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tions that save their lives. In fine, prisoners, subject to the evils of captiwe may observe, that this disease pro. vity. Of all those we have mention. ceeds solely from our method of rear- ed, none seem to be natural except ing these birds, for it is seldom that moulting. There are even some of those fed by the parent birds are ever those birds which, in this wretched attacked with it. We ought therefore stare of captivity, are never fick, cuto be particularly cainious of over som seeming to have made it to them feeding them when we bring them up a fecond nature. In general, the with the stick: boiled rape seed, a fault of their temperament is excess of little grouodel without fugar or bis. hear, and therefore they constantly cuit, and in general rather too litile need water. When wild, they are than too much food, is the most approv- found near rivulets or moist places : ed method.
ba: hing is necessary for them at all feaWhen the Canary-bird utters a faint fons; for if a plateful of snow is put and frequent cry, which seems to issue into their cage, they will lie down in from the bortom of bis stomach, he is it and turn themselves ypon it with faid to be asthmatic: he is also subject figns of pleasure, even in tiine of the to a surt of extinction of voice, espe- greatest cold: this fact proves fufficially after multing : the asthma is ciently, that it is more noxious than cared by adminiftering plantain feed ufeul to keep them in very warm and hard biscuit soaked in white wine: pluces. and the extinction of voice by good But there is another disease to food, such as yolks of eggs mixed with which the Canary-bird, as well as othe crumb of bread; and for drink, thers, such as the Gold-Finch, are a ptisan of liquorice; that is, water in subject to, especially in confinement ; which liquorice root has been steeped I mean the Epilepsy. The yellow and boiled.
Canary-Brds are most liable to this Canary Birds are frequently affected falling-lickuess, which seizes them in with ulcers in the mouth ; there
pro a moment, even when they are singing deed likewise from 100 abundant or the loudelt. It is said they ought not too fucculent food, which often pro. to be touched or taken up when they duces inflammation in the throat and fall, but that we ought merely to obpalate, and must be cured by cooling serve if they have voided a drop of diet, such as lettuce-feed with water, blood at the bill, in which case they in which some bruised melon-feeds will come to themselves and recover have been put.
in a little space their fenfe and life ; These birds are likewise infested that touching them before would make with a fort of lice and the scab, owing the drop fall too foon, and would oce to the flovenly manner in which they casion their death. I wish the truth are kept. Therefore care Mould be of this account were well ascertained, taken to keep them always very clean, for some fa&ts in it appear to me doubtgiving them water to bathe in ; never
This much is certain, that when putting them into cages of old wood, they survive the first fit, they often live never covering these but with new as long after it as if they had never cloth where there have been no moths, been attacked by it. I believe, howeand lifting and washing the seeds and ver, that they might all be cured by herbs given them for food. These giving them a slight wound in the feet, little cares must be bestowed on them for in this way Parrots are often cured if we woold have them neat and of the epilepsy. healthy ; they would be so if they How
Navewere in a state of liberty; but contin- ry! In a late of freedom would these ed and ill seen to, they are, like all birds be althmatic, scabby, or epilep
tic? Would they be liable to infam. and neither hear nor see the male ; buč mations, to imposthumes, to ulcers? when they are excited by the right of 29d is not the most direful of all dif
him, or by his song, they lay much eases, that arising from ungratified more frequently : such effect have oblove, common to every being in capti- jects, even at a distance, on the powers vity ? Females especially, being more of fentient beings. I cannot better deeply tender, more delicately suscep- conclude this subject than by extract tible, are more subject to it than males. ing the following remarks of a letter It is remarked, that the hen Canary- from the Honourable Daines BarringBird oftcai grois fickly at the begin. ton to M. Maty on the singing of ping of Spring, before she has got a birds : mate ; she fades, pines, and dies in a “ Most people who keep Canaryfew days. The vain emotions and “ Birds, do not koow they fing chief togratified desires which hen seize her “ ly either the Tit-Lark or the Nighfuddenlv, are the cause of her languor, “ tingale's notes. vvhen she hears so many males Singing “ Norbing however can be more around lier whom she cannot approach. “ marked than the note of a Nighein"he cock, though the cause of the de. “ gale, called its Jug, which most of fire and the most ardent in appearance, " the Canary-Birds brought from the relifts better than the famale the evils
male the evils “ Tyrol commonly have, as well as of celibacy; he feldom dies of priva- “ several Nightingale strokes, or partion, but often of excess.
