficked their clothes for iron and hope of communicating with the Griper. spears. At length, the hopeless con- The Griper communicated with the Esquitinuance of bad weather, the wretched maux natives of the Upper Savage Islands, condition of the ship (from her incapaci- and of Salisbury and Nottingham Islands, ties), the officers and crew baving suffered all of whom had frequently seen Euromore hardships than on any previous peans. They were less savage in their voyage, the advanced stage of the season, habits and nianners than their more with numerous other concomitant mise- northern brethren, but they shewed a ries, compelled Captain Lyon to consent strong thievish disposition ; they endeathat the ship should be got out of Hud- voured to steal the oars and iron work son's Straits, (an extent of 800 miles from the boats. The Griper also comof dangerous navigation); which place municated with the natives of various they had scarcely cleared, when a souther- parts of Southampton Island, who had ly gale drove them up Davis's Straits, never seen a ship before. They, how150 miles to the southward of Resolution ever, expressed very little surprise ; they Island. Providentially, a change of wind evinced more gentieness in their manners enabled them soon after to proceed on a than any other of the Esquimaux tribes, southern passage homeward, and the Gri- and were much better-looking and cleaner per arrived liere in six weeks, in the state in their persons : the women were rather we have described. Though little has pretty. All these people reside in the been effected towards solving the geogra- Walrus'-hide-huts, wbich are described in phical problem of a North-west passage Capt. Lyon's last voyage. by this voyage, yet some most interesting The Brain.—Sir E. Home says, that elucidations of the deviation of the com- “ Having ascertained that in all the anipass have been brought to light. The mals, the structure of whose nervous syscompasses began to waver and contra- tem has been explained in the present dict each other when abreast of the Savage lecture, the brain is a distinct organ, Islands ; and, as the ship got to the west- varying in its size, it is true, till at last ward, the compasses got unseendy and it is scarcely distinctly visible to the useless. Whilst the sbip was in Sir naked eye, but, when examined in the Thomas Rowe's Welcome, they very fre- microscope, found to consist of globules quently would not traverse at all, but and elastic transparent matter, and more stood in whatever position the card was or less of a fluid, similar to the brain placed. Should a passage be discovered of animals of the higher orders; that by Captain Parry through the Prince Re. there is also, at some distance from the gent's Inlet, it is considered more than brain, a second substance of similar probable, from the irregular movements structure, connected with the brain by of ice, that it may never be entered again. two lateral chords; and that this second · The Griper spoke several whalers, all of part gives off the nerves that go to the which had been unsuccessful in the fishery; different muscular structures of the body; no ship had more than two fish, and many I consider myself borne out in the opinion none whatever. From the captain of the that this part answers the same purpose Phænix whaler, Captain Lyon heard that as the medulla spinalis. The ganglions Captain Parry's expedition had been seen which form a chain connected so beautiin the middle of August, in lat. 71. be- fully together by a double nerve, must set with ice. On the whole, the season be considered to have the same uses, has been more boisterous, and, conse- whatever they are, as the ganglions in quently, the sea less clear, than it has the human body, being equally composed been known for 30 years. It was very of a congeries of nerves.
These are questionable if Captain Parry would be facts, which, if they are allowed to be able to reach Lancaster Sound. Had the clearly made out, form an addition to Griper effected a wintering either in Re- our knowledge, and give confirmation to pulse Bay or Wager River, or Chesterfield opinions not before satisfactorily estaInlet, Captain Lyon, with a strong party, blished.”-Quart. Journ. would have made a land journey to Poiut Adulteration of Tea.-Mr. Sowerby has Turnagain, near the Copper-mine River, remarked a curious instance of Chinese a distance of nearly 700 miles, for which adulteration in black tea, consisting in expedition they were fully equipped. the addition of sandy matter to it, conCapt. Parry, if he succeeded in passing taining minute crystals of magnetic iron. Lancaster Sound, and getting to the These were sometimes so abundant, as to southward, down Prince Regent's Inlet enable a magnet to lift parts of the lo
The sand was often observed deposited in hills of Derbyshire. There is nothing to tea-cups and tea-pots, and on macerating induce a belief that it was a den inhabited some closely-twisted portions of tea, con- by hyænas, like the cave of Kirkdale, or siderable quantities were separated, that by bears, like those in Germany; its had been introduced when the leaves were leading circumstances are similar to fresh.-Phil. Mag. Ixiv. 151.
