« AnteriorContinuar »
bility of human affairs, just forty-eight ten pounds yearly; and rewarded the years after this last endowment, 1571, other workmen with such wages as February 26th, we find the provost their labours entitled them to. and prevendaries resigning, as by About that time the town of Rollin, force and violence, all, and every being next to Edinburgh and Had. one of the several donations, ioro se. dington in all Lothian, became very cular hands unalienably: and withal populous, by the great concourse of complaining, that for many years be- all ranks and degrees of visitors, that fore, their revenues had been violente reforted to this Prince, at his palace, ly detained from them; insomuch or calle of Rollin, for he kept a that they had received little or no be. great court, and was royally served at nefit from them. To this deed of re his own table, in vesfels of gold and fignation, or charter, as it is actually filver; Lord Dirleron being his mastercalled, the seal of the chapter of this houshold, Lord Borthwick bis cupcollegiate church was appended, being bearer, and Lord Fleming his car. St Matthew in a kirk, red upon white ver; in absence they had deputies to wax; as also the seat of the chen Sir attend, viz. Stewart, Laird of DrumWilliam St Clair of Roslin being a lanrig, Twedie, Laird of Drumerragged cross, red upon white wax. lane, and Sandilands, Laird of Calder. Hay's MS. Memoirs, vol. II. p.350. He had his halls, and other apart
In the charter of February 5th ments, richly adorned with embroider1523, four altars are particularly ed hangings. He flourished in the Damned ; first, that of St Matthew ; reigns of James I. and II. fecond, that of the Virgin-Mother; His Princess, Elizabeth Douglass, third, that of St Andrew; and, fourth, already mentioned, was served by fethat of St Peter ; which two last, per- venty-five gentlewomen, whereof fiftyhaps, have been leffer altars placed at three were daughters of noblemen, all two of the pillars; or, rather, I am cloathed in velvet and filks, with their inclined think, as formerly biated, chains of gold, and other ornaments; that the large altar has been divided and was attended by two-hundred into two or three ; which, with the riding gentlemen in all her journeys; high altar, and that of the blefied And if it happened to be dark when Virgin, which has been, I suppose, in the went to Edinburgh, where her the facristy, though there be no veftige lodgings were, at the foot of Blackof it now, made four or five in all.
friars-wynd, eighty lighted torches That this noble design might be were carried before her. In dignity executed according to taste, and with she was next to the Queen. the greater splendor, the Prince invi. The village of Rodin was erected ted the most accomplished artificers, into a burgh of barony by King James mafons, carpenters, smiths, &c. from II. at Stirling, June 13th 1456, with foreign parts: and that they might be a weekly market on Saturday, a yearthe more conveniently lodged, for ly fair on the feast of St Simon and earrying on the work with the greater Jude, a market cross, &c. The fame ease and difpatch, he ordered th«m to is coofirmed by King James VI. Janubuild the village or town of Roslin, ary 16th 1622, and by King Charles where it now is, nigh to the chapel, I. May 6th 1640. the old one being half a mile dif. The Princely Founder and Ed. tant from its present fituation, and he dower of this Chapel died about 1484, gave each of them a house and lands, before the Chapel was finifhed; which in proportion to character. Besides, was done by his eldest fon of the fehe gave to the master-mason forty cond marriage, Sir Oliver St Clare of pounds, and to every other malon Rollin; whole mother was Lady Mar
jory Sutherland, descended of the cannot now come to the knowledge blood-royal, her great grand mother of the total expence, which must have Jean Bruce being younger daughter been a very great sum in those days. of King Robert Bruce. So that the The father was alive for certain in building of this glorious edifice, wor. 1476, as we find him granting charthy of a crowned bead, though the ters on September the gth of that work of a subject has employed at year, to his fon the foresaid Sir Olileast forty years ; and it is a pity we
Review of Boswell's Life of Dr Johnson : (Concluded from our lafl.) N our last we endeavoured to give Magazine. There is something curi
our readers a general view of the ous and interesting in this detail of character and talents of Dr Johnson, early authorship; whoever recollects and of this history of his life by mr the avidity with which, in the latter Boswell
. We proceed now to give days of his celebrity, his company fome account of bo:h, a little more in was fought, will read with a very pe. detail.
culiar feeling the subscription to one of his letters to Cave.
4 Your's, impranfus, The present work does not seem
Sam. Johnson." materially different from those formerly published on the same subject, in There is, we believe, scarce a great its Darrative of Johnson's birth, child- or a rich man fo unfeeling as not to hood, education, or introduction into wish that Johnson had found at his life. We may except the imprrtant table the dinner which he was that circumstance of the present Biogra- day obliged to go without. pher's setting the world right as to Johnson, however, looked for no the Epitaph on the Duck, one of a patron but the booksellers, whose inbrood of eleven, which he trod to terest was equally concerned with his death when a child of about three own, in the production and success of years old;
his works; and amidit the difficulties
and distresses of his situation, he preHere lies good master duck,
ferved a degree of patience, fortitude, That Samuel Johnson trod on; and independence which men of ge. If it had liv'd 't vould been good luck, nius and of letters have too often fail. For then there had been an odd one. ed to poffefs. His letter to Lord
Chesterfield, on the subject of his which Sir John Hawkins and Mr Dictionary, now first published, afPiozzi had attributed to the child fords an example equally of the manlihimself ; but which Mr Boswell, with ness of his feelings, and of its power á saeer at the Lady's fagacity, gives of expresing them. to its true author, the father.