“ ticular paffages in the song of that Upon the whole, the physical tema
u bird. perament of the hen Canary-Bird is “ I have mentioned the superior like that of the females of other birds. “ knowledge in the inhabitants of She can lay eggs without any com " London, because I am convinced, munication with the male, but they " that if others are consulted in relation are addle, and the heat of incubation to the finging of birds, they will corrupts instead of vivifying them.- “ only mislead, instead of giving any It has been observed, that hens seldom “ material or useful information." lay eggs if they are totally fequeftered,
Anecdote of Monf. Dangeau, the French Grammarian.
wards the end of last century, smile from those around him, in which, and was a member of the French aca- however, he was very ready to join. demy. He was a very skilful gram. He happened one day to be in a mix: marian, and applied himself chiefly to ed company where the conversation the cultivation and improvement of the turned on the miferies of war, and the French language. His mind was fo calamities likely to happen in 'conseengreffed with the particular object of quence of that in which the French his studies, that he disregarded every nation was then engaged. “ Likely.to o'her pursuit as of inferior importance; happen!" says Dangeau. “ Happen and his inattention in company, in con- what will, I have in my common-place sequence of the abstraction of his book no less than two thousand French thoughts from every thing but his fa- verbs all well conjugated.” vourite subject, exposed bin sometimes
suation of Miscellaneous Extracts from the Statistical Accouet of
It is go
IRISH OF BATHGATE. corn, which produces very serious ons in the Manner of Living. they are obliged to purchase meal at
confequences to the inhabitants, as eat alteration in the manner the discretionary price of the seller, fliving has taken place in this To remedy this fore evil, about twen. ithin the lat to years. A. ty years ago, a number of mechanics, 50, there were no above 10 countenanced by many of the more who used tea, and now, per- respectable and wealthy - inhabitants, ere is not above twice that formed themselves into an association, who do not use it. Batcher whose object was to purchase meal, to s theo not more used thao be distributed weekly to the subscrircely any cattle or theep were bers only. Each fubfcriber, at his except at Martiomas, when entry, originally paid five fillings, lilies ufed to falt a whole, or (now feven shillings and fixpence). nly a part of an ox or cow, and thirteen pence a-year. or provision * ; but now there verned by a deacon, as he is called, lar felh market twice a week, and twelve affeffors, chosen annualiy. ost every family, who can This institution has produced very 1, cats felh constantly. A good effects. The subscribers, and cater quantity of wheaten bread the poor in general, are regularly fupconsumed in the parish in a plied at a price rather below the rate than was in a 'twelve-month of the country. Their stock is now ars ago. The alteration in about L. 140 Sterling. ce 1750 is also remarkable. the good man and his fons PARISH OF DELTING, IN SHETLAND.
kirk, market, wedding, or they were clorhed in a home
Diseases. t of freezed cloth, called kelt, Convulsion firs, of a very extraorhose, with a blue or brown dinary kind, seem peculiar to this
and the good wife and her country. The patient is first seized rs were dressed in gowns and with something like fainting, and inats of their own spinning, with mediately after utters wild cries and cloak aod hood of the same, frięks, the sound of which, at what, an or red plaid. But now, ever distance, immediately pets all ner, when they go abroad, who are subject to the disorder in the ts of English cloth, good hats, fame fituation. It most commonly d the latter the finest printed attacks them when the church is and sometimes filk gowns, crowded ; and often interrupts the
and bonnets, of different service in this, and many other fizes, and colours, white , churches in the country. On a facloth shoes, &c.
cramental occasion, 50 or 60 age
sometimes carried out of the church, PARISH OF STRANRAER.
and laid in the church-yard, where
they struggle and roar with all their Trade.
ftrength for five or ten minutes, and farmers generally export their then rise up without recollecting a Vol. XIV. No. 80.
* This pradlice is sometimes still continued.
single circumitance that had happened summer fishery for a fee of L. 16 tą them, or being in the least hurt or fa. L:26 Scots. Sometimes the fees are tigued with the violent exertions they as high as L. 28 Scots for 10 summer had made during the fit. Oae ob- weeks. When they have been one servation occurs on this disorder, that season at the fishing, they generally during the late scarce years it was consider themselves as men.
They very uncommon; and during the two are encouraged to marriage by their last years of plenty it has appeared landlords, in order to prevent them more frequently
leaving the country; and the conseCattle, &c.