those of the ossiferous cavities in the Fossil Remains.--An immense assem- limestone rock at Oreston near Plyblage of fossil bones has recently been mouth. The cave at Banwell has within discovered in Somersetshire, in a cavern these few days been examined by Proof the Limestone Rock at Banwell, near fessor Buckland, and operations have the west extremity of the Mendip Hills, been commenced for the purpose of on the property of the Bishop of Bath thoroughly investigating its history and and Wells. The circumstances which led contents. The Bishop has already sent to this discovery are as follow :-Some collections of the bones to the museums miners engaged in sinking a shaft in of Oxford and Cambridge, and inteuds to search of calamine, intersected a steep provide a similar supply for all the prinand narrow fissure, which after descend- cipal public institutions in this country. ing 80 feet opened into a spacious ca- Cyanuret of lodine, Proceedings of vern, 150 feet long and about 30 feet the Society of Pharmacy at Paris, April wide, and from 20 to 30 feet high. From 15.-M. Serullas read a memoir on a new the difficulty of descending by this fissure compound of nitrogen, carbon, and iodine, it was lately judged desirable to make an which he named cyanuret of iodine. opening in the side of the bill a little be. This new product is obtained by heating low, in a line which might lead directly an intimate mixture of two parts of cyato the interior of the cave. This gallery nuret of mercury and one part of iodine had been conducted but a few feet, when in a small dry retort. When the tempethe workmen suddenly penetrated another rature is sufficiently elevated, a white vacavern of inferior dimensions to that pour rises, which condenses in the form which they were in search of, and found of light flocculi or small brilliant plates, its floor to be covered, to a depth which which are the cyanuret of iodine; there has not yet been ascertained, with a bed is produced, at the same time, protiodide of sand, mud, and fragments of lime- of mercury, which remains in the retort. stone, through which were dispersed an The cyanuret may be purified by a second enormous quantity of bones, horns, and sublimation. This substance has a strong teeth. The thickness of this mass has poignant odour, exciting tears; its taste been ascertained, by a shaft sunk into it, is very caustic, it does not alter litmus or to be in one place nearly 40 feet. Many turmeric paper. Thrown on hot charlarge baskets-full of bones have already coal it evolves violet vapours. It is sobeen extracted, belonging chiefly to the luble in water and alcohol. M. Serulox and deer tribes; of the latter there are las regards it, according to his experiseveral varieties, including the elk. There ments, as a compound of 828 of iodine, are also a few portions of the skeleton of and 172 of cyanogen. - Jour. de Phar. a wolf, and of a gigantic bear. The x. 256. bones are mostly in a state of preserva- Turrell's Menslruum for etching Steel tion equal to that of common grave Plates. Take four parts, by measure, of bones, although it is clear, from the fact the strongest pyroligneous acid, chemiof some of them belonging to the great cally called acetic acid, and one part of extinct species of bear, that they are of alcohol, or highly-rectified spirits of antediluvian origin. In the roof of the wine; mix these together, and agitate cave there is a large chimney-like open- them gently for about half a minute; ing, which appears to have communicated and then add one part of pure nitric formerly with the surface ; but which is acid; and when the whole are thoroughly choked up with fragments of limestone, mixed, it is fit to be poured upon the interspersed with mud and sand, and ad- steel plate. When the mixture is comhering together imperfectly by a stalag- pounded in this proportion, very light mitic incrustation. Through this aper- tints will be sufficiently corroded in about ture it is probable the animals fell into one minute, or one minute and a half ; the cave, and perished in the period pre- and a considerable degree of colour will ceding the inundation, by which it was be produced in about a quarter of an
The immense quantity of the hour ; but the effect may be produced bones shews the number of individuals much quicker, by the addition of more that were lost in this natural pitfall to nitric acid, or it may be made to proceed have been very great. In this manner slower, by omitting any convenient porcattle are now continually lost by falling tion thereof. When the mixture is poured into similar apertures in the limestone off the plate, it should be instantly