Mr Boswell is a good deal more particular than his predecessors, in his To the Right Hon. tbe Earl of CHESaccount of Johofon's life and employ. ments after his arrival in London,
MY LORD where he earned a scanty and precari I have been lately informed, by ous subsistence, by writing chiefly for the proprietor of the World, that two Cuoi, the Editor of the Gentleman's papers, in which my Dictionary is
recommended to the public, were it. I hope it is no very cynical aspe. written by your Lordship. To be lo rity, not to confess obligations where distinguished, is an honour which, no benefit has been received, or to be being very little accultomed to fa- unwilling that the public should convours from the great, I know not well sider me as owing that to a Patron how to receive, or in what terms tu
which Providence has enabled me to acknowledge.
do for myself. When, upon some light en Having carried on my work thus couragement, I first visited your Lord- far with fo little obligation to any fathip, I was overpowered, like the rest vourer of learning, I shall not be dif. of mankind, by the inchantment of appointed though I fhould conclude your aduress; and cowd not forbear it, if lefs be pollible, with less; for I tv with that I might boaft myself Le have been long wakened from that vainqueur du vainzueur de la terre; dream of hope, in which I once boast. that I might obtain that regard for ed myself with so much exultation, which I saw the world contending ;
My Lord, but I found my attendance fo liitle
“ Your Lord/hip's most humble, encouraged, that neither pride nor
« Most obedient servant, modeity would suffer me to continue it. When I had once addressed your
“ Sam. Johnson.” Lordíhip in public, I had exhaulted In tracing the earlier part of Johnall the art of plealing which a retired fon’s literary life, one cannot but take and uncourtly scholar Can poffefs. I notice of the ease and facility with had done all that I could; and no man which he wrote. He could apply his is well pleased to have his ali negleét- mind to any fubje&t which the occae td, be it ever so little.
sion of the moment required, and the “ Seven years, my Lord, have now thoughts which its consideration part, fince I waited in your outward prompted he had always more than rooms,or was repulsed fro:n your door; enough of words to express. If there during which tin: I have been push- was not always genius or feeling in ing on my work through difficulties, his compositions, there was at leait a of which it is useless to complain, and confiderable thare of sense and acutehave brought it, at Jait, to the verge ness, and in this business-fort of com. of publication, without one act of al- pulition he had one advantage over Hittance, one word of encouragement, those who wrice from the voluntary or one finile of favour. Such treat- inspiration of particular moments, that ment I did not expect, for I never o whenever he fat doggedly down to had a patron before.
write,' as be expreffed it, he could “ The shepherd in Virgil grew at write. The multiplicity of his perlast acquainted with love, and tound formances, the extent of his manufachim a native of the rocks.
ture (for the phrase may well be'alu “ Is not a patron, my Lord, one lowed to this case), will surprise the who looks with unconcern on a man reader. He wrote, like a special plead: struggling for life in the water, and, er of he Inns of Couit, whatever he when he has reached ground, encum was fee'd to write ; Sermons for Clers bers him with help? The notice which gymen, Dedications for Authors, you have been pleased to take of my Prefaces and Accounts of New Works labours, had it been early, had been fur Buoksellers. His favourite maxim kind ; but it bas been delayed till I always was, that none but blockheads am indifferent, and cannot enjoy ii; ever wrote from any other motive than till I am solitary; and capnut impart that of geiting money; its abfurdity It; till I am kaown, and do not want and injustice are allowed even by Mr
Boswell; but his friend never gave spirits." Bofvell.
" There is no himseli the trouble to consider them., doubt, Sir, a general report and beJohnson, indeed, had in every thing lief of their having existed.” Johale the true confi.leoce of a bigot; he fon. “ Sir you have not only the
gedetermined from his own creed, and 'neral report and belief, but had no fcruples about its incooliltency many voluntary folemn confeffions." with reason or with justice.
He vid not affirm any thing positiveThe plan of this work, when it ly upon a subject which it is the facomes down to the periods of the inion of the times to laugh at as a writer's acquaintance with the suject matter of absurd creduli'y: He only of it, is to give a journal or diary of seemed willing, as a candid inquirer Johnson's life, as far as Mr Boswell after truth, however trange and in xhad an opportunity of witnessing it.- plicable, to shew that he understood He traces him througb every hour of whai might be urged for it. his time, and every word of his con “ On Friday, April 10. I dned versation.
with him at General Og ethorpe's, The following will serve as a specie wucre we found Dr Goldimith. men of this manner which Mr Burn “ Armurial bearings bavi g been well, with confiderable self- pproba- mentioned, Joniifon laid, they were is tion and applause (Vid. his Preface) ancient as the fiege of Thebts, which has adopred :
he proved by a passage in one of the "On Thursday, April 9. I called on tragedies of Euripide 3. him to beg he would go and dine with " The General told us, that whenle me at the Miire tavern. He had re
was a very young man, I think only Solved not to dine at all this day, I fitteen, firving under Prince Eugene know not for what reason : and I was of Savoy, he was sitting in a company lo unwilling to be deprived of his com at table with a Prince of Wirtemberg. pany, that I was content to submit to The Prin e took up a glais of wine, fuffer a want, which was at first soine and, by a silip, m de lume of it fly what painful, but he foon made me in Oglerno pe's face.