quences commonly are, thai they find
themselves involved in debt and large The winter of 1784 was very se families in a few years. There is a vere, and cut off a great number of set of very old regulations, called sheep and horned cattle in every part Country Achs; by one of which it is of these islands. An account was enacted, that no pair shall marry unsaken, at the desire of the minister, less they be possessed of L. 40 Scots of in this parish, and the returp was free gear. This regulation, as weil 4506 sheep, and 427 black cattle, as all the reft
, is now not enforced ; dead in the course of the winter, be- though all of them appear to have been lides horses, of which no accurate aç. well calculated for the good police of count could be obtained. This, join- the country. It is said that these reed to a year of as great scarcity as the gulations were approved and confirmcountry had expeiienced, was very ed by the parliament of Scotland, iq hard on the poor tenants; and they the reign of Queen Mary, or of have not yet recovered the loss
. In James VI. ahat winter, the sheep were often dug There has been no emigration from out of the snow, after continuing up the parish during the time of the preder it for 20 days ; during all which seot incumbent: bui, almost every time they had no food, but ate the year, a great number of young lads en. wool from the backs of each other. gage with the Greenland ships, which Some that died after they were taken touch at Brissay Sound on their outout were opened, and a hard ball of ward passage in the month of March wool was found in their stomach. and April, They receive from 30 s. The general poverty of the inhabitants ; to 40 s. a-monih. “Many of these their being obliged to be from' honie men' are landed" on the island when during the fishing fcafon; the small- the thips return from Greenland ; but nels of their farms, and the precari- many go at last into the navy. It is ous tenure by which they hold them ; a fact well ascertained, that in the all conspire yo keep them in a state of year 1763, there were 900 Shetland indigence. Every man, from the men paid off. What number remainage of 18 to 70, nuft aştend the fish- ed in the fleet after the peace it is inting from the ift June to the 14th Au. possible to say. guft. None are left at home but wife, with perhaps a number of young children, who require all her arren
PARISH OF LUNAN. tion. Everything in the farming
Church. line must consequently go to wreck,
One of the ministers, Mr Alexander Populațion.
Pedie, who died in 1713, bequeathed There are very few batchelors. fome plate for the Lord's Supper in the The people, in general, marry young. church of Lunan, on this fingular con A young lad, when he comes to the dition, that any Episcopal congregaage of 18 or 19 years, goes to the tion within seyen miles of Linao re
Miscellaneous Extracts from the Statifical Account of Ocotland. 99 Quiring them should have the use of Although the parish consists wholly them for that purpose. There is a of the poorer ranks of society, newsmarble monument erected in the papers are generally read and attendchurch to his memory; for upholding ed to : The desire for them increases ; which his widow bequeathed an an- and the reading of them seems to be puity of L. 4 Scots, payable to the attended with advantage. With rekirk-fellion.
gard to the intellectual character of the people : They are deficient in ima.
gination; vivacity, humour, &c. their Parisa of AUCHTERDERRAN. apprehension and judgment are very General Character of the People.
good, and they make a decent figure
in the common professions of life. The inhabitants are very regu. With respect to their moral and relar in their attendance on public wor- ligious chara&ter, they have all a profer thip. Formerly they were fond of lion of religion ; but, in the points long church fervices, and considered where their
licuation more inimediate It as a point of duty to continue long ly leads to temptation, they too frein religious exercises. Perhaps the quently and even habitually contraservices, though shorter than before, diet their profellion. Their civil chaare ftilt too long for answering the racter is excellent: they seem in ends of devotion and spiritual edifica- some degree capable of reflecting on tion. The people are not illiterate. the advantages of government ; and In common with the rest of Scotland, they obey it peaceably, and on prin. the vulgar are, for their station, lite- ciple. They could, however, be easia rate, perhaps, beyond all other na- ly tirred up to fedition in matters of tions. Puritanic and abstruse divi- religion. There is one Burgher meetnity comes in for a fufficient share in ing in this parish. The religious totheir little stock of books ; and it is leration granted seems to answer, in perhaps peculiar to them, as a people, this district, the full ends of good that they endeavour to form opinions, governinent and public utility: ic by reading, as well as by frequent could hardly stand on a better foo!conversation, on some very metaphyfi- ing. Secesion now begins to dimical points connected with religion, niih; and the bitterness of contending and on the deeper doctrines of Chris- seets is greatly subliding : this partly tianity. They likewise read a varie- proceeds from the novelty being over ; ty of other books unconnected with partly from the great varie:y of seats fuch subjects. The parochial schools which have taken place ; and partly, are by no means fupplied with such it is hoped, from more enlightened eolightened teachers as those that were views of true religion. As to holia formerly inftrumental in diffusing days for recreation or merry-n:aking, knJwledge. No one of good educa- the people have only one in the year, tion and ability now accepts of this re- called 'Handel-Mondey; and even duced pittance, where the fituation is the manner in which this is employed not favourable for procuring lucrative hews the fober mindednefs of the scholars; and the village teacher, people. Instead of meeting in large brought in by the subscription of needy atemblies for diversions, cach family people, is a still more unqualified per. collects its own kindred from the diffon. In such cases, the people do ferent parts of the district, provides a pot propose seeking out the best, but feast, and spends the time in eating, the cheapest
. The consequence will drinking, and conversation. The hobe, that the poorer diftriéts of the lidays, besides Sabbaths, for religious country, and the poor classes of the services, in the Establishment, are people, muft become more ignorant. three days in the year; among the