Here was a forget it; and a man is always pli asid nice dilemma. To have challeng d. with himself when he finds his intel- hiin inttactly, mig:t have fixed a qudr, lectual inclinations predomina t.
relsome caracter upon tue young " He observed, that to reason tou phi foldier :—to have taken no notice of losophically on the nature of prayer, it might have been conlidered as cowwas very unprofitable."
arjice. 0. le: borpe, iher fore, keep“ Talking of ghosts, he said, he knew in his eye upon tie Prince, and fmil. ose friend, who was an honest man
aloe e time, as if he took what and a fenfib:e man, who toid him he his Hiliness tad done in jet', laid, had seen a ghost, old Mr Edward Cave
Prince.''-(1 forget the the printer at St John's Gate. He Fiench word he used, the purlaid, Mr Cave did not like to talk of port huwever was.). 56 That's a good it, but seemed to be in grea horror joke; but we do it much better in whenever it was men'ioned. Bajwill, Egland ;" and threw a whole glass of + Pray, Sir, what did he' say wá. the wine in th Prince' face. An old Ge. appearance?" Johnson. «Why, Sir, neral u holat b., 'aid, " Il a bien fait, Something of a badowy being. mon Prince, t'ois l'avez commencé ;"
" I motioned witches, and sked' and thus ail en c.in good humour. him what they properly meant ? John “ Dr J hofun tad, Pray, Gene. fan. " Why, Sir, they properly mi an ra, g..e us an account of the fiege of ihose who make use of the aid of evil Bender," l'pon which the General,
Pouring a little wine upon the table, both of body and mind, distempered, described every thing with a wet fin. nervous, and irritable : always open on ger : “ Here were we; here were the the fide of that vanity which the club Turks,” &c. &c. Johnson listened of admirers with whom he lived ten. with the closest a!tention."
ded so much to strengthen and inFrom this conversation, which we crease, and unrestrained by the nicer have selected merely from its being of decorums of society, which early good a manageable length, our readers company alone can teach, his weakmay form a pretty fair idea both nefies had every incitement to their of the execution of this work, and of growth, and were not repressed like that sort of picture which it exh.bits those of other men, by the fear of of of its fubjeét.
fending, or the desire of concihating Bu: they would hardly suppose, those around him. without our telling them, that among ft In the life of Johnson there is anothe memorabilia of Juhoson in these ther circumstance which renders this vols.. are several papers written by mode of relating it rather unfair to ohim, in causes depending before the thers as well as to him. His converCourt of Sefion in Scotland, in fation was almost always polemical; which Mr Boswell was counsel. For he and his friends met in their sympo. Johnson was a writing machine, fium, like gladiators of old in the Ares whose powers could act on any given na ; not for an amicable communicasubject, without being at all disturbed tion of fentiment, but to exercise their by want either of the knowledge or wit and their eloquence in perpetual inclination which other people might contest. The viétory was almost al. think necessary for treating it. Molt ways Johnson's; but, in relating bis readers, we believe, will be of the victories, Mr B. mult, at the fame fane mind, with regard to those le-time, record the defeats of his oppogal arguments of the Dr's, with our nents, which to lome of them may not good Judges of the Court of Session, be a pleasant recollection. one of whom, Mr Boswell says, told Mr Bofwell, however, to do him him, that giving in such papers to them juftice, is perfeâly disinterested and was“ casting pearls before swine.” Tis impartial
. He relates with equal fic with a peculiar raiveté that Mr Bor- delity the buffetings and chastisements well introduces this story, by saying, he received himself, as those which that he rells it from his regard for the were inflicted on any of the other good law precept “ fuum cuique tri- gentlemen and ladies who shared in buito," Give every one his due. the delights of Job nson's company and
This dramatic method of writing conversation. In their various jourmay easily account for the size of the nies and adventures in England and book, and the many unnecessary and Scotland, poor Mr B. experienced unimportant pages which it contains. somewhat of the fate of apoi her equal. Nor do we think a view of a charac- ly facetious fquire and companion.ter thus exhibited a favourable or a He received stripes like Sancbo, but fair one. Who is so blameless in con- they were por laid on by himfelf; like duct, fo equal in temper, so guarded Sancho's, however, they were to have in expresion, as not to do and say their reward ; they were to be recordmany little things which are faulty ed in a book, and to be transmitted, (as and ludicrous ? Of all men, perhaps, Don Quixote says, for a consolation Johnson was the most unfit for this to his faithful attendant) along with over-curious exposure of his life and the fame of his illustrious maiter, to conversation. With a constitution diftant pofterity.